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Towards	a	Smart	(City-)Region?		
Territorial	&	Urban	Transforma<ons	
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Future	of	Ci<es	&	Urban	Transfo...
Cap	a	una	(Ciutat-)Regió	Intel·ligent?		
Transformacions	Territorials	i	Urbanes	
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Future	of	Ci<es	&	U...
Index	
1.  Bio	
2.  Big	‘internaHonal’	picture	
3.  Unplugging	Smart	CiHes	
4.  Final	Remarks:	Towards	a	Smart	(City)-Regi...
2012-2015:	
Future	of	Ci<es	Programme	
www.futureofciHes.ox.ac.uk
2016	<	
Urban	Transforma<ons	ESRC	
www.urbantransforma<ons.ox.ac.uk		
•  From	smart	data	to	infrastructure,		
•  parHcipat...
@HarvardBiz
By @translokal
By @translokal
By @translokal
By @translokal
TRANSLOKAL
h]ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2a6Dmt2MYs
@perjovschi
By @TheAtlantic
Smart City?
@perjovschi	
3.	‘Unplugging’		
Smart	Ci<es
Beyond	Hyper	Connected	Socie<es	>	
Need	to	Deconstruct	the	Smart	City
UNPLUGGING	2	noHons	
	
	
①  Being	digitally	connected/plugged	in	is	no	
guarantee	of	being	smart	(Evans	2002:	34)	
②  Tech...
By @EU_H2020
To	get	out	from	the		
‘smart	city-in-the-box’		
approach
#UNPLUGGING	
through	
10	TRANSITIONS
1560	views	
	
7th		
Most		
Read	ArHcle
UNPLUGGING	
the		
SMART		
CITY	
1	
WHO	
2	
HOW	
3	
SYSTEMS	
4	
GOVERNANCE	
5	
INFORMATION	
6	
FOCUS	
7	
SPACE	
8	
DESIGN	
...
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE
H2020-SCC-EU-1st	Lighthouse	
REPLICATE
By @icalzada
By @icalzada
To unplug the smart city approach?
4.	Final	Remarks:		
Towards	a	Smart	(City)-Region?	
	
	
	
	
	
	
Five		
Policy	Recomenda<ons
Smart	City-Regions	
InnovaHve	‘transi<ons’	using:	
	
1.	Established	powers	and	policy-making	tools,	including	
collabora<v...
Smart	City-Regions	
	
	
		
5	Factors
www.cityregions.org
1/
Metropolitan
City-Regional
Multilevel
Governance
10
Experience
+
Open Data
Calzada,	I.	(2015),	Benchmarking	Future	City-Regions	beyond	NaHon-States,	RSRS	
Regional	Studies...
•  In	an	urban	world,	providing	effecHve	governance	of	
metropolitan	areas	cusng	across	tradiHonal	boundaries	is	
a	challen...
h]p://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908		
1923	views	
	
7th		
Most		
Read	ArHcle
Social
Entrepreneurs
By @icalzada
2/
Multi-Stakeholders
Calzada,	I.	(2013),	CriHcal	Social	InnovaHon	in	the	Smart	City	era...
Calzada,	I.	(2013),	CriHcal	Social	InnovaHon	in	the	Smart	City	era	for	a	City-Regional	European	
Horizon	2020.	Journal	of	...
3/	
•  providing	incen<ves	to	entrepreneurs	and	other	organisaHons	(universiHes	and	
research	centres)	to	be	involved	in	t...
#UrbanTransforma<ons	
#Europe
4/	BIG/OPEN	DATA:	
•  Big	Data/Open	Data	for	Urban	Movements	to	Forecast	Decisions.	
•  Data	visualisaHon	
•  Incubators	o...
5/
Social Innovation
Smart	City-Regions:		
5	Factors	
1.	Right	combinaHon	of	the	Metropolitan,	City-Regional	and	Mul<level	
Governance	(Calzada...
Dr	Igor	Calzada,	MBA	
Urban	Transforma<ons	&	Future	of	Ci<es	
University	of	Oxford	
@icalzada	
www.igorcalzada.com	
igor.c...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vi...
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'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vilanova i la Geltru (Catalonia-Spain)

Dr Igor Calzada, MBA, gave a talk on European Regional Development Funds entitled 'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' in the metropolitan area of Barcelona, Vilanova i la Geltru (Catalonia-Spain).

