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ETHNOASTRONOMY
The People and the Stars
What is ETHNOASTRONOMY?
Ethnoastronomy is the branch of
astronomy that involves learning about the
astronomical system of ...
PART 1: NATIVE AMERICANS
•Navajo
•Inuit
•Lakota
NAVAJO INDIANS
The Navajo (Navajo: Diné or Naabeehó) are a
Native American people of the Southwestern
United States. They ...
DILYEHE
The Planters
The Planters determine when
it is the proper time to plant
crops. Once it is seen early in
the mornin...
GAH HAAT’E’II
The Rabbit Tracks
This constellation, which is
part of the tail of Scorpius, is
used by Navajo hunters to
de...
INUIT
Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous
peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of
Greenland, Canada, and A...
AAGJUNK
The Sunbeam
The Aagjunk is used by the
Inuit for time keeping. On the
day of the winter solstice, the
Sun lies dir...
LAKOTA INDIANS
The Lakȟóta people, also known as Teton,
Thítȟuŋwaŋ ("prairie dwellers"), and Teton Sioux
("snake, or enemy...
CANSHASHA
IPUSYE
The Dried Willow
The Dried Willow
constellation is watched from
the Winter Camps to signify
the arrival o...
WINCINCHALA
SAKOWIN
The Seven Little Girls
The Wincinchala Sakowin is
watched from the Harney
Peak to warn the people on
t...
TAYAMNI
The Buffalo
The Tayamni is watched from
a central cairn during the “life
welcoming at peace”
ceremony every spring.
MATO TIPILA
The Bear’s Lodge
The Bear’s Lodge is watched
from the Devil’s Tower during
the Summer solstice, right
before t...
The Lakota “tying” of the constellations
Harney Peak
Central Cairn
Devil’s Tower
Winter Camps
PART 2: WESTERN AFRICA
•Hausa
HAUSA PEOPLE
The Hausa are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa.
The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous
...
KAZA MAIYAYA
The Hen with Chickens
The Kaza Maiyaya is the
constellation that appears
during the onset of the rainy
season.
Eagle Star
The Morning Star of Harvest
The appearance of Altair at
dawn signifies the start of the
harvest season.
PART 3: EAST ASIA
•China
THE CHINESE CONSTELLATIONS
Traditional Chinese astronomy has a system of
dividing the celestial sphere into asterisms or
c...
In China, where the Emperor
was seen as the Son of Heaven
with a mandate from the
power of heaven to rule, the
stars were ...
Along the northern sky, the star
patterns were grouped into three
enclosures.
1.Left Wall of the Supreme Palace
2.Right Wa...
Along the ecliptic, the
twenty-eight mansions
are divided into four
symbols.
1.Azure Dragon of the East
2.Vermilion Bird o...
One of the most important
fruits of ancient Chinese
astronomy, the Chinese
calendar is a lunisolar calendar
which arranges...
PART 4: SOUTHEAST ASIA
• Sunda
• Filipinos
SUNDANESE PEOPLE
The Sundanese are an ethnic group native to the
western part of the Indonesian island of Java. They
numbe...
BENTANG WULUKU
The Pitchfork
The rising of the Orion’s Belt
(Bentang Wuluku) at dawn
during mid-May signals the
start of t...
BENTANG KERTI
The Garden
Together with the Orion’s
Belt, the rising of the Pleiades
(Bentang Kerti) at dawn
during mid-May...
BENTANG
LANGLANGAYAN
The Kite
Also called as Bentang Saung
Genjot (The Leaning Hut), it is
used by fishermen to know
the S...
FILIPINO PEOPLE
The Filipinos are a Southeast Asian ethnic group
who are identified and native to the Philippines.
BALATIK
The Trap
MAPULONG
The Group of Stars
CAMALYNG
The Hut
TIMBANGAN
The Scales
PART 5: AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINALS
• Arrernte
• Boorong
• Pitjantjatjara
• Warlpiri
• Yolngu
NEILLOAN
The Mallee Fowl
The first appearance of the
Neilloan in the night sky
signifies the beginning of the
egg-laying s...
DJUIT
The Red-rumped Parrot
The first appearance of the
Djuit in the night sky signified
the arrival of the Macassan
fishe...
LAMANKURRK
The Girls
The first appearance of the
Djuit in the dawn sky signifies
the beginning of winter.
EMU
The Emu
Whenever the Emu appears
to “stand” on Autumn nights,
it signifies the beginning of
the egg-laying season of t...
PART 6: OCEANIAN NAVIGATORS
• Maori
• Polynesians
MAORI PEOPLE
The Maori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New
Zealand. The Māori originated with settlers from easter...
MATARIKI
The Eyes of God
The first appearance of
Matariki together with
Puanga (Rigel) in the dawn
sky signifies the birth...
