Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
OBJECTIVES:
At the end of the session, the participants
should be able to:
1. Explain the basic principles and practice
of...
I. Global and local updates
II. Brief overview on
- Industrial hygiene
- Safety basics
- Accident costs and consequences
-...
Do you know that due to work
connected ailments or injuries
there is an average of
6,000 people who die everyday
equivalen...
2.3 million deaths
per year including
651,000 deaths from
Hazardous substances
and 160 million work-
connected diseases ea...
Source: The ILO Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment
SafeWork
EME 6%
FSE 6%
India 13%
China 20%
MEC ...
EMPLOYEES COMPENSATION COMISSION DATA
347,310 work-connected sickness,
injury, death claims (2000-2010) or
an average of 1...
39,587 work-connected injuries
and deaths in 2009:
17,713 with workdays lost
113 are fatal cases
BUREAU OF LOCAL EMPLOYMEN...
Occupational Accidents and Injuries 2003 - 2009, BLES
52,515
44,800
36,455
58,720
46,570
39,587
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,...
Occupational Diseases 2007 - 2009,
BLES
47,235
71,894
0
10,000
20,000
30,000
40,000
50,000
60,000
70,000
80,000
2007 2009
...
 Encourages a paradigm shift from
purely compensation to one where
prevention plays an important role
 Entails active pa...
Types of Preventions
1. Primary Prevention – any intervention that
addresses a risk factor for an injury or
disease
2. Sec...
Why Should Accidents/ Injuries and Illness be
Prevented?
1. Needless destruction of life and health is
morally unjustified...
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE is the science
concerned with the recognition,
evaluation and control of workplace
environmental factor...
Hazards are defined as existing or
potential conditions in the workplace
that by themselves or interacting with
other vari...
Identification of Occupational
Hazards
 Chemical Hazards
 Physical Hazards
 Ergonomic Hazards
 Biologic Hazards
 Psyc...
Route of Exposures
 InhalationInhalation
 Oral routeOral route
 Skin contactSkin contact
Chemical Hazards
- Gases
- Vapors
- Liquids
-Aerosols (dusts,
fibers, fumes, mists,
fogs)
-Noxious or toxic
- Corrosive
- ...
Chemical Hazards
Points to remember:
 Chemicals are part of everyone’s life.
There are about 5-7 million different
chemic...
Small-scale shoemaker, who applies glue using
fingers, has dermal exposure to the contents
of the glue
Worker in a small e...
Spray painting on cars without the use of personal protective equipment
Toxic Property Part of body
affected
Time scale of
appearance
Effect Example
Irritant or
corrosive
Any but usually
the eye...
Biological Hazards
A. Infectious Agents
- workers in hospitals
and laboratories
B. Non-infectious Agents
- viable organism...
Biologic Hazards
Physical hazards
- Noise
- Hot or Cold temperature
- Poor illumination
- Radiation
- Vibration
Examples of Typical Noise L...
Figure 1. A worker in front of the furnace Figure 2. Environmental measurement with a
shield in place
Foundry Work Process
Ergonomic Hazards
A. Physical Ergonomics
- working postures, materials handling, repetitive movements,
workplace layout
- ...
Ergonomic Hazards
Psychosocial hazards
• Work demands
• Inter-personal relationship and
leadership
• Work-family conflict
• Job satisfaction...
Evaluation of Hazards
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
•Physico-chemical properties
•Fire and explosion hazard data
•Reac...
Workplace Inventory
Equipment/ Machines/ Tools
• Type
• Use
• Biomechanical aspects related to operation
of such devices (...
Workplace Inventory
Operation/ Production/ Service
Process details
•Process flow from raw materials to
finished product
•I...
Workplace Inventory
Plant/ Factory/ Establishment
• Design
• Construction
• Lay-out
• Building materials
• Sanitation and ...
Workplace Inventory
Workers
• Sex and age distribution
• Jobs/ tasks assigned
• Educational attainment
• Skills
• Health p...
