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1. Most of the Flavonoids are phenolic compounds and may be responsible for antioxidant properties of many plants.
Bilimbi is a rich source ofVitamin C. Other than the vitamins and minerals,the fruit also consists of fiber, ash, protein andmoisture as well as minerals.Bilimbi extract high total antioxidant capacity. It is expressed as the number of equivalents to ascorbic acid per gram of the plant extract.
Averrhoa bilimbi fruits have medicinal properties for the effective management of several human. Different parts of the plant is used for various conditions. Parts used: Leaves, Flower, Fruits.In Java, the fruits combined with pepper are eaten to cause sweating when people are feeling "under the weather"
ABe significantly lowered blood glucose by 50% and thus it has good hypoglycemic activity in STZ-diabetic rats.
So, the fruit extracts have goodinhibitory activity against the tested pathogenscompared with the standard antibiotic, streptomycin.
BELIMBING WULUH & TAMARIND
Igusti Ayu Putri / 10.70.0070
Raymundus Pito W. / 11.70.0095
Fransisca Erine D. / 11.70.0123
Ardana Yulinda S. P. / 12.70.0159
Averrhoa bilimbi is an attractive, long-lived tropical
tree, reaching 5-10 m in height; has a short trunk
soon dividing into a number of upright branches.
The wood : white, soft but tough, even-grained, and
is seldom available for carpentry.
Leaves : mainly clustered at the branch tips,
medium-green on the upper surface, pale on the
Flowers : small, fragrant, green or purplish marked
with dark-purple, and 10-22 mm long.
Fruits : ellipsoid, 4-10 cm long, the outer skin is glossy,
very thin, soft and tender, and the flesh green,
jellylike, juicy and extremely acid.
The fruit extracts contain :
The chemical constituents of A. bilimbi
phenolics, potassium ion, sugars ,
Nutrition in A. Bilimbi
Vitamins per 100 gr
Minerals per 100 gr
The fruit is used as treatment for coughs, beriberi and biliousness.
The fruits combined with pepper are eaten to
cause sweating when people are feeling
"under the weather".
The leaves are applied as a paste or poulticed
on itches, swellings of mumps and rheumatism,
and on skin eruption.
A flower against coughs and thrush.
1. Anti-diabetic activity
The hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activity of
the semi-purified fractions of an ethanolic leaf
extract of Averrhoa bilimbi (ABe) in high fat diet
(HFD) - streptozotocin (STZ) - induced diabetic
2. Antihyperlipidaemic activity
The antihyperlipidaemic properties of Averrhoa
hypercholesterolemia. The fruit and its water
3. Antimicrobial Activity
A. bilimbi fruits possess potential antibacterial
activity. The phytochemical screening and
antimicrobial activity against gram positive and
gram-negative bacteria. The chloroform and
methanol fruits extract were active on Aeromonas
agalactiae and Bacillus subtilis.
Application for Food and Beverage
Vegetable-based dishes that taste sour and
usually a little spicy. This dishes usually use green
beans, squash, eggplant, cabbage, and corn as
vegetables. Belimbing wuluh is used to get a
sour taste in cuisine.
2. Garang Asem
The typical food from Central Java that has a
spicy and sour flavors. Garang Asem is chicken
flavored like chili, salt, belimbing wuluh, bay
leaves, and so on and then wrapped in banana
leaves and steamed for a few minutes. So it will
issue a broth like soup.
3. Bandeng Serani
Central Java specialties in which there are milk fish
which has been cut by piece and then flavored.
Bandeng Serani is a sense of sour and a little spicy.
clear broth like a soup.
4. Asem-asem Daging
This dish originated from Central Java, where the
cuisine is like a soup in which there are beefflavored chili, scallions, garlic, salt, soy sauce,
belimbing wuluh and so forth. So the flavor of this
dish is sweet, spicy and slightly sour.