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A chronology in pictures and charts of selected
developments in climate, energy, tech
and the future of civilisation
2019 ...
Accidental nuclear war has almost happened many
times already ….and “is bound to occur eventually”
7th Jan
2016
Any
time
S...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
David Cicilline, Democratic chair of the HORs’ antitrust subcommittee:
“Facebook is under crimin...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
c. 40 US states still used election technology such as voting machines
that were a decade or mor...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
Companies trying to sell gas at the Waha Hub have to pay pipeline
operators to take it away.
Gas...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
By then the innovative systems, products and services will by in place
“to ensure that the netwo...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
• Leveraging diverse
generation sources across
interconnected regional and
national grids
• impr...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
x.
Oil and gas industry gas flaring is clear as day in
infrared night imagery of USA & Russia fr...
7th Jan
2016
1st Apr
2019
Overall professionally managed assets in Europe hit a record €25.2tn at
the start of 2018. ESG f...
7th Jan
2016
2nd Apr
2019
Hans Hoogervorst: “We should not have exaggerated expectations
about sustainability reporting as...
7th Jan
2016
2nd Apr
2019
Exxon asked the Securities and Exchange Commission in January
for permission to bar the resoluti...
7th Jan
2016
2nd Apr
2019
Ghawar pumps a max. 3.8 million barrels a day - well below the 5 + mbd
that had become conventio...
180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
7th Jan
2016
2nd Apr
2019
Globally, total renewable energy generation capacity reached 2...
7th Jan
2016
2nd Apr
2019
IKEA spokesperson: “At this point in time, we do not feel that the
majority of new home solar cu...
7th Jan
2016
4th Apr
2019
The Kingdom has yet to show any readiness to abide by safeguards that
would prevent it making a ...
7th Jan
2016
4th Apr
2019
Breakthrough for solar as Chinese provinces start to
hit grid parity: 11 of 31 will do so this y...
7th Jan
2016
5th Apr
2019
“Even a fund built on oil is seeing that the future is green”:
Jan Erik Saugestad, CEO of Storeb...
7th Jan
2016
5th Apr
2019
Netflix’s first nature spectacular goes where the
BBC has long feared to: exploring the threats
7th Jan
2016
5th Apr
2019
Google scraps ethics council after >2,000 staff
protest inclusion of ultra-conservative views
“B...
7th Jan
2016
5th Apr
2019
Some UK businesses have started using AI to
monitor staff activity
Those monitoring in real time...
7th Jan
2016
7th Apr
2019
A reminder of what authoritarianism can do, even
without AI, robotics, and autonomous weapons
Si...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
Majority emerges in Parliament for declaring the Lofoten Islands area in
the Arctic out of bound...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
John Edwards lashes out at the social media giant after the Christchurch
terrorist attack for re...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
Commission cites 7 principles to create “trustworthy” algorithms that
must not discriminate on g...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
When people were asked whether “Britain needs a strong ruler willing
to break the rules”, 54% ag...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
“I just got fed up with the environmental movement selling so much
false hope when we’re still t...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
“The construction and real estate industries will experience disruption
at monumental scales”: P...
7th Jan
2016
8th Apr
2019
UK proposes “most stringent restrictions on
internet speech by a major western democracy”
Propos...
7th Jan
2016
10th Apr
2019
Short-term growth policies of central banks
risk new financial crisis, IMF warns
The half-yearl...
Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
1.5˚C zero-GHG energy from power, heat, transport
and des...
Global energy demand and supply for 145 regions modelled
on an hourly basis at 5 year intervals, 2015 – 2050
Model compute...
Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
Global electricity installed capacity grows from
6,300 GW...
Sectoral demand share changes little 2015 – 2050 as
average annual demand growth increases 1.8% per year
Current practices...
Electricity, increasingly used for transport and heat,
becomes >90% of primary energy demand by 2050
This transition elimi...
By 2050 solar PV and wind generate 95% of global
electricity and are 88% of total energy supply
Even by 2030, solar PV sup...
The levelised cost of energy becomes increasingly
dominated by capital costs, as fuel costs lose significance
The LCOE for...
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
Energy storage meet nearly 23% of electricity
demand and approximately 26% of heat demand.
Batt...
Investment requirements, spread across multiple energy
sectors, reach > €14 trillion in 2045-2050, i.e. €2.8 tn p.a.
Inves...
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
Annual GHG emissions in the energy sector decline
from c. 30 GtCO2eq in 2015 to zero by 2050
De...
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
A 100% global RE energy system employs minimum
c.35 m, up from c.20 m (70% in fossil fuels) tod...
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
The biggest increase in jobs created is in
operation and maintenance
This enables the creation ...
7th Jan
2016
12th Apr
2019
Thousands of school students take to the streets
protesting climate inaction in 50 UK cities & ...
7th Jan
2016
15th Apr
2019
Extinction Rebellion protesters block five London
landmarks, gridlocking traffic
They call for ...
7th Jan
2016
15th Apr
2019
BoE: In a climate Minsky moment (sudden asset-
value fall) losses could be as high as $20tn (£1...
7th Jan
2016
17th Apr
2019
Carney: urgent reallocation of capital needed by
financial sector in order to survive climate c...
7th Jan
2016
18th Apr
2019
Mueller report public: 11 episodes where Trump
“cannot be exonerated” on obstruction of justice...
7th Jan
2016
18th Apr
2019
Facebook bans far-right groups
including BNP, EDL and Britain First
Includes posts and other co...
“You have broken democracy” Carole Cadwalladr
tells tech leaders in a TED talk
7th Jan
2016
21st Apr
2019
She names Zucker...
New Mercer analysis shows where investor
returns are to be found in a 2˚C world
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
“Investors need...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
>1,000 arrests at Extinction Rebellion protests in
London …and target landmarks are shut for 7 ...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
21 business leaders support Extinction Rebellion
in a letter to The Times
“We must urgently red...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
Reduction in UK home-based carbon emissions
behind target, & gas boilers are the biggest proble...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
NASA tests a swarm of 100 US Navy Cicada drones,
dropped from “hive” drones, for monitoring clo...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Apr
2019
“The age of the elected despot is here”:
Martin Wolf in the FT
7th Jan
2016
23rd Apr
2019
Musk: Tesla finally to make sustained profits with a
global network of fully self-driving robot...
7th Jan
2016
24th Apr
2019
Facebook anticipates punishment with a big fine for
the first time: $up to 5 billion for privac...
7th Jan
2016
25th Apr
2019
Japan’s nuclear reactors face new near-total
shutdown as regulator enforces anti-terrorism rule...
7th Jan
2016
25th Apr
2019
Global population is “sadder, angrier and more
fearful than ever before”, major poll finds
All ...
7th Jan
2016
26th Apr
2019
Trump withdraws from UN arms-trade treaty
as NRA crowd cheers in delight
The US signed the trea...
7th Jan
2016
27th Apr
2019
One million UK homes, 13x more than in 2017,
are now being supplied with biomethane
There are n...
7th Jan
2016
28th Apr
2019
UK fracking tsar quits after six months,
blaming “highly successful” eco activists
Former Labou...
7th Jan
2016
28th Apr
2019
“The world is arming itself to the teeth”
Worldwide military expenditure 2018 as % of total $1....
7th Jan
2016
29th Apr
2019
Drones under 250g are not covered in new
regulations coming in UK, EU and Canada
They can still...
7th Jan
2016
29th Apr
2019
Zuckerberg unveils new Facebook strategy: a
privacy-based approach focussing on groups
He says ...
7th Jan
2016
1st May
2019
UK Parliament declares climate emergency
Jeremy Corbyn, proposer: “This can set off a wave of ac...
7th Jan
2016
2nd May
2019
UK Climate Change Committee advocates
100% net zero by 2050
The goal could be met at a “manageab...
7th Jan
2016
2nd May
2019
Zero emissions possible well before 2050: an
argument from the heart of UK Conservatism, and…
“T...
7th Jan
2016
2nd May
2019
Solar lighting company Mobisol goes bankrupt after
9 years and $80-90 million of impact investme...
7th Jan
2016
3rd May
2019
Fiat Chrysler to pay Tesla €1.8bn through 2022 for
CO2 credits needed to avoid large US and EU f...
7th Jan
2016
5th May
2019
Facebook shows off a “war room” it has set up in
Dublin to protect EU elections from interferenc...
7th Jan
2016
6th May
2019
Renewable capacity growth worldwide stalled in
2018 after two decades of strong expansion: IEA
“...
7th Jan
2016
6th May
2019
New net capacity from renewables increased by
about 180 GW in 2018, the same as 2017
IEA: This i...
7th Jan
2016
8th May
2019
UK to lose £1.1bn in carbon-credit revenue from EU
in the event of a no-deal Brexit
Under no-dea...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
Stiff VAT rise on solar panels and batteries makes
installation “entirely uneconomic”, say exper...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
Fossil-fuel subsidies hit a “staggering”
$5.7 trillion in 2017: IMF
“Efficient fossil fuel prici...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
Global off-grid solar investment in 2018: $352 m
….by just 43 investors, 77% to just 10 companie...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
In the provision of debt for off-grid solar
companies, depressing evidence post-Paris...
