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The 2010 Social Media Playbook

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UPDATED June 29, 2011 with the Social Media ProBook. Check it out: http://www.slideshare.net/jess3/social-media-probook

The 2010 Social Media Playbook is a 10-platform, 42-page guide developed by JESS3 and Eloqua. It was created as a veritable “how-to” guide for our staff to follow on the social Web. It’s frankly everything we know about social media, distilled into one awesomely designed document (thanks for the smarts and design chops JESS3). Now you can have it. For free. You don’t even have to give us your email address. Not a single form to complete. Just take it. Or view an embedded version on SlideShare if you prefer. It’s yours.

It contains just about everything you need to know about Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, YouTube, Wikipedia, Delicious, Flickr, Google Buzz, Foursquare, Gowalla and blogs.

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The 2010 Social Media Playbook

  1. 1. Public Version licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is Social Media Playbook: Everything Your Company NeedsCoPYright Eloqua aNd JESS3 to Know to Succeed on the Social Web CoNtENt bY JESS3 & JoE ChErNov (@JChErNov)
  2. 2. Social Media Playbook Contents Social Media Playbook Contents iNtroduCtioN MaJor PlatforMS > Why use this Playbook, who it > Twitter ����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 8 Technically, it’s swine flu� is for, and how to use it ���������������������������������������������� 4 > Facebook ������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 20 But we call it H1N1 because the hashtag’s shorter� > What social media needs to really work������������������������������������������������������������������������� 5 othEr KEY PlatforMS: > Blogs ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 24 SoCial MEdia guidEliNES > LinkedIn �������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 26 > The 5 dos and 5 don’ts > YouTube ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 27 of social media ������������������������������������������������������������������ 6 > Wikipedia ����������������������������������������������������������������������������� 28 > Delicious ������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 30 > Flickr ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 31 EMErgiNg PlatforMS > Google Buzz ����������������������������������������������������������������������� 32 > Geosocial Networks (Foursquare and Gowalla) �������������������������������������������������������������������� 34 > Tip Sheet: Using Social Media to Cultivate Leads��������������������������������������������������������� 38 © 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 3
  3. 3. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media PlaybookintroductionWhY uSE thiS PlaYbooK? Who thiS PlaYbooK iS for This Playbook will help you engage and This Playbook has been compiled based on Users who are new to social media interact more effectively online, by showing the collective experience and insights of engagement you how to: the Eloqua team and its online network of thousands of friends, followers and fans� Users who are already engaged in social > Leverage best social media practices media who want to take their participation to Disclaimer: This Playbook does not survey the next level > Link online engagement to targeted all social networks. Instead it focuses on the objectives specific to your goals most important networks and most essential hoW to uSE thiS PlaYbooK behaviors for businesses seeking effective > Access supplemental applications to social media engagement. For best results, adopt and adapt these quantify, monitor, and expand efforts Lastly, the Playbook was written for all practices, strategies and tactics in a manner towards reaching those goals marketers; therefore, you will find some consistent with your personal comfort and counsel that is best suited for consumer your corporate culture� As always, changes marketers, and other tips for business-to- in corporate policy should be executed in business marketers. Ultimately it was our concert with your organization’s legal and goal to speak to all marketers. human resources teams�4 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  4. 4. Introduction > Increased Recognition. Recognition If you are like most social media users,What doES SoCial MEdia NEEd is important to online contributors. you may have started out by signing up forto rEallY WorK? Individuals generally want recognition an account because a friend or coworkerSocial media works best when there are real for their contributions. suggested you try it out� You may findpeople, with genuine intentions and quality yourself using it when you remember andcontent, behind every profile, tweet and tag. > Sense of efficacy. Individuals may neglecting it when you don’t�Automated social-posting systems diminish contribute valuable informationthe value of your presence by corroding real The goal is to continue to engage consistently because the act results in a senseengagement� Ultimately, what motivates and authentically, while adding strategic that they have had some effect on thispeople online is similar to what motivates thinking and planning to increase your environment.them offline� According to professors Peter company’s effectiveness� Trainings, reviewKollock and Marc Smith motivations for > Communion. People are fairly social of best practices, adoption of guidelines,contributing to online communities do not beings and it motivates many people organized/planned editorial content, company-rely on altruistic behavior on the part of the to receive direct responses to their wide awareness, and, most of all, peercontributor they depend on these four pillars1: contributions. support/promotion will all contribute to your 1 Wikipedia articles: Virtual_community, ability to achieve these goals� To this end, this Egoboo and > Anticipated Reciprocity. A person Social media participation frequently suffers Playbook ends with a tip sheet entitled Using Sense_of_community is motivated to contribute valuable from the “tactical enthusiasm” syndrome. Social Media to Cultivate Leads� (Retrieved February information to the group in the Your organization should be focused on 2010)� expectation that one will receive useful objective-driven participation. help and information in return.© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 5
