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Open Data and Open Software Geospatial
Applications
Maria Antonia Brovelli
Politecnico di Milano - GEOLab
GEOlab at Politecnico di Milano
GEOlab is a multidisciplinary research laboratory whose focus
is on the collection, modell...
GEOlab GIS Fellows and Alumni
Geoinformatics Engineering
 First Italian Master of
Science in Geoinformatics
Engineering
 two years international
maste...
✔ Open Data
✔ Citizen Science/Geocrowdsourcing
✔ Open Software Geospatial Applications
✔ OSGeo
Outline
Openness is the movement that promotes the spreading of
information as open. It was introduced by Perritt (1997), who
stat...
A global measure of how governments are publishing and
using open data for accountability, innovation and social
impact.
Open Data in Europe
The relevance of open geodata is
underlined by some reports of the
European community, which analysed
the datasets availab...
✔ Perritt, Henry H. Jr. “Open government.” Government Information Quarterly,
1997: 14(4):397-406.
(http://www.sciencedirec...
✔ Timeline of (Geo) Crowdsourcing
✔ Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors
✔ Research Networks
✔ Citizen Science Projects
✔ Defini...
CitizenScienceOxfordDictionary
VGI
Volunteered
Geographic
Information
Timeline of (Geo)Crowdsourcing/1
Wikipedia
2001
2004...
Citizen
Science
Oxford
Dictionary
VGI
Volunteered
Geographic
Information
Timeline of (Geo)Crowdsourcing/2
2001
2004
2007
2...
✔ OpenStreetMap (OSM) is the most popular project of
Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). Born in 2004 for
streets, t...
Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/1
✔ Geolocated sensors and handheld sensors: GPS,
WiFi or Bluetooth receivers, cameras,
mic...
Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/2
✔ Geolocated sensors and handheld sensors: GPS,
WiFi or Bluetooth receivers, cameras,
mic...
Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/3
Pierre Levy, 1994,
L’Intelligence collective.
Pour une anthropologie
du cyberespace, La
D...
Research Networks: ENERGIC (2012-2016)
http://www.ubiquitypress.co
m/site/books/10.5334/bax/
http://vgibox.eu/
1. Introduction
2. Sources of VGI for Mapping
3. Review of OSM Data
4. Visualization of OSM Data
5. Motivating and Encoura...
Research Networks: Citizen Science to promote
creativity, scientific literacy, and innovation
throughout Europe (2016-2020...
Citizen Science Projects
✔ A laundry list of projects available here:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_citizen_scienc...
Definitions and classifications/1
✔Citizen science: set of practices in which citizens participate in
data collection, ana...
✔ Crowdsourced geographic information  any data
contributed by the crowd with a geographical reference (they
could potent...
OpenStreetMap
Examples
Google Traffic
Ingress
Pokemon go
Map Share™ Reporter
BIKE SHARE MAP
Example
●http://www.internetlivestats.com/
● 9,890 Tweets sent in 1 second
● 2,528 Instagram photos uploaded in 1 second
●...
Open Questions: Eliciting Participation
✔ Providing something back as a motivator. This “something” has
to be perceived as...
Mapathons and Humanitarian Mapathons
A Mapathon is a coordinated mapping event held generally INDOOR.
Step 1
Remote volunt...
YouthMappers
The motto of YouthMappers: WE DON'T JUST BUILD MAPS.
WE BUILD MAPPERS.
Capitalizing on web-based open geospat...
GeoChicas (GeoGirls from Latin America)
• OSM Latin American Women community Geochicas
works towards closing the gender ga...
More than 200 kids mapping buildings in the northernmost part of
Swaziland in a project for malaria elimination (task #157...
Biodiversity
Cultural
elements
Street
furniture
Architectural
barriers
Participatory Sensing
WebApp: http://viaregina3.como.polimi.it/app/ or App (Via Regina in
Play and Apple Store)
Participatory Sensing
http://bit.ly/foss4game
MIGRation pATterns in Europe
http://geomobile.como.polimi.it/migrate/
http://muvias.eoapps.eu/city...