Workplace Inventory
Management
• Attitudes regarding occupational
safety and health and its
commitment to OSH Standards
co...
Evaluation of Hazards
Determine the magnitude or extent
of identified workplace hazards
• Quantity/ concentration levels
c...
• Engineering Control
• Administrative Control
• Personal Protective
Equipment
Control measures
Noise Pollution Control
 Isolate or cover machines or parts
of machines’ productivity noise.
Compressors placed
outside t...
Noise Pollution Control
 Isolate or relocate work processes
that generate excessive noise
Work process placed
in an open ...
 Collection ducts connected
into a main repository
Management of Airborne
Contaminants
 Use of local exhaust system
conn...
55
Personal Protective
Equipment
-Used as a last resort or, if no
other protection is available
Some Signs/ Indicators
Fire hazards Electrical hazards
Imminent danger
situation
Airborne contaminants/
other sources of p...
Worker
Equipment
& materials
Environment Performance
T
A
S
K
Fig. 2 Breakdown of Work System in the Presence of an Acciden...
Accident
 Is an occurrence or eventIs an occurrence or event
UNEXPECTEDUNEXPECTED
UNFORESEENUNFORESEEN
UNPLANNEDUNPLANNED...
Vehicular Accidents
US accident statistics:
- 45% of all accidental deaths are workers
- 4.5% occur in the workplace
- 2.5...
Accident Costs
DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS
INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS
Accident Costs
DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS
INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS
 Medical CostsMedical Costs
 Insurance PremiumsInsu...
Accident Costs
DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS
INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS
 Medical CostsMedical Costs
 Insurance PremiumsInsu...
Accident Consequences
• Near Miss
• Property
Damage
• First Aid
• Lost Time
• Fatality
Safety Principles
You only
see the
tip of the
pyramid.
Accidents
Incidents
and
Unreported
occurrences
Accidents are due to:
1. Unsafe Conditions
2. Unsafe Practices
Accidents are caused by either one or a
combination of 3 factors:
- Unsafe conditions
- Unsafe acts
- Management failure
Unsafe Conditions
• Inadequate guards or
protection
• Defective
tools/equipment
• Congestion
• Substandard
housekeeping
• ...
Some Signs/ indicators:
 Safety signages
 Fire extinguishers
 Emergency exits
 Personal protective equipment
 Machine...
Example of an Unsafe Condition and Unsafe Act
Unsafe Practices
• Operating without authority or
permit
• Failure to warn or secure
• Operating at improper speed
• Makin...
Office Safety
Safe Access
And
Fall Protection
Lifting Techniques
(Ergonomics)
Poorly Designed Work Station
- Awkward reaching creating a possible tipping hazard
- No upper lumbar support on chair coul...
1.Unsafe lift. Blocked view and not using handrail.
2.Trash on stairs.
3.Foot protection. Employees must wear protective f...
78
Imminent Danger Situation
-A broken post which may cause
roof collapse
Coco-shavings
- Presence of coco-shavings/ fiber...
Some Proposed
Improvements in the
Workplace
80
Good Housekeeping
-“If in doubt, take it out”.
Improve lay-out for efficient workflow
Before After
81
Proper Materials Handling & Storage
- Store chemicals and other hazardous
substances in separate areas with
proper labe...
An easy-to-move cart on
wheels to transport metal
scraps
Proper Materials Handling and Storage
Use mechanical devices for
...
83
Fire protecting equipment
-provide appropriate fire extinguisher
near the sources of potential fire,
should be within e...
84
Machine Guards
-Guards should fit the danger
areas as closely as possible, but
should leave the operation easy
to use.
...
Waste Disposal System
-Provision of waste receptacles on wheels for easier transport
and disposal
Before After
86
Before
After
Adequate Lighting
-Natural light is the best and
cheapest source of
illumination. Make full use of it
thro...
87
First Aid Medicines/ Equipment
- Emergency medicines & equipment
of adequate quantity as determined
by the first-aider ...
