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Understanding Culture, Society and Politics - Biological Evolution

  1. Biological Evolution Understanding Culture, Society and Politics
  2. LEARNING COMPETENCIES:  Trace the biological evolution of early to modern humans  Explore the significance of human material remains and artefactual evidence in interpreting cultural and social, including political and economic processes
  3. WHAT IS EVOLUTION?  Refers to the change in the characteristics of a species over several generations and relies on the process of natural selection.  All species are related and gradually change over time.
  4. PROPONENTS OF THE THEORY OF EVOLUTION:  George-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon  Jean-Baptiste Lamarck  William Charles Wells  Charles Darwin
  5. 1. Dryopithecus  Lived in the European continent during from an estimate of 13 until 11 million years ago  Has a set of molar teeth that are similar to apes and modern humans  Predominantly frugivore or fruit-eaters
  6. 2. Australopithecus  Lived in the African continent during 4.2 million until 1.9 million years ago  Brain size is 35% in comparison of that to the human brain  Stands around 3 feet  Bipedalism (can walk in two legs)
  7. 3. Homo Habilis  “Handy Man”  Lived around 2.5 million to 1 million year ago  Stands at most 4 feet 3 inches  Became the first hominid species to use tools  Hunter-gatherer society
  8. 4. Homo Rudolfensis  Lived around 2.8 million to 1.4 million year ago  Closely related and co-existed with the homo habilis in the African continent
  9. 5. Homo Erectus  “Erect Man”  Lived around 2 million years ago until 10,000 years ago  Possesses modern human-like locomotive ability  Lives in groups of 20 individuals  Socio-economical divisions for genders  First hominid species that uses fire for cooking, protection and heat generation
  10. 6. Homo Neanderthalensis  Also called as the “Neanderthals”  Lived until 40,000 years ago in the Eurasian continent  Known for crafting and weaving simple clothes  Became the first hominid species to collect unique- shaped objects to be used as a pendant  Known also for burying their dead relatives
  11. 7. Homo Sapiens  Also called as the “Modern Humans”  Lived from 500,000 years ago until the present  The scientific name was introduced by Carl Von Linnaeus  Has a smaller, differently shaped teeth  Developed language, art and religion