Crowdsourcing in National Mapping 2017
An International Workshop
Held in Leuven, Belgium April 3rd and 4th 2017
With NMCAs...
✔ It is an open question.
✔ The key ways to respect ethics in data-based research
include:
➔ involving participants throug...
✔ Private data is any data or
information that can be linked to
an individual contributor who
created, collected or edited...
To avoid compromising privacy and security, there is an urgent
need for privacy-friendly applications and protocols.
Techn...
• Share alike licenses that require the derived datasets to be
released with the same license; the most famous one in
geog...
Survey report: data management in Citizen
Science projects – JRC (Sven Schade and
Chrysi Tsinaraki, 2016)
 public domain,...
✔ The question of intellectual property is strictly related to the
responsability.
✔ Who is responsible for the correctnes...
http://viaregina3.como.polimi.it/WorldWind/
Open Questions: Visualisation/1
Open Questions: Visualisation/2
Received SMS texts
from Wednesday, December 25, 2013
to Tuesday, December 31, 2013
for all...
✔ ISO Principles and Guidelines.
✔ Reference Datasets.
✔ Fundamental Assumption: authoritative data are of higher
quality ...
Open Questions: Quality/2
Completeness: OSM vs Authoritative Topographic
DB at scale 1:2000, Milan 2016 (building footprin...
City #
homologous
pairs
m(d)
before
(m)
RMS(d)
before
(m)
m(d)
after
(m)
RMS(d)
before
(m)
Milan 141251 2,33 2,42 0,54 0,2...
Open Questions: Standards
OGC Citizen Science DWG will address the citizen science
relevant aspects of interoperability:
✔...
✔ (Geo) crowdsourcing is relatively new but it is a high-pace
evolving approach to science and research.
✔ Many applicatio...
✔ FOSS4G
✔ OSGeo
✔ OSGeo Live
✔ Desktop GIS
✔ Browser facing GIS
✔ Web Services
✔ Data Stores
✔ Navigation and Maps
✔ Spat...
FOSS4G (Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial Applications) are
software that provides the user the freedom to run ...
✔ There is at least one mature sophisticated FOSS4G for every geo-
technology area and geospatial information need and app...
General Software Evaluation Criteria
✔ In 2006 the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo),
was started. (www.osgeo.org )
✔ OSGeo is a not-for-profit organiz...
OSGeo Software Evaluation Criteria
OSGeo Live
OSGeo-Live is a self-contained bootable DVD, USB thumb drive or
Virtual Machine based on Lubuntu, that allows y...
Desktop GIS
Browser facing GIS
Web Services/1
Web Services/2
Data Stores
Navigation and Maps
Spatial Tools
Geospatial Libraries/1
Geospatial Libraries/2
Geospatial Libraries/3
UN Open GIS
To identify and develop open source GIS software (Spatial Data
Infrastructure) that meets the requirements of ...
✔ Global network of academic research and education
laboratories and government/industry partners
✔ Mission: Making geospa...
69
Founded in 2011: MoU between OSGeo and the International
Cartographic Association (ICA)
Georg Gartner and Arnulf Christ...
70
Georg Gartner, Jeff McKenna and Chen Jun, 2014
2014: MoU between OSGeo and the Internationational Society of
Photogramm...
71
University Consortium for GIScience (UCGIS) signed in 2016
Association of Geographic Information Laboratories in Europe...
72
Map of the labs 2012
12 labs in 2012
73
120 labs globally in 2017
Map of the labs 2017
74
✔ open access educational material based on free and
open source geospatial software and data
✔ free and open source cu...
Research
✔ Urban Science - City Analytics: Chris Petit, Patric Hogan
✔ AgriGIS: Didier Leubovici, Nobusuke Iwasaki
✔ GeoCr...
Geo4all Webinars YouTube Channel
Thanks to Rafael Moreno, University of Colorado
Denver FOSS4G Lab
Interested to present?
