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Issues And Problems Related To Human Sexuality - MAPEH 8 (Health 1st Quarter)



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Issues And Problems Related To Human Sexuality - MAPEH 8 (Health 1st Quarter)

  1. 1. SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION •is also known as sexually-transmitted disease (STD) •is a communicable disease that is spread by a pathogen (disease-causing organism) from one person to another person through sexual contact
  2. 2. SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTION •transmitted through an exchange of bodily fluids during sexual intercourse •are commonly caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites
  3. 3. SYMPTOMS OF STI unusual discharge from the penis, vagina or anus pain during sex or urination sores, blisters, ulcers, warts or rashes in the genital area itchiness or irritation in the genital area
  4. 4. SYMPTOMS OF STI persistent diarrhea fever or flu-like symptoms abnormal or unusual vaginal bleeding, especially after having sex pain in the scrotum or testicles lumps and bumps on the genitals
  5. 5. COMMON SEXUALLY-TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS oAIDS oChlamydia oGenital Herpes oGonorrhea oSyphilis oPubic lice (crabs)
  6. 6. AIDS Pathogen (causative agent) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  7. 7. AIDS Long Term Effects Immune systems failure Severe illness leading to death 8-10 years to see signs of infection Infection of infants leading to death
  8. 8. AIDS Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  9. 9. CHLAMYDIA Pathogen (causative agent) Chlamydia Trachomatis Bacterium
  10. 10. CHLAMYDIA Long Term Effects oWomen: Pelvic inflammation with abdominal pain Fever Menstrual bleeding Ectopic pregnancy
  11. 11. CHLAMYDIA Long Term Effects oMen: Enlarged lymph glands of the groin Infection of the testicles Infection during birth can cause blindness or illness in newborn
  12. 12. CHLAMYDIA Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse
  13. 13. GENITAL HERPES Pathogen (causative agent) Herpes Simplex Virus
  14. 14. GENITAL HERPES Long Term Effects If left untreated, it may cause cervical cancer in women and cause deformities in unborn babies.
  15. 15. GENITAL HERPES Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  16. 16. GONORRHEA Pathogen (causative agent) Neisseria Gonorrhea Bacterium
  17. 17. GONORRHEA Long Term Effects Sterility Liver disease Testicular disease Infection of the heart lining Eye infections for newborn leading to blindness
  18. 18. GONORRHEA Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  19. 19. SYPHILIS Pathogen (causative agent) Treponema Pallidum Bacterium
  20. 20. SYPHILIS Long Term Effects If left untreated Mental illness Heart and kidney damage Death
  21. 21. SYPHILIS Preventive Measures Abstinence from sexual intercourse and from use of intravenous drugs
  22. 22. CHLAMYDIA
  23. 23. HERPES
  24. 24. GONORRHEA
  25. 25. SYPHILIS
  28. 28. PUBIC LICE (CRABS)
  29. 29. Sexual contact (through infected body fluids like blood, semen, vaginal fluids, etc.) Sharing infected needles while injecting drugs Maternal transference (mother to baby during pregnancy) MODE OF TRANSMISSION
  30. 30. The only certain way to prevent and to keep from catching these diseases is by abstinence.
  31. 31. is the ability to say NO to unhealthful practices REFUSAL SKILLS
  32. 32. 1. Maintain eye contact and firmly say NO. 2. Be true to yourself and to your belief. Give reasons for saying NO. TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
  33. 33. 3. Walk away or avoid the situation. 4. Change the subject. 5. Match verbal with non- verbal communication. TECHNIQUES OF SAYING NO
  34. 34. How will you define abstinence? Have you experience giving up one thing in your life in one-week period? Try this with a partner or classmate. Choose one or two from the activities. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  35. 35. 1. Refrain from doing any of the following activities: watching television, eating a particular food, or playing a particular game or sport for one-week period. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  36. 36. 2. During that time, make a daily log of your experience about being “abstinent” in your diary. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  37. 37. 3. After a week is up, you and some of your classmates will meet in small groups and share your feelings and discoveries. A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  38. 38. Answer the following questions in a small group. a. How hard was it to abstain for the entire week? b. Did it get more or less difficult as the week went by? Explain. c. Did friends or family members try to tempt you during the time period? d. How did you handle the pressure? e. In your own words, try to define the words “abstinence” and “sexual abstinence.” A. DEFINING ABSTINENCE
  39. 39. Marta, 15 years old, wants to finish her schooling without delay and give her full attention to helping her parents in their business. She has a close friend Jonathan, 17 years old, who invited her to attend a party with their friends. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  40. 40. Marta knew that this group of friends has been drinking alcohol and using drugs. She knows that using drugs and alcohol affects one’s ability to make decisions regarding sexual behavior. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  41. 41. This means that when a person uses drugs or gets drunk, his/her ability to think clearly and wisely can be affected. So, he told Jonathan that in order to avoid getting infected with STIs such as HIV/AIDS they must refrain from doing B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  42. 42. risky behavior that may tempt them to have undesirable sexual activities. She was able to convince Jonathan to stay away from this group of friends who engage in unhealthful practices. Jonathan realized that abstinence is a good way to avoid getting into trouble. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  43. 43. Their classmates, Peter and Joanna, have also chosen abstinence. They promise to abstain from sexual behavior because they would like to keep their purity until marriage. Instead, they focus on their studies in order to prepare for their future together. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  44. 44. Racquel does not engage in sexual behavior because she would like to protect her reputation and that of her family. She believes that risky sexual behaviors will only bring her shame and guilt. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  45. 45. Apparently, Noemi wanted to abstain from sex because she chose to obey her parents’ advice to be modest and respect her body. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  46. 46. All of these young people have different reasons but the end result is the same- they have chosen abstinence and they are all proud of their decision. B. SOME THOUGHTS ON ABSTINENCE
  47. 47. Complete the chart with the required entries. Write your answer in your activity notebook. TEENS STRAIGHT TALK
  48. 48. TEENS STRAIGHT TALK Name Reason for choosing abstinence Your name _________________ (Your thoughts concerning this reason) Martha Jonathan Peter and Joanna Racquel Noemi
  49. 49. Role play the following situations showing how you resist pressures using refusal skills. Practice with your classmates. 1. A friend inviting you to drink alcohol after school 2. Ramon told you to cut classes so you can attend a birthday party. 3. Carmen invited you to try smoking.
  50. 50. Make a poster on how to avoid STI and HIV/AIDS using abstinence and refusal skill. MY ADVOCACY


