1. EANOR NORTHEAST SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE
FOURTH FOURTH MONTH
PRACTICE ENGLISH IIII
ENNGINNER: OSCAR GARCIA
PRECENT SIMPLE WHIT FUTURE MEANING
GROUP PRACTICE: 2
MEMBER: CASASOLA SOSA JOSE ARMANDO
LLANOS DE LA FRAGUA, ZACAPA, 06/03/2015
2. THE PRESENT SIMPLE SCHEDULED
FUTURE EVENTS (THINGS THAT HAPPEN ACCORDING TO A SCHEDULE OR
TIMETABLE). THESE EVENTS ARE USUALLY SCHEDULED BY SOMEONE ELSE
AND THEY ARE USUALLY PUBLIC EVENTS.
TOMORROW IS FRIDAY.
THE TRAIN TO OTTAWA LEAVES AT 11:30 A.M.
WHAT TIME DOES THE MOVIE BEGIN TONIGHT?
WHAT TIME DO YOU FINISH WORK TOMORROW?
WHEN DO YOU LEAVE FOR NYC?
WHAT TIME DOES THE STORE OPEN TOMORROW?
FINAL EXAMS START NEXT WEEK.
THE CONCERT BEGINS AT 6:30 P.M.
3. ONLY THE VERBS BELOW CAN BE USED IN THE
SIMPLE PRESENT TO TALK ABOUT A FUTURE
CE• We use the PRESENT SIMPLE to talk about TIMETABLES, such as school schedules, TV programmes, train timetables...So, in this
activity you have to use the PRESENT SIMPLE with future meaning:
• a) What time (the train to Oxford/leave)?
• b) The film at quarter to nine. (start)
• c) We art at 11:00
• d) When (the documentary/finish)?
• e) The documentary at half past nine.
• f) What time (we/have/the geography test)?
• 2. We use the PRESENT CONTINUOUS to talk about FUTURE ARRANGEMENTS. In this activity, you have to use the PRESENT
CONTINUOUS to talk about the future (use short forms for the verbs):
• a) What (do) tomorrow afternoon? I (visit) my aunt.
• b) We (not/go) to the shopping centre on Saturday, we (play) tennis instead.
• c) Where (Jane/go) on Saturday evening? She (not/go) anywhere. She (study) for an exam.
• d) What (do) this afternoon? They (take) their driving test.
• e) How (travel) to England next week? He (travel) by plane, of course!
• f) What (cook) for our birthday tomorrow? She (cook) a delicious chocolate and cream cake.
5. BE TO + INFINITIVE (I AM TO DO, FUTURE
PERFECT(I WILL HAVE DONE), AND FUTURE
PERFECT CONTINUOUS (I WILL HAVE
BEEN DOING)*• A- Be to + infinitive
Be to + infinitive is used to talk about formal or official arrangements,
formal instructions, and to give orders. It is particularly common in news
reports to talk about future events.
• Children are not to be left unsupervised in the museum.
• You are not to leave the school without my permission.
• The medicine is to be taken after meals.
• The European Parliament is to introduce a new law on safety at work.
• We only use be to + infinitive to talk about things that can be controlled
• We don’t know where the meteorite is going to land, (not …the
meteorite is to land.)
6. Future Infinitive ( Be + To Infinitve )
We use future infinitve to express a sense of instruction or necessity.
1. President Obama is to visit Burma next week. ( Active )
2. Humanitarian aids are to be airlifted to the flooded Irrawaddy
region. ( Passive )
I hope you like it.
We use be to + infinitive when discussing formal or official arrangements or to give formal instructions or orders and your examples illustrate
these aspects very well. Further examples might be:
•The Prime Minister is to make a further visit to Devon next week.
•We are to receive a pay rise in line with inflation in September.
•I don't mind her going to Ruth's party but she's not to be back late.
•You are not to leave this house without my permission. Is that clear?
7. PRECENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Positive Negative Question
I / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken?
he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken?
The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the
It puts emphasis on the result.
Form of Present Perfect
For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.
8. USE OF PRESENT
•puts emphasis on the result
Example: She has written five letters.
•action that is still going on
Example: School has not started yet.
•action that stopped recently
Example: She has cooked dinner.
•finished action that has an influence on the present
Example: I have lost my key.
•action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking
Example: I have never been to Australia
SPEECH Direct Speech Reported Speech
Present Simple Past Simple
"He's American," she said.
She said he was American.
"I'm happy to see you," Mary said.
Mary said that she was happy to see me.
He asked, "Are you busy tonight?"
He asked me if I was busy that night.
Present Continuous Past Continuous
Dan is living in San Francisco," she said.
She said Dan was living in San Francisco.
He said, "I'm making dinner."
He told me that he was making dinner.
"Why are you working so hard?" they asked.
They asked me why I was working so hard.
Past Simple Past Perfect Simple
"We went to the movies last night," he said.
He told me they had gone to the movies the
"Greg said, "I didn't go to work yesterday."
Greg said that he hadn't gone to work the
"Did you buy a new car?" she asked.
She asked me if I had bought a new car.
10. SIMPLE PAST TENSE.
• Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started
and finished at a specific time in the past. Sometimes, the
speaker may not actually mention the specific time, but they do
have one specific time in mind.
• I saw a movie yesterday.
• I didn't see a play yesterday.
• Last year, I traveled to Japan.
• Last year, I didn't travel to Korea.
• Did you have dinner last night?
• She washed her car.
• He didn't wash his car.
11. PAST CONTINUOUS
• [was/were + present participle]
• You were studying when she called.
• Were you studying when she called?
• You were not studying when she called.
12. USE THE PAST CONTINUOUS TO INDICATE THAT A LONGER ACTION IN THE PAST
WAS INTERRUPTED. THE INTERRUPTION IS USUALLY A SHORTER ACTION IN THE
SIMPLE PAST. REMEMBER THIS CAN BE A REAL INTERRUPTION OR JUST AN
INTERRUPTION IN TIME.
• I was watching TV when she called.
• When the phone rang, she was writing a letter.
• While we were having the picnic, it started to rain.
• What were you doing when the earthquake started?
• I was listening to my iPod, so I didn't hear the fire alarm.
• You were not listening to me when I told you to turn the oven off.
• While John was sleeping last night, someone stole his car.
• Sammy was waiting for us when we got off the plane.
• While I was writing the email, the computer suddenly went off.
• A: What were you doing when you broke your leg?
B: I was snowboarding.
13. PASSIVE VOICE
• : Grammar : Verbs : Voice : Passive Active
• Passive Voice
• Mice are eaten by cats.
• Although the passive voice is less common than the active
voice, there are several good reasons to sometimes use the
passive. On this page we look at how to construct the passive
voice and when and why to use it. (For a basic explanation of
the difference between active and passive, please see voice.)
14. ACTIVE / PASSIVE VERB FORMS
• Sentences can be active or passive. Therefore, tenses also have
"active forms" and "passive forms." You must learn to recognize
the difference to successfully speak English.
• Active Form
• In active sentences, the thing doing the action is the subject of
the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object.
Most sentences are active.
• [Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action]
15. EXERCISE ON PASSIVE VOICE - SIMPLE
• Rewrite the sentences in passive voice.
• He opens the door. -
• We set the table. -
• She pays a lot of money. -
• I draw a picture. -
• They wear blue shoes. -
• They don't help you. -
• He doesn't open the book. -
• You do not write the letter. -
• Does your mum pick you up? -
• Does the police officer catch the thief? -