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Philippine Rural Development Problems Issues and Directions.pptx

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Philippine Rural Development Problems Issues and Directions.pptx

  1. 1. Problems Issues & Directions Presented by: Jonathan M. Moratillo Professor : Jo Bitonio, DPA PHILIPPINE RURAL DEVELOPMENT
  2. 2. Points of Discussion Rural Population Life in Rural Philippines Impediments & Directions
  3. 3. RURAL REGIONS Philippine rural regions cover a variety of agricultural lands, forests, farms, small industrial and regional centers. Compared with urban residents, people in rural areas have fewer choices in the social and economic terms. Problems; low income, unemployment, low quality of social services like education and healthcare, and the need for well-developed transport infrastructure to support economic development.
  4. 4. RURAL DEVELOPMENT “When we consider the word ‘development’, in its narrow sense could be interpreted as increasing the income per capita, but in the broader definition of the term, it includes the social and economic characteristics such as life expectancy, literacy rates, & income distribution.” – P. Surchev PROBLEMS & CHALLENGES “The occurrence of these problems and challenges not only impose detrimental effects upon the living conditions of the individuals, but also impose barriers within the course of their progression” to those living in the Rural Areas. – Dr. Radhika Kapur
  5. 5. Rural Population Rural population Refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices and is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Rural population (% of total population) in Philippines was reported at 52.32 % in 2021, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators,; Philippines - Rural population - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections sourced from the World Bank in July of 2022. •For 2021 was 58,095,301, a 0.81% increase from 2020. •For 2020 was 57,630,884, a 0.86% increase from 2019. •For 2019 was 57,140,716, a 0.91% increase from 2018. •For 2018 was 56,624,425, a 0.98% increase from 2017.
  6. 6. In many rural Filipino communities, it is subsistence living, growing and rearing what they eat. Uncontrollable factors, such as devastating weather, can have a significant effect on food production. Each of these hard-working communities supplies food and materials for their rural villages as well as for surrounding cities. Children in rural Komunidads are incredibly active. You can often observe children actively utilizing their environmental elements and natural scenery to make a large playground within their local community. CHILDREN & FAMILIES IN THE COMMUNITY Life in Rural Philippines
  7. 7. • Children in Rural Communities enjoy the space & safety to play outside. • Rural Communities are filled with friends who share a passion for adventure • With trees to climb, bugs to catch, and plenty of dirt to dig in, even the simplest backyard outing can be an adventure. • Children growing up in Rural Communities often get creative with how they play. • Rearing piglets is a good business opportunity. • Each of these hard-working communities supplies food and materials for their rural villages as well as for surrounding cities. They are crucial contributors to their society’s survival and future.
  8. 8. • Handcrafted items are an additional source of income for rural Filipino Families • Three-wheeled vehicles or tricycles and habal – habal motorcycles are the main transportation service for people to travel around. • Uncontrollable factors, such as devastating weather can have a significant effect on food production and livelihood. • In Caring Community, a child is never alone.
  9. 9. IMPEDIMENTS OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIO-ECONOMIC SOCIAL ASPECT It’s about improving the well-being ‘of every individual in the society so they can reach their full potential which affects and contributes to the success of the society. ECONOMIC ASPECT According to P. Surchev, 2010, it can be defined as those activities that lead to more productive use of resources and provide more opportunities to producers and consumers. SOME AREAS OF CONCERN • Roads and Transportation • Rural Healthcare Situation • Problems of Rural Education • High Unemployment Rate • Digital Poverty
  10. 10. AREA OF CONCERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPEDIMENTS Roads and Transportation A major constraint with developing and maintaining rural roads is the fact that they are, unfortunately, rural. The areas where they are needed are often difficult to access, logistics become complicated, local contracting capability is limited, engineers are few and far between, and younger engineers especially, are not keen to leave the urban environment. Considering that the rural environment is often the growth engine of a country - the food supply, and the rural population are custodians of the environment and ecosystems, Planners of rural development need to understand the complexities of these interconnecting priorities and need to know how the road provision fits into the larger goals of rural development, and the priorities for economic and social growth. Studies carried out in South-East Asia found a strong correlation between lack of access to basic infrastructure and poverty. Conversely, villages provided with road access produced more than they did before. The problem with gravel roads is that they often deteriorate rapidly, especially in the wet season, disrupting transport services and access to health centers and markets when it is most needed, thus maintenance of such roads is also a concern.
  11. 11. AREA OF CONCERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPEDIMENTS Rural Healthcare Situation Everyone has the right to basic healthcare. Unfortunately, not every Filipino patient gets the healthcare service he deserves. There is a stark difference between healthcare service in a public and private hospital, and those located in urban and rural areas. There is a huge difference between hospitals in urban and rural areas. Hospitals in urban areas have more manpower than those located in rural areas, primarily because of their accessibility and better pay. Therefore, Rural hospitals are at a disadvantage because their location makes it difficult for them to acquire all the medical supplies and equipment they need, add to that, the challenge in manpower. According to Government Think Tank Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), about 75% of cities and municipalities across the country have insufficient number of healthcare workers. Plus, a lot of rural hospitals have yet to embrace tools of digitalization, such as the cloud and artificial intelligence (AI). A lot of processes are still done manually, which costs a lot of time and resources. Thus, a lot of people residing in rural areas don’t get the healthcare service they need.