  5. 5. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookintroduction cont.While there are hundreds of ways to approach that sharing this information is comfortable If possible, establish brand guidelines forthe social web, there are 10 basic principles with you personally and doesn’t run counter individual and group participation within yourthat should always guide your participation: to the company’s culture and values�) company so that you can build trust with and recognition from others whether you are on 1 Do Listen� The most important first step 3 Do be consistent. When cultivating your Twitter, Facebook or blog comment sections� you can take in social media is to listen social media presence, be consistent about before you “speak�” Social media offers a the information contained in your profile and 4 Do be gracious. Applauding the good unique window into the lives of colleagues, the content you share� work of others and thanking others for their customers, and influentials, but only if you support are the cornerstones of any good don’t talk over the opportunity� Adhering to community on or offline� Whether it is citing a “listen-first” mantra will help you can gain a source with a link in a blog post, retweet- valuable insights that inform how – or even ing or giving a “shout out,” be sure to credit if – you want to engage� and thank the original creator� 2 Do be authentic. The era of online ano- nymity is over (if, in fact, it ever really ex- isted)� Social media demands honest, trans- parent, and authentic participation� Social networks are human networks – so don’t be afraid to share about your hobbies, travels, On the internet, nobody knows you’re a dog� and even weekend adventures (to the extent But they can smell a marketer from a mile away�6 Social Media Playbook: Contents www�eloqua�com
  6. 6. ContentsSocial media works best when there are real people, with genuine intentions andquality content behind each and every profile, tweet and tag. If there is an automatedsystem in place, the value and engagement drop significantly 5 Do disclose. Letting your online audi- 6 Don’t share confidential information 10 Don’t misrepresent yourself or your com- ences know that you work for your company about your company, clients, colleagues, pany. Every action online is, at some level, is essential if you are tweeting, blogging partners, or competitors� traceable, so make sure the content that or posting favorably about your company you are creating and impressions you are online� A great way to do this is filling out 7 Don’t criticize your company, clients, col- leaving, no matter how big or how small, are your Twitter bio with a brief line about your leagues, partners, or competitors� accurate and honest� company affiliation, as well as including 8 Don’t spread rumors or false information your company’s name as an employer on about your company, clients, colleagues, your Facebook and LinkedIn profiles� Ad- partners, or competitors� ditionally, if you are supporting the efforts of a client, make sure to disclose your interest 9 Don’t reveal personal information about in the matter� For more on disclosure best any of your colleagues� Examples include practices, visit the Word of Mouth Marketing tweeting side conversations or posting per- Association’s ethics / disclosure page: http:// sonal photos to Facebook or Flickr without womma�org/ethics/disclosure/ (full disclo- their explicit permission� sure: Eloqua is a member of WOMMA and serves on its ethics committee)�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Contents 7
  7. 7. Social Media PlaybookMajor Platformstwitter twitter advantages From coordinating disaster relief to carrying Platform combination platter: Twitter is a Credible traffic funnel: Twitter is fast out customer service in front of a crowd, mind-bending combination of blogging, becoming a top referrer of traffic to Twitter connect the right people at the right emailing, social networking, and texting, blogs, news sites, and company websites� time in 140 characters or fewer� that allows users to cast a wider net to It accelerates and amplifies business, people they otherwise wouldn’t be able politics, and entertainment news and Key Facts to reach� Stay on top of industry trends provides a new way to place stories with> Twitter is a “micro-blog” or “micro- and news at the same time as you build key players� communications” tool and platform your network of friends, family, and> Twitter has more than 75 million accounts colleagues� Instant roving reporter: People go to worldwide Twitter to find what others are talking> Twitter allows a user to send a text-based The new face of marketing: Twitter allows about in that very moment—with the message, known as a “tweet”, up to 140 companies to listen in on and participate ability to examine the profile (name, characters in length, to other users who have in public conversations customers biography, location), followers, and requested to receive updates from that user are having, which enables them to previous posts to Twitter of those doing> Twitter includes social functions to publicly attract new customers and strengthen the talking� Since Twitter profiles are message (@message) and privately message relationships with existing ones� mostly public, users can also have instant (direct message or DM) other users� Companies can test out a new product or access to data contained in the network� get feedback on an existing one for very little cost while creating a buzz at the same time�8 Social Media Playbook: www�eloqua�com
  8. 8. Twitter Twitter users have employed the platform to stage protests, coordinate disaster relief, break news, air grievances against brands and stay in touch with one another twitter disadvantages how to use twitter Easy access to influentials: The most active Far from mainstream: Less than 11% of all and influential accounts on Twitter are U�S� Internet users visit Twitter, with 5-7% 1 Sign up those run by the media, politicians, and of those using Twitter actually participating 2 Find people tech experts� (How celebrity Demi Moore’s on the platform� 3 Post helpful content twitter feed helped prevent two suicide 4 Take your Twittering to the next level attempts, is just one example of this�) Young people don’t want it: About 17% of This presents a prime opportunity for your all Twitter users are between 13 and 17, company to be visible to opinion setters with just 2% of all users in the pre-teen 1 Sign up at Twitter.com and their bases of followers� demographic� Teens say they don’t need Choose a user name that is logical enough Twitter because text messaging is their for easy recognition by users yet flexible main method of communication and they enough to encompass all of your tweetable are more accustomed to the Facebook interests� For many people, using your platform, according to the New York Times� first and last name or the name of your company makes the most sense� If you Short shelf life: Twitter is a strong, but have a brand that is already recognizable, fleeting content tracking tool� Be advised an astutely chosen Twitter name can the shelf life of tweets in terms of impact reinforce and amplify that image� ranges from a few hours to a few minutes� Chirp and peep are so passé� Now it’s all twitter!© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 9
