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Effects of Child Undernutrition in the Developing World

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Effects of Child Undernutrition in the Developing World

  1. 1. Effects of child undernutrition in the developing world By: Joe Ford
  2. 2. Undernutrition <ul><li>Also known as malnutrition, is a general term for a medical condition caused by an improper or inadequate diet and nutrition. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the World Health Organization, hunger and malnutrition are the single gravest threats to the world’s public health and malnutrition is by far the biggest contributor to child mortality. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Effects on Intellectual Development <ul><li>Mother suffers from undernutrition during pregnancy, baby can suffer from reduced intellectual capacity and cognitive functioning </li></ul><ul><li>Chronic malnutrition (ages 2-3) can impair mental development directly (brain development neg. affected) and indirectly (less active, therefore brain stimulated less). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Stunting <ul><li>The following can be caused by undernutrition: low height-for-age, low weight-for-height, and low weight-for-age. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Child Deaths <ul><li>A key issue is the importance of undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with infectious diseases, the effects of multiple concurrent illnesses, and recognition of pneumonia and diarrhea remain the diseases that are most often associated with child deaths. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Interventions <ul><li>These interventions were intended to affect maternal and child undernutrition and nutrition related outcomes. </li></ul><ul><li>Interventions included: promotion of breastfeeding, complementary feeding, micronutrient interventions, strategies to improve family and community nutrition, and reduction of disease burden. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Works Cited <ul><li>Bhutta, Zulfigar A., Ahmed, Tahmeed, Black, Robert E., Cousens, Simon, Dewey, Kathryn, Giugliani, Elsa, Haider, Batool A., Kirkwood, Betty, Morris, Saul S., Sachdev, HPS, Shekar, Meera. “What works? Interventions for maternal and child undernutrition and survival.” The Lancet. Volume 371, Pg 417-440. Feb. 27, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Black, Robert E., Morris, Saul S., Bryce, Jennifer. “Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?” The Lancet. Volume 361, Pg 2226-2234. Feb. 27, 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Leathers, Howard D., and Foster, Phillips. The World Food Problem. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004. Pg 44-45, 66-70. Feb. 27, 2009. </li></ul>