The fou...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
Tech giants create a circular firing squad sniping at
each other over privacy
Google, Apple,
Fac...
7th Jan
2016
9th May
2019
Co-founder calls for Facebook to be broken up over
“unprecedented, un American” power
Chris Hugh...
7th Jan
2016
14th May
2019
“Falling renewables investment stalls Paris
climate goals”
IEA warns that renewables investment...
7th Jan
2016
14th May
2019
San Francisco becomes first US city to ban agency
use of facial recognition tech
“This is reall...
7th Jan
2016
15th May
2019
UK solar generation record falls amidst bright skies:
9.47 GW at midday, 26% of UK power output...
7th Jan
2016
15th May
2019
A tiny four-winged robotic insect flies much more
like the real thing than robots with two
Engi...
7th Jan
2016
16th May
2019
“Extraordinary thinning” revealed by satellite data
in the deep interior of the Antarctica ice ...
7th Jan
2016
16th May
2019
World’s first all-electric vertical takeoff and landing
passenger unveiled after its first flig...
7th Jan
2016
16th May
2019
“Occidental’s $56bn gamble on finding value
in shale”
The deal doubles the size of Occidental. ...
7th Jan
2016
17th May
2019
“Funds survey the wreckage of a debt-fuelled
energy bust”
“There are a number of really stresse...
7th Jan
2016
17th May
2019
Acciona tests solar wrapper on wind turbine tower
aiming to supply internal systems when turbin...
7th Jan
2016
20th May
2019
UKSIF survey of fund managers overseeing $10.2tn
finds 86% call on OGI to Paris-align business ...
7th Jan
2016
20th May
2019
Coal supporters win Australian national election
despite strong climate concerns among citizens...
7th Jan
2016
20th May
2019
Google follows US government trade blacklisting of
Huawei by blocking its access to Android upd...
7th Jan
2016
21st May
2019
Office worker launches groundbreaking legal action
against UK police use of facial recognition
...
7th Jan
2016
21st May
2019
“Just about every shale company that I keep track
of suffered negative free cash flows in Q1 20...
7th Jan
2016
21st May
2019
>99% of BP shareholders vote for Paris-compliant
disclosure, and 8% for inclusion of users emis...
7th Jan
2016
22nd May
2019
The world is far short of the SDG7 target trajectory,
IEA / IRENA / UN / World Bank / WHO repor...
7th Jan
2016
22nd May
2019
China approves first 21GW of subsidy-free
renewables, with solar dominating
List of 224 project...
7th Jan
2016
22nd May
2019
Far-right racist lies flood Facebook, viewed half a
billion times across Europe ahead of EU Ele...
7th Jan
2016
23rd May
2019
The Trump administration has lost almost all the
many environmental legal cases it has faced
Go...
7th Jan
2016
24th May
2019
New NOAA data show that atmospheric methane
levels surged to a new record in 2018
And the oil a...
7th Jan
2016
24th May
2019
Facebook plans to launch 'GlobalCoin'
cryptocurrency in 2020
Zuckerberg has met with the US Tre...
7th Jan
2016
26th May
2019
Liberals and Greens are the winners across Europe
in the EU elections …majoring on the climate ...
7th Jan
2016
29th May
2019
83 % of solar PV & 77% of onshore wind due 2020
to produce cheaper electricity than any fossil ...
7th Jan
2016
29th May
2019
The vital statistics of utility-scale solar PV 2010 to
2018: the steepest learning curve of all...
7th Jan
2016
29th May
2019
GOGLA members’ sales in H2 2018 bring global
cumulative off-grid solar lighting sales to 42 mil...
GOGLA estimates that these data - sales of 84 GOGLA members - represent c. 30% of all solar
lanterns and multi-light syste...
One is a call for a report on the risks of storms, floods, and
rising sea levels affecting Exxon’s chemicals plants.
At Ex...
Press release from department says increasing export capacity is
“critical to spreading freedom gas throughout the world.”...
So a new report by Prospect finds. Akin to the devastation caused to
coalmining communities in the 1980s, the union says.
...
7th Jan
2016
31st May
2019
UK has gone >14 days without using coal for
electricity – the longest since first use in 1882
T...
7th Jan
2016
27th May
2019
Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace
with Paris goals for clean energy transition...
7th Jan
2016
27th May
2019
Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace
with Paris goals for clean energy transition...
7th Jan
2016
27th May
2019
Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace
with Paris goals for clean energy transition...
7th Jan
2016
30th May
2019
42 governments agree a (non-binding) a global
governance framework for the regulation of AI
Inc...
7th Jan
2016
30th May
2019
Shareholders challenge Facebook and Zuckerberg
at AGM ….and leave empty handed
8 shareholder pr...
7th Jan
2016
31st May
2019
Up to 70 TW of solar PV feasibly envisioned by 2050
(10 by 2030), providing most global energy
...
7th Jan
2016
1st Jun
2019
Investment soars in exchange traded funds
designed to address the world’s ills
From $5 bn in 201...
7th Jan
2016
2nd Jun
2019
Facebook joins Shell for its first direct RE
investment: a 397 MW PV project in Texas
Facebook w...
7th Jan
2016
3rd Jun
2019
“China Has Whole Towns Focused Entirely on
Making Electric Cars”
At least 20 electric-centric ve...
7th Jan
2016
3rd Jun
2019
“US Companies Help Censor the Internet
in China, Too”
Microsoft and Apple comply with China’s ce...
7th Jan
2016
4th Jun
2019
“The looming 100-year US-China conflict”
Martin Wolf in the FT
“The aim is US
domination. The
me...
7th Jan
2016
4th Jun
2019
Worlds biggest companies see a trillion dollars of
climate risk, but around double that in benef...
7th Jan
2016
4th Jun
2019
SC works with CrossBoundary to deliver a first solar
plant for Unilever in Africa, 619 kW online...
7th Jan
2016
4th Jun
2019
“We are listening to Greta”: Oil and Gas UK
CEO Deirdre Michie
“We are clear that climate change...
7th Jan
2016
5th Jun
2019
Atmosphere CO2 increased by the second highest
annual amount in the past six decades in 2018
Con...
7th Jan
2016
5th Jun
2019
UK home solar panel installations fall by 94%
in May after subsidies cut (79 MW March to 5 MW Ma...
7th Jan
2016
5th Jun
2019
First commercial flying robotaxi models scheduled
to hit the market next year
“A host of compani...
7th Jan
2016
6th Jun
2019
HM Treasury says it will cost UK £1 trillion to
achieve net-zero emissions by 2050
What a contra...
7th Jan
2016
6th Jun
2019
Microsoft quietly deletes largest public face
recognition data set
They had used the 100,000 per...
7th Jan
2016
6th Jun
2019
Solarcentury orders half a gigawatt of modules
for just two solar projects
The 1.4 million modul...
7th Jan
2016
6th Jun
2019
Spain must pay €290 million over its retroactive
scrapping of feed-in tariffs (FiT) in the early...
7th Jan
2016
7th Jun
2019
FT’s chief political commentator summarises case
that Johnson and Trump threaten democracy
Phili...
7th Jan
2016
7th Jun
2019
As politicians and regulators circle talking anti-trust,
three ways that Big Tech could be broke...
7th Jan
2016
11th Jun
2019
Carbon emissions from the global energy industry
rose at the fastest rate in almost a decade in...
7th Jan
2016
11th Jun
2019
MI5 admits to what Liberty labels ‘extraordinary
and persistent illegality’ in High Court
Liber...
7th Jan
2016
12th Jun
2019
UK government opts for zero net carbon emissions
by 2050 as a new target in the Climate Act
Mak...
7th Jan
2016
12th Jun
2019
UK gov says Smart Export Guarantee for solar
consumers will begin Jan 2020 – with no price floo...
7th Jan
2016
12th Jun
2019
Investors of $1bn in Tesla-rival Swedish battery co.
include Volkswagen, Goldman Sachs, Ikea, B...
7th Jan
2016
12th Jun
2019
Deepfake video of Zuckberg posted on Instagram:
will Facebook take it down?
An interesting test...
7th Jan
2016
13th Jun
2019
“Solar’s role in delivering net zero is being vastly
underestimated in the UK”
So say LUT unive...
7th Jan
2016
13th Jun
2019
Global renewable energy jobs rise to a record 11
million in 2018, despite slowdowns in EU, Chin...
7th Jan
2016
13th Jun
2019
Trials of Uber Air to begin in 2020: in LA, Dallas,
and Melbourne the first city outside the US...
7th Jan
2016
13th Jun
2019
Johnson and at least one other Tory leadership
candidate actively discuss shutting of Parliament
7th Jan
2016
14th Jun
2019
Nearly 100 members of the public invest €250,000
in Solarcentury’s Budel solar farm
A showcase ...