Proper Use of Signages
Proper Use of Signages
Accident COSTS MONEYAccident COSTS MONEY
Safety SAVES MONEYSafety SAVES MONEY
More workplace accidents that take place res...
Philosophy of Accident Prevention
• Society as a whole has a moral responsibility to
prevent needless destruction of life ...
• The Philippine Constitution, 1987
“labor shall be entitled
to…humane conditions of work…”
Philippine Labor
Code, 1974
Bo...
Rules of the OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH
STANDARDS
1000 General Provisions
1010 Other Safety Rules
1020 Registration
10...
To fulfill the SOCIAL
obligation
To fulfill the FISCAL obligation
To fulfill the LEGAL obligation
96
People working
in a safe and
healthful workplace
are…
Productive Competitive
Efficient
In Summary:
• Millions of work-connected illness, injuries
and deaths worldwide each year
• Common occupational hazards ar...
Break - +++
Have a safe day!
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health
Prochain SlideShare
Chargement dans…5
×

Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health

7 320 vues

Publié le

Explain the basic principles and practice of accident and disease prevention in the workplace;
Express commitment in preventing the occurrence and recurrence of accidents and diseases within their organization.

Publié dans : Santé & Médecine
  • DOWNLOAD FULL eBOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookeBOOK Crime, eeBOOK Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • DOWNLOAD FULL eBOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookeBOOK Crime, eeBOOK Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici
  • DOWNLOAD FULL eBOOK INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. PDF eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. EPUB eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... 1.DOWNLOAD FULL. doc eBook here { https://tinyurl.com/y3nhqquc } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks ......................................................................................................................... Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, CookeBOOK Crime, eeBOOK Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult,
       Répondre 
    Voulez-vous vraiment ?  Oui  Non
    Votre message apparaîtra ici

Basic Accident Prevention and Occupational Safety & Health

  1. 1. OBJECTIVES: At the end of the session, the participants should be able to: 1. Explain the basic principles and practice of accident and disease prevention in the workplace; 2. Express commitment in preventing the occurrence and recurrence of accidents and diseases within their organization.
  2. 2. I. Global and local updates II. Brief overview on - Industrial hygiene - Safety basics - Accident costs and consequences - Safety principles in workplaces OUTLINE:
  3. 3. Do you know that due to work connected ailments or injuries there is an average of 6,000 people who die everyday equivalent to one every 15 seconds. Source: ILO Data
  4. 4. 2.3 million deaths per year including 651,000 deaths from Hazardous substances and 160 million work- connected diseases each year. more deadly than wars. Source: ILO Data 2005
  5. 5. Source: The ILO Programme on Safety and Health at Work and the Environment SafeWork EME 6% FSE 6% India 13% China 20% MEC 8% OAI 24% LAC 8% SSA 15% Established Market Economies Former Socialist Economies India China Other Asia and Islands Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America and the Caribbean Middle-Eastern Crescent Fatal occupational injuries- total: 355,000 Global Estimates (2005)
  6. 6. EMPLOYEES COMPENSATION COMISSION DATA 347,310 work-connected sickness, injury, death claims (2000-2010) or an average of 141,099 cases per year, 386 per day
  7. 7. 39,587 work-connected injuries and deaths in 2009: 17,713 with workdays lost 113 are fatal cases BUREAU OF LOCAL EMPLOYMENT AND STATISTICS DATA (BLES) Based on 5,126 samples of non-agricultural establishments with 20 or more workers. http://bles.dole.gov.ph/SURVEY%20RESULTS/2010%20Survey%20Result/2009- 2010%20BITS%20mainpage.html
  8. 8. Occupational Accidents and Injuries 2003 - 2009, BLES 52,515 44,800 36,455 58,720 46,570 39,587 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 2003 2007 2009 Accidents Injuries http://bles.dole.gov.ph/SUR VEY %20RESULTS/2010%20Su rvey%20Result/2009- 2010%20BITS %20mainpage.html 19% 9% 15% 35% 2% 11% 9% Manufacturing Electricity,Gas,Water Transport, Storage & Communication Real Estate Others Constrtuction Mining 113 FATAL CASES, 2009
