2. Definition of Emotion
Came from the Latin word ''emovere'' which
means ''to move out''.
Subjective reactions to experiences that are
associated with physiological and behavioral
changes(According to Woolfolk)
Feelings that generally have both physiological and
cognitive elements and that influence behavior(Acc.
Considered as the building blocks of personality
3. Basic Emotions (Matlin,1992)
4. ASPECTS OF EMOTIONS:
Personal emotional experiences
- characteristics of emotion which people
consciously feel, know and describe verbally
Physiological or bodily changes
- occur during the emotion
Behavior of the person
- how one acts and what one does
5. 3 Ways in Which Emotions Vary:
- shows through the distinction we make between
grief and sadness, between fear or panic, or
annoyance and fury
- emotions have tones; another is reflected in our
acceptance of the fact that joy and disgust
- some emotions are opposite or polar to each other
6. Functions of Emotions
3 MAJOR FUNCTIONS OF EMOTIONS
( BY FELDMAN )
1.Preparation for action
- we are able to respond to changes in our environment
because our emotions enable us to prepare to respond to
the stimulus in our surroundings
2.Shaping future behavior
- one factor that shapes our future behavior is our
- constant exposure to stimuli that stir our emotions
enables us to learn, relearn and unlearn a certain
7. 3.Helping us interact more effectively with others
- we are interacting with one another almost every
- understanding our emotions and emotions of others
enables us to symphatize with others
8. Physiological Components of Emotions
1.Dilation of the Pupils 5.Muscle Tremor and
3.Heart Rate Changes 7.Pilimotor Response
4.Blood Pressure Usually
8.Galvanic skin response
9. Types of Emotional Reactions
Anger- the primary occasion for anger is when a goal
seeking activity is hindered.
Depression or grief- situations which cause
depressive or grief reactions are similar to those that
produce anger. The major difference is that there is
more of the element of finality in depressive states
than in angry situations.
Fear- one of the most troublesome emotional
Love- mainly involves a focusing of strong positive
feelings on a person.
10. JAMES-LANGE Theory of Emotion
The concept of William James and Carl Lange about
emotion is that we are having emotional experiences as the
result of the body's reaction to the environmental
We experience emotions as a result of our physiological
changes that produce specific sensation.
C R Y
S T R IK ER E A C T
S A D
A N G R Y
IN T E R P R E T
11. Facial Feedback Theory of
A major approach to the James-Lange Theory;
This emphasized on the facial expressions.
It is believed that the facial expressions hold the
key in initiating the experience of emotions
12. Cannon-Bard Theory
Walter Cannon and Philip Bard proposed a different view
on explaining the nature of human emotions.
Walter and Philip believed that both physiological arousal
and emotional experience are produced simultaneously by
the same stimulus
In perceiving certain stimulus which produces emotion, the
thalamus initiates a response that signals the Autonomic
Nervous System (ANS) and a visceral response is produced.
Also, the thalamus sends messages to the cerebral cortex for
the understanding of the emotional experiences.
The thalamus plays a major function in processing an
emotional response or experience.
14. SCHACHTER-SINGER THEORY
Formulated by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer, this
theory emphasized that we express emotions through a
combination of physiological arousal and environmental cues.
We experience emotion based on the physiological arousal and
our assessment on our current situation
15. LAZARUS Cognitive Meditational Theory
It is the stimulus that causes emotional reaction. However,
this emotional reaction undergoes the process of cognitive
appraisal mediatus or ''to come between'', which means
that before the actual physical arousal and emotional
experience the person first interprets the arousal before
experiencing physiological and emotional experience.
17. Intelligence: the basics
Dr. Gardner discovered the
eight different types of
Intelligence refers to how we
Thinking refers to how we
use our intelligence
People can be intelligent but
have poor thinking skills
18. Linguistic Intelligence
Definition: capacity to use language, your native
language, and perhaps other languages, to express
what's on your mind and to understand other people
Linguistic Intelligence traits: like to read, like to write,
like to listen, good at spelling, good memory for general
20. Spatial Intelligence
Definition: intelligence refers to the ancient hunter-gatherer
ability to represent the outer world internally in your mind. It gives
you the ability to know where you are in space.
Traits: likes art, drawing, sculpting, painting, good at reading
maps, thinks in pictures, can visualize or imagine vividly.
21. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence
Definition: the capacity to use your whole body or parts of your
body: (your hands, your fingers, your arms), to solve a problem,
make something, or put on some kind of production.
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence traits: good sense of balance,
good sense of rhythm, is graceful in movements, good hand-eye
coordination, can communicate ideas through gesture.
22. Musical Intelligence
Definition: The ability to compose songs and music, sing and
play instruments and appreciate all kinds of music. Also having a
strong sense of universal harmony and awareness of patterns in
Musical Intelligence traits: sensitive to sound patterns, has a
good sense of pitch and rhythm, aware of complex structure of
23. Interpersonal Intelligence
Definition: the ability to work well with other people, to understand and
'get' them, to be aware of their motivations, their goals, their stated and
unstated intentions. It's about being a 'people person' able to empathize
Interpersonal Intelligence traits: good at negotiating, enjoys company,
gets on well with others, likes team work, sensitive to the feelings of
24. Intrapersonal Intelligence
Definition: the ability to access, understand and communicate
one's own inner feelings.
Intrapersonal Intelligence traits: self-knowledge, deeply aware of
one’s own feelings, good at following instincts, self motivated.
25. Naturalist Intelligence
Definition: the ability to see patterns in nature and work in natural
environment with livestock, wildlife, plants etc.
Naturalist Intelligence traits: feels at their best in nature, sensitive
to ecology, sensitive to environmental and animal abuse.
Each person has every one of
People are stronger in some
intelligences and weaker in
The idea of standard
“intelligence” does not
sufficiently encompass the
different abilities that