7th Jan
2016
14th Jun
2019
Only 15% of the world’s top 500 companies by
market cap are in line with Paris climate goals
Es...
7th Jan
2016
15th Jun
2019
If U.S. Defense Department were a country, it
would be 55th biggest carbon dioxide emitter
Sour...
7th Jan
2016
16th Jun
2019
Germany to back EU-wide target for net zero
emissions by 2050, joining 8 others
Belgium, Denmar...
7th Jan
2016
16th Jun
2019
The Greenland ice sheet is melting unusually fast
this summer
Reminder: if the entire sheet mel...
7th Jan
2016
17th Jun
2019
Russia warns on US ‘cyber military activity’, which
they are fighting in critical infrastructur...
7th Jan
2016
17th Jun
2019
Liberty mounts new High Court challenge to UK
government’s use of 2016 ‘snooper's charter’
Grou...
7th Jan
2016
17th Jun
2019
“Banker Compliance Jobs at Risk as Nordea, Danske
Turn to Robots”
c. 20% of suspicious alerts a...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
PM Trudeau Approves Trans Mountain Pipeline
Expansion, opening way for oil production increase
...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
Solar PV is the fastest growing energy technology,
and in an increasing number of countries
The...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
Global investment in renewable power and fuels
continues to be essentially flat since 2011: REN...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
“Global Economy Propped Up By U.S. Shale Oil
Ponzi Scheme”
“If oil prices don’t recover back to...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
Facebook launches new route to revenues
and global data capture
First use scheduled for 2020. C...
7th Jan
2016
18th Jun
2019
Tapping the internet-of-things has very quickly
made Amazon number one in brand value
Their Ech...
7th Jan
2016
19th Jun
2019
Arms-control experts alarmed by new Pentagon
doctrine airing potential for winnable nuclear war...
7th Jan
2016
19th Jun
2019
US, China and Russia are developing missiles that
fly at 15x the speed of sound with great accu...
7th Jan
2016
19th Jun
2019
Two thirds of British want faster climate action
than zero net emissions by 2050: new poll
Incr...
7th Jan
2016
20th Jun
2019
Hungary, Poland and Czech Republic block EU
moves towards 2050 zero carbon goal
Orban opposes a...
7th Jan
2016
20th Jun
2019
EDF faces new cost overruns and delays of up to
three years at Flamanville reactor
ASN, the Fre...
7th Jan
2016
20th Jun
2019
BNEF NEO 2019 forecasts 50% of global electricity
supply from solar and wind by 2050
The annual...
7th Jan
2016
20th Jun
2019
International poll shows US is now viewed by 22%
as “more likely to use influence for bad than ...
7th Jan
2016
21st Jun
2019
2019 to be first year that fossil fuels make less than
half UK electricity generated: National ...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Jun
2019
“There is no austerity in the Green New Deal: it will
be terminating austerity”: Richard Murphy...
7th Jan
2016
22nd Jun
2019
Hard-right militia threaten to “protect” Republican
minority senators opposing Oregon climate a...
7th Jan
2016
24th Jun
2019
Houston begins to realise it has a problem:
Pioneer begins major cost-cutting retreat in shale
...
7th Jan
2016
24th Jun
2019
2018 was ‘toughest year yet’ for UK community
solar as installations plummet 78% to just 7.9 MW...
7th Jan
2016
24th Jun
2019
“Desalination Is Booming as Cities
Run out of Water”
Costs have more than halved in the last 30...
7th Jan
2016
26th Jun
2019
Zuckerberg says Facebook can't handle election
misinformation crisis alone, but opposes breakup...
7th Jan
2016
27th Jun
2019
Increasing use of industrial robots will cause up to
20 million manufacturing job losses by 203...
7th Jan
2016
27th Jun
2019
Liberalism “has outlived its purpose”, President
Putin tells the FT ahead of the G20 Summit
He ...
7th Jan
2016
27th Jun
2019
100% of Scotland’s electricity came from
renewables in Q1 2019, and full year expected 2020
Sur...
7th Jan
2016
29th Jun
2019
Wheat-like product made from electricity, water, air
and microbes to be on sale within 2 years
...
7th Jan
2016
29th Jun
2019
100F temperatures in heatwave cook mussels in
their shells on a northern California shoreline
U...
7th Jan
2016
29th Jun
2019
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Greta Thunberg meet
for the first time and compare notes on hope
G...
7th Jan
2016
30th Jun
2019
“US oil companies find energy independence
isn’t so profitable”
“In the last 4 years, roughly 1...
7th Jan
2016
30th Jun
2019
Corporate debt could trigger the next financial
crisis, Bank for International Settlements warn...
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Q2 2019: A chronology in pictures & charts of developments in climate, energy, tech & the future of civilisation

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One person’s collated precis-for-the-busy of the last three months in the related dramas of climate change, energy transition, big tech and the future of civilisation.

Publié dans : Business
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Q2 2019: A chronology in pictures & charts of developments in climate, energy, tech & the future of civilisation

  1. 1. A chronology in pictures and charts of selected developments in climate, energy, tech and the future of civilisation 2019 Q2
  2. 2. Accidental nuclear war has almost happened many times already ….and “is bound to occur eventually” 7th Jan 2016 Any time So concludes the Future of Life Institute, given “15,000 nuclear weapons worldwide — thousands on hair-trigger alert.”
  3. 3. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 David Cicilline, Democratic chair of the HORs’ antitrust subcommittee: “Facebook is under criminal and civil investigation.” “Techlash” critics respond: e.g. “Mark Zuckerberg doesn’t get to make the rules any more”
  4. 4. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 c. 40 US states still used election technology such as voting machines that were a decade or more out of date, with no software patches. “US ripe for Russian meddling in 2020 vote, experts warn”
  5. 5. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 Companies trying to sell gas at the Waha Hub have to pay pipeline operators to take it away. Gas prices turn negative in Texas in face of pipeline capacity shortage
  6. 6. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 By then the innovative systems, products and services will by in place “to ensure that the network is ready to handle 100% zero carbon”. National Grid set for zero carbon power system operation by 2025
  7. 7. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 • Leveraging diverse generation sources across interconnected regional and national grids • improving renewables’ forecasting and predictability • integrating dispatchable renewables • adding distributed storage, and • leveraging demand response Amory Lovins, RMI High percentages of renewables on grids prove easily viable, if operators combine 5 techniques
  8. 8. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 x. Oil and gas industry gas flaring is clear as day in infrared night imagery of USA & Russia from space
  9. 9. 7th Jan 2016 1st Apr 2019 Overall professionally managed assets in Europe hit a record €25.2tn at the start of 2018. ESG funds grew 11% 2016 and 2018 to reach €12.3tn. Greenwashing purge sees European sustainable funds lose share: 49% of all in 2018 vs 52% in 2016
  10. 10. 7th Jan 2016 2nd Apr 2019 Hans Hoogervorst: “We should not have exaggerated expectations about sustainability reporting as an agent for change. Full transparency did little to curb excess in corporate remuneration.” “Greenwashing is rampant”, warns chairman of Global Accounting Standards Board e.g. When the emissions scandal broke, Volkswagen was top of the Dow Jones Sustainability Index
  11. 11. 7th Jan 2016 2nd Apr 2019 Exxon asked the Securities and Exchange Commission in January for permission to bar the resolution. SEC permits Exxon to block shareholder vote on climate disclosure proposal
  12. 12. 7th Jan 2016 2nd Apr 2019 Ghawar pumps a max. 3.8 million barrels a day - well below the 5 + mbd that had become conventional wisdom. The Permian shale is now 4.1. Saudi Aramco IPO data show “world's largest oil field is fading faster than almost anyone believed”
  13. 13. 180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 7th Jan 2016 2nd Apr 2019 Globally, total renewable energy generation capacity reached 2,351 GW– around a third of total installed electricity capacity. Nearly two-thirds of all new power generation capacity in 2018 was from renewables: IRENAShareofnewelectricitygeneratingcapacity 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 Non renewables Renewables GW 171 GW 94 solar 49 wind
  14. 14. 7th Jan 2016 2nd Apr 2019 IKEA spokesperson: “At this point in time, we do not feel that the majority of new home solar customers will get a good deal.” IKEA and Solarcentury put UK solar offering on hold as a result of feed-in-tariff closure
  15. 15. 7th Jan 2016 4th Apr 2019 The Kingdom has yet to show any readiness to abide by safeguards that would prevent it making a bomb. Saudi Arabia's first nuclear reactor Is within months of completion
  16. 16. 7th Jan 2016 4th Apr 2019 Breakthrough for solar as Chinese provinces start to hit grid parity: 11 of 31 will do so this year With the need for subsidy gone, and solar increasingly cheaper than coal, PV manufacturing can now potentially scale up fast.
