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English Present real conditionals

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English Present real conditionals

  1. 1. 9 Present Real Conditionals Herbal RemediesFocus on Grammar 4Part IX, Unit 21By Ruth Luman, Gabriele Steiner, and BJ WellsCopyright © 2006. Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
  2. 2. Herbal RemediesIf people are sick, they go to a doctor. But somepeople also use herbal remedies for basichealthcare. For example, if you aren’t sleepingwell, you can drink chamomile tea. If you sufferfrom motion sickness, ginger settles yourstomach. When you have a cold, you can addgarlic to your food. Make a lavender compresswhen you have a headache. If you get a burn, trythe juice of the aloe plant. But if you take herbs,tell your doctor. Some herbs may interfere withother medicines.
  3. 3. Present Real Conditionals 1 Use present real conditionals for general truths. Use the simple present in both clauses.If your body temperature is above 98.6º, you have a fever. result clause if clause If people get sick, they sometimes try herbs. if clause result clause
  4. 4. Present Real Conditionals 2 Conditional sentences have an if clause (condition) and a result clause. If people get sick, they try herbal remedies. if clause result clause
  5. 5. Present Real Conditionals 3 Use real conditionals for habits and things that happen again and again. If I’m feeling sick, I eat more garlic. if clause result clause simple present or present progressive simple present
  6. 6. WhenYou can often use when instead of if. If I have a sore throat, I take licorice root. When I have a sore throat, I take licorice root.
  7. 7. Use with Modals You can use modals in the result clause.If you aren’t sleeping well, you can drinkchamomile tea. If you get a burn, you might use aloe gel.
  8. 8. Combine each group of words to Practice 1 make a sentence with a conditional clause and a result clause.Example: drink green tea / may lower your blood sugar If you drink green tea, you may lower your blood sugar.1. take ginkgo / memory might improve If you take ginkgo, your memory might improve.2. use tea tree oil / can heal skin problems If you use tea tree oil, it can heal skin problems.3. take evening primrose oil / could lower your cholesterol If you take evening primrose oil, you could lower your cholesterol.
  9. 9. Use with Imperatives You can use imperatives in the result clause. If you take herbs, tell your doctor.If you have a headache, make a lavender compress.
  10. 10. Look at the chart. Make Practice 2 conditional sentences with modals or imperatives. Problem Herbal Remedy insomnia lavender bath mild depression St. John’s wort cough slippery elm tea cold EchinaceaExample: If you have insomnia, you should takebath. take a lavender a lavender bath. 1. If you have mild depression, you can take St. John’s wort. 2. If you have a cough, drink slippery elm tea. 3. If you have a cold, you can take Echinacea.
  11. 11. Clause Order A conditional sentence can begin with the if clause or the result clause.If you have motion sickness, eat ginger root. if clause result clauseEat ginger root if you have motion sickness. result clause if clause
  12. 12. Be Careful!Use a comma between the two clauses only whenthe if clause comes first. ,If you have motion sickness eat ginger root. if clauseEat ginger root , if you have motion sickness. if clause
  13. 13. Reverse the order of the Practice 3 clauses in each sentence. Be careful with punctuation.Example: If you are nauseous, ginger settles your stomach. Ginger settles your stomach if you are nauseous. 1. If you get a burn, use aloe gel. Use aloe gel if you get a burn. 2. Make a lavender compress when you have a headache. When you have a headache, make a lavender compress. 3. If you take herbs, tell your doctor. Tell your doctor if you take herbs.
  14. 14. Use with Negatives You can make either or both clauses negative.If I drink slippery elm tea, I don’t cough as much. If I’m not sleeping well, I don’t drink coffee.
  15. 15. Complete the sentences Practice 4 with remedies used in your family or culture.Example: If you have a cold. . . If we have a cold, we eat a bowl of chicken noodle soup.1. If you have a headache. . .2. When you can’t sleep. . .3. If you have a stomachache. . .4. Whenever you have the hiccups. . .5. If you ___________ . . .
  16. 16. ReferencesCopyright © 2006 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.