Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Open Access Week 2016
Your research matters: increasing
visibility, usage and impact
Ina Smith
Agenda
• Context – Internet & WWW
• What is Open Access
• Why Open Access?
• Open Access in action
2
The world we live in
3
“The original idea of the web was that it should
be a collaborative space where you can
communicate through sharing inform...
Lifelong researchers
5
Lifelong research
Digital citizenship
6
Infant
Toddler
Primary
School
Learner
Secondary
School
Learner
Student
Working
Adu...
7
What is Open Access?
8
“free availability on the public internet, permitting any
users to read, download, copy, distribute...
Rich vs Poor
9
Moral dimensions of Open Access
10
"It’s stupid that we care about labels
so much" - Mike Taylor, open access
advocate
Sou...
Who needs (open) access?
• Scientists/scholars not affiliated with institutions
• Students in (high/secondary) schools
• P...
The need
• Research is expensive –tax payers’ money
• New research builds on existing research
• Research is not visible e...
• Increases readers’ ability to find/ use relevant
literature
• Increases the visibility, readership and impact of
author’...
• Contributes to core mission of advancing
knowledge
• Democratizes access across all institutions –
regardless of size or...
• Enriches the quality of their education
• Ensures access to all that students need to know,
rather what they (or their s...
• Access to cutting-edge research encourages
innovation
• Stimulates new ideas, new services, new products
• Creates new o...
• Provides access to previously unavailable
materials relating to health, energy, environment,
and other areas of broad in...
• Leverages return on research investment
• Creates tool to manage research portfolio
• Avoids funding duplicative researc...
Open access brings down the costs
19
• No print
• No subscription managements
• No management of digital rights required
•...
20
21
Funder policies
22
http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/curation-lifecycle-model
OpenScience
Open Access
Open Data
Sharing research
Formal – peer-reviewed (open & subscription)
• Books & Chapters in books
• Journal articles
• Conference ...
Sharing research
27
Open Access Movement
29
• Serials crisis - 1975 – 1995: prices of scholarly
journals in science, technology, and medicine
...
Open Access Movement
30
• German scholarly libraries' expenditure on
scholarly journals rose by approximately 19%
between ...
Publisher profits
31
https://alexholcombe.wordpress.com/2015/05/21/scholarly-
publisher-profit-update/
Publisher profits predicted
In a statement released by Linda Jarvis,
Chief Financial Officer at Wits, her office
explains the increase:
“Some of the k...
SA Subscription Costs
• SA Univ. research output 2000-2013 increased by
250%
• R24 bill. spent on research & development 2...
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20151117/
09383132839/elsevier-says-downloading-
content-mining-licensed-copies-research...
“His downfall came when he turned his
attention to JSTOR, a digital library of
academic articles hidden behind a
paywall. ...
http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass-
Exodus-at-a/234066
41http://www.nature.com/news/dutch-lead-european-push-to-flip-
42
Open in Action
• Peer-reviewed (Gold)
• Open access journals
• Original publications
• Double-blind peer-review built into workflow
• Non...
45http://research.assaf.org.za/
Institutional repositories (Green)
• Theses &
Dissertations
• 2nd copies of
research artic...
46
47
Open Access Journals (Gold)
48
50
http://thefreethoughtproject.com/cdc-
scientist-admits-destroyed-data-showed-
vaccines-caused-autism-
children/#cZz6lzEjiv...
Musk says that the new open source
policy’s goal is to help stem climate
change. He writes: “It is impossible for
Tesla to...
“Tesla Motors was created to accelerate the advent
of sustainable transport. If we clear a path to the
creation of compell...
Date Downloads
Nov 2013 984
May 2014 1 534
Oct 2015 2 289
Lifelong learning
“Let’s create the Web We Want for the World
We Want.” - Tim Berners-Lee
“If a pack of lions don’t work together, they
won’...
Thank you!
Ina Smith
ina@assaf.org.za
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact

