Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

The process of conducting a systematic review2011ver4

2 086 vues

Publié le

Publié dans : Santé & Médecine, Formation
  • I can advise you this service - ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐ Bought essay here. No problem.
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • There is a useful site for you that will help you to write a perfect. And valuable essay and so on. Check out, please HelpWriting.net
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • I ordered in HelpWriting.net I know exactly that I can trust them.They can help you with any kind of assignment - from high school essay to PhD dissertation. On the left you can see a detailed list of our services. They can write from scratch according to your instructions.Edit and proofread your paper.
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici

The process of conducting a systematic review2011ver4

  1. 1. Critical Appraisal and the Systematic Review of the Literature<br />Sources: JAMA : <br />User’s Guide to the Medical Literature<br />Young, J. M., & Solomon, M. J. (2009). How to critically appraise an article. Nature Clinical Practice.Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 6(2), 82-91. doi:10.1038/ncpgasthep1331<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Learning Objectives<br />Describe the critical appraisal process and how it relates to a systematic review<br />Describe the purpose of a systematic review<br />List the steps in the systematic review process<br />Critically appraise a selected article (the one you found this week!)<br />2<br />
  3. 3. What is critical appraisal?<br />A systematic process used to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a research article in order to assess the usefulness and validity of the research findings. <br />…most important are an evaluation of the appropriateness of the study design for the research question and a careful assessment of the key methodological features of this design…<br />Young, J. M., & Solomon, M. J. (2009). How to critically appraise an article. Nature Clinical Practice.Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 6(2), 82-91. doi:10.1038/ncpgasthep1331<br />3<br />
  4. 4. How to Read a Scientific Paper<br />…first read the title and abstract…<br />Review in your mind what you know about the topic…<br />Allows you, as the reader, integrate the new information into your previous knowledge about the topic. That is, it is used as a part of the self-education process that any professional must continue throughout his/her career.<br />If you are very familiar with the field, the Introduction can be skimmed or even skipped... the logical flow of most papers goes straight from the introduction to results…the paper should be read in that way as well…<br />by John W. Little and Roy Parker--University of Arizona: <br />http://www.biochem.arizona.edu/classes/bioc568/papers.htm#reading<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Top Ten Questions to Ask:<br />Is the study question relevant?<br />Does the study add new knowledge?<br />What type of research question is being asked?<br />Was the study design appropriate to the research question?<br />Was bias addressed?<br />Young, J. M., & Solomon, M. J. (2009). How to critically appraise an article. Nature Clinical Practice.Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 6(2), 82-91. doi:10.1038/ncpgasthep1331<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Questions, continued…<br />Was the study performed according to the original protocol?<br />Did the study test a stated hypothesis?<br />Were the statistical analyses performed correctly?<br />Do the data justify the conclusions?<br />Are there conflicts of interest?<br />Young, J. M., & Solomon, M. J. (2009). How to critically appraise an article. Nature Clinical Practice.Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 6(2), 82-91. doi:10.1038/ncpgasthep1331<br />6<br />
  7. 7. How is s critical appraisal accomplished?<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Discuss your article<br />Database(s) searched<br />General topic area researched<br />Did you find a lot, too little, too much?<br />Article title<br />Type of research question/hypothesis<br />Was bias addressed?<br />Did the data justify the conclusions?<br />Other comments you want to share…<br />8<br />
  9. 9. 9<br />
  10. 10. What is a systematic review?<br />A systematic review is a review of scientific studies on a specific topic. It uses a formal process to:<br />Identify all relevant studies<br />Assess their quality (critical appraisal)<br />Summarize the evidence<br />Source: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/about/methods.html<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Whydo a systematic review?<br />Systematic reviews help make sense of large bodies of scientific literature by applying the scientific process to:<br />Reduce bias in how conclusions are reached<br />Improve the power and precision of results <br />Summarize evidence about the effectiveness of particular approaches for addressing a problem<br />Analyze generalisability of findings <br />Identify knowledge gaps and need for additional research<br />Source: http://www.thecommunityguide.org/about/methods.html<br />11<br />
  12. 12. What you will accomplish…<br />Clearly formulate/state the research question<br />Develop the research protocol<br />Conduct the literature search<br />Complete data extraction after developing a form<br />Appraise the quality of the selected studies<br />Analyze the data and results in narrative and tabular formats<br />Interpret the results, including the strengths and weaknesses of the studies<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Systematic review methodology …<br />Were all relevant studies included/excluded?<br />Were selected articles appraised and data extracted?<br />Was their sufficient detail?<br />Was the quality of the primary studies assessed?<br />Did researchers assess appropriateness of combing results?<br />Young, J. M., & Solomon, M. J. (2009). How to critically appraise an article. Nature Clinical Practice.Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 6(2), 82-91. doi:10.1038/ncpgasthep1331<br />13<br />
  14. 14. The Systematic Review Process <br />14<br />
  15. 15. 15<br />
  16. 16. An example from JAMA via PubMed<br />16<br />
  17. 17. 17<br />
  18. 18. Useful Resources<br />AHSL EBM Search Engine- http://www.ahsl.arizona.edu/ebmsearch/index.cfm<br />BU Alumni Medical Library: Conducting a Systematic Review(under Subject-Specific Tutorials)<br />Data Extraction Form Samples: www.cochrane.iwh.on.ca/pdfs/data_extract_04.pdf and http://www.iss.it/binary/neph/cont/Data%20extraction%20form.1183648415.pdf<br />Searching the Cochrane Database<br />The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine - Systematic Review of a Therapy Worksheet<br />Washington University St Louis Becker Library Evidence at Becker<br />What is a Systematic Review? (from the BMJ)<br />Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systematic_review<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Take time now to answer these:<br />What type of research question was asked.?<br />Did the study address the key potential sources of bias? Explain.<br />What is the stated hypothesis of the study?<br />Did the data adequately justify the conclusions? Discuss.<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Did we accomplish the Learning Objectives<br />Describe the critical appraisal process and how it relates to a systematic review<br />Describe the purpose of a systematic review<br />List the steps in the systematic review process<br />Critically appraise a selected article<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Thanks….questions??<br />JDDoyle@email.arizona.edu<br />Office: 602-827-2062<br />Mobile/Text: 602-689-5976<br />21<br />

×