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Introduction to the Directory of Open Access journals

Overview of Open Access and how to submit a good application.

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Introduction to the Directory of Open Access journals

  1. 1. Introduction to the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) Presented by Tom Olijhoek DOAJ Editor-in-Chief tom@doaj.org Ina Smith DOAJ Ambassador ina@doaj.org Friday 12 August 2016
  2. 2. Agenda • What is the DOAJ? • What is Open Access? Who needs (Open) Access? Why Open Access? • Mission of the DOAJ • Required information for inclusion in the DOAJ • Application & Evaluation process
  3. 3. What is the DOAJ? • Directory of Open Access journals • Launched in May 2003, Lund University, Sweden – list of 300 titles • Centrally, publicly and internationally available community-curated database of high quality open access journal titles across all disciplines (scientific/scholarly) • Aim: to be the starting point for all information searches for quality, peer-reviewed open access material
  4. 4. What is Open Access? Budapest, Bethesda, Berlin Conferences 2002-2003 http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/initiatives
  5. 5. Example DOAJ OA Statement This is an Open Access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of Open Access.
  6. 6. Who Needs (Open) Access? https://whoneedsaccess.org/
  7. 7. Who Needs (Open) Access? • Scientists/scholars not affiliated with institutions • Students in (high/secondary) schools • Physicians • Health care workers/practitioners • Patient groups • And MANY MANY more!
  8. 8. Why Open Access? Jack Andraka- Tapping into the hidden innovator: an open access story How Open Access Empowered a 16-Year-Old to Make Cancer Breakthrough
  9. 9. Why Open Access?
  10. 10. Why Open Access? • (State) funded research should be available to all • More exposure • More citations • More review / control post-publication • Better quality science • More efficiency - less double studies • Everybody can participate in knowledge creation • More use of innovation potential • And more …
  11. 11. DOAJ Mission (1) • Curate, maintain, develop reliable source of online open access (OA) scholarly journals • Verify that entries comply with reasonable standards • Increase visibility, dissemination, discoverability, attraction of OA journals • Enable scholars, libraries, universities, research funders, others to benefit from information and sources
  12. 12. DOAJ Mission (2) • Facilitate integration of OA journals into library & aggregator services • Assist publishers & journals to meet reasonable digital publishing standards • Support transition of scholarly communication to a model that serves science, higher education industry, innovation, societies, the people • Collaborate with interested stakeholders • From an unsustainable scholarly communication system to a sustainable scholarly communication system
  13. 13. Source: http://www.scienceeurope.org/uploads/PressReleases/270415_Open_Access_New_Principles.pdf Indexing Copyright Re-use Sustainable Archiving Machine Readability
  14. 14. https://doaj.org/
  15. 15. Publisher/Editor Applies DOAJ Main Editor Assess/ISSN DOAJ Ambassador Evaluates & Recommends DOAJ Main Editor Final Decision Feedback to Publisher/Editor Workflow 1. Reject 2. Approve 3. Approve & Seal
  16. 16. Evaluated DOAJ Seal
  17. 17. DOAJSeal
  18. 18. Defining a High Quality OA Journal • No access charges for readers/institutions (users) • Users are free to “read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles published in the journal, or use them for any other lawful purpose" (See http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read) • User cite/reference original source as always • Peer-reviewed scholarly research articles as always • Highly transparent, clear policies • Licensing terms (CCL) & Copyright clear
  19. 19. Journals included in the DOAJ (1) • Full Open Access (OA) (not Hybrid), peer reviewed • One third scientific/scholarly publishing full text, original research/review papers • All disciplines/subjects • Sources: academic, societies, government, commercial, non-profit, private • Level: researchers • All languages (also where more than one applies)
  20. 20. Journals included in the DOAJ (2) • No embargo, full text immediately accessible without barriers • Print version can be made available at a fee • Adhere to Principles of Transparency and Best Practice Guidelines as far as possible See https://doaj.org/bestpractice
  21. 21. Required information for inclusion in the DOAJ *Basic requirement
  22. 22. Journal Web Site (1)* • Dedicated web site per journal – journal specific web address - eg: http://www.samj.org.za/ • All journal content centrally available – not spread over various web sites • Do not mimic other journal web sites • Web site clear, concise, easy to navigate, transparent, up to date and correct content – high ethical and professional standards • Language & grammar usage correct, spell check
  23. 23. Journal Web Site (2)* • Visible links to business information • Avoid distracting, offensive, irrelevant, moving, blinking advertisements • Unique identifier: • Journal level (web address, Online ISSN) • Article metadata level (also DOI for each article) • Author level (eg ORCID) • Full text article level (pdf, html, xml, epub) • ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) • Online ISSN* • Print ISSN
  24. 24. Journal Content * • Clear journal structure for easier navigation, indexing, discoverability – less is more • Publication date for each article • Publication year (also per volume/issue if applicable) • 5 articles per year • Start & end page number per article • Authors, affiliations, countries, ORCIDs • Articles arranged in Table of Contents • Search/Browse option • Links to Current, Archive/Past Issues
  25. 25. http://journals.assaf.org.za/ (OJS)
  26. 26. http://journals.assaf.org.za/ (OJS)