  9. 9. Occupational Diseases 2007 - 2009, BLES 47,235 71,894 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 2007 2009 http://bles.dole.gov.ph/SURVEY%20RESULTS/2010%20Survey %20Result/2009-2010%20BITS%20mainpage.html Diseases 2007 2009 1. Work-related MSD 13,296 28,574 2. Occupational Asthma 8,759 4,906 3. Tuberculosis 2,921 4. Other Infections 6,517 3,482 5. Essential Hypertension 6,152 9,101 6. Occupational Dermatitis 5,965 5,644 7. Peptic Ulcer 4,135 5,871 8. Cardiovascular Diseases 854 767 9. Heat stroke, Cramps, Exhaustion, Chilblain, Freezing 577 670 10. Cataract 284 140 11. Acute poisonings 189 192 12. Deafness 172 320 13. Others 334 9,306 TOTAL 47,235 71,894
  10. 10.  Encourages a paradigm shift from purely compensation to one where prevention plays an important role  Entails active participation of both employers and workers in achieving the goals and objectives of WCP Work Contingency Prevention Concept
  11. 11. Types of Preventions 1. Primary Prevention – any intervention that addresses a risk factor for an injury or disease 2. Secondary Prevention – refers to the early detection of diseases and interventions before symptoms appear 3. Tertiary prevention – clinical management of workers who are injured.
  12. 12. Why Should Accidents/ Injuries and Illness be Prevented? 1. Needless destruction of life and health is morally unjustified 2. Accidents, injuries and illnesses produce far reaching social harm 3. Regulatory requirements for management to provide a safe and healthful workplace.
  13. 13. INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE is the science concerned with the recognition, evaluation and control of workplace environmental factors or hazards that may affect the health, and safety of the worker.
  14. 14. Hazards are defined as existing or potential conditions in the workplace that by themselves or interacting with other variables can result in death, injuries, property damage and other losses.
  15. 15. Identification of Occupational Hazards  Chemical Hazards  Physical Hazards  Ergonomic Hazards  Biologic Hazards  Psychosocial Hazards Classification
  16. 16. Route of Exposures  InhalationInhalation  Oral routeOral route  Skin contactSkin contact
  17. 17. Chemical Hazards - Gases - Vapors - Liquids -Aerosols (dusts, fibers, fumes, mists, fogs) -Noxious or toxic - Corrosive - Allergens - Irritants - Asphyxiants - Carcinogens - Mutagenics - Reproductive Toxicants - Systemic Poisons Classification of Hazards
  18. 18. Chemical Hazards Points to remember:  Chemicals are part of everyone’s life. There are about 5-7 million different chemicals known in the world  For majority of chemicals in the workplace, little or nothing is known about their possible immediate or term effects on health, yet workers are still required to work with potentially toxic substances
  19. 19. Small-scale shoemaker, who applies glue using fingers, has dermal exposure to the contents of the glue Worker in a small enterprise that makes boxes, who sprays wood with coal tar, a confirmed human carcinogen, and other hazardous substances, has daily dermal exposure
  20. 20. Spray painting on cars without the use of personal protective equipment
  21. 21. Toxic Property Part of body affected Time scale of appearance Effect Example Irritant or corrosive Any but usually the eyes, lungs and skin A few minutes to several days Inflammation, burns of exposed areas Ammonia, sulfuric acid, caustic soda Fibrogenic Generally lungs Years Gradual loss of lung function leading to disability and death Asbestos, bagasse Allergic Lungs and skin Days to years Chronic asthma like disease; industrial dermatitis of skin Toluene, amine hardeners for epoxy resins Dermatitic Skin Days to years Inflamed, peeling of skin Strong acids, alkalis, detergents Carcinogenic Skin, lungs, bladder 10-40 years Cancer in affected areas Asbestos, certain tars and oils Poisonous Liver, brain, kidney A few minutes to many years Death of cells in vital organs affected Carbon tetra chloride, carbon monoxide Asphyxiants Lungs Minutes Gases replace normal oxygen content or air Carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen Table 1. Types of Toxic Effects Caused by Industrial Chemicals
