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The article discusses the methodological approaches to assessing the socioeconomic development of the region. Methodical approaches to the formation of economic and social programs, as a tool for strategic management of the region’s development, should be adequate to its goals, taking into account regional peculiarities, and first of all, aimed at solving specific problems relevant to a particular region.

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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)
Volume 10, Issue 02, February 2019, pp. 911-919, Article ID: IJCIET_10_02_088
Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijciet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=02
ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
© IAEME Publication Scopus Indexed
METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE
ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION
Yu. V. Shlyenov
K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management (the First
Cossack University), Moscow, Russia
O. V. Bredikhina
Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "The Russian Research Institute of Fisheries
and Oceanography (VNIRO)", Moscow, Russia
M. N. Kozin
Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service,
Moscow, Russia
L. V. Vasyutkina
Bauman Moscow State Technical University,
Moscow, Russia
Zh. L. Guchok
K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management
(the First Cossack University)
Moscow, Russia
I. A. Epishkin
Russian University of Transport,
Moscow, Russia
ABSTRACT
The article discusses the methodological approaches to assessing the socio-
economic development of the region. Methodical approaches to the formation of
economic and social programs, as a tool for strategic management of the region’s
development, should be adequate to its goals, taking into account regional
peculiarities, and first of all, aimed at solving specific problems relevant to a particular
region.
Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A.
Epishkin
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 912 editor@iaeme.com
Keyword: methodical approach, region, socio-economic development, efficiency,
economics, management, methods.
Cite this Article: Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina,
Zh. L. Guchok and I. A. Epishkin, Methodological Approach to the Assessment of
Socio-Economic Development of the Region, International Journal of Civil
Engineering and Technology, 10(02), 2019, pp. 911–919
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=02
1. INTRODUCTION
The effectiveness of managing the economic and social system of the region largely depends
on measuring the level of the region’s socio-economic growth in order to identify important
reserves and directions for making and growing sound management decisions. To calculate the
integral indicators using various techniques. Methods of stochastic integrated assessment
(expert-statistical methods and component analysis methods) allow a more in-depth assessment
of the impact and contribution of individual parameters to the size of the integral index. These
methods include factor, cluster, correlation analysis used in statistics.
The advantages of such methods are a high degree of scientific study (first of all,
mathematical analysis), the ability to identify deep and nontrivial dependencies, to obtain rather
unexpected results. Among the shortcomings can be dismissed the need to use cumbersome
(time-consuming) mathematical analysis or special software (for example, SPSS or Slatistica
packages). The disadvantage of this method is the unpredictability and inconsistency of the
obtained dependencies. In addition, multidimensional ranking techniques (multidimensional
scaling) are used, which consist in comparing the values of the selected indicator for each of
the studied regions with some target (threshold, standard, normal) value of the studied indicator
for the group of compared objects. If the value of the indicator exceeds the established value
(norm, standard), the region on this basis is considered safe, if not, then it is unfavorable.
2. METHODOLOGY
The positive side of the techniques of multidimensional rankings is simplicity and clarity. The
sharp drop out of individual indicators from the general context is leveled, which means that a
comprehensive assessment is more reliable. The negative side is the difficulty of obtaining
unambiguous results with a significant number of particular indicators (criteria) and elements
of the studied population. It is not possible to visually determine the effect of each particular
indicator on the final integral estimate. If there are more than three particular indicators
(criteria), the visibility of the research process is lost. Often use traditional techniques or
methods of complex deterministic evaluation. This group of methods includes the following
methods: the sum method, the geometric method, the average method, the coefficient method,
the sum sum method, the distance method, and their variations. All of these methods allow for
the comparison of various objects. Traditional techniques are aimed at obtaining an integral
indicator by conducting various arithmetic operations with particular indicators obtained by
processing statistical information characterizing individual aspects of the objects under study.
The positive side of this group of methods is the possibility of building ratings for various
indicators, not only in comparison with each other, but also with previous periods, and with
reference values of indicators. The methods are easy to use and do not require the development
of complex software products or significant labor costs. The disadvantage is the possibility of
obtaining biased results. The lag in individual indicators can be bridged due to a sharp selection
of other indicators, which can also lead to an overestimation (underestimation) of the integral
Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 913 editor@iaeme.com
evaluation [1]. To obtain, using traditional methods, the corresponding result requires visual
monitoring and analysis of the economic content of the researcher. In inter-regional
comparisons, models are often used that imply a weighted summation that takes into account
the significance of various characteristics of economic and social development.
