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Basque & Nordic
Smart City-Regional Connections
From the Social Innovation
Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, FeRSA
Lecturer & Research...
Góðan	daginn	 God	morgen	 Hyvää	huomenta	God	morgon	God	morgen
By @translokal
Brussels	
BasqueCountry	
Iceland	 Oresund	 Helsinki	Stavanger	
IS	 NO	 DK	 SE	 FI
map by @icalzada
map by @icalzada
map by @icalzada
hDp://www.mdpi.com/2079-8954/5/1/18		
#Download	
#OpenAccess
map by @icalzada
hDp://www.mdpi.com/2079-8954/5/1/18		
#Download	
#OpenAccess
By @icalzada
To unplug the smart city approach?
By @bilbaometropoli
By @CitiesOxford
By @ifuturecities By @bristolisopen
//Bilbao//
CORPORATE
-in-transition
//Barcelona//...
map	by	@icalzada	
BASQUE	CITY-REGION	
	
1.  Three	divided	administra6ve	en66es	that	cross	of	two	NaYon-States.	
2.  The	Sp...
Map	by	@icalzada
Map	by	@icalzada
Map	by	@icalzada
map by @icalzada
hDp://bit.ly/2ywhLOm		
#Download	
#OpenAccess
map by @icalzada
hDp://bit.ly/2ywhLOm	#Download	#OpenAccess
map by @icalzada
hDp://bit.ly/2gPEoWz	
#Download	
#OpenAccess
photo	by	@icalzada
photo	by	@icalzada
photo	by	@icalzada
photo	by	@icalzada
#COMPLEX	
	
	#DIVERSITY	Photos	by	@icalzada	&	@flickr
PhD map by @icalzada
map by @icalzada
Postdoctoral Fellowships: Ikerbasque & RSA
http://www.cityregions.org ®
‘Benchmarking	Future	City-Regions	beyond	NaYon-States’	(2012-2017)	
www.cityregions.org		
This	research	project	suggests	t...
3563	views	
	
9th		
Most		
Read	ArYcle	
#Download	
#OpenAccess	
hDp://bit.ly/2hNqtjb
hDps://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/forget-the-naYon-state-ciYes-will-transform-the-way-we-conduct-foreign-affairs
2025	
Source: @UN
2012-2015:	
Future	of	Ci6es	Programme	
www.futureofciYes.ox.ac.uk
19/10/17WP 9: Oxford Page 33
Aim
How can we prompt
methodological advancements
that promote
fruitful learning
in and among...
19/10/17WP 9: Oxford Page 34
Applied Research
1) City-To-City Learning
2) Comparing/Benchmarking Smart Cities
2016 <
Urban Transformations ESRC
Portfolio
www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk
What	does	Urban	TransformaYons	seek	to	achieve?	
	
•  The	Urban	TransformaYons	programme	aims	to	address		
•  a	wide	range...
NORDICS?
map by @icalzada
BASQUE	&	ORESUND	CONNECTION
map	by	@icalzada	
Two	Cross	Border	City-Regions	beyond	Two	Na6on-States	in	the	EU
Map	by	@icalzada
hDp://bit.ly/2xOUgCY		
#Download	
#OpenAccess
50
www.basquecity.org		 hDp://www.igorcalzada.com/social-innovaYon-
methodological-workshop-basque-oresund-
connecYon-8th-may...
map	by	@icalzada	
Map	by	@icalzada	
ORESUND	CITIES-region	
1.  Malmö	&	Copenhagen	strong	collaboraYon	
2.  1	of	Europe’s	t...
54
#PRAGMATIC	
	
