LIFE BEEF CARBON
Demonstration actions to mitigate the carbon
footprint of beef production in France, Ireland,
Italy and S...
7% GHG emissions from Agriculture
Italian cows 2016 (ISTAT 2017)
Dairy cows Beef cows
North 1.246.291 145.369
Middle 109.481 46.789
South 465.992 108.173
It...
Beef cows production in Italy
Suckler cow-calf to
weaning weaners 9-10
months and culled
suckler cows;
bulls/heifer 18 mon...
PIEMONTE
583 partners
45 slaughterhouses
http://www.asprocarne.org
VENETO
809 partners
23 feed industries
112 retailers
28...
Italian beef farms
Piemonte
Veneto
100 «demonstrative» (production systems: calf to weaning
system producing weaners and c...
Assessment of GHG emissions
The system boundaries: « cradle to farm gate »
CH4
CO2 e N2O
water, seeds, fertilizers,
fuels
...
Assessment of GHG emissions
Environmental categories: global warming,
eutrophication, acidification, water consumption and...
List of mitigation strategies identified
alongside Italian farmers
Enteric fermentation: to reduce fiber in the the diet, ...
The CREA-ZA strategy to implement
the BEEF CARBON ACTION PLAN
 To sensitise and encourage beef producers to improve the
e...
sara.care@crea.gov.it
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[COP23 LIFE BEEF CARBON EU Side Events] Demonstration actions to mitigate the carbon footprint of beef production in France, Ireland, Italy and Spain

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S. carè et al (CREA)

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[COP23 LIFE BEEF CARBON EU Side Events] Demonstration actions to mitigate the carbon footprint of beef production in France, Ireland, Italy and Spain

  1. 1. LIFE BEEF CARBON Demonstration actions to mitigate the carbon footprint of beef production in France, Ireland, Italy and Spain CREA Council for Agricultural Research and Economics Sara Carè, Giacomo Pirlo, Luciano Migliorati sara.care@crea.gov.it www.crea.gov.it COP 23 FIJI UN CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE Bonn 10 November 2017
  2. 2. 7% GHG emissions from Agriculture
  3. 3. Italian cows 2016 (ISTAT 2017) Dairy cows Beef cows North 1.246.291 145.369 Middle 109.481 46.789 South 465.992 108.173 Italy 1.821.764 300.331 Beef import 2015 (ISMEA 2017) Live cattle (> 300 kg) (n. animals): 837.303 Carcass (t): 356.893 70% from France
  4. 4. Beef cows production in Italy Suckler cow-calf to weaning weaners 9-10 months and culled suckler cows; bulls/heifer 18 months and culled suckler cows. 70% of beef production Intensive beef fattening system
  5. 5. PIEMONTE 583 partners 45 slaughterhouses http://www.asprocarne.org VENETO 809 partners 23 feed industries 112 retailers 280 thousand finished animals http://www.unicarve.it Italian partners of the project
  6. 6. Italian beef farms Piemonte Veneto 100 «demonstrative» (production systems: calf to weaning system producing weaners and culled suckler cows; bulls/heifers and culled suckler cows; fattening system producing young bulls/heifers) and 20 «innovative» beef farms.
  7. 7. Assessment of GHG emissions The system boundaries: « cradle to farm gate » CH4 CO2 e N2O water, seeds, fertilizers, fuels fuels (oil), cleaning agent, water, electricity, methane, LPG CO2 Functional unit: 1 kg live weight gain
  8. 8. Assessment of GHG emissions Environmental categories: global warming, eutrophication, acidification, water consumption and contribution of beef farms to rural landscape.
  9. 9. List of mitigation strategies identified alongside Italian farmers Enteric fermentation: to reduce fiber in the the diet, to increase concentrate to forage ratio; to utilize lipids or additives reducing CH4 emissions (ionophores, tannins, yests); Feeds and management: to improve forage digestibility, phases and precision feeding to match animal requirements, optimization of intensive grazing; Animal: to increase animal/herd productivity to reduce animal number and feed consumption by improving animal welfare and health (health programs, cleaniness, care); Manure management: to reduce N in the diet and utilization of essential AA (lysine, methionine; to reduce length store; frequent removal of manure from the barn, tank covering, composting, substitution of deeper litter with slatted floor; Carbon sink: minimum tillage; crop rotation and green manure, turfing, conversion from temporary to permanent cultivations, trees and hedges; Energy production and saving: renwable energy production (photovoltaic pannels), anaerobic digestion. N fertilization: not to exceed plant requirements, correct application time, immediate burrial of manure precision farming, slow release fertilizers;
  10. 10. The CREA-ZA strategy to implement the BEEF CARBON ACTION PLAN  To sensitise and encourage beef producers to improve the environmental performance of their farms;  To develop a carbon footprint/environmental impact assessment methodology that can be used in beef farms shared by France, Ireland and Spain;  To identify the most effective mitigation actions for the different regions and different production systems;  To promote innovative practices to reduce GHG emissions and increase carbon sequestration in beef farms;  To disseminate innovative approaches to breeders to reduce GHG emissions.
  11. 11. sara.care@crea.gov.it

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