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O Just as a typical calendar has twelve
months, fifty-two weeks, and 365 days that
include holidays and days that are just
"average," the Liturgical Year Calendar of the
Church uses similar terms and measurements.
O The Liturgical Year is also marked by special
seasons—Advent, Christmas, Lent, The Triduum or
Three Days, Easter, and Ordinary Time. The
Liturgical Year begins on the first Sunday of
Advent, which usually occurs around the
beginning of December or the end of
November, and ends on the feast of Christ the
O However, the purpose of the Liturgical Year
White, the color of joy and
victory, is used for the
seasons of Easter and
Christmas. It is also used for
the feasts of Our Lord, for
Red (the color of blood) is used
on days when we celebrate the
passion of Jesus on Passion Sunday
and Good Friday. It is also used
for the birthday feasts of the
apostles and evangelists and for
Green, seen everywhere
in plants and trees,
symbolizes life and hope
and is used during
The colors violet or
purple in Advent help us to
remember that we are
preparing for the coming
Rose may be used on the
Third Sunday of
Sunday, and on the Fourth
Sunday of Lent, Laetare
O The liturgical cycle divides the year into
a series of seasons, each with their own
mood, theological emphases, and modes
O This determines the
o different ways of decorating churches
o colors of Paraments and Vestments
o scriptural readings
o themes for preaching and even
different traditions and practices
often observed personally or in the
Ordinary Time or Time
Ordinary Time, Time after
Pentecost, Time after
1.) Advent-the time of joyful preparation for the
twofold coming of the Lord; the first in Bethlehem
and the second at the end of the times. Season of
preparation and waiting.
2.) Christmas- the time of celebration of the birth of
Jesus. It ends on the feast of the Baptism of Jesus.
3.)a.) Ordinary Time(short)- the Church celebrates the
many feasts of the Saints.
b.)Ordinary time(long)- the time of the liturgical year
that lies outside the seasons of Lent-Easter and
4.) Lenten Season- the time of conversion and preparation for the
Easter by means of 40 days of prayer, fasting and almsgiving. It
begins on the Ash Wednesday.
Lent means spring
5.) Easter Triduum- the time of celebration of the Passion, Death
and Resurrection of our Lord. The holiest 3 days of the Church
Year during Holy week. It begins with the Mass of the Lord’s
Supper on Holy Thursday and ends with the Evening Prayer on
a.) Holy Thursday- last meal of Jesus with the Apostles.
- washing of the feet of the Apostles by Jesus
b.) Good Friday-the suffering and death of Jesus.
-the Church initiates new members through the
Sacrament of Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist
6.) Easter Season- the time of celebration of the
Resurrection and Ascension of the Lord. as well
as the coming of the Holy Spirit and the beginning
of the Church. The season lasts for 50 days, from
Easter Sunday until Pentecost.
Celebrated during the 3rd Sunday of
the day we celebrate the birth of our Lord
Mary, Mother of God
On the 8th day, Mary’s child was
circumcised and was named Jesus.
The 3 Wise Men came to the manger and presented the
infant Jesus with gold, frankincense and myrrh.
Baptism of Christ
Christ was baptized in the River Jordan
by his cousin, John the Baptist
“From dust we are created and to dust we shall be”
The grand entrance of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem
The celebration of the Last Supper of Christ
with his apostles.
O The Advent wreath is a circular garland of evergreen
branches representing eternity. On that wreath, five
candles are typically arranged. Each candle represents
an aspect of the spiritual preparation for the coming of
the Lord, Jesus Christ.
O Advent wreaths are used by millions of Christians
worldwide to mark the passing of the season of Advent
and to symbolize the many ideas and hopes present in the
celebration of the birth of Christ.
O The meaning of the Advent wreath involves the light and
hope that will come with Christmas. The meaning behind
the lighting of a new candle on the Advent wreath each
week symbolizes the anticipation of Christians awaiting
Christ's birth and the salvation He will bring to
O Wreath – It is always in
a circle. Since a circle
has no beginning and no
end, it is a symbol for
God, Who is eternal and
without beginning or end.
branches, as the name
green" -- ever alive. They
Christ, Who died, but Who
is alive, never to die
-It also symbolize
immortality. Christ came
into the world to give us
O Red holly berries - It
symbolizes the blood shed
by Christ for mankind. They
remind us that Christ came
into this world to die for us
and redeem us. It is through
the shedding of His blood
that we have eternal life.
O Blue Bowl- It reminds us of
the Virgin Mary. It should be
put at the base of each
candle or in the wreath
O Violet Candle- represents
O Pink Candle- symbolizes
O Central Candle( Christ
Christ himself who is
born to save people from
• First Sunday of Advent -the first purple candle is lit. It is
typically called the "Prophecy Candle" and it represents
hope or expectation in anticipation of the coming Messiah.
• Second Sunday of Advent -the second purple candle is lit.
It is typically called the "Bethlehem Candle" and it
• Third Sunday of Advent -the pink candle is lit. It is
customarily called the "Shepherds Candle" and it
• Fourth Sunday of Advent -the last purple candle is lit. It
oftentimes called the "Angels Candle" and it represents