	#SIMPLICITY	Photo	by	@oresundstag
Map	by	@icalzada
PROJECTS
photo	by	@icalzada
photo	by	@icalzada
photo	by	@icalzada	
Rigid	&	bureaucra6c	norma6ve	system	finding	
difficulYes	in	acYvaYng	the	civil	society:		
It	requires	a	t...
photo	by	@icalzada	
“I	am	a	prime	example	of	the	
difficulty	of	integra.on:	
	I	have	social	security	numbers	
in	two	NaBon-S...
67	
2.-	DEFINITIONS:	ORESUND
photo	by	@icalzada	
Does	Oresund	CR	exist?	
“Well,	so	far	it	was	such	a	
FANTASTIC	social	construc.on…	
but	now…it’s	stopp...
BASQUE	&	ICELANDIC	CONNECTION
Two	Iden6ty-driven	City-Regions	fuelled	by	Democra6c	Regenera6on	in	Europe
hDp://bit.ly/2yxnaXd	
#Download		
#OpenAccess
① Iceland	was	the	first	country	to	be	hit	by	the	2008	financial	crisis	with	dramaYc	
democraYc	consequences.	If	there	has	be...
#Crash
#Pots&PansRevoluYon
“No	se	pueden	transformar	las	cosas	solo	desde	fuera.	Hacen	
falta	acYvistas	normales	en	centros	de	poder”	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
...
#Hack	
"La	culpa	del	'crash'	ha	sido	la	conjunción	de	los	
vejestorios	de	la	banca	y	los	niñatos	de	20	y	30”	
El	Pais,	6/1...
FIVE	CURRENT		
SMART	CITY	PROJECTS
Smart Cities?
2,466	views		
5th	Most	Read	ArYcle	
Calzada,	I.	&	Cobo,	C.	(2015),	Unplugging:	DeconstrucYng	the	Smart	City,	
Journal	of	U...
UNPLUGGING	2	noYons	
	
①  Being	digitally	connected/plugged	in	is	no	
guarantee	of	being	smart	(Evans	2002:	34)	
②  Techno...
Satyam,	A.	&	Calzada,	I.	
(2017),		
	
The	Smart	City	
TransformaBons.	The	
RevoluBon	of	the	21st	
Century.		
	
Bloomsbury	...
#ReplicateEU
H2020-SCC-EU-Lighthouse	
REPLICATE	
www.replicate-project.eu
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE
#HerriSmarYk
#SmartRuralCommuniYes
#ZumaiaLab
#UnpluggingData	
#ExperimenYngULL	
#ScalingMigraYon
FINAL	REMARK:	
FUTURE		
#NORDICBASQUE	
COLLABORATIONS?
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA,	FeRSA	
Urban	Transforma6ons	ESRC	&	Future	of	Ci6es	
University	of	Oxford	
@icalzada	
www.igorcalzada...
References	
		
Calzada,	I.	(2015),	
Benchmarking	Cross-Border	City-Regions:	Basque	and	Øresund	ComparaBve	Territorial	
Con...
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017
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Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017

This is the opening keynote presentation by Dr Calzada in Bilbao in the Nordic Basque Forum that took place on 19th October 2017. He has presented a framework to link Basque Country and Nordic countries and regions' projects and initiatives from the smart city, city-region and social innovation perspective.

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Nordic Basque Forum Keynote in Bilbao 19th October 2017

