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Comparing	EU	Ci-es	
on	Smart	City-Regional	Governance	
	Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Senior	Research	Fellow,	Urban	Transforma-ons...
Bio:	entrepreneurial	academic		
	
1.  2012	<	Future	of	CiIes,	University	of	Oxford	(UK)	
2.  2016	<	Urban	TransformaIons,	...
Ques-ons	
•  1.					Why	should	we	unplug	smart	ciIes		
beyond	our	hyper-connected	socieIes?	
	
•  2.					Why	to	move	from	...
Outline	
1.	Unplugging	the	Smart	City	
2.	Future	of	CiIes	>	Urban	TransformaIons	
3.	UK	&	EU	CiIes	&	Projects:	
	·	Urban	T...
1.	Unplugging	the	Smart	City	
@perjovschi
Source: @oxmartinschool
Source: @UNHABITAT
1960	
Source: @UN
2025	
Source: @UN
Beyond	Hyper	Connected	Socie-es	>	
Need	to	Deconstruct	the	Smart	City
UNPLUGGING	(precondiIons)	
	
①  Being	digitally	connected/#plugged	is	no	
guarantee	of	being	smart	(Evans,	2002)	
②  Techn...
By @EU_H2020
To	get	out	from	the		
‘smart	city-in-the-box’		
approach
By @TheAtlantic
To unplug the smart city approach?
#UNPLUGGING	
through	
10	TRANSITIONS	
2.	From	the	Future	of	CiIes		
to	the	Urban	TransformaIons
992	views	
	
14th		
Most		
Read	ArIcle
UNPLUGGING	
the		
SMART		
CITY	
1	
WHO	
2	
HOW	
3	
SYSTEMS	
4	
GOVERNANCE	
5	
INFORMATION	
6	
FOCUS	
7	
SPACE	
8	
DESIGN	
...
2012-2015:	
Future	of	Ci-es	Programme	
www.futureofciIes.ox.ac.uk
2016	<	
Urban	Transforma-ons	ESRC	
www.urbantransforma-ons.ox.ac.uk		
•  From	smart	data	to	infrastructure,		
•  parIcipat...
Urban	Transforma-ons		
ESRC	porlolio	(UK	>	EU)	
What	does	Urban	TransformaIons	seek	to	achieve?	
	
•  The	Urban	Transforma...
3.	UK	&	EU		
CiIes	&	Projects	
	
EU	Project	
	
	
Cities	involved	
	
Timeframe	&	Title	
	
Funding	Institution	
EU-H2020-SCC...
3.	EU	H2020		
CiIes	&	Projects	
Project	 Budget	 Lighthouse	Ci-es	
GROWSMARTER	
Transforming	ciIes	
for	a	smart,	
sustaina...
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE	(UK	+	EU)
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE	(UK	+	EU)
Bristol	&	Glasgow	(UK)		
Barcelona	&	Bilbao	(ES)
GLASGOW	
By	Scoqsh	CiIes	Alliance
BRISTOL	
By	Bristol	CC
BARCELONA	
STRATEGIC	LINES	
INTERNATIONAL	POSITIONING	
INTERNATIONAL	COOPERATION	
SMART	LOCAL	PROGRAMMES	
1.  Telecommunic...
BILBAO	
By	A.Aldekoa
3. UK & EU
Cities & Projects
5		
GENERAL		
CONCLUSIONS
By @TheAtlantic
1
SMART CITY
No recipes
By @icalzada
2
No Replicable
Social
Entrepreneurs
By @icalzada
3
Multi-Stakeholders
Calzada,	I.	(2013),	CriIcal	Social	InnovaIon	in	the	Smart	City	era	...
By @LSECities By @bilbaometropoli
By @ifuturecities
By @CitiesOxford
4
Smart City
-to-
Smart City
Benchmarking
www.cityregions.org
5
Metropolitan
+
City-Regional
hjp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908		
1748	views	
	
7th		
Most		
Read	ArIcle
10
Experience
+
Open Data
Calzada,	I.	(2015),	Benchmarking	Future	City-Regions	beyond	NaIon-States,	RSRS	
Regional	Studies...
From	our	daily	experience	as	urban		dwellers,		
at	the	end	of	the	day,		
everything	boils	down	to,	how	could	we:		
	
1.  e...
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Senior	Research	Fellow	
Urban	Transforma-ons	&	Future	of	Ci-es	
University	of	Oxford	
@icalzada	
www...
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Smart Energy UK & EU 2016 Summit Comparing EU Cities on Smart City-Regional Governance

Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, Senior Research Fellow at the University of Oxford, Urban Transformations ESRC & Future of Cities Programme, delivered a conference in the 7th Annual Smart Energy 2016 UK & EU Summit on 29th January 2016 in London. His talk entiltled: 'Comparing EU Cities on Smart City-Regional Governance'.