  9. 9. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbooktwitter Cont. 2 Find People > Find your following/followers comfort zone > Follow accounts that you find interesting. Using Twitter’s “Find People” search It’s common to treat part of your follower list function in the menu bar at the top of your > Follow your colleagues. This is a great place as social and real-time RSS feeds, where Twitter page when logged in: to start – not only can you learn from more you follow news accounts from major media advanced users, but it helps establish a organizations, industry blogs, and industry network of people who can be mobilized in thought leaders� By following these types of the future� “feed” accounts, you will be able to receive updates in real-time via Twitter� > Follow accounts owned by people with whom you want to connect. One of the best > Be mindful of your follower : following ways to engage with individuals on Twitter ratio. Avoid following a significantly larger is to follow them, then start conversations number of Twitter accounts than follow you�> Upload your personal and professional through @ messages and, in the event This can appear overzealous at best and email contacts through the “Find on Other that they follow you back, through direct “spammy” at worst� Consider, for example, Networks” option� messages (DMs) as well� that if you are followed by 5,000 users, and follow 5,000 back, can you keep up with the level of engagement that comes with the @ messages and direct messages (DMs) that these accounts might demand? You might want to keep your “following’ number to less than 1,000 of the accounts that you find most interesting and fit into your overall goals for engagement�10 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  10. 10. Twitter Twitter influences the influencers. Currently, some of the most active and influential accounts on Twitter are those run by members of the media, politicians and technologists > Retweet (RT): Giving someone a public > Direct Message (DM) 3 Post helpful content shout out where an already tweeted resource DMs are a way for Twitter users to privately is usually shared with followers� to connect� You can only DM people who are PoStiNg 101: KEY tErMS Example: “RT @Username: Original following you, and, conversely, you can only > Following: To receive messages on Twitter, message, often with a link�” receive DMs from people you are following� you follow other people and companies Advanced posting you’re interested in� Their messages appear > @username: Companies can exchange Tweeting from a web browser has limited in your incoming timeline on your Twitter public messages with individual users� For functionality, so we suggest using TweetDeck home page and your followers get your example: or Hootsuite to maximize your Twitter messages� monitoring and engaging experience� (More “@JohnHancock Glad you information on this later in this section�) liked our software program > Tweet: Answers the question “What are you Handwriting Magic. Thanks for doing?” or “What has your attention”, as twittering about it. Social Media blogger, Chris Brogan says� Users are allowed 140 characters maximum > If @JohnHancock is following your account, for each tweet, but 100-120 characters is your message will appear directly in the recommended to leave room to be retweeted individual user’s account if he is following (RT)� your account, or, if he’s not following your account, in his folder of @username mentions� Those following both you and @ JohnHancock will also see the message and it will appear in search results�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 11
  11. 11. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbooktwitter Cont.PoStiNg EtiquEttE: > Report events with behind the scenes > While pure text tweets are appropriate whendoS aNd doN’tS coverage, especially photos you have an original thought to share or when you want to start a conversation, make > Share jokes, puns and quirky things that sure to mix in rich media (links, photos,do’S happen to you� Humor and playfulness are videos) to keep your tweets dynamic and> Be yourself, be original: Social media is at the core of what it means to be human, inviting� meant to be human, so don’t be afraid to so don’t be afraid to let your hair down a share about your hobbies, travels and even little (but not too much, remember, it is a > Become an authority and provide value� weekend adventures (within the boundaries public record)� of good taste, of course)� > Give credit to others for the information you doN’tS> Make sure to disclose in your Twitter bio found and “name-check” people you want > Be unprofessional: When it comes to the company you work for, an industry to reach with your tweet� Reciprocity is the company clients, partners, colleagues, and best practice touted by the Word of Mouth currency of the web; the more you give, the even competitors do not share confidential Marketing Association’s (WOMMA) code of more you get� information, criticize, or spread false ethics� information� In other words, don’t be evil�> Participate regularly: Almost all sites that > “MeTweet” all the time. Too much assign account holders a Twitter score place corporate-promotion can lead followers to a high value on activity level� tune you out� Make sure to contribute to existing conversations, retweet smart links/ statements and ask your follower base:12 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  12. 