REHUA
The Heavenly Guardian
Known fully as ko Rehua
whakaruhi tangata (Rehua
gives energy to men), Rehua
heralds the start...
MAORI
STAR
COMPASS
POLYNESIANS
The Polynesian people consists of various ethnic groups
that speak Polynesian languages, a branch of the Ocean...
KAHEI-HEI O
NA KEIKI
The Cat’s Cradle
The Kahei-hei o na keiki is
used as a navigation guide
during the winter months.
HANAIAKAMALAMA
The Cross of the Barren Lands
The Hanaiakamalama is used
as a pointer for both the
north (Hokupa’a, Polaris...
POLYNESIAN
STAR
COMPASS
END.
1. DID YOU NOTICE ANY SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ANY OF
THE DISCUSSED ETHNIC STAR LORES/ASTRONOMY?
WHAT DO YOU THINK MADE THEM V...
Ethnoastronomy: The People and the Stars
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Ethnoastronomy: The People and the Stars

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This presentation discusses ethnoastronomy--its differences and similarities across cultures around the world.

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  • HI Curt! :) may refenrces ka ba nito? di ko kasi makita yung ibang reference para magamit sa citation. thank you.
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Ethnoastronomy: The People and the Stars

  1. 1. ETHNOASTRONOMY The People and the Stars
  2. 2. What is ETHNOASTRONOMY? Ethnoastronomy is the branch of astronomy that involves learning about the astronomical system of non-Western people (Farrer, 1993). It is concerned on knowing how different ethnic groups on Earth see the heavens and how they use it for their contemporary daily lives.
  3. 3. PART 1: NATIVE AMERICANS •Navajo •Inuit •Lakota
  4. 4. NAVAJO INDIANS The Navajo (Navajo: Diné or Naabeehó) are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States. They are the second largest federally recognized tribe in the US.
  5. 5. DILYEHE The Planters The Planters determine when it is the proper time to plant crops. Once it is seen early in the morning, planting must stop or the crops will not be ripe by harvest.
  6. 6. GAH HAAT’E’II The Rabbit Tracks This constellation, which is part of the tail of Scorpius, is used by Navajo hunters to determine when the traditional hunting season would begin.
  7. 7. INUIT Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.
  8. 8. AAGJUNK The Sunbeam The Aagjunk is used by the Inuit for time keeping. On the day of the winter solstice, the Sun lies directly below Aagjunk. Even though one can’t see the Sun as it lies close to the horizon, the false twilight that it produces is centered on the star.
  9. 9. LAKOTA INDIANS The Lakȟóta people, also known as Teton, Thítȟuŋwaŋ ("prairie dwellers"), and Teton Sioux ("snake, or enemy") are an indigenous people of the Great Plains of North America.
  10. 10. CANSHASHA IPUSYE The Dried Willow The Dried Willow constellation is watched from the Winter Camps to signify the arrival of the Vernal equinox.
  11. 11. WINCINCHALA SAKOWIN The Seven Little Girls The Wincinchala Sakowin is watched from the Harney Peak to warn the people on the incoming thunderstorm season (“welcoming of the thunder”).
  12. 12. TAYAMNI The Buffalo The Tayamni is watched from a central cairn during the “life welcoming at peace” ceremony every spring.
  13. 13. MATO TIPILA The Bear’s Lodge The Bear’s Lodge is watched from the Devil’s Tower during the Summer solstice, right before the “Sun Dance” tribal ceremony.
  14. 14. The Lakota “tying” of the constellations Harney Peak Central Cairn Devil’s Tower Winter Camps
  15. 15. PART 2: WESTERN AFRICA •Hausa
  16. 16. HAUSA PEOPLE The Hausa are one of the largest ethnic groups in Africa. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous people based primarily in the Sahelian and Sudanian Daura area of northern Nigeria and southeastern Niger, with significant numbers also living in parts of Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Chad, Togo, Ghana, Sudan, and Gabon.
  17. 17. KAZA MAIYAYA The Hen with Chickens The Kaza Maiyaya is the constellation that appears during the onset of the rainy season.
  18. 18. Eagle Star The Morning Star of Harvest The appearance of Altair at dawn signifies the start of the harvest season.
  19. 19. PART 3: EAST ASIA •China
  20. 20. THE CHINESE CONSTELLATIONS Traditional Chinese astronomy has a system of dividing the celestial sphere into asterisms or constellations, known as "officials“. The Chinese asterisms are generally smaller than the constellations of Hellenistic tradition. The Song dynasty (13th-century) Suzhou planisphere shows a total of 283 patterns, comprising a total of 1,565 individual stars.