When building an integral indicator of the level of economic and social development, 3
main factors will affect the resulting absolute value of the indicator:
- selection of statistical reporting indicators on the basis of which the integral indicator
should be developed;
- choice of base for comparison;
- the choice of how to integrate private individual characteristics into a summary
characteristic of the level of economic and social development.
When choosing a base for comparison, it is necessary to consider the following fact: a
feature of integral indicators is that it is possible to adequately tally their absolute value by
correlation with the corresponding base (criterion). When trying to concretize the approaches
to choosing a base for comparison, the following approaches are clearly traced, based on an
assessment of the degree of conformity of the achieved characteristics of the economic and
social system to the level of targets; assessment of the level of economic and social
development, as the degree of achievement of the best (within the existing objective conditions
and the objects studied) of its characteristics and assessment of the degree of deviation of the
current characteristics of economic and social development from the corresponding
characteristics of the year chosen as the basis for comparison.
The degree of integration of a generalizing indicator is possible - from statistically recorded
reporting indicators having a “synthetic” character (average life expectancy, average per capita
expenditure, unemployment or crime, etc.) to the integral indicator of the highest level
synthesizing all the main aspects of economic and social development. When developing an
integrated assessment methodology, it is necessary to take into account that social indicators
must meet certain requirements. The requirements that social indicators must meet relate to the
structure, quality, interpretations, goals, areas of application, information used and other
properties and characteristics of indicators [2, 4].
In the special literature devoted to this topic, the following examples of management and
analysis problems are given, which are solved using integral indices of the quality of life of the
population:
- indicators of the degree of achievement of goals in the management of economic and
social development of the region;
- Improving the physical health of society through indicators such as "quality of the
population", "health index", "human development index";
- indicators of social tension, social pathology, level of corruption, property differentiation
of the population, in the problem of management and analysis of the socio-political health of
society;
- integral indices in the problem of optimizing the targeting of social assistance to the poor;
- inter-regional comparisons and ratings, and their use in improving management
mechanisms;
- study of the quality of life of the individual.
Western studies combine subjective and objective (statistical) measurements, based on
constant population surveys or expert estimates. Components such as family values, social ties,
social and political stability can only be assessed subjectively, since there are no objective
Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A.
Epishkin
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 914 editor@iaeme.com
criteria. For the regions of the Russian Federation, the use of subjective assessments is not
always possible - for this, constant sociological surveys, typical for each subject of the Russian
Federation, are needed. When assessing the quality of life of the population of the Russian
regions, such indices are used as: the crisis index of human development and quality of life,
integral indices of the quality of life of the population, etc. [5]. Regarding the assessment of
inter-regional comparisons of the quality of life of the population, it must be said that the
assessment procedures are methodologically insufficiently developed. The available methods
for interregional comparisons are of little use for estimating inter-municipal differences. The
system of recording indicators in regional statistics differs significantly from the level of the
subject and does not contain enough information for the integrated assessment of the quality of
life of the population of municipalities (for example, the human development index can be
calculated only for the level of the subject of the Russian Federation. doubt their accuracy [9].
In the scientific literature and practice of regional management in Russia, due to the large
variety of subjects of the Russian Federation, the complexity and complexity of the tasks there
is no uniform and generally accepted methodology for the overall assessment of the quality of
life of the population of the regions. Assessment of intermunicipal differences in the quality of
life of the population in the regions is carried out in most cases as part of an overall assessment
of the level of economic and social development of the regions, which include separate
indicators of the quality of life. Some regions have adopted methods of integrated assessment
of the quality of life of the population. The system of indicators of the quality of life of the
population in the methods varies considerably. The author proposes, by decomposing the
methods, selecting the assessment indicators that are really suitable for the region and
determining the criteria for them, to reduce the assessment of the development of economic
and social processes in the region into a matrix (Table 1).