  17. 17. 7th Jan 2016 5th Apr 2019 “Even a fund built on oil is seeing that the future is green”: Jan Erik Saugestad, CEO of Storebrand Asset Management. Norway unlocks investments by state pension fund in unlisted renewables Siv Jensen Finance Minister
  18. 18. 7th Jan 2016 5th Apr 2019 Netflix’s first nature spectacular goes where the BBC has long feared to: exploring the threats
  19. 19. 7th Jan 2016 5th Apr 2019 Google scraps ethics council after >2,000 staff protest inclusion of ultra-conservative views “Back to the drawing board”, a company spokesman says, after initial appointment of Heritage Foundation President creates instant storm.
  20. 20. 7th Jan 2016 5th Apr 2019 Some UK businesses have started using AI to monitor staff activity Those monitoring in real time using the Isaac system include 5 law firms, an estate agency and a training company.
  21. 21. 7th Jan 2016 7th Apr 2019 A reminder of what authoritarianism can do, even without AI, robotics, and autonomous weapons Siv Jensen Finance Minister Visiting a remnant of the Berlin Wall, nearly thirty years from its fall. Ron McCullagh, on the left, covered the events of 7 November 1989 as a BBC TV News correspondent, reporting to camera on the evening news as the first East Germans flooded into West Berlin.
  22. 22. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 Majority emerges in Parliament for declaring the Lofoten Islands area in the Arctic out of bounds for the OGI. The industry expresses dismay. “Norway Is Walking Away From Billions of Barrels of Oil” Siv Jensen Finance Minister Currently, oil and gas account for more than half Norway’s exports
  23. 23. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 John Edwards lashes out at the social media giant after the Christchurch terrorist attack for refusing to accept any responsibility for harm. Facebook are “morally bankrupt pathological liars” says New Zealand's privacy commissioner
  24. 24. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 Commission cites 7 principles to create “trustworthy” algorithms that must not discriminate on grounds of age, race or gender. EU publishes first guidelines on the ethical development of AI
  25. 25. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 When people were asked whether “Britain needs a strong ruler willing to break the rules”, 54% agreed and only 23% said no. Anti-democratic sentiment growing fast in UK, Hansard’s annual audit shows
  26. 26. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 “I just got fed up with the environmental movement selling so much false hope when we’re still trashing the planet”: Farhana Yamin. Extinction Rebellion has enjoyed viral success since its launch in October last year
  27. 27. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 “The construction and real estate industries will experience disruption at monumental scales”: Peter Diamandis. 3D printing speeds to increase by up to 100X by 2024, revolutionising “nearly every industry”
  28. 28. 7th Jan 2016 8th Apr 2019 UK proposes “most stringent restrictions on internet speech by a major western democracy” Proposed rules, if enacted, would “require (tech) companies to proactively remove content the government views as illegal or ‘harmful’ ” …and give the government the right to shut down offending sites
  29. 29. 7th Jan 2016 10th Apr 2019 Short-term growth policies of central banks risk new financial crisis, IMF warns The half-yearly financial stability report sees signs of high-risk debt building in many places, including corporate bonds, China, ++.
  30. 30. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 1.5˚C zero-GHG energy from power, heat, transport and desalination sectors is possible before 2050 This 100% RE system - modelled hourly, globally, for the first time – is lower cost than current global supply. It allots solar 69% of the mix. €54 MWh (excl. externalities) €53 MWh 7.2 billion people 9.7 bn people 63,400 GW PV 19% 78,000 GW total renewables capacity
  31. 31. Global energy demand and supply for 145 regions modelled on an hourly basis at 5 year intervals, 2015 – 2050 Model computes the cost-optimal mix of technologies, based on existing locally available renewables (i.e. no further innovation assumed). Source: LUT University / Energy Watch A 4.5 year study by a team of 18, funded by the German Federal Environment Foundation +
  32. 32. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 Global electricity installed capacity grows from 6,300 GW in 2015 to 78,000 GW in 2050 By 2030 32% is solar, and by 2050 72%. In 2017 27% of global electricity capacity was renewable (2,195 GW). Average 700 GW p.a. solar PV
  33. 33. Sectoral demand share changes little 2015 – 2050 as average annual demand growth increases 1.8% per year Current practices and low electrification would result in primary energy demand more than twice this result by 2050: nearly 300,000 TWh. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
  34. 34. Electricity, increasingly used for transport and heat, becomes >90% of primary energy demand by 2050 This transition eliminates international energy dependencies, helps to solve energy-related conflicts, fuelling peace and prosperity. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch 89% 4% 7% 90% 6% 4%
  35. 35. By 2050 solar PV and wind generate 95% of global electricity and are 88% of total energy supply Even by 2030, solar PV supplies 32% of global energy. This transition eliminates energy dependencies, helping solve energy-related conflicts. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch Solar Wind Coal Oil Fossil gas 2050 RE 100% 2015 RE 10% Shares of global primary energy supply Includes all industry except non-energy- related industrial feedstock demand
  36. 36. The levelised cost of energy becomes increasingly dominated by capital costs, as fuel costs lose significance The LCOE for a fully sustainable global energy system remains stable in the range of 50-57 €/MWh throughout the 2015-2050 transition. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
  37. 37. 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 Energy storage meet nearly 23% of electricity demand and approximately 26% of heat demand. Batteries emerge as the most relevant electricity storage technology and thermal energy storage emerges as the most relevant heat storage. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
  38. 38. Investment requirements, spread across multiple energy sectors, reach > €14 trillion in 2045-2050, i.e. €2.8 tn p.a. Investment in PV grows to > €5 tn 2045 - 2050, i.e. €1 tn p.a. Total in PV is c. €3 tn 2025-2030, i.e. c. €600 bn p.a. >€30tn cumulative 2015-2050. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch Cumulative investment across the transition: €67 trillion …average €1.9 tn p.a.
  39. 39. 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 Annual GHG emissions in the energy sector decline from c. 30 GtCO2eq in 2015 to zero by 2050 Deep decarbonisation of the power and heat sectors is possible by 2030. The transport sector lags, with a huge decline 2030 to 2050. Cumulative emissions of 422 GtCO2e meet goal of Paris Agreement Source: LUT University / Energy Watch
  40. 40. 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 A 100% global RE energy system employs minimum c.35 m, up from c.20 m (70% in fossil fuels) today c. 22 million work in solar PV by 2050, and almost 20m as early as 2030. The growth in RE jobs > compensates the c. 15m fossil fuel jobs lost. Source: LUT University / Energy Watch This excludes jobs in electricity use for heat transport, and desalination
  41. 41. 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 The biggest increase in jobs created is in operation and maintenance This enables the creation of more stable jobs & more stable worker contributions to economies …the Green (& social) New Deal in action. This excludes jobs in electricity use for heat transport, and desalination Source: LUT University / Energy Watch 15% 50%
  42. 42. 7th Jan 2016 12th Apr 2019 Thousands of school students take to the streets protesting climate inaction in 50 UK cities & towns Protestors in London demand a Green New Deal. This, the third protest wave in as many months, is mirrored from Helsinki to Dehli.
  43. 43. 7th Jan 2016 15th Apr 2019 Extinction Rebellion protesters block five London landmarks, gridlocking traffic They call for zero emissions by 2025 and a citizens climate assembly. Smaller demonstrations staged in 80 cities across 33 countries.
  44. 44. 7th Jan 2016 15th Apr 2019 BoE: In a climate Minsky moment (sudden asset- value fall) losses could be as high as $20tn (£15.3tn) So warns the Bank of England’s head of international banks supervision, in a “jump or be pushed” message to financial institutions.
  45. 45. 7th Jan 2016 17th Apr 2019 Carney: urgent reallocation of capital needed by financial sector in order to survive climate change “If some companies and industries fail to adjust to this new world, they will fail to exist.” So say the governors of the BoE and Banque de France.
  46. 46. 7th Jan 2016 18th Apr 2019 Mueller report public: 11 episodes where Trump “cannot be exonerated” on obstruction of justice “The President’s efforts to influence the investigation were mostly unsuccessful, but that is largely because the persons who surrounded the President declined to carry out orders or accede to his requests.” Nearly 1,000 redactions. House subpoena for full report pending
  47. 47. 7th Jan 2016 18th Apr 2019 Facebook bans far-right groups including BNP, EDL and Britain First Includes posts and other content that “expresses praise or support.” This after two years arguing that use of Facebook did not boost them.
  48. 48. “You have broken democracy” Carole Cadwalladr tells tech leaders in a TED talk 7th Jan 2016 21st Apr 2019 She names Zuckerberg, Sandberg, Page, Brin, and Dorsey. Afterwards, Facebook responds …with an official complaint.
  49. 49. New Mercer analysis shows where investor returns are to be found in a 2˚C world 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 “Investors need to consider both climate-related mitigation and adaptation in an active way to develop climate resilience in portfolios.” Percentage point changes in annual returns in a 2C scenario by 2030 Source: FT Absolute loss of value by 2041 Cumulative 95% loss of value by 2050 Coal Oil and gas Electric utilities Infrastructure Sustainable equities Renewables 6.3%
  50. 50. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 >1,000 arrests at Extinction Rebellion protests in London …and target landmarks are shut for 7 days Police find that as fast as they arrest people, others turn up to replace them. And Police argue they have “no legal basis” for containment.