Open Access Week 2016 South Africa

  • Soyez le premier à commenter

Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact

  1. 1. Open Access Week 2016 Your research matters: increasing visibility, usage and impact Ina Smith
  2. 2. Agenda • Context – Internet & WWW • What is Open Access • Why Open Access? • Open Access in action 2
  3. 3. The world we live in 3
  4. 4. “The original idea of the web was that it should be a collaborative space where you can communicate through sharing information.” - Tim Berners-Lee “The world's urban poor and the illiterate are going to be increasingly disadvantaged and are in danger of being left behind. The web has added a new dimension to the gap between the first world and the developing world. We have to start talking about a human right to connect.” - Tim Berners-Lee
  5. 5. Lifelong researchers 5
  6. 6. Lifelong research Digital citizenship 6 Infant Toddler Primary School Learner Secondary School Learner Student Working Adult Senior Adult
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. What is Open Access? 8 “free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself.” http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/
  9. 9. Rich vs Poor 9
  10. 10. Moral dimensions of Open Access 10 "It’s stupid that we care about labels so much" - Mike Taylor, open access advocate Source
  11. 11. Who needs (open) access? • Scientists/scholars not affiliated with institutions • Students in (high/secondary) schools • Physicians • Health care workers/practitioners • Patient groups • Entrepreneurs • And MANY MANY more!
  12. 12. The need • Research is expensive –tax payers’ money • New research builds on existing research • Research is not visible enough & “lost” – Africa • Data sets – data cannot be verified • No access slows down process of discovery • Good research requires good resources • Institutional research is distributed all over the world
  13. 13. • Increases readers’ ability to find/ use relevant literature • Increases the visibility, readership and impact of author’s works • Creates new avenues for discovery in digital environment • Enhances interdisciplinary research • Accelerates the pace of research, discovery and innovation • Avoid duplication Open Access Benefits (1) Researchers
  14. 14. • Contributes to core mission of advancing knowledge • Democratizes access across all institutions – regardless of size or budget • Provides access to crucial STEM materials • Increases competitiveness of academic institutions • Increase research profile Open Access Benefits (2) Educational Institutions
  15. 15. • Enriches the quality of their education • Ensures access to all that students need to know, rather what they (or their school) can afford • Contributes to a better-educated workforce Open Access Benefits (3) Students
  16. 16. • Access to cutting-edge research encourages innovation • Stimulates new ideas, new services, new products • Creates new opportunities for job creation Open Access Benefits (4) Businesses
  17. 17. • Provides access to previously unavailable materials relating to health, energy, environment, and other areas of broad interest • Creates better educated populace • Encourages support of scientific enterprise and engagement in citizen science Open Access Benefits (5) Public
  18. 18. • Leverages return on research investment • Creates tool to manage research portfolio • Avoids funding duplicative research • Creates transparency • Encourages greater interaction with results of funded research Open Access Benefits (6) Funders
  19. 19. Open access brings down the costs 19 • No print • No subscription managements • No management of digital rights required • Less marketing
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. 21 Funder policies
  22. 22. 22 http://www.dcc.ac.uk/resources/curation-lifecycle-model OpenScience Open Access Open Data
  23. 23. Sharing research Formal – peer-reviewed (open & subscription) • Books & Chapters in books • Journal articles • Conference papers & proceedings Informal • Blogs, personal web sites • Social media “Uploaders & Downloaders” 26
  24. 24. Sharing research 27
  25. 25. Open Access Movement 29 • Serials crisis - 1975 – 1995: prices of scholarly journals in science, technology, and medicine (STM) sector grew by between 200 & 300 % beyond inflation (Dewatripont et al. (2006, p. 5) ) • Price increase rates of 6% for 2013, compared to an increase in the consumer price index (CPI) of just 1.5 % (Bosch and Henderson (2013))