These estimates meet almost all the requirements for the general concept of goal-setting,
which are guided by the regional government and are designed to solve a number of tasks,
namely:
Table 1. The matrix for assessing the economic and social development of the region based on the
decomposition of methods
Indicators
General
criteria
Value of indicators
for the region
The number in the structure of the
components of the indicator characterizing
the quality of life, in the presence of an
integral indicator
+ Total number of components
Number of social indicators +
The total number of indicators - no
more than 8
Determination of the weight of
components
-
+
-
P - by calculation;
C - social survey;
E - expert way
The method of integral formation indicator
-
-
-
+
KP - the product of the root of the
product;
AU - additive matching;
SR - summation of ranks;
SAT - summation of points
The way indicators rationing
-
+
LM - linear scaling;
BSH - reduction according to a scale;
Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region
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+ Cp - the ratio with the value - the
average regional
The ability to compare in dynamics +
The amount of time for comparison is
at least 3 years.
Type of data indicators of regional
development
+
+
+/-
+/-
AD - administration data;
MS - municipal statistics;
E - expert;
C - subjective
Interpretation of the results
+
+
T - typology;
P - ranking
“+” - full compliance;
"-" - no compliance for this period;
"+/-" - may not correspond, may correspond.
- carrying out regional comparisons and ratings, as well as their use in improving
management mechanisms;
- use as an indicator of the degree of achievement of management objectives;
- the use of the problem of optimizing the targeting of social assistance to the poor;
- use as an indicator of social tension, social and political health of the society, etc. [3, 8].
Information support includes: official data of administrations and state statistics bodies.
The matrix for assessing the development of economic and social processes in the region on
the basis of the decomposition of the methods allows us to characterize each indicator that
reflects the quality of life of the population, as well as to select common criteria for all regions.
Evaluation of the integral characteristics of the quality of life of the population is carried out
for each of the following synthetic categories analyzed: welfare, quality of the population,
quality of the social sphere [7]. The matrix, compiled on the basis of the decomposition of
methods, is sufficient in application, simple and not so informationally loaded. However, it
does not all take into account the indicators that assess the level of social development of the
region. In assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social
development, we believe that it is advisable to use the following blocks of indicators:
- economic, considering the economic potential of the region and its level of development;
- social, considering the demographic potential of the region and the standard of living of
the population. Economic and social indicators characterize the effectiveness and efficiency of
the process of socio-economic growth in interrelation.
In determining the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social
development, it is proposed to apply both monetary indicators reflecting incomes or costs from
objects of management, as well as physical indicators that reflect the level of satisfaction of the
needs of the population for different benefits [10]. Ratings can be based on statistical data, on
the results of public opinion polls with the help of opinion polls and on expert opinions.
However, the method of expert assessments may be subjective, since it depends on the
qualifications and composition of the experts involved [12-16]. As initial data for a
comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and
social growth, it is proposed to use official statistical data and accounting data of the financial
bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation and regional bodies of the Federal State
Statistics Service [6, 11].
Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A.
Epishkin
http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 916 editor@iaeme.com
3. RESULTS
Based on the provisions of the modern theory of municipal and state administration and
practical experience that has developed in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation,
when assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social
development [17-24], we believe that it is advisable to use the following blocks of indicators:
social, determining the standard of living of the population, demographic potential; economic,
reflecting the economic potential of the region and its level of development [25-34]. Economic
and social indicators characterize the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic
and social development in interrelation and complement each other. The list of indicators that
are recommended for use in the implementation of a comprehensive assessment of the
effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development is given in
Table 2.
Table 2. Basic indicators recommended for use in the process of a comprehensive assessment of the
effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development of the region