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'Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transformations' keynote conference in Barcelona metropolitan area, Vilanova i la Geltru (Catalonia-Spain)

  1. 1. Towards a Smart (City-)Region? Territorial & Urban Transforma<ons Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Future of Ci<es & Urban Transforma<ons, University of Oxford Lecturer, Ins<tute for Future Ci<es, University of Strathclyde Visi<ng Research Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com/about igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Neápolis (Public Agency of Innova<on) Vilanova i la Geltru (Barcelona-Catalonia), 6 April 2016
  2. 2. Cap a una (Ciutat-)Regió Intel·ligent? Transformacions Territorials i Urbanes Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Future of Ci<es & Urban Transforma<ons, University of Oxford Lecturer, Ins<tute for Future Ci<es, University of Strathclyde Visi<ng Research Fellow, Brussels Centre for Urban Studies, Vrije Universiteit @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com/about igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Neápolis (Public Agency of Innova<on) Vilanova i la Geltru (Barcelona-Catalonia), 6 April 2016
  3. 3. Index 1.  Bio 2.  Big ‘internaHonal’ picture 3.  Unplugging Smart CiHes 4.  Final Remarks: Towards a Smart (City)-Region? Five Policy RecomendaHons for FEDER > RIS3CAT > PECT (Planes de Especialización y CompeHHvidad Territorial)
  4. 4. 2012-2015: Future of Ci<es Programme www.futureofciHes.ox.ac.uk
  5. 5. 2016 < Urban Transforma<ons ESRC www.urbantransforma<ons.ox.ac.uk •  From smart data to infrastructure, •  parHcipatory design to migraHon, •  the Urban TransformaHons projects share a mulHdisciplinary focus •  and a forward-looking vision •  of how our urban future can be shaped •  to achieve be]er outcomes •  for communiHes, businesses and local authoriHes. •  Together, they establish a foundaHon of original research and best pracHce in: •  the UK, Europe and internaHonally.
  6. 6. @HarvardBiz
  7. 7. By @translokal
  8. 8. By @translokal By @translokal
  9. 9. By @translokal
  10. 10. TRANSLOKAL
  11. 11. h]ps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z2a6Dmt2MYs
  12. 12. @perjovschi
  13. 13. By @TheAtlantic Smart City?
  14. 14. @perjovschi 3. ‘Unplugging’ Smart Ci<es
  15. 15. Beyond Hyper Connected Socie<es > Need to Deconstruct the Smart City
  16. 16. UNPLUGGING 2 noHons ①  Being digitally connected/plugged in is no guarantee of being smart (Evans 2002: 34) ②  Technology is never neutral, and it has the potenHal and capacity to be used socially and poliHcally for quite different purpose (Williams 1983: 128)
  17. 17. By @EU_H2020 To get out from the ‘smart city-in-the-box’ approach
  18. 18. #UNPLUGGING through 10 TRANSITIONS
  19. 19. 1560 views 7th Most Read ArHcle
  20. 20. UNPLUGGING the SMART CITY 1 WHO 2 HOW 3 SYSTEMS 4 GOVERNANCE 5 INFORMATION 6 FOCUS 7 SPACE 8 DESIGN 9 SOCIO- POLITICAL PROCESSES 10 POLITICAL ECONOMY Social & Digital Divide Individualism vs Collec<vism Socio- Technical Systems Master Planning vs. Emergent Plan and Top Down vs. Bojom Up Overload vs Scarcity Social Netking vs Social Capital Context Collapse Ambient Commons Control & Norma<ve vs Free & Emergent Profitable vs Non- Profitable Calzada, I. & Cobo, C. (2015), Unplugging: Deconstruc1ng the Smart City, Journal of Urban Technology. DOI: 10.1080/10630732.2014.971535 h]p://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10630732.2014.971535#abstract Also in Open Access via @ResearchGate: h]ps://www.researchgate.net/publicaHon/ 289522452_AOM_Unplugging_DeconstrucHng_the_Smart_City
  21. 21. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE
  22. 22. H2020-SCC-EU-1st Lighthouse REPLICATE
  23. 23. By @icalzada
  24. 24. By @icalzada To unplug the smart city approach?
  25. 25. 4. Final Remarks: Towards a Smart (City)-Region? Five Policy Recomenda<ons
