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HISTORY AND DESCRIPTION OF THE GENRE
A fairy tale (pronounced /ˈfeəriˌteɪl/) is a type of short story
that typically features European folkloric fantasy characters,
such as dwarves, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins,
mermaids, trolls, or witches, and usually magic or
enchantments. Fairy tales may be distinguished from other
folk narratives such as legends (which generally involve
belief in the veracity of the events described) and explicitly
moral tales, including beast fables.
In less technical contexts, the term is also used to describe
something blessed with unusual happiness, as in "fairy tale ending"
(a happy ending) or "fairy tale romance" (though not all fairy tales
end happily). Colloquially, a "fairy tale" or "fairy story" can also
mean any farfetched story or tall tale; it is used especially of any
story that not only is not true, but could not possibly be true.
Fairy tales are fictional stories that have been told generations through
generations. It includes details found in legend, folktales and fables.
Each nation or continent have similar stories regarding a moral story with
consequences. A first fairy tales were told orally and it wasn’t until the 19th
century where Charles Perrault, Barbara Meclintock and later in the 20th
century where Walt Disney made a significant achievement within fairy tales.
Peter Pan: J. M. Barrie first used Peter Pan as a character in a section of
The Little White Bird (1902), an adult novel. He returned to that character as
the centre of his stage play entitled Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't
Grow Up, which premiered on 27 December 1904 in London. The play was
highly popular, running to 1913. Barrie adapted and expanded the play's
story line as a novel, published in 1911 as Peter and Wendy.
Is a German fairy tale known across much of Europe and is today one
of the most famous fairy tales worldwide.
The Brothers Grimm published it in 1812 in the first edition of their
collection Grimm’s Fairy Tales
It was titled in German and numbered as Tale 53. The Grimm’s
completed their final revision of the story in 1854.
The fairy tale features such elements as the magic mirror, the
poisoned apple, the glass coffin, and the characters of the evil
queen/stepmother and the seven dwarfs.
The seven dwarfs were first given individual names in the Broadway
play Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1912) and then given different
names in Walt Disney's 1937 film Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
Reading Level: LEX: 160L–420L
The sleeping beauty:
is a classic fairy tale involving a beautiful princess, a
sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince. The
version collected by the Grimms was an orally
transmitted version of the originally literary tale
published by Charles Perrault in Histoires ou contes du
temps passé in 1697.
Cinderella has come a long way from its origins as a tale about
persecution and the dangers of systemic oppression. Dating
back to the first century, what was once a story about a Greek
slave girl becoming an Egyptian queen has evolved into
something much more magical, romantic, and ultimately
In fact, the versions we know now are based on pieces of a story
that is relatively recent in the grand scheme of literature. Charles
Perrault's late 17th-century tale Cendrillon (or The Little Glass
Slipper) laid the groundwork for Disney's 1950 animated film,
with both plots revolving around a young girl who, after being
forced into servitude at the hands of her stepfamily, is ultimately
rescued by a prince.
It was later retold, along with other Basile tales, by Charles
Perrault in Histoires ou contes du temps passé (1697), and by
the Brothers Grimm in their folk tale collection Grimms' Fairy
PERRAULT, CHARLES (1628-1703)
French poet, literary theoreticiant, and fairy tale writer.
He studied law in school and went on to serve in the government,
like his brother and father.
His stories often have morals, which deal with issues of achieving
grace and beauty. It is important to make mental note of this when
interpreting the morals of his stories.
His tales were intended to train young girls in how to become
The intentions of Perrault are illustrated in his stories and
emphasized in his ‘’Morals’’, which idealize beauty and grace as
some of most important characteristics a young woman should
OTHER SIMILAR GENRE RELATED TO FAIRY TALES
Folk tales -Traditional folk tales were the oral tradition of adults. Stories about peoples' lives and
imaginations as they struggled with their fears and anxieties by telling tales.
Such stories usually are fiction-based with magical or supernatural elements, and they often are woven around
talking animals, royalty, peasants or mythical creatures. Initially passed down through oral tradition, they were a
major means of educating and entertaining. They remain instrumental in preserving aspects of the culture in
which they develop.