The name of indicators Value
Social development
1. The rate of growth / decrease in population %
2. The share of the working population in the total population %
3. Average monthly salary rub.
4. The growth rate of the average monthly wage %
5. Housing security m2
6. Growth / decrease rate of commissioning of residential buildings %
7. Provision of cultural and entertainment facilities units
8. The level of social spending rub.
9. Unemployment rate %
10. Growth / decrease rate of unemployment %
11. Number of crimes recorded %
12. The share of emergency and dilapidated housing %
13. Dynamics of the number of public sector employees %
Economic development
1. Industrial Production Index %
2. The growth rate / decrease in the volume of fixed capital investment %
3. Growth / reduction rate of registered business entities %
4. Share in the total amount of profitable organizations %
5. Growth / decrease rate of paid services %
6. Growth / decrease rate of agricultural production %
7. The volume of gross revenue per capita by major industry rub.
8. Dynamics of non-tax and tax revenues of local budgets %
9. Budget security per capita rub.
10. The share of capital expenditures in the total expenditures of local budgets. %
11. The ratio of revenues to expenditures of local budgets. %
12. The level of subsidies to local budgets %
13. The share of priority costs in the total expenditures of local budgets %
14. The ratio of loans to local budget revenues %
Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region
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15. The dynamics of the costs of local budgets for the maintenance of the
management apparatus
%
16. The share of the cost of maintaining local governments in the total expenditure of
local budgets
%
17. Dynamics of accounts payables of budgetary institutions %
18. Share of overdue payables to fulfill obligations to citizens in local budget
revenues
%
As can be seen from the table, for a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and
efficiency of management of the economic and social development of municipalities, it is
proposed to use 31 indicators: 18 - characterizing the economic development of the region, 13
- characterizing the social development of the region. Using such a set of indicators, in our
opinion, allows us to give a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of
the process of economic and social growth in the region.
4. CONCLUSION
Thus, in modern conditions, the processes of strategic management of regional growth based
on economic and social programs do not correspond to innovative development, it is the
strategy of managing regional growth based on economic and social programs today to be one
of the main conditions for ensuring the strategic goals of economic and social development by
using material and workforce, managerial and production technologies, services and products
produced, which initiate updates of applied and theoretical-methodological tools that form
economic and social programs. Methodical approaches to the formation of economic and social
programs, as a tool for strategic management of the region’s development, should be adequate
to its goals, taking into account regional peculiarities, and first of all, aimed at solving specific
problems relevant to a particular region. The use of these methodological approaches makes it
possible to identify key performance indicators, which can significantly increase the reliability
of the level of assessment of the economic and social growth of the region.
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Ijciet 10 02_088

  • 1. http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 911 editor@iaeme.com International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) Volume 10, Issue 02, February 2019, pp. 911-919, Article ID: IJCIET_10_02_088 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijciet/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=02 ISSN Print: 0976-6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316 © IAEME Publication Scopus Indexed METHODOLOGICAL APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE REGION Yu. V. Shlyenov K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management (the First Cossack University), Moscow, Russia O. V. Bredikhina Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "The Russian Research Institute of Fisheries and Oceanography (VNIRO)", Moscow, Russia M. N. Kozin Research Institute of the Federal Penitentiary Service, Moscow, Russia L. V. Vasyutkina Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russia Zh. L. Guchok K.G. Razumovsky Moscow State University of technologies and management (the First Cossack University) Moscow, Russia I. A. Epishkin Russian University of Transport, Moscow, Russia ABSTRACT The article discusses the methodological approaches to assessing the socio- economic development of the region. Methodical approaches to the formation of economic and social programs, as a tool for strategic management of the region’s development, should be adequate to its goals, taking into account regional peculiarities, and first of all, aimed at solving specific problems relevant to a particular region.