12. Twitter The platform is not yet widely adopted by general Internet users. Current statistics show that less than 11% of all U.S. Internet users visit Twitter; the number of participants is closer to 5%-7% from this same U.S. group “what are you doing?” and “how are you > Too much. You want to avoid filling your 4 Take Your Twittering to the Next Level doing?” The ideal balance is 90% about followers’ home screen with nothing but others, big ideas, and resources with just tweets from you and/or a company-related Use more advanced posting techniques: 10% about you� account� > Reply to another user’s tweet using @ > RT with abandon. Make sure you click > Not enough. Try to tweet at least several Username through and read the resources you are times a week, if not daily� This is key to retweeting� People often interpret a RT as creating a follower base, media attention, > Prefacing one’s comment with the other an endorsement of the content� Be sure and a deeper level of engagement that user’s Twitter handle signals to that user that you have read all of the tweet and advances your goals� and to others that your reply is a message subsequent links before you RT content� directed at them that others may also see� > Auto-tweets: auto-tweets from an RSS feed > Manual or Automatic Retweet (RT) can often come across as spam and turn off To repeat a message by another user, your followers� sometimes accompanied by an additional comment (only when manually retweeted)� > Auto DMs: There are multiple services that This additional comment may preface the RT will allow you to send an automated direct or follow it, if separated from the retweeted message to each new follower on your message with a pipe “|” or double-slash “//�” Twitter feed� At best it tricks a few of your -Manual: RT @Username (tweet text) followers and at worst, it turns them off all -Automatic: By selecting the “Retweet” together� button in bottom right hand corner of the tweet you wish to retweet, you will be prompted “Retweet to your followers?” Once© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 13
  13. 13. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbooktwitter Cont.you select “Yes” it will automatically repost > CC / Alert Some suggested Listthe tweet in your update box� You cannot When you have information that you think one categories include:make any edits to the tweet� That can only be or more of your followers or people you are > Blogs and bloggers in your industrydone in the Manual Option 1� trying to attract on Twitter might like, you can (technology, CPG, political, health, use the “cc” to get in their tweetstream as an etc�)> Mention @ reply, but without being too forceful�(tweet text) @Username (tweet text) (Insert tweet) cc: @Username—can also > Media outlets and reporters in yourDiscussing another Twitter user in a tweet� be added parenthetically like this (cc: @ industry (can be included withUsing mentions can be especially useful for Username) bloggers, but might also be good togiving credit to other users by making your look at separately)followers aware of their handle� The message Use Twitter’s “List” function to createwill appear in the Mentions column of those and follow targeted subgroups of > Other key thought leaders such aswho you mentioned� people. analysts and pundits who regularly opine on your industry and / or “set the agenda” > If you are in a government relations role, make sure to have a list of legislators and legislative staffers in your state and / or issue area14 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  14. 14. Twitter The more people you follow, the more the List function will come in handy, as it helps you parse out relevant conversations and people based on your desired outcome (trying to contact the media, stay on top of industry trends, catch up with a particular community such as those you follow who enjoy sports or politics) > Colleagues and partner organizations lEvEragE trENdiNg toPiCS aNd Geographically-specific contacts EvENtS oN tWittEr: obSErvE > Industry Events: Make sure to participate aNd liStEN in existing conversations by using the > Using lists gives your company the What are others talking about? What value established hashtags, which often are ability to see what issues are being can you add to the conversation? announced at marketing and technology covered and discussed by each group events, and sometimes include the year the for your own intelligence gathering, > Twitter’s Search Engine (search�Twitter�com) conference took place (e�g�, #SXSW10)� and you can also more readily reach is a good place to start for basic searches out to certain subgroups when you > Company Events: Employees are encouraged have an issue to pitch to the media > When thousands of users all tweet using to establish and promote new hashtags or want to be heard by decision the same term and/or hashtag, the topic for your events (e�g�, #YC09 or #YC10)� makers� becomes an official “Trending Topic�” You Make sure that you communicate to those can view what is trending on the right hand attending—and those watching from an > It’s also worth noting that Twitter has side of your Twitter account when you are afar—what hashtag they should use to tag a “private List” function that permits or are about to log in� The art and science their content� You can do this through users to create Lists that cannot be behind trending topics, much like Google traditional marketing and advertising, as seen by others� This is a helpful way search results, is held only by those who well as through other social media platforms to reduce the size of your Following run the platform� But it’s clear that getting such as Facebook and your company’s universe should you find there is a dedicated and diverse user base tweeting blog� The more you can work to “get the simply too much information being about something in concert with each other word out” in advance of the event during piped into your feed� can certainly drive pick-up from a broader the registration period and when working group of users� with those requesting media passes, the© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 15
  15. 15. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbooktwitter Cont. more the hashtag will likely take on its own > To see topics that are “trending”, visit ExPlorE aPPliCatioNS to life and momentum with little additional applications like http://tweetstats�com/ iMProvE aNd ENhaNCE Your promotional efforts once the event nears� trends and others available on the master ExPEriENCE. Twitter application directory http://oneforty� Experiment with applications to help you> Trending Conversations: Look for virtual-only com� monitor, analyze, and participate on the go� conversations that crop up around ideas, Then, optimize your content once you’ve been issues or current events and participate up and running for a few days or weeks� where relevant and appropriate to your company’s social media goals� Your > Master Directory: OneForty.com - organization should also be sure to comment Complete directory of applications with on industry-related topics, but everyone is a recommended “essential” section, also encouraged to discuss whatever topics too� (Note that OneForty�com founder @ interest them—TV shows (#30rock), a movie pistachio is a wealth of information on you saw (#ironman), news stories (#haiti)� Twitter, and a person definitely worthy of You are free to express your personality and following�) should feel free to tweet about personal interests, everything from #brunch to the > TweetDeck: Good for tracking terms and #weather� creating groups to follow; allows you to save your preferences and organize your followers� It also allows for management of multiple Twitter accounts� Requires that you download and install it to your machine�16 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  16. 