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Smart Energy UK & EU 2016 Summit Comparing EU Cities on Smart City-Regional Governance

  1. 1. Comparing EU Ci-es on Smart City-Regional Governance Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Senior Research Fellow, Urban Transforma-ons, University of Oxford Lecturer, Ins-tute for Future Ci-es, University of Strathclyde Visi-ng Research Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk 7th Annual Smart Energy UK & Europe 2016 London (UK), January 29th 2016
  2. 2. Bio: entrepreneurial academic 1.  2012 < Future of CiIes, University of Oxford (UK) 2.  2016 < Urban TransformaIons, University of Oxford (UK) 3.  15 years: Policy Adviser, Applied Researcher & Lecturer (EU) 4.  Private sector: InnovaIon Director at Mondragon Co- operaIve CorporaIon (6th largest in Spain) 5.  Public sector: InnovaIon Director at Regional Government (Spain) 6.  M.B.A. & PhD in Business AdministraIon (USA)
  3. 3. Ques-ons •  1. Why should we unplug smart ciIes beyond our hyper-connected socieIes? •  2. Why to move from the future of ciIes to the urban transformaIons paradigm? •  3. How are BriIsh and European ciIes facing the smart city challenge? •  4. Some key projects from the UK (Urban TransformaIons ESRC porbolio) and EU (H2020 lighthouse project). •  5. Future challenge: the regional scale. Towards Smart City-Regional Governance.
  4. 4. Outline 1. Unplugging the Smart City 2. Future of CiIes > Urban TransformaIons 3. UK & EU CiIes & Projects: · Urban TransformaIons ESRC porbolio. · H2020-SCC-EU 1st Lighthouse REPLICATE. · Bristol, Glasgow, Barcelona and Bilbao. 4. Future challenge: Smart City-Regional Governance
  5. 5. 1. Unplugging the Smart City @perjovschi
  6. 6. Source: @oxmartinschool
  7. 7. Source: @UNHABITAT
  8. 8. 1960 Source: @UN
  9. 9. 2025 Source: @UN
  10. 10. Beyond Hyper Connected Socie-es > Need to Deconstruct the Smart City
  11. 11. UNPLUGGING (precondiIons) ①  Being digitally connected/#plugged is no guarantee of being smart (Evans, 2002) ②  Technology is never neutral (Williams, 1983)
  12. 12. By @EU_H2020 To get out from the ‘smart city-in-the-box’ approach
  13. 13. By @TheAtlantic To unplug the smart city approach?
  14. 14. #UNPLUGGING through 10 TRANSITIONS 2. From the Future of CiIes to the Urban TransformaIons
  15. 15. 992 views 14th Most Read ArIcle
  16. 16. UNPLUGGING the SMART CITY 1 WHO 2 HOW 3 SYSTEMS 4 GOVERNANCE 5 INFORMATION 6 FOCUS 7 SPACE 8 DESIGN 9 SOCIO- POLITICAL PROCESSES 10 POLITICAL ECONOMY Social & Digital Divide Individualism vs Collec-vism Socio- Technical Systems Master Planning vs. Emergent Plan and Top Down vs. Bodom Up Overload vs Scarcity Social Netking vs Social Capital Context Collapse Ambient Commons Control & Norma-ve vs Free & Emergent Profitable vs Non- Profitable Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2015), Unplugging: Deconstruc1ng the Smart City, Journal of Urban Technology. DOI: 10.1080/10630732.2014.971535 hjp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10630732.2014.971535#abstract Also in Open Access via @ResearchGate: hjps://www.researchgate.net/publicaIon/ 289522452_AOM_Unplugging_DeconstrucIng_the_Smart_City
  17. 17. 2012-2015: Future of Ci-es Programme www.futureofciIes.ox.ac.uk
  18. 18. 2016 < Urban Transforma-ons ESRC www.urbantransforma-ons.ox.ac.uk •  From smart data to infrastructure, •  parIcipatory design to migraIon, •  the Urban TransformaIons projects share a mulIdisciplinary focus •  and a forward-looking vision •  of how our urban future can be shaped •  to achieve bejer outcomes •  for communiIes, businesses and local authoriIes. •  Together, they establish a foundaIon of original research and best pracIce in: •  the UK, Europe and internaIonally.
  19. 19. Urban Transforma-ons ESRC porlolio (UK > EU) What does Urban TransformaIons seek to achieve? •  The Urban TransformaIons programme aims to address •  a wide range of stakeholders with a professional, public or poliIcal interest in ciIes, •  including members of the general public •  wishing to learn more about current academic debates •  on urban development worldwide: •  UK •  EU •  InternaIonal (Global South – BRICS) www.urbantransforma-ons.ox.ac.uk