...
77
Monthly Newsletter with updates
about the Community: Lab of the
Month, GeoAmbassador of the
Month, highlights of activi...
✔ The Open Source Geospatial Community is veru active
✔ There is at least one mature sophisticated FOSS4G for every
geo-te...
Thanks for your attention!
Questions?
For contacts:
maria.brovelli@polimi.it
geomobile.como.polimi.it
Open Data and Open Software Geospatial Applications
Open Data and Open Software Geospatial Applications
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Open Data and Open Software Geospatial Applications

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Presentation from Prof. Maria Antonia Brovelli, Professor of GIS and Remote Sensing, Politecnico di Milano

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Open Data and Open Software Geospatial Applications

  1. 1. Open Data and Open Software Geospatial Applications Maria Antonia Brovelli Politecnico di Milano - GEOLab
  2. 2. GEOlab at Politecnico di Milano GEOlab is a multidisciplinary research laboratory whose focus is on the collection, modelling, analysis and representation of Earth observations http://geolab.como.polimi.it/
  3. 3. GEOlab GIS Fellows and Alumni
  4. 4. Geoinformatics Engineering  First Italian Master of Science in Geoinformatics Engineering  two years international master course taught in English for Italian and foreign students.  It Combines expertizes of Computer Science, Environmental Engineering and Geomatics http://www.geoinformatics.polimi.it
  5. 5. ✔ Open Data ✔ Citizen Science/Geocrowdsourcing ✔ Open Software Geospatial Applications ✔ OSGeo Outline
  6. 6. Openness is the movement that promotes the spreading of information as open. It was introduced by Perritt (1997), who stated "freedom of information issues are centrally important in countries around the world, and the Internet's World Wide Web offers the potential to provide freedom of information at low cost". The doctrine of openness focuses on the improvement of government’s efficiency and effectiveness, enhances the economic growth and guarantees an overall transparency (Davies 2013). Europe: https://www.europeandataportal.eu/ (Open Government metadata from public data portals of European countries) Italy: http://www.dati.gov.it Open Data
  7. 7. A global measure of how governments are publishing and using open data for accountability, innovation and social impact.
  8. 8. Open Data in Europe
  9. 9. The relevance of open geodata is underlined by some reports of the European community, which analysed the datasets available in the EU Open Data portal (https://data.europa.eu). Carrara, et al. (2015) declared that geospatial datasets have the highest commercial value of re-use between all the thirteen identified categories Koski (2011) demonstrated a business growth of 15% in countries where geodata are open • Authoritative Open Geodata • Open Data created by citizens (Citizen Science) Open Geodata
  10. 10. ✔ Perritt, Henry H. Jr. “Open government.” Government Information Quarterly, 1997: 14(4):397-406. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0740624X97900356) ✔ Davies, Tim. “Open data barometer: 2013 global report.” World Wide Web Foundation and Open Data Institute, 2013 (http://opendatabarometer.org/ ) ✔ Carrara, Wendy, Wae San Chan, Sander Fischer, and Eva van Steenbergen. Creating value through open data: Study on the impactof re-use of public data resources. European commission, 2015. (https://www.europeandataportal.eu/sites/default/files/edp_creating_value_th rough_open_data_0.pdf ) ✔ Koski, Heli. “Does marginal cost pricing of public sector information spur firm growth.” The Research Institute of Finnish Economy, Discussion Paper, 2011: 1260. (https://www.etla.fi/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/dp1260.pdf ) References