  51. 51. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 21 business leaders support Extinction Rebellion in a letter to The Times “We must urgently redesign entire industries and businesses, using science-based targets. To kickstart the process, businesses should make a declaration that we face a climate emergency….”
  52. 52. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 Reduction in UK home-based carbon emissions behind target, & gas boilers are the biggest problem Keele University kicks off 1st experiment in the UK involving a blend of hydrogen and natural gas - will not involve any changes to appliances.
  53. 53. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 NASA tests a swarm of 100 US Navy Cicada drones, dropped from “hive” drones, for monitoring clouds The military is assessing how Cicadas -“Close-in Covert Autonomous Disposable Aircraft” – “could be deployed in hostile territories.”
  54. 54. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Apr 2019 “The age of the elected despot is here”: Martin Wolf in the FT
  55. 55. 7th Jan 2016 23rd Apr 2019 Musk: Tesla finally to make sustained profits with a global network of fully self-driving robotaxis He tells analysts that data from cars on the road will help the company beat Uber. Lyft et all to this prize. To be launched before end 2020.
  56. 56. 7th Jan 2016 24th Apr 2019 Facebook anticipates punishment with a big fine for the first time: $up to 5 billion for privacy violation By the the US Federal Trade Commission for violating terms of a 2011 agreement with the agency to better protect users’ privacy.
  57. 57. 7th Jan 2016 25th Apr 2019 Japan’s nuclear reactors face new near-total shutdown as regulator enforces anti-terrorism rule Only nine out of Japan’s 57 reactors have restarted. And most utilities are behind on the rule, that requires offsite control rooms by next year.
  58. 58. 7th Jan 2016 25th Apr 2019 Global population is “sadder, angrier and more fearful than ever before”, major poll finds All three emotions rose to record levels in 2018, for the second consecutive year, in Gallup's annual Global State of Emotions report.
  59. 59. 7th Jan 2016 26th Apr 2019 Trump withdraws from UN arms-trade treaty as NRA crowd cheers in delight The US signed the treaty in 2013 but never ratified it. NRA members stood, applauded and chanted “USA! USA!”
  60. 60. 7th Jan 2016 27th Apr 2019 One million UK homes, 13x more than in 2017, are now being supplied with biomethane There are now 60 plants in the UK – using food leftovers, cattle and chicken manure as well as grass silage and hybrid rye to create gas.
  61. 61. 7th Jan 2016 28th Apr 2019 UK fracking tsar quits after six months, blaming “highly successful” eco activists Former Labour MP Natascha Engel said that developing the industry would be “an impossible task” despite its “enormous potential”.
  62. 62. 7th Jan 2016 28th Apr 2019 “The world is arming itself to the teeth” Worldwide military expenditure 2018 as % of total $1.8 trillion …76% higher than 1998. $649 bn
  63. 63. 7th Jan 2016 29th Apr 2019 Drones under 250g are not covered in new regulations coming in UK, EU and Canada They can still be flown straight out of the box, being considered too small to do significant damage to a jet engine.
  64. 64. 7th Jan 2016 29th Apr 2019 Zuckerberg unveils new Facebook strategy: a privacy-based approach focussing on groups He says the “massive undertaking” would take years, without setting a deadline for the changes.
  65. 65. 7th Jan 2016 1st May 2019 UK Parliament declares climate emergency Jeremy Corbyn, proposer: “This can set off a wave of action from parliaments and governments around the globe.”
  66. 66. 7th Jan 2016 2nd May 2019 UK Climate Change Committee advocates 100% net zero by 2050 The goal could be met at a “manageable” cost, equivalent to 1-2% of GDP each year, the CCC says. Government projections show UK currently on course to miss 4th and 5th carbon budgets
  67. 67. 7th Jan 2016 2nd May 2019 Zero emissions possible well before 2050: an argument from the heart of UK Conservatism, and… “To claim that we cannot afford to wean ourselves off fossil fuels by 2050 is to rely on primitive accounting fallacies.”
  68. 68. 7th Jan 2016 2nd May 2019 Solar lighting company Mobisol goes bankrupt after 9 years and $80-90 million of impact investment FT: “Mobisol’s markets have lately been subject to ruinous droughts and the economic effects of commodity price declines.”
  69. 69. 7th Jan 2016 3rd May 2019 Fiat Chrysler to pay Tesla €1.8bn through 2022 for CO2 credits needed to avoid large US and EU fines Carmakers across Europe need to meet a 2020 target of average car CO2 emissions of 95g per km. In 2018, they were 120.5g per km.
  70. 70. 7th Jan 2016 5th May 2019 Facebook shows off a “war room” it has set up in Dublin to protect EU elections from interference Defeating fake accounts “has become a matter of corporate survival” (Guardian) ….yet the team is just 40 for 24 official EU languages. FB says 2.8bn fake accounts taken down Oct 2017 to Nov 2018, but few details.
  71. 71. 7th Jan 2016 6th May 2019 Renewable capacity growth worldwide stalled in 2018 after two decades of strong expansion: IEA “The world cannot afford to press ‘pause’ on the expansion of renewables and governments need to act quickly”: ED Fatih Birol
  72. 72. 7th Jan 2016 6th May 2019 New net capacity from renewables increased by about 180 GW in 2018, the same as 2017 IEA: This is only around 60% of the net additions needed each year to meet Paris climate goals: that requires 300 GW a year to 2030.
  73. 73. 7th Jan 2016 8th May 2019 UK to lose £1.1bn in carbon-credit revenue from EU in the event of a no-deal Brexit Under no-deal, UK would pay a domestic carbon emissions tax, which is tentatively fixed at £16 per tonne, compared with purchasing carbon allowances under the ETS, which are trading near €25 (£21.50).
  74. 74. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 Stiff VAT rise on solar panels and batteries makes installation “entirely uneconomic”, say experts The UK government’s latest solar sabotage mechanism will apply from 1 October and follow a consultation which lasted < a month, closing last week, which acknowledged negligible gain in tax revenue to HMT.
  75. 75. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 Fossil-fuel subsidies hit a “staggering” $5.7 trillion in 2017: IMF “Efficient fossil fuel pricing in 2015 would have lowered global carbon emissions by 28% and fossil fuel air pollution deaths by 46%, and increased government revenue by 3.8% of GDP.”
  76. 76. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 Global off-grid solar investment in 2018: $352 m ….by just 43 investors, 77% to just 10 companies “Among GOGLA members, many companies reported a need for additional investments, to help the sector grow further.” Total investment in the off-grid solar sector p.a. $m USD # of investors making at least 1 transaction in one particular year Source: GOGLA
  77. 77. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 In the provision of debt for off-grid solar companies, depressing evidence post-Paris... The foundation world seems to have given up on SDG7, and the commercial world – despite all the rhetoric – barely features. Debt Transactions per Funding Source p.a. $m USD Source: GOGLA Unknown Crowd funding Impact DFI & other gov’t Foundation Commercial
  78. 78. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 Tech giants create a circular firing squad sniping at each other over privacy Google, Apple, Facebook, and Microsoft variously accuse each other of bad practice and bad faith, and all now claim privacy is a focus for them going forward.
  79. 79. 7th Jan 2016 9th May 2019 Co-founder calls for Facebook to be broken up over “unprecedented, un American” power Chris Hughes: “Mark’s influence is staggering, far beyond that of anyone else in the private sector or in government. He controls three core communications platforms – Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp – that billions of people use every day.”
  80. 80. 7th Jan 2016 14th May 2019 “Falling renewables investment stalls Paris climate goals” IEA warns that renewables investment was down for the second year running in 2018, to $304bn, and fossil fuel investment up, to $1.22 trillion. Birol: “the appetite to push low carbon investments and policies is slowly fading.”
  81. 81. 7th Jan 2016 14th May 2019 San Francisco becomes first US city to ban agency use of facial recognition tech “This is really about saying: ‘We can have security without being a security state. We can have good policing without being a police state’.”
  82. 82. 7th Jan 2016 15th May 2019 UK solar generation record falls amidst bright skies: 9.47 GW at midday, 26% of UK power output Total current solar PV generation capacity stands at just > 13GW. It has not increased since closure of the Renewables Obligation in 2017.
  83. 83. 7th Jan 2016 15th May 2019 A tiny four-winged robotic insect flies much more like the real thing than robots with two Engineers at the University of Southern California halved the weight of a crucial component to make fine control of pitch, roll, and yaw possible. Bee+ wingspan 33 mm weight 95 mg
  84. 84. 7th Jan 2016 16th May 2019 “Extraordinary thinning” revealed by satellite data in the deep interior of the Antarctica ice sheet The WAIS was stable in 1992, now up to a quarter of its expanse is thinning. Complete loss drives global sea level up 5 metres. Research led by Leeds University published in Geophysical Research Letters, comparing 800m satellite measurements of ice sheet height from 1992 to 2017.
