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THE ROMAN EMPIRE
The Roman empire began in 27 B.C.
The Romans conquered all the riparian
countries(Ribereño) with the Mediterranean, all
the known now as centre of Europe,Great
Britain,Rumania, and a part of Turkey, Arabia,
and a part of north of Africa.
And the Roman empire finished in 476 d.C.
Around 2,000 years ago, Britain was ruled by tribes of people called the Celts.
But this was about to change. For around a century, the Roman army had
been building an Empire across Europe. Now is the time for Britain!
How did the Romans conquest
The Romans wanted Britain's precious metals.
They called the land ‘Britannia’, which meant 'land of
tin'. However, they weren't just a destructive force -
they built new forts, new settlements and roads. They
spread their culture, language and laws.
Caesar made an expedition to England, we don´t
know the reasons , but he failed.
However, he did not give up: one year later of
his first expedition, he did another one, but he
Julius Caesar´s expeditions
• August didn´t want to attack Britain, but he
made business with the Britains which
accepted freely the romanisation.
Business with Britains
Claudio got six new provinces for the Romans.
One of them was Britannia.
Britannia, Roman province.
Julio Agrícola got more territorial
of Britain until the south of
Until the south of Scotland
Hadrian built a long wall which separated
Scotland from the Romans.
Antonino added some Scotland´s territory and
moved the frontier 100 Km to the north and
there he built another wall, similar to the
Hadrian´s wall, but taller.
Antonino´s new wall
THE ROMAN ARMY
The Roman army was the largest and strongest fighting force in the ancient Rome.
When the Romans invaded Britain ,they were better that the British
• WHO WAS IN THE ROMAN ARMY?
Only men could be in the Roman army, no women were allowed.
There were two mains types of Roman soldiers: legionaries and
• WHAT EQUIPMENT DID A SOLDIER HAVE.
Javelin Sward Tunic Sandals Helmet Armour
• HOW DID THE ROMAN ARMY FIGHT?
The army would be divided into two groups. Each group have between 4,000 and
• HOW WELL TRAINED WERE ROMAN SOLDIERS?
They trained swiming, crossing river in boats, and smashing
his way into forts.
LIFE IN BRITAIN
1. Life in Roman Britain
When the Romans came to Britain they brought their way of
life with them. Over time, the people of Britain and the
Romans mixed. The Britons began to live the Roman
lifestyle and the Romans took on local customs.
The Romans built new towns. These were often protected
by walls and there was everything a citizen of Roman Britain
would need inside - houses, shops, meeting spaces,
workshops, temples and bathhouses.
They also built grand country houses called 'villas'. These
had many rooms, some with beautifully painted walls,
mosaic floors and even central heating.
2. What were houses like?
Most of Roman Britain was a wild place, with forests and
mountains where few people lived.
People mainly lived in small villages of wooden houses with
thatched roofs, much as they had before the Romans arrived.
However, some wealthy Romans lived in villas and palaces. Villas
were large farms with a big house for the owners. They had
lots of servants and farm workers to help run the villa.
Most of the Roman villas found by archaeologists are in the
south of England.
3. What was a roman family like?
Men were in charge of the family in Roman Britain. Mothers
were thought to be less important than fathers.
Life for women in Roman times was often hard. Women
were expected to run the home, cook meals and raise
children. Wealthy women were lucky: they had slaves to do
the work for them.
Many girls were married at the age of 14. Marriages were
often arranged between families. A man could divorce his
wife if she did not give birth to a son. Many women died
young in their 30s, because childbirth could be dangerous.
• 4. What technology did they bring?
• The Romans were good at building roads and bridges, but not so keen on
machines. They had slaves to do the heavy work and nasty jobs.
• Although they didn’t invent the arch, the Romans were the first people to
build arches into big buildings and aqueducts. Romans used aqueducts to
supply towns with water from springs, rivers or lakes. Aqueducts were like
a bridge with a stone channel to carry water on top.