16. Twitter When thousands of users all tweet using the same term and/or hashtag, the topic becomes an official “Trending Topic.” > Hootsuite: Runs directly from your web > TwitterCounter: Tracks growth with a visual > Mobile SMS: By adding Twitter to your browser� Similar functions to TweetDeck chart of your followers over time� address book under the specific number (for but also great for scheduling your tweets example, “40404” for USA) and synching in advance to go out on a specified date > Klout: Measures influence on topics across it up on your Twitter profile on the web, you at a specified time� It also allows for the social web to find the people the world will be able to text message your updates to management of multiple Twitter accounts listens to most� Twitter from your mobile device: and it recently released workflow tools to simplify account management for corporate > Tweet Reach: Measures the reach of your handles run by multiple staffers� tweets/retweets (RTs) via impressions, a number reached based on how many > Twazzup: Great for when you are monitoring followers a user has; This application does a hashtag during a live event� not count unique impressions� > Twubs: Similar in functionality to Twazzup, Mobile: allows you to save, capture and archive > Blackberry: While BlackBerry now has it’s Include Photos and Videos in Your Tweets hashtag-based discussions� own native mobile application, ÜberTwitter > Tweet text needs to be less than 110 is the recommended choice� A lighter characters to leave room for the URL that Analytics: version of this application is OpenBeak, the application creates for your photos and > Twitalyzer: Evaluates the activity of any which takes up less battery power and videos� Leave room for being retweeted Twitter user and reports on dozens of useful memory, but has fewer features� by subtracting the length of your Twitter measures of success in social media� username (e�g�, @JohnHancock) plus 4 > iPhone: Tweetie 2: This is the more characters to cover the @, RT, and recommended iPhone application and was space between the two� recently purchased by Twitter�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 17
  17. 17. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbooktwitter Cont.> Make sure to set up your account on the Web before you go to your mobile device� It > Flickr2Twitter: This application allows users will automatically generate a unique email with existing Flickr accounts to post your address for you to send your media to, photos via email and the web directly to which should be saved as a contact in your Flickr and Twitter� phone (e�g�, TwitPic @JohnHancock)Photo Tweeting Applications:> TwitPic: Twitter photo sharing site that Need More Twitter Resources? supports upload via web and email� We have you covered: http://business�twitter�com/twitter101/best_practices> TweetPhoto: Twitter photo sharing site that http://business�twitter�com/twitter101/learning supports upload via web and email� Offers http://business�twitter�com/twitter101/resources a number of additional features, such as http://blog�twitter�com voting / favoriting stats, geo-tagging, and Facebook integration�> Yfrog: Twitter photo sharing site that supports upload via web and email; most popular for iPhone users, as it is a default setting on many iPhone applications�18 Social Media Playbook: Twitter www�eloqua�com
  18. 18. TwitterBy following others from your company, you will likely get to know them better and beable to help spread the word when they have news they are sharing on Twitter aboutcompany initiatives and/or personal news. © 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Twitter 19
  19. 19. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookfacebook (fb) Key facts Considered to be the most popular social Facebook was founded in 2004 > Joining networks organized by city, network on the Internet, Facebook is a Facebook has over 450 million accounts workplace, and school or college� “superplatform” that allows users to connect worldwide, with almost 250 million > Becoming a “fan” of things like brands, and publicly and privately share all kinds of visitors per day as of May 2010� companies, celebrities, politicians and information with the people in their network. Internet users spend more time on other high-profile individuals� Facebook than on Google, Yahoo, YouTube, Microsoft, Wikipedia and Amazon combined, according to the social media blog Mashable Facebook’s most used and basic features include, but are not limited to: > Searching and adding friends, sending them private and public (Wall) messages; > Updating your personal profile with daily information (what you are up to, where you are traveling, what you are thinking) and more permanent information (your employment and How long have you educational history, your favorite been on Facebook? pastimes and interests, etc�)20 Social Media Playbook: Facebook www�eloqua�com