  1. 1. Basque & Nordic Smart City-Regional Connections From the Social Innovation Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, FeRSA Lecturer & Research Fellow, Future of Cities & Urban Transformations, University of Oxford Lecturer, Institute for Future Cities, University of Strathclyde Associate Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk #NordicBasque Bilbao, 2017ko Urriaren 19a
  2. 2. Góðan daginn God morgen Hyvää huomenta God morgon God morgen
  3. 3. By @translokal Brussels BasqueCountry Iceland Oresund Helsinki Stavanger IS NO DK SE FI
  4. 4. map by @icalzada
  5. 5. map by @icalzada
  6. 6. map by @icalzada hDp://www.mdpi.com/2079-8954/5/1/18 #Download #OpenAccess
  7. 7. map by @icalzada hDp://www.mdpi.com/2079-8954/5/1/18 #Download #OpenAccess
  8. 8. By @icalzada To unplug the smart city approach?
  9. 9. By @bilbaometropoli By @CitiesOxford By @ifuturecities By @bristolisopen //Bilbao// CORPORATE -in-transition //Barcelona// ANTI- CORPORATE -uncertain By @SmartCityExpo //Bristol// OPEN INNOVATION -alternative //Glasgow// URBAN GOVERNANCE -transformative
  10. 10. map by @icalzada BASQUE CITY-REGION 1.  Three divided administra6ve en66es that cross of two NaYon-States. 2.  The Spanish side, what we can call Basque Autonomy, is industrialized and enjoys a high level of self-governance in maDers as important as health, educaYon, security, housing, employment and taxaYon. 3.  However, aDempts to reinforce the opera6onal level of the cross- border coopera6on among the three administraYve enYYes have been very weak. 4.  3.1M inhabitants in a diverse territorial configura6on: the northern part, in France, is mainly based on farming and tourism while the southern part, consisYng of two administraYve enYYes in Spain, are two manufacturing-driven regions.
  11. 11. Map by @icalzada
  12. 12. Map by @icalzada
  13. 13. Map by @icalzada
  14. 14. map by @icalzada hDp://bit.ly/2ywhLOm #Download #OpenAccess
  15. 15. map by @icalzada hDp://bit.ly/2ywhLOm #Download #OpenAccess
  16. 16. map by @icalzada hDp://bit.ly/2gPEoWz #Download #OpenAccess
  17. 17. photo by @icalzada
  18. 18. photo by @icalzada
  19. 19. photo by @icalzada
  20. 20. photo by @icalzada
  21. 21. #COMPLEX #DIVERSITY Photos by @icalzada & @flickr
  22. 22. PhD map by @icalzada
  23. 23. map by @icalzada Postdoctoral Fellowships: Ikerbasque & RSA
  24. 24. http://www.cityregions.org ®
  25. 25. ‘Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond NaYon-States’ (2012-2017) www.cityregions.org This research project suggests that both poliYcal and economic factors determine city-regional strategies. However, the eight-cases are split into two groups; whereas poliYcal factors determine a na.onalis.c strategy in the cases of the Basque Country, Iceland, Scotland and Catalonia, economic factors merely explain the economically driven non-na.onalisYc strategies of the cases of Portland, Dublin, Liverpool/ Manchester and Oresund.
  26. 26. 3563 views 9th Most Read ArYcle #Download #OpenAccess hDp://bit.ly/2hNqtjb
  27. 27. hDps://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/forget-the-naYon-state-ciYes-will-transform-the-way-we-conduct-foreign-affairs
  28. 28. 2025 Source: @UN
  29. 29. 2012-2015: Future of Ci6es Programme www.futureofciYes.ox.ac.uk
  30. 30. 19/10/17WP 9: Oxford Page 33 Aim How can we prompt methodological advancements that promote fruitful learning in and among cities?
  31. 31. 19/10/17WP 9: Oxford Page 34 Applied Research 1) City-To-City Learning 2) Comparing/Benchmarking Smart Cities
  32. 32. 2016 < Urban Transformations ESRC Portfolio www.urbantransformations.ox.ac.uk
  33. 33. What does Urban TransformaYons seek to achieve? •  The Urban TransformaYons programme aims to address •  a wide range of stakeholders with a professional, public or poliYcal interest in ciYes, •  including members of the general public •  wishing to learn more about current academic debates •  on urban development worldwide: •  UK •  EU (2016-2017 AcYvity Programme) •  InternaYonal (Global South – BRICS) #Habitat3 2016 < Urban Transformations ESRC
  34. 34. NORDICS?
  35. 35. map by @icalzada
  36. 36. BASQUE & ORESUND CONNECTION
  37. 37. map by @icalzada Two Cross Border City-Regions beyond Two Na6on-States in the EU
  38. 38. Map by @icalzada
  39. 39. hDp://bit.ly/2xOUgCY #Download #OpenAccess
  40. 40. 50
  41. 41. www.basquecity.org hDp://www.igorcalzada.com/social-innovaYon- methodological-workshop-basque-oresund- connecYon-8th-may-2013-2-6pm-santelmomuseum- donosYa-st-sebasYan hDp://www.basquecity.org hDp://www.euskalhiria.org Photos by @icalzada Fieldwork Research 2010-2013 hDp://www.igorcalzada.com/basque-oresund-connecYon-fork-august-2013
