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Cyclone ockhi (Grade 9, case study)

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download for a better view. disaster and disaster management. total case study of cyclone okhi. Grade 9 cbse.

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Cyclone ockhi (Grade 9, case study)

  1. 1. CYCLONE OCKHI
  2. 2. CONTENT  Introduction – Murshida Begam  Preparation – Anana Saleem  It’s impact – Syeda Navishta, Nashita Quraeshi Mitigation Measures – Asra Syed, Shareen Zameer  Bibliography
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION BY MURSHIDA BEGAM
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION • Cyclonic Storm Ockhi was the most intense tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea since Cyclone Megh in 2015. • The origins of Ockhi can be traced back to an area of low pressure that formed on the Gulf of Thailand on November 21. • While traversing the southern part of the Bay of Bengal, favorable conditions enabled it to consolidate into a deep depression. As a deep depression, it caused damage to property and life in Sri Lanka on November 29. • Due to moisture and warmer temperatures between Sri Lanka and Kanyakumari (Cape Comorin) in mainland India, it intensified into a Cyclonic Storm on November 30. • While near Kanyakumari in mainland India, Cyclone Ockhi changed its path and headed towards Lakshadweep in the Arabian Sea, while intensifying. Although it headed away from the coast of mainland India, it caused severe damages to structures and property and also claiming the lives of at least 218 people in the Southern parts of Tamilnadu and Kerala in India.
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION • Cyclone Ockhi is noted for its very unusual course, originating in the Gulf of Thailand and ending near the coast of Gujarat in western India, traveling nearly 4000 nautical miles. • In its entire course, Cyclone Ockhi left a trail of massive destruction in Sri Lanka, Lakshadweep, South India and Maldives as it strengthened from a depression to a mature cyclone. • More than 245 fatalities were caused by Ockhi, including 218 in India and 27 in Sri Lanka, and it left at least 551 people, mainly fishermen, missing.
  6. 6. PATH OF CYCLONE OCKHI
  7. 7. PATH OF CYCLONE OCKHI
  8. 8. PREPARATIONS BY ANANA SALEEM
  9. 9. PREPARATIONS COLOR CODE- SRI LANKA – AQUA MALDIVES- DARK PURPLE INDIA- DARK GREEN Sri Lanka Maldives India
  10. 10. A. Despite international weather reports on November 26–27 warning of a possible storm condition over parts of the island, the Meteorology Department of Sri Lanka issued no warning on the lead-up to the cyclone, dismissing in a statement on November 28 reports of any possible adverse weather systems forming off the country's coast, citing insufficient data to arrive at such a conclusion. The Department instead predicted rain of 75 mm (3.0 in) or more over various parts of the island over the November 28–30 period. B. The Maldives Meteorological Centre predicted heavy rain and strong winds across the country's atolls, particularly those in the north and center of the island chain, over the day. It issued a Yellow Alert warning on November 30 for the area between Haa Alif Atoll and Kaafu Atoll between 10:30am and 03:30pm on December 1, later extending this to 08:00pm. C. Close to 220 families were moved from the coastal areas of Kochi as a precaution, due to a tidal wave attack at Chellambaram. Nearly 100 houses, mostly in Puthenthodu and Baazar, were vacated and schools were used as rehabilitation centres. 180 families in Chellanam, 17 in Kannamaly and 18 in Edavanakadu were moved to these centres, where food and medicine was available. The Government of Maharashtra announced a holiday on December 5 for schools in the MMR and in some other selective districts, for safety purposes. As Cyclone Ockhi threatened the Gujarat coast on Tuesday, more than 5,000 people were shifted to safer locations and National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) teams deployed in vulnerable places. Fishermen were warned not to put out to sea and those out fishing were called back.
