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Dr. James Naismith<br />The game of basketball was invented by Dr. James Naismith, a Canadian physical education instructor, in Springfield Massachusetts in 1891.<br />Naismith developed the first official 13 rules of the game.<br />
The first game<br />The first official game was played in the YMCA gymnasium on January 20, 1892 with nine players. The game ended at 1–0; the shot was made from 25 feet<br />
The 5 positions<br />There are 5 positions in the game of basketball:<br />Point Guard<br />Shooting Guard<br />Small Forward<br />Power Forward<br />Center<br />
Terms to know<br />Assist: A pass thrown to a player who immediately scores.<br />Bank shot: A shot that hits the backboard before hitting the rim or going through the net.<br />Block out: To make contact with an opposing player to establish rebounding position between the player and the ball. Also called "box out."<br />Traveling: A violation that occurs when the player with the ball takes two many steps without dribbling. This is a common occurrence with young players.<br />Foul: A violation of the rules.<br />Free throw: An uncontested shot taken from the free throw line as a result of a foul. Also called a foul shot. A made free throw is worth 1 point.<br />Double dribble: A violation in which a player picks up their dribble and starts to dribble again.<br />
Dimensions of the Court<br />Jr. High: 74’ long by 42’ wide; 3pt line: 19 feet 9 inches<br />High School: 84’ long by 50’ wide; 3pt line: 19 feet 9 inches<br />NCAA(Men): 94’ long by 50’ wide; 3pt line 20 feet 9 inches<br />NBA: 94’ long by 50’ wide; 3pt line 23 feet 9 inches<br />