  • 2. Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A. Epishkin http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 912 editor@iaeme.com Keyword: methodical approach, region, socio-economic development, efficiency, economics, management, methods. Cite this Article: Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A. Epishkin, Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 10(02), 2019, pp. 911–919 http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=10&IType=02 1. INTRODUCTION The effectiveness of managing the economic and social system of the region largely depends on measuring the level of the region’s socio-economic growth in order to identify important reserves and directions for making and growing sound management decisions. To calculate the integral indicators using various techniques. Methods of stochastic integrated assessment (expert-statistical methods and component analysis methods) allow a more in-depth assessment of the impact and contribution of individual parameters to the size of the integral index. These methods include factor, cluster, correlation analysis used in statistics. The advantages of such methods are a high degree of scientific study (first of all, mathematical analysis), the ability to identify deep and nontrivial dependencies, to obtain rather unexpected results. Among the shortcomings can be dismissed the need to use cumbersome (time-consuming) mathematical analysis or special software (for example, SPSS or Slatistica packages). The disadvantage of this method is the unpredictability and inconsistency of the obtained dependencies. In addition, multidimensional ranking techniques (multidimensional scaling) are used, which consist in comparing the values of the selected indicator for each of the studied regions with some target (threshold, standard, normal) value of the studied indicator for the group of compared objects. If the value of the indicator exceeds the established value (norm, standard), the region on this basis is considered safe, if not, then it is unfavorable. 2. METHODOLOGY The positive side of the techniques of multidimensional rankings is simplicity and clarity. The sharp drop out of individual indicators from the general context is leveled, which means that a comprehensive assessment is more reliable. The negative side is the difficulty of obtaining unambiguous results with a significant number of particular indicators (criteria) and elements of the studied population. It is not possible to visually determine the effect of each particular indicator on the final integral estimate. If there are more than three particular indicators (criteria), the visibility of the research process is lost. Often use traditional techniques or methods of complex deterministic evaluation. This group of methods includes the following methods: the sum method, the geometric method, the average method, the coefficient method, the sum sum method, the distance method, and their variations. All of these methods allow for the comparison of various objects. Traditional techniques are aimed at obtaining an integral indicator by conducting various arithmetic operations with particular indicators obtained by processing statistical information characterizing individual aspects of the objects under study. The positive side of this group of methods is the possibility of building ratings for various indicators, not only in comparison with each other, but also with previous periods, and with reference values of indicators. The methods are easy to use and do not require the development of complex software products or significant labor costs. The disadvantage is the possibility of obtaining biased results. The lag in individual indicators can be bridged due to a sharp selection of other indicators, which can also lead to an overestimation (underestimation) of the integral
  • 3. Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 913 editor@iaeme.com evaluation [1]. To obtain, using traditional methods, the corresponding result requires visual monitoring and analysis of the economic content of the researcher. In inter-regional comparisons, models are often used that imply a weighted summation that takes into account the significance of various characteristics of economic and social development. When building an integral indicator of the level of economic and social development, 3 main factors will affect the resulting absolute value of the indicator: - selection of statistical reporting indicators on the basis of which the integral indicator should be developed; - choice of base for comparison; - the choice of how to integrate private individual characteristics into a summary characteristic of the level of economic and social development. When choosing a base for comparison, it is necessary to consider the following fact: a feature of integral indicators is that it is possible to adequately tally their absolute value by correlation with the corresponding base (criterion). When trying to concretize the approaches to choosing a base for comparison, the following approaches are clearly traced, based on an assessment of the degree of conformity of the achieved characteristics of the economic and social system to the level of targets; assessment of the level of economic and social development, as the degree of achievement of the best (within the existing objective conditions and the objects studied) of its characteristics and assessment of the degree of deviation of the current characteristics of economic and social development from the corresponding characteristics of the year chosen as the basis for comparison. The degree of integration of a generalizing indicator is possible - from statistically recorded reporting indicators having a “synthetic” character (average life expectancy, average per capita expenditure, unemployment or crime, etc.) to the integral indicator of the highest level synthesizing all the main aspects of economic and social development. When developing an integrated assessment methodology, it is necessary to take into account that social indicators must meet certain requirements. The requirements that social indicators must meet relate to the structure, quality, interpretations, goals, areas of application, information used and other properties and characteristics of indicators [2, 4]. In the special literature devoted to this topic, the following examples of management and analysis problems are given, which are solved using integral indices of the quality of life of the population: - indicators of the degree of achievement of goals in the management of economic and social development of the region; - Improving the physical health of society through indicators such as "quality of the population", "health index", "human development index"; - indicators of social tension, social pathology, level of corruption, property differentiation of the population, in the problem of management and analysis of the socio-political health of society; - integral indices in the problem of optimizing the targeting of social assistance to the poor; - inter-regional comparisons and ratings, and their use in improving management mechanisms; - study of the quality of life of the individual. Western studies combine subjective and objective (statistical) measurements, based on constant population surveys or expert estimates. Components such as family values, social ties, social and political stability can only be assessed subjectively, since there are no objective