  11. 11. IMPACTS BY SYEDA NAVISHTA, NASHITA QURAESHI AND SHAREEN ZAMEER. SRI LANKA- SHAREEN ZAMEER MALDIVES – NASHITA QURAESHI INDIA – SYEDA NAVISHTA
  12. 12. Deaths and damage by territory Territory Fatalities Missing Damage (2017 USD) Sri Lanka 27 N/A $346 million Tamil Nadu 108 400 $2 billion Kerala 174 261 $2.29 billion Lakshadweep N/A N/A >$77.8 million Totals: 245 661 >$5.07 billion
  13. 13. Sri Lanka Powerful storms with heavy rains have killed at least 13 people in Sri Lanka, as a strong cyclone, which has wreaked havoc in southern India and posed threat to it. The severe weather conditions started on Wednesday night as gusty winds and rains battered parts of the country, and have so far affected more than 77,000 people, officials said. Power supply, essential services and air traffic was disrupted in the stormy weather that left several buildings damaged and trees uprooted in its wake. Five people have been reported “missing” and at least 13 people killed since Wednesday night due to rains and storm, the police said. The Ambalangoda region in southern Sri Lanka has recorded the maximum number of these deaths at four, they said.According to the police, around 4,000 people were being housed in temporary relief camps in Ambalangoda. The high winds and persistent rains which hit the island nation on Wednesday later developed into cyclone ‘Ockhi’, which has affected parts in southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala and caused loss to life and property. Sri Lanka’s department of meteorology today announced that ‘Ockhi’ is now located some 850-km to the west of the island and is moving further away. “Hence its effect for the country is expected to be lessen gradually,” it said in a statement. The department said “fairly heavy rains” or thundershowers were expected later today in Western, Sabaragamuwa and Central provinces, while “strong gusty winds” in Ratnapura, Kaluthara and Galle districts. Addressing Parliament on Thursday, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe had said that he had directed officials to pay each family affected by bad weather rupees 10,000 as emergency assistance. The military was also deployed to assist in the rescue and recovery operations in the wake of the severe weather conditions.
  14. 14. Maldives Several seafaring vessels were capsized on November 30: a cargo boat off Cinamon Dhonveli island in Kaafu Atoll (3 rescued), a cargo boat off Taj Coral Reef in Kaafu Atoll 20195 (3 rescued), a speedboat off Maaungoodhoo island in Shaviyani Atoll (13 rescued). In all, 14 separate incidents were reported in the Maldivian seas as a result of Ockhi's effects. As of December 3, houses across 62 islands in the Maldives had been damaged by the fringe effects of Ockhi; 36 islands had experienced rain-induced floods while a further 4 had been inundated by storm tides.[25][48] The Maldives National Defence Force was assigned to rescue and flood draining efforts predominantly on islands where the local citizenry could not manage on their own; the police too provided aid.
  15. 15. India Kerala and Tamil Nadu on Wednesday announced a slew of relief measures for those affected by Cyclone Ockhi that battered the coastal areas of the southern states last week, flooding large swathes of farmland and ripping apart thousands of homes. Government officials have said that 33,000 people in Kerala and 2,800 in Tamil Nadu have been affected by the cyclone so far. The Centre said 39 people have lost their lives and another 167 are missing after Cyclone Ockhi engulfed parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Multiple rescue operations are being conducted across Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Lakshadweep where authorities are also trying to locate the missing people. A powerful cyclone sweeping through southern India has killed at least 21 fishermen and stranded more than 90 others at sea, according to a government official in the state of Kerala. The storm, Cyclone Ockhi, caught many fishermen off guard over the weekend after it formed quickly in the Arabian Sea and began lashing the Lakshadweep Islands and coastlines in the states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. On Monday afternoon, the cyclone was about 480 miles southwest of Surat, a city in Gujarat State. The storm was expected to hit the coast near Surat by Tuesday evening, and lose some of its intensity. The extent of the damage was still unclear on Monday, but Mohammed Faizal, a member of Parliament representing Lakshadweep, said the losses from damage on the islands exceeded $77 million. The India Meteorological Department classified it as a “very severe cyclonic storm,” a designation for tempests with wind speeds reaching 137 miles an hour.