  20. 20. Facebook According to the social media blog Mashable, Internet users spend more time on Facebook than on Google, Yahoo, YouTube, Microsoft, Wikipedia and Amazon combined > Tagging friends (via a hyperlink to their Learn more here: http://blog�facebook� actual profile) in photo, video and status facebook advantages com/blog�php?post=383515372130 update posts� > Creating more personalized experiences Personalized, networked web navigation > Greater privacy, greater comfort: FB is on a variety of partner websites through > Facebook Connect—Connects your affords users greater privacy than other Facebook Connect and other Social visitors’ Facebook profiles to your communities like Twitter, which means Plugins such as the Like button and company site, allowing them to seamlessly users get to choose who views their Friends Activity Stream (e�g�, http:// share and engage with your content, while content� As a result, users feel more washingtonpost�com) having their activity show up on their comfortable sharing with their Friends Friends’ Wall Feed� or fellow Fans of particular Pages� They Learn more here: http://developers� create content and engage with brands facebook�com/docs/guides/web and users more openly than on YouTube and Twitter� However, FB has come under > Social Plugins –“Like” / “Activity Feed” / fire in recent months for their adjustments “Recommendations”: Announced at to their Terms of Service, where they Facebook’s annual F8 Conference in late are allowing more personal posting and April 2010, these social plugins have content to be publicly searched and been launched on 30 partner sites and indexed by search engines like Google will soon be available to the public� They and bing� They have also been criticized enable more social and personal for having an unruly, 5,000+ word privacy experiences around your website’s policy, which is daunting to casual users� content, powered by the Facebook data and network of your visitor�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Facebook 21
  21. 21. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookfacebook Cont. facebook disadvantages > Credible traffic funnel: Like Twitter, FB > The Feed Factor: Each time a Fan engages Metrics is changing the way users find websites: with a Page, this action is updated within Due to its Privacy Policy, FB has limited Sharing links to interesting, helpful, or their Wall Feed, alerting Friends about the metrics currently available for Page funny websites is an integral part of the their recent interaction with a company Administrators� FB has yet to offer metrics way users engage with each other on FB� brand and introducing the Page to a similar to Google Analytics which would Webmasters have identified a significant new group of users� The Wall Feed is a enable Page Administrators to gain a deeper spike in web traffic as the result of shared comprehensive and accessible real-time understanding of their Page’s Fans and FB links� archive of a user’s specific interests� Visitors� > Highly personalized advertising: Because of Facebook’s “closed’ platform, users feel more comfortable sharing personal information such as their political affiliation or their favorite movie than they would on other sites� These granular details about a user’s preferences allow advertisers to create campaigns aimed at much smaller, more appropriate audiences than ever before, while maintaining user privacy�22 Social Media Playbook: Facebook www�eloqua�com
  22. 22. Facebook Facebook is changing the way users find websites. Sharing links to interesting, helpful or funny websites is an integral part of the way users engage with each other on Facebook Administration Currently FB only allows Administrators to moderate Comments and post content to the Wall Feed� A tiered management structure would allow Page owners to give your company’s members the ability to post Wall Updates and engage with Fans on behalf of the brand� Stay on top of present and upcoming changes: http://www�allfacebook�com/ http://insidefacebook�com http://blog�facebook�com/© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Facebook 23
  23. 23. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookblogs Should my company start a blog? > Become a thought leader: contribute. What are the options? Your voice and insights are unique and they matter� The more diverse, expert Your blog should ideally be the hub of > Support colleagues: Leave a comment, and useful your posts are, the greater your company’s content-creation wheel by tweet about it, and/or share the link your chances are to increase leads, me- providing relevant commentary and news on Facebook� This helps strengthen dia coverage, and overall industry clout� that positions you as an insider within your coworker relationships, while also show- Is there something that your company particular industry. ing visitors – who could be a prospect, does that you know really well that oth- a member of the media, or even a ers always ask you about? Consider competitor – that your organization is a writing a post, or series of posts, for the team� company blog� > Point prospects to relevant entries� Your goal is to have timely, relevant, and in- sightful content about your industry and your products� Follow-up with a lead or connect with a new prospect by sending them a link to a relevant blog post that someone from your company has written with a simple “Thought you might be interested in this post�” Use your orga- nization’s blogs like a tailored Wikipedia entry�24 Social Media Playbook: Blogs www�eloqua�com
  24. 24. Blogs Your voice and insights are unique and they matter. The more diverse, expert and useful our posts are, the greater our chances are to increase leads, media coverage and overall industry clout How should I engage in the larger > Gain industry insights: With over 126 mil- > Set up RSS feeds to more effectively and blogosphere? lion blogs and counting, there is a blog efficiently manage the blogs you read: for just about anything you might want to There are a number of RSS (Really Simple > Build relationships with influencers and know about� Syndication) readers that you can use to prospects: Marketers, reporters, technolo- organize the blogs that you are following gists and even clients maintain personal > Examples: and keep on top of your blog reading� Net- and professional blogs� Searching some- Social media and technology: Mashable, vibes, Google Reader, and my6sense (an one’s name within Google Blog Search ZDNet, TechCrunch and ReadWriteWeb� iPhone app) are recommended� and/or Technorati their blogosphere activi- ties� Once you have found them, work Macro trends in marketing, media and on becoming a regular commenter and a advertising: promoter of their content on Twitter and AdRants, AdFreak, MediaShift and Facebook� MediaPost� > Track competitors: Many of your com- I had my own blog for a while, petitors maintain blogs, Twitter feeds, and but I decided to go back to just Facebook pages� By following what they pointless, incessant barking are talking about and promoting, you can gain important insights into what they are interested in�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Blogs 25