  • A person who has a sexual relationship with someone who is infected can get one or more of these diseases.
  • Some STIs can be treated successfully but many STIs such as HIV/AIDS still have no cure. The good news is, all STIs can be prevented.
  • Symptoms of STIs depend on the type of infections. There are many different STIs and there are many signs that mean you may have caught one, but sometimes, there are no signs at all. When STIs do produce symptoms, they usually develop on the genital area. Your sexual contacts may also experience symptoms.
  • How to say no and remain friendly to someone you like?

    Is it difficult for you to refuse? If somebody ask you to do risky behavior like drinking and smoking or even doing pre-marital sex , how will you refuse?

    Throughout life you are likely to meet people who will persuade you to do things you do not want to do. How do you say no and still remain friendly with someone you like? Is it difficult for you to refuse? If somebody asks you to do risky behavior like drinking and smoking or even do pre-marital sex, how will you refuse?
  • 2. Person A: Do you want to be my drinking buddy?
    Person B: NO! I love my body. I don‟t want to die young.
  • 3. If you know that the group are doing risky sexual behavior that you don‟t want to do or join, then JUST don‟t GO.

    4. Try suggesting something better to do with your time, Person B: Let‟s smoke. Person A: I think it would be better if we eat instead.

    5. Shake your head and say NO!
  • There is an increasing number of young people being infected with Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or for every 10 cases 1 is a child. The most serious of these diseases is AIDS
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