  20. 20. 3. UK & EU CiIes & Projects EU Project Cities involved Timeframe & Title Funding Institution EU-H2020-SCC- 1st Lighthouse: REPLICATE • Bristol (UK) • St Sebastian (ES) • Florence (IT) • Laussane (CH) • Essen (DE) • Nilüfer (TR) • Bogotá (CO) • Guangzhou (CN) < 2015-2020 > REinassance of PLaces with Innovative Citizenship And TEchnology EU-H2020-SCC EU-Marie Curie Actions- Cofund-Regional Programmes: SMART CITY-REGIONS • Bristol (UK) • Glasgow (UK) • Bilbao (ES) • Barcelona (ES) < 2015-2016 > Comparing Smart City-Regional Governance Strategies: Bilbao, Barcelona, Bristol & Glasgow EU-FP7 Marie Curie Actions- Cofund BilbaoMetropoli-30/BizkaiaXede EU-FP7-314679 STEP UP Smart City Plan Glasgow (UK) Riga (LT) Gothenburg (SE) Ghent (BE) < 2014-2015 > Energy Planning for Cities *MSc Master in Global Sustainable Cities EU-FP7 www.stepupsmartcities.eu/ EU-FP7-314277- STEEP Smart City Plan Bristol (UK) St Sebastian (ES) Florence (IT) < 2014-2015 > Systems Thinking for comprehensive city Efficient Energy Planning EU-FP7 http://www.smartsteep.eu/
  21. 21. 3. EU H2020 CiIes & Projects Project Budget Lighthouse Ci-es GROWSMARTER Transforming ciIes for a smart, sustainable Europe 24.8M € Stockhom (SE) Cologne (DE) Barcelona (SP) REMOURBAN Model for acceleraIng the smart URBAN transformaIon 21.5M € Valladolid (ES) Noqngham (UK) Tepebasi (TR) TRIANGULUM Demostrate- Disseminate- Replicate 25.4M € Manchester (UK) Eindhoven (NL) Stavanger (NO) CITYKEYS 0.962M€
  22. 22. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE (UK + EU)
  23. 23. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE (UK + EU)
  24. 24. Bristol & Glasgow (UK) Barcelona & Bilbao (ES)
  25. 25. GLASGOW By Scoqsh CiIes Alliance
  26. 26. BRISTOL By Bristol CC
  27. 27. BARCELONA STRATEGIC LINES INTERNATIONAL POSITIONING INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION SMART LOCAL PROGRAMMES 1.  Telecommunica-ons Networks 2.  Urban Plalorm 3.  Smart Data 4.  Smart Ligh-ng 5.  Energy Self-Sufficiency 6.  Smart Water 7.  Smart Mobility 8.  Renaturalisa-on 9.  Urban Transforma-on 10.  Smart Urban Furniture 11.  Urban Resilience 12.  ci-zenry 13.  Open Government 14.  Barcelona in Your Pocket 15.  Smart Waste Collec-on 16.  Smart regula-on 17.  Smart Innova-on 18.  Healthcare and Social Services 19.  Educa-on 20.  Smart Tourist Des-na-on 21.  Infrastructure and Logis-cs 22.  Leisure and Culture 1.  BESOS 2.  CitySDK 3.  CloudOp-ng 4.  Commons4EU 5.  DC4Ci-es 6.  EUNOIA 7.  iCity 8.  INSIGHT 9.  Open-DAI 10.  CONDUITS 11.  FIREBALL 12.  Green eMo-on 13.  MOLECULES 14.  smartCEM 15.  SUPERHUB 16.  TRANS-FORM 17.  ECHORD++ 18.  Lighthouse BARCELONA By BCN CC
  28. 28. BILBAO By A.Aldekoa
  29. 29. 3. UK & EU Cities & Projects 5 GENERAL CONCLUSIONS
  30. 30. By @TheAtlantic 1 SMART CITY No recipes
  31. 31. By @icalzada 2 No Replicable
  32. 32. Social Entrepreneurs By @icalzada 3 Multi-Stakeholders Calzada, I. (2013), CriIcal Social InnovaIon in the Smart City era for a City-Regional European Horizon 2020. Journal of Public Policies & Territory P3T. Vol 2, Nº 6 (2013): Social InnovaIon & Territory. Winter. pp. 1-20.
  33. 33. By @LSECities By @bilbaometropoli By @ifuturecities By @CitiesOxford 4 Smart City -to- Smart City Benchmarking
  34. 34. www.cityregions.org 5 Metropolitan + City-Regional
  35. 35. hjp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908 1748 views 7th Most Read ArIcle
  36. 36. 10 Experience + Open Data Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond NaIon-States, RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science, 2:1, 350-361, DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908.
  37. 37. From our daily experience as urban dwellers, at the end of the day, everything boils down to, how could we: 1.  engage with the smart design of our ciIes? 2.  generate, manage, protect and use data? 3.  make visible what is invisible? 4.  share infrastructure? 5.  live our urban spaces? 4. Final Remarks: Smart City-Regional Governance
  38. 38. Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Senior Research Fellow Urban Transforma-ons & Future of Ci-es University of Oxford @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Skype: icalzada (0) 1865 274687 Thanks for your ajenIon

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