  25. 25. Social Media Playbook LinkedInSocial Media Playbooklinkedin Why use linkedin? LinkedIn is a business oriented social LinkedIn is most useful for those interested > Keep track of your job positions, pro- networking site that allows you to display in making business connections, cultivating motions, and accomplishments in one your professional experience, academic leads, developing their personal brands and place� accomplishments, connect with former and growing their professional networks� current colleagues, and perform prospect > Have the potential to rank well for your research. It was founded in May 2003 and Specifically you can: name in search results (depending on has over 60 million registered users from Use LinkedIn to serve as a virtual Rolo- how many other people share your same more than 200 countries. dex™ of contacts that can be accessed name and their activity level online) from wherever you are� with highly relevant content that you have control over, such as your resume > Connect with other professional and educational contacts that may serve > Connect with current and former em- as leads themselves, or connect you to ployees of your company� other leads� The platform allows you to identify the types of connections that For more information on how to leverage your connections have (e�g�, first or sec- LinkedIn to generate and cultivate leads, ond degree) and see how far away your please see the tip sheet at the end of the contacts are from people you are trying Playbook� to contact�26 Social Media Playbook: LinkedIn www�eloqua�com
  26. 26. Social Media Playbook YouTubeSocial Media PlaybookYoutube Why use Youtube? YouTube is a video sharing website on which Content Supplier: YouTube videos are SEO Goodness: Google rewardsusers can upload and share videos. Founded platform-agnostic and can be shared multimedia content with higher searchin February 2005 and acquired by Google in on nearly every platform� The same rank� Uploading videos to your corporateNovember 2006, over 20 hours of video is cannot be said for Facebook or Twitter, channel, and linking / embedding thoseuploaded to YouTube each minute.� as YouTube does not currently offer the videos in your news releases is helpful for ability to post tweets or share Facebook search rank� status updates on this platform� Google-Level Analytics: Since it is owned by Google, the analytics include key word and traffic sources, Hot Spots (showing when viewers stop watching the clip), and insights about what other content users also watched� Global Reach: YouTube is available in 14 different languages and 21 different countries, positioning it as one of most global social networks� © 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Media Playbook: YouTube 27
  27. 27. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media PlaybookWikipedia What is Wikipedia? What Should i Know about Wikipedia? Wikipedia is an online encyclopedia created and maintained by volunteer Most important reference site on the editors� Founded in 2001 by Jimmy Internet: According to the website Wales and Larry Sanger, it has tracking service Alexa, Wikipedia is the grown quickly to become the largest 5th most visited website in the United encyclopedia in the world, covering States, and 6th most visited in the many more topics than any traditional entire world, with more than 50 million encyclopedia before it� Wikipedia now visits per month� Wikipedia articles are contains more than 15 million articles, often found at the top of Google search among them 3�2 million in English� results, contributing to its prominence� Researchers, journalists, and students rely on Wikipedia daily as a starting point for research�28 Social Media Playbook: Wikipedia www�eloqua�com
  28. 28. Wikipedia According to the website tracking service Alexa, Wikipedia is the 5th most visited website in the United States, and 6th most visited in the entire world, with more than 50 million visits per month Let the reader beware: The defining feature consensus of participating editors, which of Wikipedia is its open nature� Because sometimes leads to contentious disputes� anyone may contribute, new information may be added easily and mistakes can be quickly What to know about participating: corrected� However, vandalism is a constant Employees should find out what company problem, and some information that appears policy is regarding editing of its page and authoritative may in fact be wrong� When adhere to those policies� However, if you in doubt, look to the references for more decide to make changes to Wikipedia information� articles related to your personal interests, first create an account (link in the upper- Complex set of rules and community: How right hand corner of every Wikipedia page)� does information get to Wikipedia and Familiarize yourself with the site’s policies stay there? All Wikipedia editors are self- and guidelines (search Google for “Wikipedia appointed and may change almost any policies”), the most important of which is to page without prior review by any Wikipedia be polite� authority� Wikipedia content is governed by approximately 50 mandatory policies and 100 guidelines� The rest is decided by© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Wikipedia 29
  29. 29. Social Media Playbook DeliciousSocial Media Playbookdelicious What is delicious? Why use delicious? Founded in 2003 and bought by Yahoo The concept of social bookmarking expands the two years later, Delicious is a social utility of saving links to your machine’s desktop bookmarking web service for storing, by: sharing, and discovering web bookmarks� It has over 5�3 million users and 180 > Making your bookmarks to be accessible from million unique URLs bookmarked� the cloud, or the Internet� > Allowing you to tag the content with key words that can help you remember why you saved it and/or help others find what you have saved� Much like geosocial networking, the value is in the metadata volunteered by thou- sands of users� > Helping you find highly relevant content from other users by seeing how they tagged it, if they gave it a description, and what other types of content they have saved� Think of it as a highly refined, pre-vetted Google search with the ability to learn more about the per- son who saved the link in the first place�30 Social Media Playbook: Delicious www�eloqua�com