  11. 11. ✔ Timeline of (Geo) Crowdsourcing ✔ Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors ✔ Research Networks ✔ Citizen Science Projects ✔ Definitions and classifications ✔ Examples ✔ Open Questions: ➔ Eliciting participation ➔ Ethical Issues ➔ Legal Issues: Privacy ➔ Legal Issues: Property ➔ Legal Issues: Responsability ➔ Visualisation ➔ Quality ➔ Standards Citizen Science
  12. 12. CitizenScienceOxfordDictionary VGI Volunteered Geographic Information Timeline of (Geo)Crowdsourcing/1 Wikipedia 2001 2004 2007 2014 FirstCSConference2015 OpenStreetMap 2012 COSTActions COSTActions 2016
  13. 13. Citizen Science Oxford Dictionary VGI Volunteered Geographic Information Timeline of (Geo)Crowdsourcing/2 2001 2004 2007 2014 2015
  14. 14. ✔ OpenStreetMap (OSM) is the most popular project of Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI). Born in 2004 for streets, then evolved into the largest, most diverse, most complete & most up-to-date geospatial database of the world. ✔ increasing number of contributors (currently over 3M) ✔ database available under an open license (ODbL) ✔ increasing interest from the academic community OpenStreetMap
  15. 15. Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/1 ✔ Geolocated sensors and handheld sensors: GPS, WiFi or Bluetooth receivers, cameras, microphones,, activity trackers, sensor for body temperature, heart rate, brain activity, muscle motion and other critical data
  16. 16. Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/2 ✔ Geolocated sensors and handheld sensors: GPS, WiFi or Bluetooth receivers, cameras, microphones,, activity trackers, sensor for body temperature, heart rate, brain activity, muscle motion and other critical data ✔ Web2.0 technologies (Tim O'Reilly & Dale Dougherty 2004)
  17. 17. Crowdsourcing Enabling Factors/3 Pierre Levy, 1994, L’Intelligence collective. Pour une anthropologie du cyberespace, La Découverte, Paris. ✔ Geolocated sensors and handheld sensors: GPS, WiFi or Bluetooth receivers, cameras, microphones,, activity trackers, sensor for body temperature, heart rate, brain activity, muscle motion and other critical data ✔ Web2.0 technologies (Tim O'Reilly & Dale Dougherty 2004) ✔ Open access/collaborative and sharing approach to information resources: Collective Intelligence (Pierre Levy 1994) ✔ Sharing of skills, goods and services driven by the increasing sense of urgency of resource depletion
  18. 18. Research Networks: ENERGIC (2012-2016) http://www.ubiquitypress.co m/site/books/10.5334/bax/ http://vgibox.eu/
  19. 19. 1. Introduction 2. Sources of VGI for Mapping 3. Review of OSM Data 4. Visualization of OSM Data 5. Motivating and Encouraging Participation 6. Privacy, Legal Issues and Ethics 7. VGI Data Quality 8. Evolution of OSM Data from a Quality Point of View 9. Visualization and Communication of VGI Quality 10. Best Practies for Data Collection 11. Best Practices for Storage and Dissemination 12. SDIs and INSPIRE 13. Case Studies of NMA Experiences with VGI 14. Urban Planning and VGI 15. European Policies in the Field of Citizen Science and Citizens’ Observatories 16. The Future of VGI Research Networks: Mapping and the Citizen Sensor (2012-2016) http://www.citizensensor-cost.eu/ http://pure.iiasa.ac.at/14814/1/mapping- and-the-citizen-sensor.pdf
  20. 20. Research Networks: Citizen Science to promote creativity, scientific literacy, and innovation throughout Europe (2016-2020) https://www.cs-eu.net/ 1. Ensure scientific quality of Citizen Science 2. Develop synergies with education 3. Improve society-science-policy interface 4. Enhance the role of CS for civil society 5. Improve data standardization and interoperability 6. Overarching - Cross-WG- Synthesis and overarching measures
  21. 21. Citizen Science Projects ✔ A laundry list of projects available here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_citizen_science_projects. ✔ Other sources: ➔ Scistarter (https://scistarter.com/ ) ➔ Citizen Science Alliance (https://www.citizensciencealliance.org/) ➔ VGI Knowledge Portal (http://vgibox.eu/repository/index.php/Main_Page).