  42. 42. map by @icalzada Map by @icalzada ORESUND CITIES-region 1.  Malmö & Copenhagen strong collaboraYon 2.  1 of Europe’s today most aDracYve and dynamic regions 3.  3.8M inhabitants: 2.6M in Zealand (DK) & 1.2M in Skane (SE) 4.  Malmö 3rd most innovaYve city in the world based on number of patents filed & the 3rd most populated city in Sweden. 5.  2000: Oresund Bridge. 6.  Could we say that due to the construc6on of the Oresund Bridge, a City-Regional promo6on emerged? 7.  “The Oresund City-Region is regarded as simple, imagined as similar to an organic process and possible to fulfil through an almost causal formula: “BeAer infrastructure, communicaBons and transportaBon that turns into higher mobility and interacBon. This is how the regional integraBon is happening” (Richard Ek, 2003)
  43. 43. 54
  44. 44. #PRAGMATIC #SIMPLICITY Photo by @oresundstag
  45. 45. Map by @icalzada
  46. 46. PROJECTS
  47. 47. photo by @icalzada
  48. 48. photo by @icalzada
  49. 49. photo by @icalzada Rigid & bureaucra6c norma6ve system finding difficulYes in acYvaYng the civil society: It requires a transiYon in its Social Innova6on Policies from Triple to Penta Helix angle.
  50. 50. photo by @icalzada “I am a prime example of the difficulty of integra.on: I have social security numbers in two NaBon-States, there are opaque pension condiBons and there are lots of hindrances when, for example, I need a new car.” (Informant# Malmö 8/2/13)
  51. 51. 67 2.- DEFINITIONS: ORESUND
  52. 52. photo by @icalzada Does Oresund CR exist? “Well, so far it was such a FANTASTIC social construc.on… but now…it’s stopped” (Informant# CPH 16/8/13)
  53. 53. BASQUE & ICELANDIC CONNECTION
  54. 54. Two Iden6ty-driven City-Regions fuelled by Democra6c Regenera6on in Europe
  55. 55. hDp://bit.ly/2yxnaXd #Download #OpenAccess
  56. 56. ① Iceland was the first country to be hit by the 2008 financial crisis with dramaYc democraYc consequences. If there has been some democra6c social innova6on or regenera6on in Iceland aber the crisis, what relaYonship does it have with ethics? What is its moral core? ② Because they share some features concerning their compara6ve small size and iden6ty (unique local language and culture dealing with bigger players in a global arena), we wonder whether some of the transforma6ons (innova6ons?) emerged in Iceland during the Kreppa years (2008-2013) could be applicable to the crisis in the Basque Country in the new post-violence scenario (ETA’s ceasefire from 2011 on). And what about micro social innovaYve cases (cooperaYvism, plurilingualism, …)? ③ Different as they are, both situa6ons involve hopes of regenera6on of the democra6c system, and both raise quesYons such as: What has been really happening in Iceland?
  57. 57. #Crash
  58. 58. #Pots&PansRevoluYon
  59. 59. “No se pueden transformar las cosas solo desde fuera. Hacen falta acYvistas normales en centros de poder” Icelandic MP. BirgiDa Jonsdo}r.
  60. 60. #Hack "La culpa del 'crash' ha sido la conjunción de los vejestorios de la banca y los niñatos de 20 y 30” El Pais, 6/10/2011
  61. 61. FIVE CURRENT SMART CITY PROJECTS
  62. 62. Smart Cities?
  63. 63. 2,466 views 5th Most Read ArYcle Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2015), Unplugging: DeconstrucYng the Smart City, Journal of Urban Technology 22(1): 23-43. DOI: 10.1080/10630732.2014.971535.
  64. 64. UNPLUGGING 2 noYons ①  Being digitally connected/plugged in is no guarantee of being smart (Evans 2002: 34) ②  Technology is never neutral, and it has the potenYal and capacity to be used socially and poliYcally for quite different purpose (Williams 1983: 128)
  65. 65. Satyam, A. & Calzada, I. (2017), The Smart City TransformaBons. The RevoluBon of the 21st Century. Bloomsbury Academic and Professional Publishing: New Delhi, New York, London and Sydney.
  66. 66. #ReplicateEU
  67. 67. H2020-SCC-EU-Lighthouse REPLICATE www.replicate-project.eu
  68. 68. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE
  69. 69. #HerriSmarYk
  70. 70. #SmartRuralCommuniYes
  71. 71. #ZumaiaLab
  72. 72. #UnpluggingData #ExperimenYngULL #ScalingMigraYon
  73. 73. FINAL REMARK: FUTURE #NORDICBASQUE COLLABORATIONS?
  74. 74. Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, FeRSA Urban Transforma6ons ESRC & Future of Ci6es University of Oxford @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Skype: icalzada Eskerrik asko Takk Gracias Thanks for your ahen6on
  75. 75. References Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Cross-Border City-Regions: Basque and Øresund ComparaBve Territorial ConnecBon. Regions, no 297, 2015 Issue 1. pp. 4-8. DOI: 10.1080/13673882.2015.11431633. Calzada, I. & Casado, A. & (2015), Demos-Ethos: A Framework to Study the Icelandic and Basque Cases through CriYcal Social InnovaYon and Applied Ethics. InnovaBon: The European Journal of Social Science Research 28(4): 425-442. DOI: 10.1080/13511610.2015.1089472. Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond NaBon-States, RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science, 2:1, 350-361, DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908.

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