  30. 30. Social Media Playbook FlickrSocial Media Playbookflickr Why use flickr? Flickr is an image and video hosting website, Increase the reach and relevance of your Allow your photos to be shared, embed- web services suite, and online community. In photos: Tagging and titling your photos ded and blogged about: While Facebook addition to being a popular website for users help them rank in Google Image searches trumps Flickr when it comes to sheer to share and embed personal photographs, and can increase your SEO findability� volume, Flickr wins when it comes to the service is widely used by bloggers to host off-platform sharing and embedding� Fa- images that they embed in blogs and social Connect with like minds that enjoy pho- cebook is a “walled garden” that has a media. It was founded in February 2004 and tography in general, or taking photos of lot of privacy layers in place between you acquired by Yahoo a year later. It states that certain subject matters such as birds, and photos, where as Flickr is much more it hosts over 4 billion images. butterflies, food, travel, animals, cats, open (provided users continue to allow and more� Flickr has what is called their content to be public), allowing you “Flickr Groups” for users to join based on to link to and embed photos as you would interest and Flickr Pools for photos to be a video from YouTube� pooled together based on relevance of the topic� An example of using Flickr well: HubSpot- http://www�flickr�com/people/hubspot/� © 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Flickr 31
  31. 31. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookgoogle buzz Why use google buzz? GooGle Buzz is a social networking and Share publicly or privately: You can pub- Inbox integration: For Gmail users, you messaging tool launched in February 2010 lish your ideas to the world or just to your can have comments sent right to your by Google that is designed to integrate into closest friends� inbox so it’s easy to keep the conversation Gmail and allows users to share links, photos, going� videos, status messages and comments via Monitor relevant conversations: Public organized “conversations” that are visible in conversations can be searched, just like Photo friendly: Google Buzz allows you the user’s inbox. Twitter, and provided you have a relevant to see thumbnails with each post, and Check out the official product video from group of private friends, their content can browse full-screen photos from popular Google that explains further: http://www. be equally valuable for industry insights sites� youtube.com/watch?v=yi50KlsCBio and monitoring your company and com- petitors� Connect sites you already use: Like many sites, Google Buzz allows you to import your content from Twitter, Picasa, Flickr, and Google Reader� See updates in real time: Just like an instant message (IM), new posts and com- ments pop in as they happen� No refresh required�32 Social Media Playbook: Google Buzz www�eloqua�com
  32. 32. Google Buzz Public conversations can be searched, just like Twitter, and provided you have a relevant group of private friends, their content can be equally valuable for industry insights and monitoring your company and competitors Recommendation engine: Google Buzz promises to recommend “just the good stuff” that is comprised of “interesting posts,” while weeding “out ones you’re likely to skip�” Geosocial aspect: Google Buzz allows you to see publicly posted “buzz” around you and tag posts with your location�© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Google Buzz 33
  33. 33. Social Media PlaybookSocial Media Playbookgeosocial Networks – foursquare and gowalla advantages Joining a disadvantages of geosocial geosocial Network Networking Geosocial networking is “social networking in To connect and coordinate with users and Put bluntly by the blog ReadWriteWeb: which geographic services and capabilities events based on their geographic location “If you really feel the need to share your such as geocoding and geotagging are used to and your interests (e�g�, local restaurants)� location with the whole world, then you enable additional social dynamics,” according have to accept the risks� This isn’t just to Wikipedia. In addition, “geolocation on To enjoy loyalty programs offered by limited to location-aware applications, web-based social network services can be IP- some venues� For example, a Foursquare though� Posting Twitter updates from your based or use hotspot trilateration. For mobile “mayor” – someone who has earned their vacation also make it pretty obvious that social networks, texted location information position after checking in at the same you are not at home�” or mobile phone tracking can enable location- location a certain number of times – is based services to enrich social networking.” offered special deals on food, clothing and drinks by certain venues such as a free beer by Good Hurt in LA: http://twitter� com/goodhurt/status/1888504443� To learn more about a given area or venue: The data volunteered by users is often helpful and insightful when it comes to what to order (or avoid) as well as which sights to see when you are visiting a city, region or street�34 Social Media Playbook: Geosocial Networks www�eloqua�com
  34. 34. Geosocial Networking As of May 2010, Foursquare has over 1 million members and Gowalla has approximately 500,000 members. During South by Southwest Interactive (SXSWi) in March of 2010, Foursquare boasted single-day checkin numbers surpassing 347,000 and 352,000 respectively top geosocial Networks Risks include: Brightkite: Allows registered users to connect > Signaling to criminals that you aren’t home: > Appearing unprofessional to clients or with their friends and also meet new people The site PleaseRobMe�com has since been coworkers in the event you are out late based on the places they go� Once a user taken down, but was posting people’s during the work week. This may sound “checks in” at a place, they can post notes Foursquare updates that indicated that they silly (or obvious, depending on your and photos to that location and other users were everywhere but their homes� perspective), but checking in at a bar at can comment on these posts� Users control 1 a�m� when you have a big client project the privacy of their updates and can choose > For higher profile individuals and women, due the next morning is likely to be to share them with their Twitter and Facebook it creates a vulnerable point of access for viewed as unprofessional� Make sure that accounts, while also having the option to crazed fans and stalkers. you are using your best judgment when share their geotagged photo posts to Flickr� participating on social media in general, and especially when you are volunteering Gowalla: Called a “geocaching scavenger your location� hunt,” you check in at various locations in a given city (their list is confined to a sort of top ten list, such as New York, San Francisco and Boston) and receive points and collect “stamps,” “icons,” and “pins of glory�” A stamp is received when you check in a certain places� Think of them like stamps in your passport (Source: Jeff Croft http:// jeffcroft.com/blog/2009/mar/20/a- look-at-foursquare-and-gowalla/).© 2009 ELOQUA CORPORATION Social Media Playbook: Geosocial Networks 35