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Fairy tales

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Fairy tales in literature

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Fairy tales

  2. 2. HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF THE GENRE A fairy tale (pronounced /ˈfeəriˌteɪl/) is a type of short story that typically features European folkloric fantasy characters, such as dwarves, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, mermaids, trolls, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments. Fairy tales may be distinguished from other folk narratives such as legends (which generally involve belief in the veracity of the events described) and explicitly moral tales, including beast fables.
  3. 3. In less technical contexts, the term is also used to describe something blessed with unusual happiness, as in "fairy tale ending" (a happy ending) or "fairy tale romance" (though not all fairy tales end happily). Colloquially, a "fairy tale" or "fairy story" can also mean any farfetched story or tall tale; it is used especially of any story that not only is not true, but could not possibly be true.
  4. 4. Fairy tales are fictional stories that have been told generations through generations. It includes details found in legend, folktales and fables. Each nation or continent have similar stories regarding a moral story with consequences. A first fairy tales were told orally and it wasn’t until the 19th century where Charles Perrault, Barbara Meclintock and later in the 20th century where Walt Disney made a significant achievement within fairy tales.
  6. 6. Peter Pan: J. M. Barrie first used Peter Pan as a character in a section of The Little White Bird (1902), an adult novel. He returned to that character as the centre of his stage play entitled Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up, which premiered on 27 December 1904 in London. The play was highly popular, running to 1913. Barrie adapted and expanded the play's story line as a novel, published in 1911 as Peter and Wendy.
  7. 7. Snow White: Is a German fairy tale known across much of Europe and is today one of the most famous fairy tales worldwide. The Brothers Grimm published it in 1812 in the first edition of their collection Grimm’s Fairy Tales It was titled in German and numbered as Tale 53. The Grimm’s completed their final revision of the story in 1854. The fairy tale features such elements as the magic mirror, the poisoned apple, the glass coffin, and the characters of the evil queen/stepmother and the seven dwarfs. The seven dwarfs were first given individual names in the Broadway play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1912) and then given different names in Walt Disney's 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs Reading Level: LEX: 160L–420L
  8. 8. The sleeping beauty: is a classic fairy tale involving a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince. The version collected by the Grimms was an orally transmitted version of the originally literary tale published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé in 1697.
  9. 9. Cinderella Cinderella has come a long way from its origins as a tale about persecution and the dangers of systemic oppression. Dating back to the first century, what was once a story about a Greek slave girl becoming an Egyptian queen has evolved into something much more magical, romantic, and ultimately supernatural. In fact, the versions we know now are based on pieces of a story that is relatively recent in the grand scheme of literature. Charles Perrault's late 17th-century tale Cendrillon (or The Little Glass Slipper) laid the groundwork for Disney's 1950 animated film, with both plots revolving around a young girl who, after being forced into servitude at the hands of her stepfamily, is ultimately rescued by a prince. It was later retold, along with other Basile tales, by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé (1697), and by the Brothers Grimm in their folk tale collection Grimms' Fairy Tales (1812).
  10. 10. FAMOUS AUTHOR PERRAULT, CHARLES (1628-1703) French poet, literary theoreticiant, and fairy tale writer. He studied law in school and went on to serve in the government, like his brother and father. His stories often have morals, which deal with issues of achieving grace and beauty. It is important to make mental note of this when interpreting the morals of his stories. His tales were intended to train young girls in how to become ladies. The intentions of Perrault are illustrated in his stories and emphasized in his ‘’Morals’’, which idealize beauty and grace as some of most important characteristics a young woman should possess.
  11. 11. OTHER SIMILAR GENRE RELATED TO FAIRY TALES Folk tales -Traditional folk tales were the oral tradition of adults. Stories about peoples' lives and imaginations as they struggled with their fears and anxieties by telling tales. Such stories usually are fiction-based with magical or supernatural elements, and they often are woven around talking animals, royalty, peasants or mythical creatures. Initially passed down through oral tradition, they were a major means of educating and entertaining. They remain instrumental in preserving aspects of the culture in which they develop.
  12. 12. THE END