  22. 22. Biological Hazards A. Infectious Agents - workers in hospitals and laboratories B. Non-infectious Agents - viable organisms - biogenic toxins bacteria, molds and toxins that affect workers in cotton mill, sewage and sludge treatment , in silos - biogenic allergens workers in agriculture Classification of Hazards
  23. 23. Biologic Hazards
  24. 24. Physical hazards - Noise - Hot or Cold temperature - Poor illumination - Radiation - Vibration Examples of Typical Noise Levels Noise Source dB Pneumatic chipper at 1 meter 115 Textile room 103 Newspaper press 95 Power lawn mower at 1 meter 92 Diesel truck 50 km/hr at 20 m 85 Passenger car 60 km/hr at 20 m 65 Conversation at 1 m 55 Quiet room 40 Classification of Hazards
  25. 25. Figure 1. A worker in front of the furnace Figure 2. Environmental measurement with a shield in place
  26. 26. Foundry Work Process
  27. 27. Ergonomic Hazards A. Physical Ergonomics - working postures, materials handling, repetitive movements, workplace layout - work related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) B. Cognitive Ergonomics - mental workload , decision-making, skilled performance, human-computer interaction C. Organizational Ergonomics - working time, communication, staff resource management, work design, team work, participatory design, community ergonomics, cooperative work, new work paradigms, virtual organizations, and quality management Classification of Hazards
  28. 28. Ergonomic Hazards
  29. 29. Psychosocial hazards • Work demands • Inter-personal relationship and leadership • Work-family conflict • Job satisfaction • Job insecurity • Influence and development • Role ambiguity Classification of Hazards
  30. 30. Evaluation of Hazards Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) •Physico-chemical properties •Fire and explosion hazard data •Reactivity •Health Hazard data -- signs and symptoms - exposure limits - emergency and first aid - safe handling: usage and precaution - prescribed control measure Workplace Inventory
  31. 31. Workplace Inventory Equipment/ Machines/ Tools • Type • Use • Biomechanical aspects related to operation of such devices (specifications/ limitations) • Physical condition (brand new/ refurbished) • Maintenance (schedules/ service life replacement)
  32. 32. Workplace Inventory Operation/ Production/ Service Process details •Process flow from raw materials to finished product •Individual steps in the process that may have potential hazards involved
  33. 33. Workplace Inventory Plant/ Factory/ Establishment • Design • Construction • Lay-out • Building materials • Sanitation and safety facilities • Existing hazard controls
  34. 34. Workplace Inventory Workers • Sex and age distribution • Jobs/ tasks assigned • Educational attainment • Skills • Health profile
  35. 35. Workplace Inventory Management • Attitudes regarding occupational safety and health and its commitment to OSH Standards compliance
  36. 36. Evaluation of Hazards Determine the magnitude or extent of identified workplace hazards • Quantity/ concentration levels compared to permissible exposure limits, TLVs) • Duration, location, timing of hazards • Number of workers exposed
  37. 37. • Engineering Control • Administrative Control • Personal Protective Equipment Control measures
  38. 38. Noise Pollution Control  Isolate or cover machines or parts of machines’ productivity noise. Compressors placed outside the work area
  39. 39. Noise Pollution Control  Isolate or relocate work processes that generate excessive noise Work process placed in an open space
  40. 40.  Collection ducts connected into a main repository Management of Airborne Contaminants  Use of local exhaust system connected into a collection dust to prevent the worker from being exposed to harmful dust and vapors.  Collection ducts connected into a main repository
  41. 41. 55 Personal Protective Equipment -Used as a last resort or, if no other protection is available
  42. 42. Some Signs/ Indicators Fire hazards Electrical hazards Imminent danger situation Airborne contaminants/ other sources of pollution
  43. 43. Worker Equipment & materials Environment Performance T A S K Fig. 2 Breakdown of Work System in the Presence of an Accident A C C I D E N T