  85. 85. 7th Jan 2016 16th May 2019 World’s first all-electric vertical takeoff and landing passenger unveiled after its first flight. German startup Lilium aims to have a fleet of the 5-seaters flying as taxis by 2025. Pilot or in drone mode with a 300 km range.
  86. 86. 7th Jan 2016 16th May 2019 “Occidental’s $56bn gamble on finding value in shale” The deal doubles the size of Occidental. It also saddles the company with debts of around $50bn, “in return for a business that has been failing to cover its capital spending from its operating cash flows.” Occidental’s share price immediately dropped to a 10-year low.
  87. 87. 7th Jan 2016 17th May 2019 “Funds survey the wreckage of a debt-fuelled energy bust” “There are a number of really stressed energy companies. They are really dragging the overall energy sector down”: John McClain, Diamond Hill Capital Management.
  88. 88. 7th Jan 2016 17th May 2019 Acciona tests solar wrapper on wind turbine tower aiming to supply internal systems when turbine idle German start-up by Heliatek supplies the flexible organic solar cells, which have 13.2% efficiency, the highest for this class.
  89. 89. 7th Jan 2016 20th May 2019 UKSIF survey of fund managers overseeing $10.2tn finds 86% call on OGI to Paris-align business plans But only 18% say they have set deadlines for oil companies to take action, and 57% have not decided on what action to take
  90. 90. 7th Jan 2016 20th May 2019 Coal supporters win Australian national election despite strong climate concerns among citizens Opposition Labor party’s plans for deep cuts in carbon emissions are rejected despite 57% “strong concern” re climate in recent poll. Scott Morrison, PM: coal promoter, derider of solar and wind
  91. 91. 7th Jan 2016 20th May 2019 Google follows US government trade blacklisting of Huawei by blocking its access to Android updates Observers say Chinese countermeasures could include encouraging a consumer boycott of US goods, such as Apple products.
  92. 92. 7th Jan 2016 21st May 2019 Office worker launches groundbreaking legal action against UK police use of facial recognition Supported by the campaign group Liberty, Ed Bridges, from Cardiff, raised money through crowdfunding to pursue the action.
  93. 93. 7th Jan 2016 21st May 2019 “Just about every shale company that I keep track of suffered negative free cash flows in Q1 2019” This at a breakeven price of $46 a barrel and an average West Texas Oil price of $54.82. 16 shale companies paid nearly $900 m in interest. Free cash flow is cash from operations minus total capital expenditure
  94. 94. 7th Jan 2016 21st May 2019 >99% of BP shareholders vote for Paris-compliant disclosure, and 8% for inclusion of users emissions “The key concern of investors is that BP has not demonstrated that its strategy is consistent with the Paris climate goals”: Bruce Duguid, Hermes.
  95. 95. 7th Jan 2016 22nd May 2019 The world is far short of the SDG7 target trajectory, IEA / IRENA / UN / World Bank / WHO report Annual investment 2018 to 2030 will need to double, reaching $55bn for energy access, $700 bn for renewables, $600 bn for energy efficiency.
  96. 96. 7th Jan 2016 22nd May 2019 China approves first 21GW of subsidy-free renewables, with solar dominating List of 224 projects comprises 168 solar PV arrays (14.78 GW) and 56 onshore wind farms (4.51GW) and across 16 provinces.
  97. 97. 7th Jan 2016 22nd May 2019 Far-right racist lies flood Facebook, viewed half a billion times across Europe ahead of EU Elections So a major investigation by Avaaz finds. Facebook, notified of 500 hate- propaganda sites viewed >500 million times in 3 months, takes down 77.
  98. 98. 7th Jan 2016 23rd May 2019 The Trump administration has lost almost all the many environmental legal cases it has faced Government has lost >90% of 41 legal actions related to regulatory rollbacks. The NRDC has filed cases every 11 days on average.
  99. 99. 7th Jan 2016 24th May 2019 New NOAA data show that atmospheric methane levels surged to a new record in 2018 And the oil and gas industry fracks away, often lobbying to suppress even monitoring of leakage, often substantial where measured. ppb Large scale fracking of shale starts in the USA (one candidate reason for the increase, or part thereof)
  100. 100. 7th Jan 2016 24th May 2019 Facebook plans to launch 'GlobalCoin' cryptocurrency in 2020 Zuckerberg has met with the US Treasury and the Bank of England to discuss how his creation can take over the world of payments.
  101. 101. 7th Jan 2016 26th May 2019 Liberals and Greens are the winners across Europe in the EU elections …majoring on the climate crisis This is despite the widespread fears about the rise of the far right and abuse of social media to spread lies and hate. Source: The Guardian (centre right Merkel’s CDU etc) (Farage etc)
  102. 102. 7th Jan 2016 29th May 2019 83 % of solar PV & 77% of onshore wind due 2020 to produce cheaper electricity than any fossil fuel Source: IRENA
  103. 103. 7th Jan 2016 29th May 2019 The vital statistics of utility-scale solar PV 2010 to 2018: the steepest learning curve of all RE Source: IRENA
  104. 104. 7th Jan 2016 29th May 2019 GOGLA members’ sales in H2 2018 bring global cumulative off-grid solar lighting sales to 42 million Source: GOGLA / Lighting Global
  105. 105. GOGLA estimates that these data - sales of 84 GOGLA members - represent c. 30% of all solar lanterns and multi-light systems sold globally and 60-80% of off-grid SHS with panel >11 Wp. Global solar lighting sales have essentially stalled since 2015/16 …despite a steep rise in investment 7th Jan 2016 29th Apr 2019 0 1 2 3 4 5 H2 2010 H1 2011 H2 2011 H1 2012 H2 2012 H1 2013 H2 2013 H1 2014 H2 2014 H1 2015 H2 2015 H1 2016 H2 2016 H1 2017 H2 2017 million Data source: GOGLA / Lighting Global Only 42 million solar light sales in all …when 840 million still have no electricity $207m$75 m$18 m$21 mInvestment: H1 2018 H2 2018 3.9 $352m$293m$317m 3.7
  106. 106. One is a call for a report on the risks of storms, floods, and rising sea levels affecting Exxon’s chemicals plants. At Exxon’s AGM climate-related shareholder proposals are rejected by most investors 7th Jan 2016 29th Apr 2019
  107. 107. Press release from department says increasing export capacity is “critical to spreading freedom gas throughout the world.” US energy department rebrands fossil fuels as “molecules of freedom” 7th Jan 2016 29th Apr 2019 Alternative view: Freedom willfully to fuel climate chaos: the IEA estimates that methane leakage and gas flaring are responsible for 7% of all global greenhouse gas emissions
  108. 108. So a new report by Prospect finds. Akin to the devastation caused to coalmining communities in the 1980s, the union says. UK renewables jobs plunge by a third 2014-17 and investment in renewables halves 2015-17 7th Jan 2016 30th Apr 2019
  109. 109. 7th Jan 2016 31st May 2019 UK has gone >14 days without using coal for electricity – the longest since first use in 1882 The rapid collapse of coal power in Britain has in part due to the “carbon price floor” introduced in 2013, which slashed the fuel’s profitability.
  110. 110. 7th Jan 2016 27th May 2019 Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace with Paris goals for clean energy transitions 1 of 3 Of the 45 energy technologies and sectors assessed in the IEA’s latest Tracking Clean Energy Progress (TCEP), only 7 are on track with the IEA’s Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS). New to the survey this year …7% of global emissions, the IEA estimates
  111. 111. 7th Jan 2016 27th May 2019 Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace with Paris goals for clean energy transitions 2 of 3 Of the 45 energy technologies and sectors assessed in the IEA’s latest Tracking Clean Energy Progress (TCEP), only 7 are on track with the IEA’s Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS).
  112. 112. 7th Jan 2016 27th May 2019 Progress on energy technologies fails to keep pace with Paris goals for clean energy transitions 3 of 3 Of the 45 energy technologies and sectors assessed in the IEA’s latest Tracking Clean Energy Progress (TCEP), only 7 are on track with the IEA’s Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS).
  113. 113. 7th Jan 2016 30th May 2019 42 governments agree a (non-binding) a global governance framework for the regulation of AI Includes OECD members US, UK, and Japan and non-members Brazil and Argentina. China has not signed.
  114. 114. 7th Jan 2016 30th May 2019 Shareholders challenge Facebook and Zuckerberg at AGM ….and leave empty handed 8 shareholder proposals, majoring on limiting Zuckerberg’s power, are rejected. All it took was for Zuckerberg to vote them down.