  22. 22. Definitions and classifications/1 ✔Citizen science: set of practices in which citizens participate in data collection, analysis and dissemination of a scientific project (Cohn 2008) ✔Classification (Haklay 2013) ➔ 'classic' citizen science: amateurs engaged in traditional scientific activities ➔ community science: measurements and analysis carried out by amateurs in order to set action plans to deal with environmental problems ➔ citizen cyberscience: use of computers, GPS receivers and mobile phones ✗ volunteered computing: citizens download data, run analyses on their own computers and send back data to the server ✗ volunteered thinking: citizens perform classification works ✗ participatory sensing: applications centered on mobile phones capabilities
  23. 23. ✔ Crowdsourced geographic information  any data contributed by the crowd with a geographical reference (they could potentially be mapped) ➔ The geographic reference can be explicit or implicit (gazetteer services, like GeoNames or Wikimapia). ✔ Data can be actively contributed (Volunteer Geographic Information) or passively (pay attention because not all data contributed by citizens are open!) ✔ Data can be distinguished in: ➔ Framework data (those previously collected by NMAs: topographic databases, transportation networks, building footprints,etc) ➔ No Framework data (biodiversity, air quality, etc) Definitions and classifications/2
  24. 24. OpenStreetMap Examples Google Traffic Ingress Pokemon go Map Share™ Reporter BIKE SHARE MAP
  25. 25. Example ●http://www.internetlivestats.com/ ● 9,890 Tweets sent in 1 second ● 2,528 Instagram photos uploaded in 1 second ● 2,153 Tumblr posts in 1 second ● 1,843 Skype calls in 1 second ● 29,290 GB of Internet traffic in 1 second ● 50,232 Google searches in 1 second ● 106,299 YouTube videos viewed in 1 second ●2,420,172 Emails sent in 1 second
  26. 26. Open Questions: Eliciting Participation ✔ Providing something back as a motivator. This “something” has to be perceived as of greater value than the sustained effort. ➔ Personal satisfaction  make it as simple as possible to contribute ➔ Fun gaming ➔ Reputation  show immediately and to the whole community the individual contributions ➔ Monetary return  awards ➔ Gaining new knowledge ✔ Recruitment: it depends on the target audience. ➔ A launch event or side event at existing conferences, workshops and festivals ➔ Parties, like mapping parties or mapathons (armchair mapping parties) ➔ Schools and education
  27. 27. Mapathons and Humanitarian Mapathons A Mapathon is a coordinated mapping event held generally INDOOR. Step 1 Remote volunteers trace satellite imagery into OpenStreetMap Step 2 Community volunteers add local detail such as neighborhoods, street names and evacuation centers Step 3 Humanitarian organisations use mapped information to plan risk reduction and disaster activities that save lives.
  28. 28. YouthMappers The motto of YouthMappers: WE DON'T JUST BUILD MAPS. WE BUILD MAPPERS. Capitalizing on web-based open geospatial technologies, the mission is to cultivate a generation of young leaders to create resilient communities and to define their world by mapping it. 72 chapters in 23 countries!!!