  21. 21. In China, where the Emperor was seen as the Son of Heaven with a mandate from the power of heaven to rule, the stars were closely tied to the events within the dynasties. Most constellations were related to the objects on earth which was seen as a reflection of that in the heavens. Detail was important for advising the Emperor and predicting events. Thus, astrology led to meticulous astronomy.
  22. 22. Along the northern sky, the star patterns were grouped into three enclosures. 1.Left Wall of the Supreme Palace 2.Right Wall of the Supreme Palace 3.Left Wall of the Heavenly Market 4.Right Wall of the Heavenly Market
  23. 23. Along the ecliptic, the twenty-eight mansions are divided into four symbols. 1.Azure Dragon of the East 2.Vermilion Bird of the South 3.White Tiger of the West 4.Black Tortoise of the North *similar with Japanese and Korean constellations
  24. 24. One of the most important fruits of ancient Chinese astronomy, the Chinese calendar is a lunisolar calendar which arranges the year, month and day number upon the astronomical date. It is used for traditional activities in China and overseas Chinese communities.
  25. 25. PART 4: SOUTHEAST ASIA • Sunda • Filipinos
  26. 26. SUNDANESE PEOPLE The Sundanese are an ethnic group native to the western part of the Indonesian island of Java. They number approximately 40 million, and are the second most populous of all the nation's ethnicities.
  27. 27. BENTANG WULUKU The Pitchfork The rising of the Orion’s Belt (Bentang Wuluku) at dawn during mid-May signals the start of the dry season.
  28. 28. BENTANG KERTI The Garden Together with the Orion’s Belt, the rising of the Pleiades (Bentang Kerti) at dawn during mid-May signals the start of the dry season.
  29. 29. BENTANG LANGLANGAYAN The Kite Also called as Bentang Saung Genjot (The Leaning Hut), it is used by fishermen to know the Southern direction. Its appearance in the East during sunrise is the sign of the beginning of the dry season for farmers.
  30. 30. FILIPINO PEOPLE The Filipinos are a Southeast Asian ethnic group who are identified and native to the Philippines.
  31. 31. BALATIK The Trap
  32. 32. MAPULONG The Group of Stars
  33. 33. CAMALYNG The Hut
  34. 34. TIMBANGAN The Scales
  35. 35. PART 5: AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINALS • Arrernte • Boorong • Pitjantjatjara • Warlpiri • Yolngu
  36. 36. NEILLOAN The Mallee Fowl The first appearance of the Neilloan in the night sky signifies the beginning of the egg-laying season of the Mallee fowls. (Boorong)
  37. 37. DJUIT The Red-rumped Parrot The first appearance of the Djuit in the night sky signified the arrival of the Macassan fishermen from Indonesia.
  38. 38. LAMANKURRK The Girls The first appearance of the Djuit in the dawn sky signifies the beginning of winter.
  39. 39. EMU The Emu Whenever the Emu appears to “stand” on Autumn nights, it signifies the beginning of the egg-laying season of the emu birds.
  40. 40. PART 6: OCEANIAN NAVIGATORS • Maori • Polynesians
  41. 41. MAORI PEOPLE The Maori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. The Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages at some time between 1250 and 1300 CE.
  42. 42. MATARIKI The Eyes of God The first appearance of Matariki together with Puanga (Rigel) in the dawn sky signifies the birth of a new year.
  43. 43. REHUA The Heavenly Guardian Known fully as ko Rehua whakaruhi tangata (Rehua gives energy to men), Rehua heralds the start of spring whenever it rises just before dawn.
  44. 44. MAORI STAR COMPASS
  45. 45. POLYNESIANS The Polynesian people consists of various ethnic groups that speak Polynesian languages, a branch of the Oceanic languages, and inhabit Polynesia. The native Polynesian people of New Zealand and Hawaii are minorities in their homelands.
  46. 46. KAHEI-HEI O NA KEIKI The Cat’s Cradle The Kahei-hei o na keiki is used as a navigation guide during the winter months.
  47. 47. HANAIAKAMALAMA The Cross of the Barren Lands The Hanaiakamalama is used as a pointer for both the north (Hokupa’a, Polaris) and south directions.
  48. 48. POLYNESIAN STAR COMPASS END.
  49. 49. 1. DID YOU NOTICE ANY SIMILARITIES BETWEEN ANY OF THE DISCUSSED ETHNIC STAR LORES/ASTRONOMY? WHAT DO YOU THINK MADE THEM VERY IDENTICAL? 2. HOW DOES A SPECIFIC CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT AFFECT THE DEVELOPMENT OF ASTRONOMY/ASTROLOGY OF ANY ETHNIC GROUPS? 3. BETWEEN THE ONES DISCUSSED, WHICH ETHNIC ASTRONOMY DO YOU FIND MOST INTERESTING? QUESTIONS:

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