  115. 115. 7th Jan 2016 31st May 2019 Up to 70 TW of solar PV feasibly envisioned by 2050 (10 by 2030), providing most global energy So an international team of 45 solar experts argues in a peer-reviewed paper in Science. Up from 0.5 TW today and 1 TW by 2022-2023. Total final consumption and world electricity, according to the 2018 World Energy Outlook (WEO) New Policies Scenario 3 scenarios for for growth of PV cumulative capacity assuming global average energy yield of 1,370 kWh/kWp
  116. 116. 7th Jan 2016 1st Jun 2019 Investment soars in exchange traded funds designed to address the world’s ills From $5 bn in 2016 to $26 bn today, with Europe and especially the Nordics leading the way among the nearly 200 funds operating today. “2019 looks as if it will be the year when environmental, social and governance considerations are moving out of a specialised niche into the mainstream.” Gillian Tett, FT
  117. 117. 7th Jan 2016 2nd Jun 2019 Facebook joins Shell for its first direct RE investment: a 397 MW PV project in Texas Facebook will be the tax equity investor and Shell the physical power buyer.
  118. 118. 7th Jan 2016 3rd Jun 2019 “China Has Whole Towns Focused Entirely on Making Electric Cars” At least 20 electric-centric versions of Detroit are under construction, with c. $30 billion investment. China has around 500 EV manufacturers. China accounts for >50% of all global passenger EV sales today
  119. 119. 7th Jan 2016 3rd Jun 2019 “US Companies Help Censor the Internet in China, Too” Microsoft and Apple comply with China’s censorship, Google and Facebook seem prepared to in order to get into the market.
  120. 120. 7th Jan 2016 4th Jun 2019 “The looming 100-year US-China conflict” Martin Wolf in the FT “The aim is US domination. The means is control over China, or separation from China. Anybody who believes a rules- based multilateral order, our globalised economy, or even harmonious international relations, are likely to survive this conflict is deluded.”
  121. 121. 7th Jan 2016 4th Jun 2019 Worlds biggest companies see a trillion dollars of climate risk, but around double that in benefits $2.1 trillion in benefits estimated from annual disclosures to CDP. $970 billion at risk - more than half of it anticipated within 5 years.
  122. 122. 7th Jan 2016 4th Jun 2019 SC works with CrossBoundary to deliver a first solar plant for Unilever in Africa, 619 kW online today Helping towards Unilever’s 100% RE by 2030 target. A landmark solar tracker installation in Kenya.
  123. 123. 7th Jan 2016 4th Jun 2019 “We are listening to Greta”: Oil and Gas UK CEO Deirdre Michie “We are clear that climate change is a real and present danger that we must deal with together.” We want “the world to be a better place too.”
  124. 124. 7th Jan 2016 5th Jun 2019 Atmosphere CO2 increased by the second highest annual amount in the past six decades in 2018 Concentrations were 414.8 parts per million in May ….3.5ppm higher than the same time last year. 1990s: average annual growth rate c. 1.5ppm Last decade: average annual growth rate c. 2.2 ppm
  125. 125. 7th Jan 2016 5th Jun 2019 UK home solar panel installations fall by 94% in May after subsidies cut (79 MW March to 5 MW May) The Labour party accuses the government of “actively dismantling” the UK’s solar power industry. Claire Perry Minister of State Department of Business, Energy, and Industrial Strategy
  126. 126. 7th Jan 2016 5th Jun 2019 First commercial flying robotaxi models scheduled to hit the market next year “A host of companies has flown autonomous or semiautonomous electric aircraft that can take off vertically from almost anywhere.”
  127. 127. 7th Jan 2016 6th Jun 2019 HM Treasury says it will cost UK £1 trillion to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050 What a contrast with other studies of cost and benefit, such as the above.
  128. 128. 7th Jan 2016 6th Jun 2019 Microsoft quietly deletes largest public face recognition data set They had used the 100,000 person database for facial-recognition training of companies, including Chinese giants, and military.
  129. 129. 7th Jan 2016 6th Jun 2019 Solarcentury orders half a gigawatt of modules for just two solar projects The 1.4 million modules, made by Canadian Solar, are for Cabrera (200 MW) and Talayuela (300 MW) in Spain, both starting 2019, online 2020.
  130. 130. 7th Jan 2016 6th Jun 2019 Spain must pay €290 million over its retroactive scrapping of feed-in tariffs (FiT) in the early 2010s The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) rules in favour of reparations sought by NextEra Energy. …unless retrospectively withdrawn More cases are now expected, probably to produce the same result….
  131. 131. 7th Jan 2016 7th Jun 2019 FT’s chief political commentator summarises case that Johnson and Trump threaten democracy Philip Stevens argues that this is because they share a politics that ignores truth in pursuit of nationalism and xenophobia.
  132. 132. 7th Jan 2016 7th Jun 2019 As politicians and regulators circle talking anti-trust, three ways that Big Tech could be broken up Richard Waters, FT: Declaring some markets off-limits; carving out their most powerful platforms to become separate regulated utilities; and unwinding past acquisitions.
  133. 133. 7th Jan 2016 11th Jun 2019 Carbon emissions from the global energy industry rose at the fastest rate in almost a decade in 2018 This after extreme weather and surprise swings in global temperatures stoked extra demand for fossil fuels, the BP Statistical Review observes. Growth in gas use is the main problem Global energy use grew by 2.9% in 2018
  134. 134. 7th Jan 2016 11th Jun 2019 MI5 admits to what Liberty labels ‘extraordinary and persistent illegality’ in High Court Liberty: warrants obtained using false information, and data held in “ungoverned spaces” in MI5’s operations. Admitted.
  135. 135. 7th Jan 2016 12th Jun 2019 UK government opts for zero net carbon emissions by 2050 as a new target in the Climate Act Making the UK the first G7 nation to have zero in law as a target. Critics focus on the discordance with existing energy policy, e.g. on solar.
  136. 136. 7th Jan 2016 12th Jun 2019 UK gov says Smart Export Guarantee for solar consumers will begin Jan 2020 – with no price floor Frans van den Heuvel, Solarcentury CEO: “It’s an ongoing tragedy for the solar industry that this wasn’t completed in time for the end of the Feed-in Tariff, as the impact on solar jobs has been severe.” And still the market may not return, given the VAT hike.
  137. 137. 7th Jan 2016 12th Jun 2019 Investors of $1bn in Tesla-rival Swedish battery co. include Volkswagen, Goldman Sachs, Ikea, BMW Northvolt, a Swedish company set up by former Tesla executives, is using the $1bn to build its first factory in northern Sweden and a second plant in Lower Saxony.
  138. 138. 7th Jan 2016 12th Jun 2019 Deepfake video of Zuckberg posted on Instagram: will Facebook take it down? An interesting test for the company that refused recently to take down a manipulated video of Nancy Pelosi on the grounds “people should make up their own minds.” “Imagine this ….one man with total control of billions of peoples’ stolen data – all their secrets, their lives, their futures. ….Whoever controls the data, controls the future.”
  139. 139. 7th Jan 2016 13th Jun 2019 “Solar’s role in delivering net zero is being vastly underestimated in the UK” So say LUT university / Energy Watch and Solarcentury: by 2030 6x increase in generation to 80GW, 200,000 jobs, 20% of UK electricity
  140. 140. 7th Jan 2016 13th Jun 2019 Global renewable energy jobs rise to a record 11 million in 2018, despite slowdowns in EU, China 33% held by women (compared to 22% in oil and gas). 60% are in Asia. Solar is the biggest sector (3.6 million).
  141. 141. 7th Jan 2016 13th Jun 2019 Trials of Uber Air to begin in 2020: in LA, Dallas, and Melbourne the first city outside the US The aim is commercial operations of the rooftop-to-rooftop service to start in 2023.
  142. 142. 7th Jan 2016 13th Jun 2019 Johnson and at least one other Tory leadership candidate actively discuss shutting of Parliament
  143. 143. 7th Jan 2016 14th Jun 2019 Nearly 100 members of the public invest €250,000 in Solarcentury’s Budel solar farm A showcase in “how developers, provinces, financial institutions and citizens can work together to make a meaningful difference towards the country’s transition to a low carbon economy.”
  144. 144. 7th Jan 2016 14th Jun 2019 Only 15% of the world’s top 500 companies by market cap are in line with Paris climate goals Estimated increase in global average temperature (˚C)Source: Carbon Delta
  145. 145. 7th Jan 2016 15th Jun 2019 If U.S. Defense Department were a country, it would be 55th biggest carbon dioxide emitter Source: Neta C. Crawford, Costs of War Project, Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs, Brown University Ahead of e.g. Portugal, Denmark and Sweden. Profligacy everywhere: e.g. the military’s fleet of Humvees do around 4 to 8 miles per gallon.
  146. 146. 7th Jan 2016 16th Jun 2019 Germany to back EU-wide target for net zero emissions by 2050, joining 8 others Belgium, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain & Sweden committed in May, and UK has the target in law.
  147. 147. 7th Jan 2016 16th Jun 2019 The Greenland ice sheet is melting unusually fast this summer Reminder: if the entire sheet melts it would raise global sea levels by more than 7 metres.