  • 4. Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A. Epishkin http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 914 editor@iaeme.com criteria. For the regions of the Russian Federation, the use of subjective assessments is not always possible - for this, constant sociological surveys, typical for each subject of the Russian Federation, are needed. When assessing the quality of life of the population of the Russian regions, such indices are used as: the crisis index of human development and quality of life, integral indices of the quality of life of the population, etc. [5]. Regarding the assessment of inter-regional comparisons of the quality of life of the population, it must be said that the assessment procedures are methodologically insufficiently developed. The available methods for interregional comparisons are of little use for estimating inter-municipal differences. The system of recording indicators in regional statistics differs significantly from the level of the subject and does not contain enough information for the integrated assessment of the quality of life of the population of municipalities (for example, the human development index can be calculated only for the level of the subject of the Russian Federation. doubt their accuracy [9]. In the scientific literature and practice of regional management in Russia, due to the large variety of subjects of the Russian Federation, the complexity and complexity of the tasks there is no uniform and generally accepted methodology for the overall assessment of the quality of life of the population of the regions. Assessment of intermunicipal differences in the quality of life of the population in the regions is carried out in most cases as part of an overall assessment of the level of economic and social development of the regions, which include separate indicators of the quality of life. Some regions have adopted methods of integrated assessment of the quality of life of the population. The system of indicators of the quality of life of the population in the methods varies considerably. The author proposes, by decomposing the methods, selecting the assessment indicators that are really suitable for the region and determining the criteria for them, to reduce the assessment of the development of economic and social processes in the region into a matrix (Table 1). These estimates meet almost all the requirements for the general concept of goal-setting, which are guided by the regional government and are designed to solve a number of tasks, namely: Table 1. The matrix for assessing the economic and social development of the region based on the decomposition of methods Indicators General criteria Value of indicators for the region The number in the structure of the components of the indicator characterizing the quality of life, in the presence of an integral indicator + Total number of components Number of social indicators + The total number of indicators - no more than 8 Determination of the weight of components - + - P - by calculation; C - social survey; E - expert way The method of integral formation indicator - - - + KP - the product of the root of the product; AU - additive matching; SR - summation of ranks; SAT - summation of points The way indicators rationing - + LM - linear scaling; BSH - reduction according to a scale;
  • 5. Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 915 editor@iaeme.com + Cp - the ratio with the value - the average regional The ability to compare in dynamics + The amount of time for comparison is at least 3 years. Type of data indicators of regional development + + +/- +/- AD - administration data; MS - municipal statistics; E - expert; C - subjective Interpretation of the results + + T - typology; P - ranking “+” - full compliance; "-" - no compliance for this period; "+/-" - may not correspond, may correspond. - carrying out regional comparisons and ratings, as well as their use in improving management mechanisms; - use as an indicator of the degree of achievement of management objectives; - the use of the problem of optimizing the targeting of social assistance to the poor; - use as an indicator of social tension, social and political health of the society, etc. [3, 8]. Information support includes: official data of administrations and state statistics bodies. The matrix for assessing the development of economic and social processes in the region on the basis of the decomposition of the methods allows us to characterize each indicator that reflects the quality of life of the population, as well as to select common criteria for all regions. Evaluation of the integral characteristics of the quality of life of the population is carried out for each of the following synthetic categories analyzed: welfare, quality of the population, quality of the social sphere [7]. The matrix, compiled on the basis of the decomposition of methods, is sufficient in application, simple and not so informationally loaded. However, it does not all take into account the indicators that assess the level of social development of the region. In assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development, we believe that it is advisable to use the following blocks of indicators: - economic, considering the economic potential of the region and its level of development; - social, considering the demographic potential of the region and the standard of living of the population. Economic and social indicators characterize the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of socio-economic growth in interrelation. In determining the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development, it is proposed to apply both monetary indicators reflecting incomes or costs from objects of management, as well as physical indicators that reflect the level of satisfaction of the needs of the population for different benefits [10]. Ratings can be based on statistical data, on the results of public opinion polls with the help of opinion polls and on expert opinions. However, the method of expert assessments may be subjective, since it depends on the qualifications and composition of the experts involved [12-16]. As initial data for a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social growth, it is proposed to use official statistical data and accounting data of the financial bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation and regional bodies of the Federal State Statistics Service [6, 11].