  29. 29. GeoChicas (GeoGirls from Latin America) • OSM Latin American Women community Geochicas works towards closing the gender gap within the OSM community through different projects focused on the understanding of the role, participation and representation of women in OpenStreetMap. • The Geochicas working group states that the data gathered by the OSM community is male oriented and biased given the fact that only 3% of OpenStreetMap contributors is perceived as women and this has a direct impact on the information and points of interest that are mapped and how the map, the community activities are conducted
  30. 30. More than 200 kids mapping buildings in the northernmost part of Swaziland in a project for malaria elimination (task #1577) Minimapathons
  31. 31. Biodiversity Cultural elements Street furniture Architectural barriers Participatory Sensing
  32. 32. WebApp: http://viaregina3.como.polimi.it/app/ or App (Via Regina in Play and Apple Store) Participatory Sensing
  33. 33. http://bit.ly/foss4game MIGRation pATterns in Europe http://geomobile.como.polimi.it/migrate/ http://muvias.eoapps.eu/cityfocus/
  34. 34. Crowdsourcing in National Mapping 2017 An International Workshop Held in Leuven, Belgium April 3rd and 4th 2017 With NMCAs, Geomatics Industry, academic research, software developers, citizens involved in geographic crowdsourcing and VGI, leaders or managers of crowdsourcing or VGI projects http://www.cs.nuim.ie/~pmooney/eurosdr2017/
  35. 35. ✔ It is an open question. ✔ The key ways to respect ethics in data-based research include: ➔ involving participants throughout the research process; ➔ avoiding collecting information that should remain private, notifying participants of their inclusion and providing them with options to correct or delete personal information ➔ using public channels to disseminate research such as Open Data. Open Questions: Ethical Issues
  36. 36. ✔ Private data is any data or information that can be linked to an individual contributor who created, collected or edited that data. ✔ Many citizens (even when active contributors) are not aware about the possible downstream future usages of their content. ✔ We are constantly tracked by the devices that we carry around with us. Is location information, in itself, a private data or can it be linked to individuals? That depends on the location accuracy. ✔ How to protect not only the privacy of the volunteer contributing citizen but also the privacy and security of the subjects (human and non-human) of the contribution? Graffiti in Shoreditch, London – Zabou (Wikimedia Commons) Open Questions: Privacy/1
  37. 37. To avoid compromising privacy and security, there is an urgent need for privacy-friendly applications and protocols. Technological approaches ✔ Blurring or fuzzing; ✔ Anonymizing data and selectively revealing information according to citizen preference; ✔ Privacy-preserving data mining techniques: ➔ appropriate levels of anonymity , to avoid the undesired side effects on privacy, by means of controlled transformation of data and/or patterns ➔ but with limited distortion to preserve the possibility of discovering useful patterns and trends. Open Questions: Privacy/2
  38. 38. • Share alike licenses that require the derived datasets to be released with the same license; the most famous one in geographical information is the Open Database License (ODbL) used by OpenStreetMap. Open Questions: Property/1
  39. 39. Survey report: data management in Citizen Science projects – JRC (Sven Schade and Chrysi Tsinaraki, 2016)  public domain, i.e. completely free from any restriction of intellectual property;  with attribution, i.e. giving credit to the original creator;  as share-alike, i.e. licensing derivatives under identical terms;  non-commercial, i.e. allowing any re-use that is not of a commercial nature;  no derivatives, i.e. preventing any way of changing the original source or building upon it. http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.e u/repository/handle/JRC101077 Open Questions: Property/2
  40. 40. ✔ The question of intellectual property is strictly related to the responsability. ✔ Who is responsible for the correctness and reliability of data? ✔ Many citizens are not fully aware of the additional intelligence that can be elicited to they content by the powerful combinations of cloud computing and data mashuping and processing technologies available today. ➔ From the position of the volunteer, their legal role and their contribution may not always be clearly defined and this can lead to potentially exposing them to legal problems. ➔ On the other hand, if a data provider or data portal only facilitates the transfer or access to VGI data, then who carries the legal responsibilities related to consequences of future use of these data? Open Questions: Responsability
  41. 41. http://viaregina3.como.polimi.it/WorldWind/ Open Questions: Visualisation/1
  42. 42. Open Questions: Visualisation/2 Received SMS texts from Wednesday, December 25, 2013 to Tuesday, December 31, 2013 for all Milano grid cells Received Calls (6 days) Color: # SMS X,Y: lat,long Z: day of the week
