FDLS 110
11/26/2012
Professor Jones
 Founded in 1088
 Bologna, Italy
 Probably the first
university in the
western world
 Model for modern
universities
 Oxford University (circa 1100, UK)
 University of Paris (circa 1100, France)
 University of Modena (1175, Italy)
 Uni...
1607 – Founding of Jamestown,VA
1620 – Pilgrims & the Mayflower
 1636 – Founding of Harvard College
 First college in th...
Year College FoundedAs
1636 Harvard University Harvard College
1693 William & Mary
1701 Yale
1746 Princeton College of New...
 Greek and Latin
 Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic
 Bible and Religion
 Philosophy and History
 Mathematics
 Physics
 B...
 1772 - Salem College (NC)
 Founded for women
 1836 -Wesleyan College (GA)
 First to grant degrees to women
 1854 - A...
 President Lincoln, 1862
 For public colleges &
universities
 “Working class”
 University of Georgia
 FortValley Stat...
 BeforeWWII – Less than 5% of adults
 Today – about 25%
 1931 – Board of Regents, USG
 1944 – GI Bill
 Nontraditional...
 Does the USA value
education?
 Is it too easy to earn
a degree today?
 What is the purpose
of higher education?
Maehl, W. H. (2004). Adult degrees and the learning society. New
Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, (103), 5-16....
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A brief history of higher education

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A brief history of higher education

  1. 1. FDLS 110 11/26/2012 Professor Jones
  2. 2.  Founded in 1088  Bologna, Italy  Probably the first university in the western world  Model for modern universities
  3. 3.  Oxford University (circa 1100, UK)  University of Paris (circa 1100, France)  University of Modena (1175, Italy)  University of Cambridge (1209, UK)  University of Salamanca (1218, Spain)  Edinburgh (1583, Scotland)
  4. 4. 1607 – Founding of Jamestown,VA 1620 – Pilgrims & the Mayflower  1636 – Founding of Harvard College  First college in the USA  By vote of the Great and General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony  Wealthy, white males only  “Established to provide a learned ministry to the colonies” (President & Fellows of Harvard College, 2012)
  5. 5. Year College FoundedAs 1636 Harvard University Harvard College 1693 William & Mary 1701 Yale 1746 Princeton College of New Jersey 1754 Columbia King’s College 1755 University of Pennsylvania College of Philadelphia 1765 Brown College of Rhode Island 1766 Rutgers Queen’s College 1769 Dartmouth
  6. 6.  Greek and Latin  Grammar, Rhetoric, and Logic  Bible and Religion  Philosophy and History  Mathematics  Physics  Botany  Astronomy  Prescribed course of study, memorization, strict codes of conduct, corporal punishment (Urban & Wagoner, 2009, p.52)
  7. 7.  1772 - Salem College (NC)  Founded for women  1836 -Wesleyan College (GA)  First to grant degrees to women  1854 - Ashmun Institute (PA)  First college forAfricanAmerican males  Now Lincoln University  1881 – Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary (GA)  Now Spelman College  America’s oldest HBC for women
  8. 8.  President Lincoln, 1862  For public colleges & universities  “Working class”  University of Georgia  FortValley State  GATech, GA Southern & GA State
  9. 9.  BeforeWWII – Less than 5% of adults  Today – about 25%  1931 – Board of Regents, USG  1944 – GI Bill  Nontraditional, adult learners  Evening programs & other options  Distance learning & technology
  10. 10.  Does the USA value education?  Is it too easy to earn a degree today?  What is the purpose of higher education?
  11. 11. Maehl, W. H. (2004). Adult degrees and the learning society. New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education, (103), 5-16. President & Fellows of Harvard College. (2012). A brief history of HarvardCollege. Retrieved from http://www.college.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k61161&tab groupid=icb.tabgroup85886 Rudolph, F. (1977). Curriculum: A history of the American undergraduate course of study since1636. San Francisco, CA: Josey Bass. Urban,W. J., &Wagoner, Jr., J. L. (2008). American education: A history (4th Ed.). NewYork, NY: Routledge.

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