  44. 44. Accident  Is an occurrence or eventIs an occurrence or event UNEXPECTEDUNEXPECTED UNFORESEENUNFORESEEN UNPLANNEDUNPLANNED UNWANTEDUNWANTED  thatthat – interrupts or disrupts the normal and orderlyinterrupts or disrupts the normal and orderly progress of any activityprogress of any activity – Physical harmPhysical harm – Damage to propertyDamage to property – Delay in operationDelay in operation
  45. 45. Vehicular Accidents US accident statistics: - 45% of all accidental deaths are workers - 4.5% occur in the workplace - 2.5% occur in non-vehicle work accidents
  46. 46. Accident Costs DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS
  47. 47. Accident Costs DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS  Medical CostsMedical Costs  Insurance PremiumsInsurance Premiums  Employee CompensationEmployee Compensation
  48. 48. Accident Costs DIRECT COSTSDIRECT COSTS INDIRECT COSTSINDIRECT COSTS  Medical CostsMedical Costs  Insurance PremiumsInsurance Premiums  Employee CompensationEmployee Compensation  Inspect/repair/remove/replaceInspect/repair/remove/replace damaged or destroyeddamaged or destroyed equipment and materialsequipment and materials  Order replacement parts,Order replacement parts, materials or entire machinesmaterials or entire machines  Rent temporary replacementRent temporary replacement machines/toolsmachines/tools  Pay overtime wagesPay overtime wages  Absorb possible lost salesAbsorb possible lost sales  Hire and train new employeeHire and train new employee  Investigate accidentInvestigate accident  Complete written reportsComplete written reports  File workers’ compensation orFile workers’ compensation or insurance claimsinsurance claims  Clean-up areaClean-up area  Repair damaged work areasRepair damaged work areas
  49. 49. Accident Consequences • Near Miss • Property Damage • First Aid • Lost Time • Fatality
  50. 50. Safety Principles You only see the tip of the pyramid. Accidents Incidents and Unreported occurrences
  51. 51. Accidents are due to: 1. Unsafe Conditions 2. Unsafe Practices
  52. 52. Accidents are caused by either one or a combination of 3 factors: - Unsafe conditions - Unsafe acts - Management failure
  53. 53. Unsafe Conditions • Inadequate guards or protection • Defective tools/equipment • Congestion • Substandard housekeeping • Excessive noise • Inadequate illumination or ventilation
  54. 54. Some Signs/ indicators:  Safety signages  Fire extinguishers  Emergency exits  Personal protective equipment  Machine guards  First aid equipment UNSAFE WORKING CONDITIONS
  55. 55. Example of an Unsafe Condition and Unsafe Act
  56. 56. Unsafe Practices • Operating without authority or permit • Failure to warn or secure • Operating at improper speed • Making safety devices inoperable • Using defective equipment • Using equipment improperly • Failure to use personal protective equipment • Improper loading or placement • Improper lifting • Taking improper position • Servicing equipment in motion • Horseplay • Drinking or drugs
  57. 57. Office Safety
  58. 58. Safe Access And Fall Protection Lifting Techniques (Ergonomics)
  59. 59. Poorly Designed Work Station - Awkward reaching creating a possible tipping hazard - No upper lumbar support on chair could lead to CTD’s Ergonomics Ergonomically Correct Work Station
  60. 60. 1.Unsafe lift. Blocked view and not using handrail. 2.Trash on stairs. 3.Foot protection. Employees must wear protective footwear when heavy items may fall on the feet. Safe Access Fire and Electrical Safety
  61. 61. 78 Imminent Danger Situation -A broken post which may cause roof collapse Coco-shavings - Presence of coco-shavings/ fibers near electrical connections and machine. Coco-shavings
  62. 62. Some Proposed Improvements in the Workplace
  63. 63. 80 Good Housekeeping -“If in doubt, take it out”. Improve lay-out for efficient workflow Before After
  64. 64. 81 Proper Materials Handling & Storage - Store chemicals and other hazardous substances in separate areas with proper labels and warning signs After Before
  65. 65. An easy-to-move cart on wheels to transport metal scraps Proper Materials Handling and Storage Use mechanical devices for lifting, lowering and moving heavy materials
  66. 66. 83 Fire protecting equipment -provide appropriate fire extinguisher near the sources of potential fire, should be within easy reach and properly labeled.