  16. 16. India “There was no forewarning,” Sekhar Lukose Kuriakose, of the Kerala State Disaster Management Authority, said by telephone. “There was no scientific means of establishing that this was going to become a cyclone.” But fishermen, saying the government had been slow to notify people of the storm, organized protests on Saturday in Kerala and in Tamil Nadu, blocking roads and pooling resources and boats to try to locate the missing. Speaking to the families of missing fishermen in Tamil Nadu villages, India’s defense minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, said on Sunday that the country’s navy, air force and coast guard were doing everything possible to try to find the missing fishermen. “I speak with folded hands,” she told the crowd, in which wives of the missing fishermen wept. “We have not stopped searching for them.” Several hundred fishermen have been rescued, the Kerala disaster management agency said. The state has announced compensation payments of about $15,000 each for the families of those who have died. Mr. Kuriakose said that some of the missing fishermen had already been out at sea days before the cyclone formed. Before gathering force, the storm killed at least 13 people last week in neighboring Sri Lanka, uprooting trees, forcing schools to shut and disrupting air travel.
  17. 17. Mitigation Measures BY ASRA SYED
  18. 18. India Kerala and Tamil Nadu on Wednesday announced a slew of relief measures for those affected by Cyclone Ockhi that battered the coastal areas of the southern states last week, flooding large swathes of farmland and ripping apart thousands of homes. (Live updates). Government officials have said that 33,000 people in Kerala and 2,800 in Tamil Nadu have been affected by the cyclone so far. The Centre said 39 people have lost their lives and another 167 are missing after Cyclone Ockhi engulfed parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Multiple rescue operations are being conducted across Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Lakshadweep where authorities are also trying to locate the missing people. Officials said that 74 fishermen are estimated to be missing in Tamil Nadu and 93 in Kerala. Kerala chief minister Pinarayi Vijayan said a compensation of Rs 20 lakh has already been announced to the family of those who died in the aftermath of the cyclone and Rs 5 lakh to those who have been permanently disabled. The chief minister said all those engaged in fishing will get Rs 60 per day and their children will be paid Rs 45 a day as allowance in the next one week. Free ration will also be given to the residents of the affected coastal villages for a month, he said. He said he will request the Centre to declare this as a national disaster and ask for a special package to mitigate the loss and destruction that took place. In Tamil Nadu, the state government said more than 4,000 houses suffered partial or full damage in Kanyakumari district and Rs 41 lakh has been provided to those affected by Cyclone Ockhi so far. The southern state’s revenue secretary B Chandramohan said in a release that 1,687 houses were damaged completely and 2,814 suffered partial damage. The assessment of the damaged houses was complete in the district, the release said.bThe owners of 325 houses that were completely damaged have been given Rs 5,000 in their bank accounts and 1,002 owners of houses that suffered partial damage have been provided Rs 4000, it said.
  19. 19. Bibliography • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Ockhi • http://indianexpress.com/article/india/cyclone-ockhi-live- updates-intensity-likely-to-weaken-recurving-towards- maharashtra-gujarat-imd-forecast-4965480/ • http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/powerful-storms- kill-13-in-sri-lanka-as-cyclone-ockhi-moves-away/story- 2mbmAyoMQ0i5kxgkLBb2pL.html • http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/cyclone-ockhi-live- updates-landfall-in-gujarat-tonight-schools-closed-in- maharashtra/story-zxJXWA9FGNnv1xNJrhAiYP.html • https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/04/world/asia/cyclone-ockhi- india.html
  20. 20. DONE BY:- GROUP 4 CLASS:- 9 H MEMBERS:- ANANA SALEEM, ASRA SYED, NASHITA QURAESHI, SHAREEN ZAMEER AND SYEDA NAVISTHA. LEADER AND EDITOR:- MURSHIDA BEGAM

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