  12. 12. AREA OF CONCERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPEDIMENTS Problems of Rural Education In the Philippines, lack of quality education has always been an issue, but in recent years we are seeing a growing gap between the quality education of those in rural areas and those in urban areas. Although public education is free, there are many obstacles standing in the way for students living in rural Philippines to receive the quality education they deserve. These obstacles prohibit most children living in rural areas from receiving a proper schooling, affecting their future opportunities and possibilities. The big reason that many children in rural areas do not attend school is due to large expenses, despite the fact that public school is free. Small amount of funding from the government means that the teachers hired are often unable to properly teach students because of lack of resources, learning materials and other teaching tools. Poor quality education in public schools in rural areas means that for the limited few who can afford to go to school, they still do not receive a proper quality education.
  13. 13. AREA OF CONCERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPEDIMENTS High Unemployment Rate in Rural Areas In an economy w/c is basically agricultural, landlessness is equal to growing unemployment. According to the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB), rural workers are among the lowest salary earner and among the poorest in the countryside. The entire agriculture sector posted the lowest labor productivity rate of only P56,728 in 2012, way below the industry and services sectors rates of P351,024 and P181,850, respectively, the NSCB said. It said farmers were only paid an average of P156.8 a day in 2011 while fishermen took home P178.43. We also know that there is a very strong link between education and poverty. With such low household income, it is expected that all members make some contribution to help make ends meet. This means that even children must take whatever jobs they can get for extremely low wages, like street vending or working for shops or farms compromising their education that could allow them to escape the cycle of poverty, because if they stick through school, they are more likely to get a higher paying job as an adult and leave poverty behind them.
  14. 14. AREA OF CONCERN SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPEDIMENTS Digital Poverty In the Philippines, connectivity remains higher in urban centers and weak digital infrastructures persist in more rural areas. The Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT) cites that a higher incidence of urban households have internet compared to rural households, with Metro Manila households having the highest access at 32.3%. The impact of the pandemic, coupled with the regulatory environment and weak competition, have further hindered ICT policy interventions. The digital landscape has made productivity a privilege and those without sufficient access are left behind, losing out on opportunities from basic amenities and quality education to decent work and reskilling. In a post-COVID- 19 world, the challenges to the Philippines and other countries in delivering availability, accessibility and affordability of reliable internet have never been greater.
  15. 15. INTERVENTIONS - Setting priorities in the communities through effective and democratic bodies, providing the local capacity, investment in basic infrastructure and social services, justice, equity, and security, dealing w/ the injustices of the past and ensuring safety and security of the rural population. - Provision of social infrastructures that provides the catalyst that would transform the rural area. - Establishment of Rural industries that will increase income. - Reorganization and mobilization of rural masses to enhance their capacity to effectively cope w/ the daily task of their lives and w/ changes consequent upon this. - Improvisation of food supplies and nutrition, together with basic services, such as health and education, not only directly improve the physical well-being and quality of life of the rural poor but can also indirectly enhance their productivity and their ability to contribute to the national economy.
  16. 16. SEE THE WORLD! It’s more fantastic than any dream made or paid for in factories ~ Ray Bradburry It’s More Fun in the Philippines ~ Department of Tourism
  17. 17. REFERENCES • https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/PHL/philippines/rural-populationcom) • https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/PHL/philippines/rural-population • https://www.vitaminangels.org/stories/komunidad-life-in-rural-philippines • https://blogs.worldbank.org/transport/the-problem-with-rural-transport-is-that-it-is-rural-the-solution-is-in-branding • https://news.medhyve.com/2021/08/22/the-rural-healthcare-situation-in-the-philippines/ • http://legacy.senate.gov.ph/press_release/2009/0527_angara1.asp • https://www.joghr.org/article/11962-challenges-in-public-health-facilities-and-services-evidence-from-a-geographically- isolated-and-disadvantaged-area-in-the-philippines • https://www.change.org/p/improve-access-to-rural-healthcare-services-and-facilities-in-the-philippines • http://www.udyong.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=8459:the-demotic-problems-of-rural- education-in-the-philippines&catid=90&Itemid=1368 • https://knkphil.wixsite.com/website/post/lack-of-quality-education-in-rural-areas-in-the-philippines • https://stories.thinkingmachin.es/mapping-digital-poverty-in-the-philippines/ • https://www.tropenbos.org/news/rural+livelihoods+in+times+of+crisis:+filipino+ngos+learn+from+covid-19

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