  67. 67. 84 Machine Guards -Guards should fit the danger areas as closely as possible, but should leave the operation easy to use. Machine Guards -Fixed guards should be made of strong material and provide protection against flying fragments.
  68. 68. Waste Disposal System -Provision of waste receptacles on wheels for easier transport and disposal Before After
  69. 69. 86 Before After Adequate Lighting -Natural light is the best and cheapest source of illumination. Make full use of it through installation of skylights.
  70. 70. 87 First Aid Medicines/ Equipment - Emergency medicines & equipment of adequate quantity as determined by the first-aider or health personnel of the enterprise Qualified First-Aider - Must have completed a course/ training under PNRC or any organization accredited by the same
  71. 71. Proper Use of Signages
  72. 72. Proper Use of Signages
  73. 73. Accident COSTS MONEYAccident COSTS MONEY Safety SAVES MONEYSafety SAVES MONEY More workplace accidents that take place result to higher company insurance premium and Higher company premiums means lower profit on each product unit sold
  74. 74. Philosophy of Accident Prevention • Society as a whole has a moral responsibility to prevent needless destruction of life and health, particularly in the workplace • The employer is primarily responsible for ensuring a safe, healthy work environment • Employees are held accountable for following prescribed safety standards and guidelines
  75. 75. • The Philippine Constitution, 1987 “labor shall be entitled to…humane conditions of work…” Philippine Labor Code, 1974 Book IV is devoted to prevention and compensation of work-related injuries and illnesses OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS A set of specific rules on OSH LEGAL BASIS
  76. 76. Rules of the OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS 1000 General Provisions 1010 Other Safety Rules 1020 Registration 1030 Training & Accreditation 1040 Health and Safety Committee 1050 Notification & Keeping of Records of Accidents/Illnesses 1060 Premises of Establishments 1070 Environmental Control 1080 Personal Protective Equipment 1090 Hazardous Materials 1100 Gas & Electric Welding & Cutting Operations 1120 Hazardous Work Processes 1140 Explosives 1150 Materials Handling & Storage 1160 Boiler 1170 Unfired Pressure Vessels 1180 Internal Combustion Engine 1200 Machine Guarding 1210 Electrical Safety 1220 Elevators & Related Equipment 1230 Identification of Piping System 1240 Power Piping Lines 1410 Construction Safety 1420 Logging 1940 Fire Protection & Control 1950 Pesticides & Fertilizers 1960 OH Services 1970 Fees 1980 Authority of LGUs 1990 Final Provisions
  77. 77. To fulfill the SOCIAL obligation To fulfill the FISCAL obligation To fulfill the LEGAL obligation
  78. 78. 96 People working in a safe and healthful workplace are… Productive Competitive Efficient
  79. 79. In Summary: • Millions of work-connected illness, injuries and deaths worldwide each year • Common occupational hazards are chemical, physical, biologic and ergonomic • Hazards are controlled thru engineering, administrative and use of PPE • Accidents can be avoided, mindset change is needed • Direct and indirect costs of accidents • Accidents are due to unsafe conditions and unsafe practices • Management commit to safety in order to fulfil its legal, fiscal and social obligation
  80. 80. Break - +++ Have a safe day!

×