1. Pointers to Review
Words to Study
Plan – a scheme or method of doing a plan or design.
Wardrobe – a complete outfit for a particular season or event.
Lifestyle – a way of living.
Complexion – the color and appearance of the skin.
Colorfast – characteristic of a fabric from resistance to fading or running.
Crease resistance – resistance to mark of a wrinkle to fabric.
Evolvement – a development or changes as in the present fashion
ankle - the point or region between the front and the leg
circumference – the measurements taken around the parts of the body
crotch - an angle formed by parting of two legs
length - the longer or longest dimension of an object
perpendicular – forming a right angle with each other or with a given line
point of reference – the point of beginning and end of a given measurement
torso – the trunk of a human body
wrist - the joint or region between the hand and the arm
Factors to Consider in Planning a Garment Design
1. Personal Needs
This includes all that one does, such as:
This factor affects the planning stage of the garment where simplicity and
uniqueness through applications of different accessories are being considered.
3. Time and Event
Garment planning is very important to know how much time you
need to complete the wardrobe and how much attention you give to its
Collar is a part of a garment sewn around the neck
2. A. Sewing a blouse
1. Sew the front blouse unit.
a. Stay-stitch neckline, shoulder, armhole and the sides of the
b. Sew the darts.
c. Press the blouse.
2. Sew the back blouse unit.
a. Stay-stitch neckline, shoulder, armhole and sides of the
b. Sew darts.
c. Press back blouse.
3. Sew shoulder seams. Finish and press seams open.
4. Prepare collar.
5. Attach collar and press.
6. Sew side seams. Finish seams and press open.
7. Prepare the sleeves.
a. Make the shirrings on the top portion of the sleeves.
b. Sew the seams of sleeves. Finish seams and press it open.
8. Set in the sleeves. Finish sleeves and press.
9. Make marked buttonholes and attach buttons.
10. Hem blouse.
POINTS TO REMEMBER IN TAKING BODY MEASUREMENTS
1. Ask the client politely to stand straight while taking measurements.
2. Use a soft flexible type of tape measure so it will be flat on the part to be
3. Tie a string on the exact waistline as a point of reference while taking
3. 4. Start with either horizontal or vertical measurements.
5. When measuring lengths, let the tape measure hang freely for a more accurate
6. In measuring distances or widths, place the end of tape measure to the exact
point of reference.
7. In taking circumference, insert two fingers on the part being measured to
provide an allowance.
8. Avoid taking measurements in halves, fourths or eights if possible.
9. In measuring long sleeves, ask the client to bend halfway his elbow.
10. Always have a ready personal measurement chart for every client so you can be
sure that all measurements can be taken.
For Regular Polo Shirt
The front polo has a deeper neckline than the back.
The front armhole has a deeper curve than the back.
The center front is longer than the back.
Sides of the polo are of the same length.
Chest measurement are of the same width.
For Long and Short Pants
Waist of back pattern is wider than the front pants.
Crotch of back pattern is deeper than the back.
Crotch line of the back is wider than the front.
Knee line is of the same level or length.
Front and back pants length are of the same measurement.
Bottom or hem of the back is wider than the frontpart.
Dart is correctly located on the waistline.
Cutting the Final Patterns
When all patterns were drafted and re-adjusted based on the corrections
made in the previous tasks, few adjustments may be applied on it.
1. Interpret pattern symbols indicated on each pattern piece. Apply /recall your
knowledge on the different symbols used on final patterns
2. Use appropriate cutting tool. It must be sharp enough to cut edges and curves
smoothly. Avoid using shears intended for fabrics, it may make the blades dull.
3. Cut exactly on the seam allowances. Do not try to increase or decrease it so
that problems will be prevented during garment construction. This also
4. facilitates an easier and exact placement of patterns when planning for
4. To cut curved areas smoothly, like pockets, armholes and crotch, slowly use the
tip of the scissors without lifting the pattern. This cutting stroke is also applied
during the cutting of fabrics.
For patterns that need to be prepared in double such as pockets, collar and
sleeves, have a ready pattern to plan the layout easily . This is an advantage
when the fabric is limited for specific projectsbut be sure to make its identical
Armscye- part of the sleeve that is set to the armhole of the blouse
Notched sports collar-cannot be applied on men’s polo shirt
The armholeof the front polo shirt is deeper than the back