  • 6. Yu. V. Shlyenov, O. V. Bredikhina, M. N. Kozin, L. V. Vasyutkina, Zh. L. Guchok and I. A. Epishkin http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 916 editor@iaeme.com 3. RESULTS Based on the provisions of the modern theory of municipal and state administration and practical experience that has developed in a number of subjects of the Russian Federation, when assessing the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development [17-24], we believe that it is advisable to use the following blocks of indicators: social, determining the standard of living of the population, demographic potential; economic, reflecting the economic potential of the region and its level of development [25-34]. Economic and social indicators characterize the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development in interrelation and complement each other. The list of indicators that are recommended for use in the implementation of a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development is given in Table 2. Table 2. Basic indicators recommended for use in the process of a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social development of the region The name of indicators Value Social development 1. The rate of growth / decrease in population % 2. The share of the working population in the total population % 3. Average monthly salary rub. 4. The growth rate of the average monthly wage % 5. Housing security m2 6. Growth / decrease rate of commissioning of residential buildings % 7. Provision of cultural and entertainment facilities units 8. The level of social spending rub. 9. Unemployment rate % 10. Growth / decrease rate of unemployment % 11. Number of crimes recorded % 12. The share of emergency and dilapidated housing % 13. Dynamics of the number of public sector employees % Economic development 1. Industrial Production Index % 2. The growth rate / decrease in the volume of fixed capital investment % 3. Growth / reduction rate of registered business entities % 4. Share in the total amount of profitable organizations % 5. Growth / decrease rate of paid services % 6. Growth / decrease rate of agricultural production % 7. The volume of gross revenue per capita by major industry rub. 8. Dynamics of non-tax and tax revenues of local budgets % 9. Budget security per capita rub. 10. The share of capital expenditures in the total expenditures of local budgets. % 11. The ratio of revenues to expenditures of local budgets. % 12. The level of subsidies to local budgets % 13. The share of priority costs in the total expenditures of local budgets % 14. The ratio of loans to local budget revenues %
  • 7. Methodological Approach to the Assessment of Socio-Economic Development of the Region http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/index.asp 917 editor@iaeme.com 15. The dynamics of the costs of local budgets for the maintenance of the management apparatus % 16. The share of the cost of maintaining local governments in the total expenditure of local budgets % 17. Dynamics of accounts payables of budgetary institutions % 18. Share of overdue payables to fulfill obligations to citizens in local budget revenues % As can be seen from the table, for a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of management of the economic and social development of municipalities, it is proposed to use 31 indicators: 18 - characterizing the economic development of the region, 13 - characterizing the social development of the region. Using such a set of indicators, in our opinion, allows us to give a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness and efficiency of the process of economic and social growth in the region. 4. CONCLUSION Thus, in modern conditions, the processes of strategic management of regional growth based on economic and social programs do not correspond to innovative development, it is the strategy of managing regional growth based on economic and social programs today to be one of the main conditions for ensuring the strategic goals of economic and social development by using material and workforce, managerial and production technologies, services and products produced, which initiate updates of applied and theoretical-methodological tools that form economic and social programs. Methodical approaches to the formation of economic and social programs, as a tool for strategic management of the region’s development, should be adequate to its goals, taking into account regional peculiarities, and first of all, aimed at solving specific problems relevant to a particular region. The use of these methodological approaches makes it possible to identify key performance indicators, which can significantly increase the reliability of the level of assessment of the economic and social growth of the region. REFERENCES [1] Chernenko, N.A. Region as an object of formation of structural policy: the basis of the methodology / N.A. Chernenko // Modernization of the Russian economy: trade and economic, legal and social aspects: Coll. scientific articles. - Rostov n / a. : Rosizdat LLC, 2005. [2] Dibrova, Z. N., Nosov, V. V., Ovchenkova, G. S., Karpenko, E. Z., Pilyugina, A. V., & Erkovich, E. A. (2018). The main directions of the solution of the problem of food security in russia. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 9(12), 387- 394. [3] Ekaterina Alexandrovna Pogrebinskaya, Natalia Yurevna Zubenko and Natalia Sergeevna Murodhodjaeva, University and City: Evolution and SocioEconomic Features of Development, International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, 9(11), 2018, pp. 2444–2451 [4] Firsova, А., Balash, O., Nosov, V. (2014). Sustainability of Economic System in the Chaos. Springer Proceedings in Complexity, pp. 299–304. – DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7362-2_39 [5] Ivanova V.N., Atyukova O.K., Poltarykhin A.L. (2018). Prerequisites of growth of investment and social attractiveness of the regions of Russia within the framework of implementation of the public-private partnership projects. International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, 2018, pp. 2299-2305.
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