  26. 26. Open Access Movement 30 • German scholarly libraries' expenditure on scholarly journals rose by approximately 19% between 2007 and 2013, while their budgets increased by less than 3%, and the cumulative inflation rate was just over 8% (Herb, 2014) • By contrast, analysts estimate that commercial scholarly publishers normally achieve profit margins of between 20 and 30 % (Van Noorden, 2013)
  27. 27. Publisher profits 31 https://alexholcombe.wordpress.com/2015/05/21/scholarly- publisher-profit-update/
  28. 28. Publisher profits predicted
  29. 29. In a statement released by Linda Jarvis, Chief Financial Officer at Wits, her office explains the increase: “Some of the key reasons are: The rand-dollar exchange rate has fallen by approximately 22%, which has resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of money that we pay for all library books, journals, electronic resources research equipment that are procured in dollars and euros.” http://connect.citizen.co.za/25760/why-is- wits-raising-its-fees/
  30. 30. SA Subscription Costs • SA Univ. research output 2000-2013 increased by 250% • R24 bill. spent on research & development 2000- 2013 (50%+ from tax payers) • SA HEIs paid R470 million to national and international publishers for subscription fees to academic journals in 2014 • Double-dipping: Article Processing Charges & Subscription • Top South African university + R30 mill. for 2016
  31. 31. https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20151117/ 09383132839/elsevier-says-downloading- content-mining-licensed-copies-research- papers-could-be-considered-stealing.shtml
  32. 32. “His downfall came when he turned his attention to JSTOR, a digital library of academic articles hidden behind a paywall. He devised a method of downloading large numbers of articles from JSTOR, using a computer hidden in a closet at MIT. He was arrested in January 2011 and pursued by federal prosecutors with a vindictive zeal, eventually being indicted on a raft of charges which carried a potential jail sentence of 35 years. Ground down by this, he hanged himself on 11 January 2013.” https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/feb/07/aaro n-swartz-suicide-internets-own-boy
  33. 33. http://chronicle.com/article/What-a-Mass- Exodus-at-a/234066
  34. 34. 41http://www.nature.com/news/dutch-lead-european-push-to-flip-
  35. 35. 42
  36. 36. Open in Action
  37. 37. • Peer-reviewed (Gold) • Open access journals • Original publications • Double-blind peer-review built into workflow • Non peer-reviewed (Green) • Institutional repositories • Duplicate copies of articles published in peer- reviewed subscription or open access journals • Theses, dissertations, data sets and other scholarly material Green vs Gold Open Access
  38. 38. 45http://research.assaf.org.za/ Institutional repositories (Green) • Theses & Dissertations • 2nd copies of research articles published elsewhere • More
  39. 39. 46
  40. 40. 47 Open Access Journals (Gold)
  41. 41. 48
  42. 42. 50
  43. 43. http://thefreethoughtproject.com/cdc- scientist-admits-destroyed-data-showed- vaccines-caused-autism- children/#cZz6lzEjivPoTZ80.99
  44. 44. Musk says that the new open source policy’s goal is to help stem climate change. He writes: “It is impossible for Tesla to build electric cars fast enough to address the carbon crisis.” http://www.forbes.com/sites/briansolomon/2 014/06/12/tesla-goes-open-source-elon-musk- releases-patents-to-good-faith-use/
  45. 45. “Tesla Motors was created to accelerate the advent of sustainable transport. If we clear a path to the creation of compelling electric vehicles, but then lay intellectual property landmines behind us to inhibit others, we are acting in a manner contrary to that goal. Tesla will not initiate patent lawsuits against anyone who, in good faith, wants to use our technology.” – Elon Musk, CEO
  46. 46. Date Downloads Nov 2013 984 May 2014 1 534 Oct 2015 2 289
  47. 47. Lifelong learning
  48. 48. “Let’s create the Web We Want for the World We Want.” - Tim Berners-Lee “If a pack of lions don’t work together, they won’t even be able to bring down a wounded buffalo.” – Sepedi Proverb
  49. 49. Thank you! Ina Smith ina@assaf.org.za

×