  27. 27. Journal Impact Factor (JIF) • Thomson Reuters JIF against ethics and principles of OA • relates less and less to citation rates • unrelated to individual article quality in a journal • unrelated to quality of individual scientist publishing in a given journal • Display of IF information on journal web page discouraged • DOAJ question: download statistics on article level 1. Corneliussen, S.T. (2016) ‘Bad summer for the journal impact factor’, Physics Today, . doi: 10.1063/PT.5.8183. 2. Lariviere, V., Kiermer, V., MacCallum, C.J., McNutt, M., Patterson, M., Pulverer, B., Swaminathan, S., Taylor, S., Curry, S., de Montreal, U., @@, A., mmcnutt and Nature, S. (2016) ‘A simple proposal for the publication of journal citation distributions’, New Results, , p. 62109. doi: 10.1101/062109. 3. The demise of the impact factor: The strength of the relationship between citation rates and IF is down to levels last seen 40 years ago (2012) Available at: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2012/06/08/demise-impact-factor- relationship-citation-1970s/ (Accessed: 11 August 2016).
  28. 28. Ownership & Management* • Journal title unique – not confusing/misleading; alternative/former titles; abbreviated titles • Avoid using misleading information • Each journal unique, journal specific policies • All business information about journal available from central web site for journal - not generic web site for publisher
  29. 29. Ownership & Management* • Journal Management System/platform/host/aggregator eg: OJS, HighWire Press, EBSCO, ScholarOne, SciELO SA, Sabinet, AJOL • Publisher • Country of publication • Society or institution owning journal
  30. 30. Editorial Office & Editorial Team * • Editor/Editor-in-Chief/Associate Editor/Co-Editor • Full names, Affiliations, Countries, Emails, ORCIDs • Postal address of office, country • Contact information: name/email/telephone
  31. 31. Governing Body* • Editorial Board/Editorial Advisory Board • Arts & Humanities allowed editorial review, 2 editors, no editorial board • Members to be experts in field/journal scope • Full names, Affiliations, Countries, Emails, ORCIDs
  32. 32. Aims & Scope* • Emphasis • Discipline/s • Kind of papers • Kind of studies • What does journal want to achieve • Keywords to describe journal
  33. 33. Author Fees • Article Processing Charges (APCs)? • Article Submission Charges (ASCs)? • Manuscript Handling Fees? • Galley fees, page charges, colour charges, etc.? • Per article (incl. any taxes if applicable) – not per page • Waiver policy eg for developing country authors • Clearly visible for prospective authors – also if no charges apply*
  34. 34. Peer Review Process* • Advice on individual manuscripts from reviewers/ experts in the field who are not part of the journal's editorial staff • Quality control rigorous • Process & policies clearly described on journal's web site • Editorial/Peer - Blind/Double blind/Open
  35. 35. Instructions for Authors* • Detailed style guide • Description of quality control process (review) • Copyright information • Licensing information • Plagiarism policy • Instructions on how to submit an article • Contact email address
  36. 36. Access & Usage • Full text of all content available as Open Access, no delay/embargo* • How accessible is journal & metadata to the rest of the world, harvesters/spiders (text mining), DOAJ • Open Access for all articles, Choice Open Access (author), Pay per View (reader) • Journal specific OA statement/policy* • Differentiate between OA statement – Copyright - Licensing
  37. 37. Rights • Recommend: author retains copyright without restrictions • Recommend: author retains publishing rights without restrictions • Recommend: no transfer of commercial rights to publisher
  38. 38. Content Licensing • Conditions for use • Creative Commons License or other • Clearly described on web site • Licensing terms on all articles, all versions (html, pdf, xml etc.) • Embedded in article level metadata and machine- readable
  39. 39. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ 1 2
  40. 40. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ 3 4
  41. 41. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/ 5 6
  42. 42. Createyourown
  43. 43. Createyourown
  44. 44. ArticlelevelCCL
  45. 45. CCLSetupinOJS
  46. 46. Deposit Policy • Journal policy registered with deposit policy directory • Describes policy of journal on how different versions of articles published in journal can be shared online eg to Mendley, repositories, personal web page and more • Deposit Policy Directories: Dulcinea, OAKlist, Heloise, Diadorim, SHERPA/RoMEO
  47. 47. http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/index.php
  48. 48. Ethics & Malpractice • Indicate steps to identify & prevent papers where research misconduct occurred • Unethical • Plagiarism (statement & similarity check tool) • Citation manipulation • Data falsification/fabrication • See COPE Guidelines in dealing with allegations • Plagiarism policy
  49. 49. Conflict of Interest • Situation that has potential to undermine impartiality of a reviewer because of possibility of clash between reviewer’s self-interest and author’s interest (http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/conflict-of-interest.html) • Policy
  50. 50. Transparency with regards to costs • Revenue sources (eg author fees, subscriptions, advertising, reprints, institutional support, organizational support, sponsors) • Advertising policy, types of ads, decision making on ads, ads linked to content or reader behavior/displayed at random • Marketing: appropriate, well targeted, unobtrusive
  51. 51. Publishing Schedule • Clearly indicate periodicity • Annually, bi-annually, monthly, bi-monthly, continuous, etc. • Average number of weeks between submission & publication • At least 5 articles per year • First calendar year in which journal available as OA full text • No interruptions
  52. 52. Digital Archiving & Preservation • Electronic backup • Cloud, disk, server, tapes, etc • Preservation – Keepers’ Registry & PubMed Central • Portico • CLOCKSS • LOCKSS • PMC/PMC Europe/PMC Canada • National library • Open Journal Systems (OJS) – PKP Private LOCKSS network • Not institutional archives or online publisher archive
  53. 53. Information on the DOAJ • Home: https://doaj.org/ • About: https://doaj.org/about • Publisher information: https://doaj.org/publishers • Apply: https://doaj.org/application/new • FAQs: https://doaj.org/faq • Best Practice: https://doaj.org/bestpractice
  54. 54. Thank you for assisting with developing and building a database of quality, peer-reviewed Open Access journals!