  26. 26. Smart City-Regions InnovaHve ‘transi<ons’ using: 1. Established powers and policy-making tools, including collabora<ve networks across insHtuHonal and territorial divisions between metropolitan and regional stakeholders. 2. New ideas about: •  economic development •  translocal strategies for small interconnected territories •  democra<c legi<macy •  public innova<on •  poli<cal inclusion. (Adapted from Herschell & Dierwechter, 2015, pp. 20-22)
  27. 27. Smart City-Regions 5 Factors
  28. 28. www.cityregions.org 1/ Metropolitan City-Regional Multilevel Governance
  29. 29. 10 Experience + Open Data Calzada, I. (2015), Benchmarking Future City-Regions beyond NaHon-States, RSRS Regional Studies Regional Science, 2:1, 350-361, DOI: 10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908.
  30. 30. •  In an urban world, providing effecHve governance of metropolitan areas cusng across tradiHonal boundaries is a challenge. •  Local government is sHll the place where the ciHzen meets the state. •  Mul<level governance is the term used to describe how policy-makers and interest groups in liberal democracies find themselves discussing, persuading, and negoHaHng across mulHple Hers, seeking to deliver coherent policy in specific func<onal areas such as transport and educaHon.
  31. 31. h]p://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21681376.2015.1046908 1923 views 7th Most Read ArHcle
  32. 32. Social Entrepreneurs By @icalzada 2/ Multi-Stakeholders Calzada, I. (2013), CriHcal Social InnovaHon in the Smart City era for a City-Regional European Horizon 2020. Journal of Public Policies & Territory P3T. Vol 2, Nº 6 (2013): Social InnovaHon & Territory. Winter. pp. 1-20.
  33. 33. Calzada, I. (2013), CriHcal Social InnovaHon in the Smart City era for a City-Regional European Horizon 2020. Journal of Public Policies & Territory P3T. Vol 2, Nº 6 (2013): Social InnovaHon & Territory. Winter. pp. 1-20.
  34. 34. 3/ •  providing incen<ves to entrepreneurs and other organisaHons (universiHes and research centres) to be involved in the discovery of the respecHve regional specialisaHon; •  evalua<ng and assessing the effec<veness of such support, so that it is not interrupted too early or conHnued too long, and ensuring that support is directed towards economic sectors with significant weight and opportuniHes for improvement; •  providing complementary investments (e.g., in training and educaHon) for the emerging specialisaHons; •  providing informaHon and facilitaHng coordinaHon and connecHons among the different actors of a given territory and with other territories. Smart Specialisa<on
  35. 35. #UrbanTransforma<ons #Europe
  36. 36. 4/ BIG/OPEN DATA: •  Big Data/Open Data for Urban Movements to Forecast Decisions. •  Data visualisaHon •  Incubators of Public Spaces (Habitat III) •  Self-organising city ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATIONS AND ADAPTABILITY: •  City economic evoluHons •  Local economic growth •  CreaHve urban districts •  Highly mobile knowledge professionals (ConnecHng Talent) •  Translocal economies GOVERNANCE: •  Urban sustainability transiHons in living labs •  CollaboraHve governance under austerity LOCALITIES & MIGRATION: •  Super diverse streets economies •  Smart neighbourhoods Territorial & Urban Transforma<ons
  37. 37. 5/ Social Innovation
  38. 38. Smart City-Regions: 5 Factors 1. Right combinaHon of the Metropolitan, City-Regional and Mul<level Governance (Calzada 2015) 2. Mul<stakeholder approach: Social Capital and Belonging (Guibernau 2014). 3. InternaHonal strategy based on Smart Specialisa<on. (Morgan 2016) 4. Considering current Territorial & Urban Transforma<ons in the area. 5. Recovering welfare via Social Innova<on intervenHons (Calzada 2013).
  39. 39. Dr Igor Calzada, MBA Urban Transforma<ons & Future of Ci<es University of Oxford @icalzada www.igorcalzada.com igor.calzada@compas.ox.ac.uk Skype: icalzada (0) 1865 274687 Gràcies Thank you Eskerrik asko

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