  43. 43. ✔ ISO Principles and Guidelines. ✔ Reference Datasets. ✔ Fundamental Assumption: authoritative data are of higher quality than crowdsourced (is it true??) ✔ ISO Quality Elements: ➔ Completeness ➔ Logical Consistency ➔ Thematic Accuracy ➔ Positional Accuracy ➔ Temporal Accuracy ➔ Usability Open Questions: Quality/1
  44. 44. Open Questions: Quality/2 Completeness: OSM vs Authoritative Topographic DB at scale 1:2000, Milan 2016 (building footprints)
  45. 45. City # homologous pairs m(d) before (m) RMS(d) before (m) m(d) after (m) RMS(d) before (m) Milan 141251 2,33 2,42 0,54 0,24 Berlin 247523 1,28 1,68 0,02 0,00 S. Francisco 766565 0,5 0,76 0,20 0,11 Open Questions: Quality/3 Positional Accuracy: mean and RMS of the distance between homologous pairs of OSM and the Authoritative Maps before and after applying an affine transformation (building footprints) Map Assessment and Warping
  46. 46. Open Questions: Standards OGC Citizen Science DWG will address the citizen science relevant aspects of interoperability: ✔ Hardware communication (standards used by sensors communicate e.g to a mobile phone); ✔ Data acquisition (how devices send data to repositories); ✔ Data storage and dissemination (how repositories make data discoverable and available); ✔ Data curation and preservation (how the data is maintained in particular in the long term when the actual data campaign is finished). ✔ http://external.opengeospatial.org/twiki_public/CitizenScience DWG/WebHome
  47. 47. ✔ (Geo) crowdsourcing is relatively new but it is a high-pace evolving approach to science and research. ✔ Many applications have been exiting the scientific field and are becoming of high interest in the business world. ✔ Despite the (many) projects, it is still a research in progress in various fields, from the legal and ethical point of view to the more technical questions. ✔ Being highly related to sensors (IoT), connectivity (the Cloud), volume, variety, velocity and veracity (Big Data) we are just at the very beginning and we expect a great evolution in next years. Conclusions
  48. 48. ✔ FOSS4G ✔ OSGeo ✔ OSGeo Live ✔ Desktop GIS ✔ Browser facing GIS ✔ Web Services ✔ Data Stores ✔ Navigation and Maps ✔ Spatial Tools ✔ Geospatial Libraries ✔ UN Open GIS ✔ GeoForAll Open Software
  49. 49. FOSS4G (Free and Open Source Software for Geospatial Applications) are software that provides the user the freedom to run the program for any purpose, access the source code to study how it works and change it, redistribute copies, and redistribute copies of modified versions of the software (GNU Project 1996). The software must comply with the 10 criteria listed in the Open Source Initiative: FOSS4G
  50. 50. ✔ There is at least one mature sophisticated FOSS4G for every geo- technology area and geospatial information need and application. ✔ Emerging technologies such as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Structure from Motion are exceptions where the FOSS4G options do not have yet the maturity or robustness for routine deployment ✔ However, several efforts exist such as ✔ OpenDroneMap http://opendronemap.github.io/odm ✔ MicMac http://www.micmac.ign.fr ✔ Currently there are over 350 FOSS4G projects listed in FreeGIS http://freegis.org and Open Source GIS http://opensourcegis.org. ✔ Some of these projects have a history that dates back to the early 1980s (e.g. GRASS GIS) while others are more recent and yet have a wide and solid user base (e.g. Geoserver) . FOSS4G and Software Maturity
  51. 51. General Software Evaluation Criteria
  52. 52. ✔ In 2006 the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo), was started. (www.osgeo.org ) ✔ OSGeo is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to support and promote the collaborative development of open geospatial technologies and data. ✔ The foundation was formed to provide financial, organizational and legal support to the broader open source geospatial community. ✔ It serves as an independent legal entity to which community members can contribute code, funding and other resources, secure in the knowledge that their contributions will be maintained for public benefit. OSGeo
  53. 53. OSGeo Software Evaluation Criteria
  54. 54. OSGeo Live OSGeo-Live is a self-contained bootable DVD, USB thumb drive or Virtual Machine based on Lubuntu, that allows you to try a wide variety of open source geospatial software without installing anything. OSGeo-Live 11.0 released (on 2017-08-09)
  55. 55. Desktop GIS
  56. 56. Browser facing GIS
  57. 57. Web Services/1
  58. 58. Web Services/2
  59. 59. Data Stores
  60. 60. Navigation and Maps
  61. 61. Spatial Tools
  62. 62. Geospatial Libraries/1
  63. 63. Geospatial Libraries/2
  64. 64. Geospatial Libraries/3
  65. 65. UN Open GIS To identify and develop open source GIS software (Spatial Data Infrastructure) that meets the requirements of UN operations, taking full advantage of the expertise of mission partners. Architecture based on Open Source GIS; new products under development GitHub Geo-Analysis https://github.com/mapplus/spatial_stat istics_for_geotools_udig Geo-Analysis functions are available to use via WPS and uDig.
