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comuna borcea nicolae iulian

comuna borcea nicolae iulian

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comuna borcea nicolae iulian

  1. 1. BORCEA commune Nicolae Iulian grupa 8311
  2. 2. Borcea is a commune situated in the eastern part of Călăraşi County, Romania. It is one of the most populous communes in the county and it is situated on the west bank of the Borcea branch (a section of the Danube). The commune was formed as a result of the administrative reform of 1968 by joining two neighboring villages, Cocargeaua and Pietroiu. Today, it is composed of two villages, Borcea and Pietroiu.
  3. 3. The oldest archaeological findings in Borcea date from III-IV BC and consist of ancient pottery, Macedonian amphorae and a silver drachma issued by the ancient city of Histria. The presence of numerous archaeological evidence in Borcea which originated from the Greek colonies in Dobrogea lead to the conclusion that between Getic settlements that were strung along the Borcea branch and the greek colonies there were cultural and economic exchanges. This layer of archaeological findings (III-IV B.C.) is covered by a Roman layer (II – IV A.D.) of pottery and other materials.
  4. 4. Church Saint Nicholas was built between 1909-1911 in distinct neo-Byzantine architecture. It has a typical cross-shaped design with two hemispherical domes, arcades blending into the domes with tin roofing that flows smoothly around the arches and a relatively small belltower. The interior is decorated with mural paintings and a large iconostasis that separates the nave from the sanctuary. There are no seats or pews as in the West, but high-armed chairs placed along the walls traditionally called "strana pl.strane". It was founded by nobleman Miniu Ion and the first parish priest was Radu Nicolescu. It underwent a foundation reinforcement in 1931, and nave vault repairs in 1941.
  5. 5. Borcea is located in south-east part of Romania, on the west side of the Borcea branch, approximately 35 km (37 mi) north of the Bulgarian border and 75 km west of the Black Sea. Its geographical coordinates are 44 ° 20' north latitude and 27 ° 45' east longitude. Because Borcea is situated on the east side of the vast Romanian Plain more precisely in the subdivision Bărăgan of Ialomiţa Plain it has a flat topography with an minimum elevation of 9 m (30 ft)in the flood plain of the Borcea branch and maximum elevation of 47 m (155 ft) in the northwestern part of the commune. The arable land administered by the commune extends on either side of the Borcea branch with most of the farmland on the west side. Occupying an metro area of 5.35 square kilometres (2 sq miles), its nearest city Fetești is situated just 5 km north of its location.
  6. 6. According to Köppen climate classification system Borcea has a humid continental climate typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. The average annual temperature is 11.2 °C, in July the average temperature fluctuates around 23 °C, and in January there is an average of −3 °C. The lowest temperature recorded in the area dates from 8 January 1938 when there was −30 °C, and the highest of 41.4 °C on 10 August 10, 1951. The Borcea commune enjoys a high calorie potential, whose value reached 125 kcal/cm2.
  7. 7. The commune is governed by a mayor-council system. In Borcea, the central government is responsible for public education, libraries, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply and welfare services. The mayor and councillors are elected to four-year terms. Decisions are approved and discussed by the local council (consiliu local) made up of 14 elected Councillors.
  8. 8. Bibliography www.wikipedia.com

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