• The Romans liked to keep clean. Towns and forts had underground drains
to take away dirty water and sewage. The drain pipes were flushed with
water from the baths, so they didn't get too smelly. Fresh water and
sewers are important. Without them, people risk catching diseases.
• The Romans were most famous for their roads. To make sure soldiers and
supplies could move from town to town quickly, the Romans made their
roads as straight as possible.
• ROMAN BATHS
The Roman baths are public places intended for
typical baths of Roman civilization . In the
ancient Rome, baths were called balnea or
balneum and if they were public thermae or
therma . They were public baths with rooms
reserved for gymnastics and recreational
Hadrian's Wall also called the
Roman Wall or Picts' Wall, was a
defensive fortification in the
Roman province of Britannia,
begun in 122 AD in the reign of
the emperor Hadrian. It ran from
the banks of the River Tyne near
the North Sea onto the Irish sea,
and was the northern limit of the
Roman roads were a vital
part of the development
of the Roman state, from
about 500 BC through the
expansion during the
Roman Republic and the
LATIN INFLUENCE IN ENGLISH
• English is a Germanic language but 30 % of its vocabulary comes fron Latin.
• AGRICOLA FARMER AGRICULTURE
• BESTIA BEAST BESTIAL, BESTIALITY
• FIGURA FIGURE, SHAPE FIGURE, FIGURINE
• FLAMMA FLAME FLAME
• HERBA HERB HERBIVOROUS
• INSULA ISLAND INSULAR, INSULATE
• LINGUA LANGUAGE LANGUAGE, LINGUAL
• NAUTA SAILOR NAUTICAL, NAUTILUS
• PIRATA PIRATE PIRATE, PIRATICAL
• SCHOLA SCHOOL SCHOLAR, SCHOOL
• ALBA WHITE ALBINO, ALBINISM
• PREFIXES DERIVES FROM: MEANING EXAMPLE
• A-,AB- LATIN OFF, FROM, DOWN ABDUCT, AVERT
• AD- LATIN TO, ATTACHED TO ADSORPTION
• ANA- LATIN AWAY,THROUGH ANALYSIS
• ANTE- LATIN BEFORE ANTEROOM
• AP-, APH-, APO- LATIN FROM, OFF APOGEE
• AQUA- LATIN WATER AQUATIC
• BI- LATIN TWO, TWICE BIPOLAR
• CALIC-, CALIX- LATIN CUPLIKE CALYX
• CANI-, CANIS- LATIN DOG CANINE
• CIRCUM- LATIN AROUND, NEAR CIRCUMNAVIGATE
• COL-, COM-, CON- LATIN WITH, TOGETHER COMBINE
• DE- LATIN AGAINST DEHYDRATION
• DIS- LATIN UNDOING, FROM DISSOLVE
• DORM- LATIN APART, AWAY DORMANT
• E-, EC- LATIN TO SLEEP EFFERENT
• EX- LATIN OUT, FROM EXCISE
• INTER- LATIN BETWEEN INTERCELLULAR
• INTRA- LATIN WITHIN, INSIDE INTRACELLULAR
• SUFIXES DERIVES FROM: MEANING EXAMPLE
• CIDAL-CIDE- LATIN KILLER, A KILLING INSECTICIDE
• ELLE-ULE-LA- LATIN SMALL,DIMINUTIVE GLOBULE,PIGLET
• FER- LATIN BEARER,PRODUCER CONIFER
• GENESIS- LATIN ORIGIN, DEVELOPMENT OF EMBRYOGENESIS
• GONY- LATIN SOMETHING PRODUCED COSMOGENY
• ITE- LATIN A DIVISION OR PART SOMITE
• JUGAL-JUGATE LATIN TO YOKE, JOIN TOGETHER CONJUGATE
• Presentación realizada por los alumnos de 1º
ESO GRUPO BILINGÜE.
• Instituto Ramón Olleros. Curso 2015-2016.