  148. 148. 7th Jan 2016 17th Jun 2019 Russia warns on US ‘cyber military activity’, which they are fighting in critical infrastructure Kremlin spokesperson: Putin “tried to lead the international community in preventing any and all forms of cyber crime together several times,” but “our American partners didn’t react to our proposals at all.”
  149. 149. 7th Jan 2016 17th Jun 2019 Liberty mounts new High Court challenge to UK government’s use of 2016 ‘snooper's charter’ Group argues powers of MI5 and GCHQ to obtain and store data - by mass surveillance not targeted as HMG promised - breach human rights.
  150. 150. 7th Jan 2016 17th Jun 2019 “Banker Compliance Jobs at Risk as Nordea, Danske Turn to Robots” c. 20% of suspicious alerts are currently closed by algorithms, 80% by humans …inefficiently. Nordea wants algorithms to handle 80%.
  151. 151. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 PM Trudeau Approves Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion, opening way for oil production increase “Take a look at my record, and you’ll see that I’ve talked about the importance of developing our resources for a long time.”
  152. 152. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 Solar PV is the fastest growing energy technology, and in an increasing number of countries The annual REN 21 review records 32 countries with a cumulative total of > 1 GW and 11 countries adding > 1 GW in 2018.
  153. 153. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 Global investment in renewable power and fuels continues to be essentially flat since 2011: REN21 Source: BNEF in REN 21 $US billion …excluding hydropower >50MW
  154. 154. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 “Global Economy Propped Up By U.S. Shale Oil Ponzi Scheme” “If oil prices don’t recover back to the high $ 60’s or $ 70’s, watch for growth forecasts in U.S. shale oil to be cut back considerably this year.”
  155. 155. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 Facebook launches new route to revenues and global data capture First use scheduled for 2020. Chair of the House Financial Services Committee calls for a stop to the project until Congress regulators can review it. G7 immediately announces review of risk to global financial system.
  156. 156. 7th Jan 2016 18th Jun 2019 Tapping the internet-of-things has very quickly made Amazon number one in brand value Their Echo range of smart speakers has been very successful. Ericsson estimates 1bn cellular IoT connections already exist globally, rising fast.
  157. 157. 7th Jan 2016 19th Jun 2019 Arms-control experts alarmed by new Pentagon doctrine airing potential for winnable nuclear war US joint chiefs of staff posted then removed paper that suggests nuclear weapons could ‘create conditions for decisive results’.
  158. 158. 7th Jan 2016 19th Jun 2019 US, China and Russia are developing missiles that fly at 15x the speed of sound with great accuracy The priority in Washington is not an arms control agreement containing the new threat but getting the first US version built, target 2022. “can in theory carry nuclear warheads”
  159. 159. 7th Jan 2016 19th Jun 2019 Two thirds of British want faster climate action than zero net emissions by 2050: new poll Increasingly it looks as though Extinction Rebellion and the schoolchildrens’ strikes are achieving a step change in public opinion.
  160. 160. 7th Jan 2016 20th Jun 2019 Hungary, Poland and Czech Republic block EU moves towards 2050 zero carbon goal Orban opposes a majority of leaders who want to set the target, which is relegated to a footnote.
  161. 161. 7th Jan 2016 20th Jun 2019 EDF faces new cost overruns and delays of up to three years at Flamanville reactor ASN, the French nuclear watchdog, instructs EDF to repair 8 faulty weldings in the reactor’s containment building, and rejects a request to delay repairs until 2024, after its putative startup. Start: 2007 Original target launch: 2012 Now: at least 2022 Original budget: €3 bn Now: at least €12.9 bn
  162. 162. 7th Jan 2016 20th Jun 2019 BNEF NEO 2019 forecasts 50% of global electricity supply from solar and wind by 2050 The annual review sees solar growing most, from 2% today to 22% in 2050. EU electricity: 90% RE by 2040, 80% solar and wind.
  163. 163. 7th Jan 2016 20th Jun 2019 International poll shows US is now viewed by 22% as “more likely to use influence for bad than good” Ipsos-Mori survey of 17,000 in 24 countries for the Policy Institute at Kings College David Miliband, president of the International Rescue Committee: a long retreat of liberal democracy has ushered in a new divide in which some states abide by the rules ushered in after the second world war, and other states regard such international law as “for suckers.”
  164. 164. 7th Jan 2016 21st Jun 2019 2019 to be first year that fossil fuels make less than half UK electricity generated: National Grid NG are confident of the prediction only six months into the year following strong RE performance, and the many coal-free days so far.
  165. 165. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Jun 2019 “There is no austerity in the Green New Deal: it will be terminating austerity”: Richard Murphy It “aims to deliver jobs on a true living wage in every constituency of the UK. …Which will mean more spending on local communities.”
  166. 166. 7th Jan 2016 22nd Jun 2019 Hard-right militia threaten to “protect” Republican minority senators opposing Oregon climate action A walkout by 11 Republican lawmakers to stop passage of landmark climate change legislation means, in law, state police sent to force them to attend the Capitol so that the legislation can be voted through. Republican senator Brian Boquist warns police to ‘send bachelors’ and 'come heavily armed’ if they attempt to bring him back to the Oregon Capitol
  167. 167. 7th Jan 2016 24th Jun 2019 Houston begins to realise it has a problem: Pioneer begins major cost-cutting retreat in shale Over the past 10 years, 40 of the largest independent oil and gas producers collectively spent some $200 bn more than they earned from operations. …and a broad index of U.S. oil-and-gas companies fell roughly 10% while the S&P 500 index nearly tripled.
  168. 168. 7th Jan 2016 24th Jun 2019 2018 was ‘toughest year yet’ for UK community solar as installations plummet 78% to just 7.9 MW Ore Community College: 250 kW, 100 investors, 50 local …including me. Generating 76% of its own electricity demand on 27th July.
  169. 169. 7th Jan 2016 24th Jun 2019 “Desalination Is Booming as Cities Run out of Water” Costs have more than halved in the last 30 years and there are now some 20,000 facilities globally providing water for 300 million.
  170. 170. 7th Jan 2016 26th Jun 2019 Zuckerberg says Facebook can't handle election misinformation crisis alone, but opposes breakup “As a private company, we don’t have the tools to make the Russian government stop. Our government is the one that has the tools to apply pressure to Russia, not us.” “It is not the case that if you broke up Facebook into a bunch of little pieces you wouldn’t have those issues – you would still have them but you would be less equipped to deal with them.”
  171. 171. 7th Jan 2016 27th Jun 2019 Increasing use of industrial robots will cause up to 20 million manufacturing job losses by 2030 So an Oxford Economics study of 29 advanced economies finds. 1.7m already lost, with each new industrial robot eliminating up to 1.6 jobs.
  172. 172. 7th Jan 2016 27th Jun 2019 Liberalism “has outlived its purpose”, President Putin tells the FT ahead of the G20 Summit He has met with President Xi 28 times since 2012 as Russia and China move closer on energy investment, trade, defence co-operation.
  173. 173. 7th Jan 2016 27th Jun 2019 100% of Scotland’s electricity came from renewables in Q1 2019, and full year expected 2020 Surplus wind power exported to England and N. Ireland as enough clean energy generated to power 88% of Scottish households for a whole year.
  174. 174. 7th Jan 2016 29th Jun 2019 Wheat-like product made from electricity, water, air and microbes to be on sale within 2 years Finnish company Solar Foods makes a protein-heavy product that looks and tastes like wheat flour at a cost of €5 (£4.50) per kilo.
  175. 175. 7th Jan 2016 29th Jun 2019 100F temperatures in heatwave cook mussels in their shells on a northern California shoreline University of British Columbia biologist Christopher Harley: we are talking about a canary in the coal mine for climate change “that provides food and habitat for hundreds of other species.”
  176. 176. 7th Jan 2016 29th Jun 2019 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Greta Thunberg meet for the first time and compare notes on hope GT: “Before I started school striking …I was so depressed.” But once I acted “I was hopeful.” AOC: “Hope is something you have to manifest into the world, and once one person has hope, it can be contagious.”
  177. 177. 7th Jan 2016 30th Jun 2019 “US oil companies find energy independence isn’t so profitable” “In the last 4 years, roughly 175 oil and gas companies in the U.S. and Canada with debts totaling about $100 billion have filed for bankruptcy protection.” “At least 6 companies have gone bankrupt this year, and Weatherford International, the fourth-leading oil services company, which owes investors $7.7 billion, is expected to.” “36 of the 40 shale oil companies (Rystad) looked at in the first quarter of this year could not generate enough revenue to sustain their businesses, reduce debt and reward their investors with dividends or share buybacks.”Permian Basin
  178. 178. 7th Jan 2016 30th Jun 2019 Corporate debt could trigger the next financial crisis, Bank for International Settlements warns A dramatic rise in borrowing in recent years by businesses with low credit scores, means the market for corporate debt is becoming increasingly unstable.

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