  66. 66. ✔ Global network of academic research and education laboratories and government/industry partners ✔ Mission: Making geospatial education and opportunities accessible to all ✔ Goals: ✔ Create research and teaching opportunities in open geospatial science ✔ Build global open access teaching and research infrastructure ✔ Establish collaborations between academia, government and industry around open geospatial science and education GeoForAll
  67. 67. 69 Founded in 2011: MoU between OSGeo and the International Cartographic Association (ICA) Georg Gartner and Arnulf Christl, renewal in 2015 with Jeff McKenna How it started
  68. 68. 70 Georg Gartner, Jeff McKenna and Chen Jun, 2014 2014: MoU between OSGeo and the Internationational Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing One step forward
  69. 69. 71 University Consortium for GIScience (UCGIS) signed in 2016 Association of Geographic Information Laboratories in Europe (AGILE) signed in 2017 International Geographical Union (IGU), signed in September 2017 More MoUs
  70. 70. 72 Map of the labs 2012 12 labs in 2012
  71. 71. 73 120 labs globally in 2017 Map of the labs 2017
  72. 72. 74 ✔ open access educational material based on free and open source geospatial software and data ✔ free and open source curricula, courses, workshops OSGeo Educational Content Inventory ✔ Teaching areas for some labs are listed on wiki - add yours https://wiki.osgeo.org/wiki/ICA_OSGeo_Lab_Teaching_ areas ✔ open source GIS certificate U Colorado Denver ✔ GeoAcademy, open access on-line courses fossgeo.org: 10000+ learners enrolled in 4 years Education
  73. 73. Research ✔ Urban Science - City Analytics: Chris Petit, Patric Hogan ✔ AgriGIS: Didier Leubovici, Nobusuke Iwasaki ✔ GeoCrowd - VGI, Crowd Sourcing and Citizen Science: M. A. Brovelli, P. Mooney ✔ K-12 education, collaboration with mapstory.org
  74. 74. Geo4all Webinars YouTube Channel Thanks to Rafael Moreno, University of Colorado Denver FOSS4G Lab Interested to present? Contact Rafael.Moreno@ucdenver.edu Webinars
  75. 75. 77 Monthly Newsletter with updates about the Community: Lab of the Month, GeoAmbassador of the Month, highlights of activities, events, conferences, webinars, courses, workshops, funding, scholarships, exchange programs Thanks to the Editors: – Nikos Lambrinos (Chief Editor) – Rizwan Bukbul, Pavel Kikin, Alexey Kolesnikov, Ranya Elsayed, Seraphim Alvanides, Antoni Perez Navaro, Emma Strong, Sergio Acosta y Lara, Codrina Ilie, Nikos Voudrislis (editorial team for regions in the world) Newsletter
  76. 76. ✔ The Open Source Geospatial Community is veru active ✔ There is at least one mature sophisticated FOSS4G for every geo-technology area and geospatial information need and application. ✔ OSGeo projects require not only the openess of the code but also the existence of a Community of Developers, Users and Educators behind every package. This is the key point for ensuring sustainability to the projects themselves. ✔ OSGeo community is inclusive and we need to have more contacts and active members also in Asia. If China is interested in collaboration, your great contribution (as developers, users and educators) will be more that appreciated! Conclusions
  77. 77. Thanks for your attention! Questions? For contacts: maria.brovelli@polimi.it geomobile.como.polimi.it

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