6. The religion of early Filipinos can be in line with
PAGANISM and ANITUISM because they
Worshipped nature and Diwatas
The Babaylan or katalonans were to
drive away sickness in the villages
and to give spiritual needs of people.
However, people believed in highest
deity called BATHALA with sub
dities to pray upon needed..
10. Courtship and Marriage
• The man was required to give a dowry.
“Bigay-kaya” – was the type of dowry
consisted of a piece of land or gold.
The groom’s parent gave a gift called
“himaraw” – was another payment for
raising the future bride during her
infancy period, to be paid by the groom’s
Including the bride’s wet nurse received a
share of dowry; it was called “bigay-suso”.
Graveyards outside the village
limits, near upstream rivers or
Small islands – Homonhon
Babies –reincarnated 9 times
DEATH AND BURIAL
13. The dead was placed in a wooden coffin and
buried under the house complete with cloth, gold
and other valuable things
upon the death of the person, fires were made
under the house and armed men acted as
sentinels to guard the corpse from sorcerers
Profesional mouners were hired to accentuate the
depth of mourning..
Mourning and burial
14. 2200 B.C. to A.D. 1521
Salansang, South Cotabato, Philippines
Pre-historic belief systems have influenced
burial practices in pre-Hispanic Philippines when
reverence given to the dead was of great importance.
After a certain period of time, the remains of the
deceased are exhumed, cleaned, and stored in such
vessels. It was likely only the wealthy who could
undergo secondary burials because the
accompanying ceremonies were lavish.
Secondary Burial jar with cover
15. In the absence of written records, these urns
are valuable testimonies to how society
functioned then--their hierarchy, what they
valued as commodities, and what they
traded, among other practices.
While most burial jars found in the
Philippines are made of fired clay, these
urns are carved from limestone, which make
these relatively rare specimens.
• The early form of literature during pre-Spanish period was a
classified into written or oral. Examples of oral literature
-Boat song (talindaw)
-Victory songs (tagumpay)
-Wedding song (ihiman)
-War song (kumintang) etc.
• examples of written literature are;
-Biag ni Lam-Ang (Ilocano epic)
-Indarapatra at Sulayman and Bidasari (Muslim Epics)
• Male clothing
- consisted of the upper and lower parts. The
upper part was a jacket with short sleeves called
“kangan” while the lower part was a strip of
cloth wrapped around the waist and in between
the legs called “bahag”. Males used a piece of
cloth or a headgear called “putong”.
- Putong symbolized the number of persons
the wearer had killed.”.
24. • Female clothing -
•they wore “baro or
camisa”, a jacket with
leeves. The lower part
was called “saya
The early filipinos are tend to separate
ways, but when the knowledge of having
shelters were started, they build their own
Among Tagalogs , their houses were like
bahay kubo in our time. Hanged within four
pillars or leaving the lower portion as shelter
for their livestocks or any domesticated
animals. It has also a little decorations called
28. Batalanes and Banggerahan
-where they can do some washing and other chores.
Sea Gypsies People
-Filipinos living near the seas or rivers were built
their houses on boats.
In some parts of Mindanao, natives there were
built their houses on tree tops for protection from
the enemies and wild animals.
29. Prove and or disapproved
if pre-Spanish Filipinos
were uncultured and
uncivilized as depicted by
early writers of Philippine