20 whose the_boss

14 Oct 2013
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
20 whose the_boss
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20 whose the_boss

Notes de l'éditeur

  1. Who’s the Boss?   The term political boss is many times associated with William Marcy Tweed better knows as “Boss Tweed” of New York City. During the Gilded Age, he was an alderman (representative) to New York City’s legislative body. He was never the mayor of the city. He did control the Tammany Hall political machine-- the most powerful machine of all urban machines. Political machines offered services to voters and businesses in exchange for political or financial support.   The name Tammany was from a club designed to help the poor in the late 1700s. The nickname “Tiger” was coined for the work of the Tammany Hall machine or “Tweed Ring” as it was sometimes called. The “Tiger” bribed the police, elected officials, and anyone who would take money (graft).   The new immigrants to New York City actually benefited from “The Tiger” in getting started in America. The members of the political machine spoke to them in their own languages, helped them in find jobs and housing, and in return the immigrants pledged them their votes. All of this was for a price. City improvements were not addressed. The overcrowded tenements, traffic congestion, air pollution, and unsanitary conditions were the norm rather than the exception for the 700,000 people of the city.   The living conditions of the city were so poor and the graft and corruption so high that the famous cartoonist Thomas Nast of the New York’s Harper’s Weekly began drawing political cartoons of Tweed’s corruption. Boss Tweed offered Nast half a million dollars to stop drawing the cartoons. Nast declined to accept and kept on drawing.   Because of the public’s outrage, Tweed was arrested along with other member of the ring and charged with fraud. He was sent to jail and died in jail at the age of 55. Political corruption occurred on the national level as well as the local. The idea of rewarding friends with political jobs started in the early 1800s (spoils system) and continued on into the Gilded Age. The desire for power and money during this time led many elected officials to give government jobs to those of the same party who had helped them get elected. Patronage, as it was commonly called, became a problem as more and more unqualified and corrupt workers were hired for government jobs. As the Gilded Age saw more and more corruption an end to the system of patronage was deemed necessary. A cry from the public to give government jobs to more qualified people regardless of their party was heard throughout the nation. Thus, the civil service (government administration) was born. President Chester A. Arthur pushed through the Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883. This act created a civil service commission to give government jobs based on merit and not politics. After the passage of the act, the politicians did not have jobs to offer for votes and money, and as a result, they began having trouble gathering financial support. More and more politicians began seeking the support of wealthy business leaders to fill this void.   To continue learning more about politics in the Gilded Age, please read in your textbook pp. 267 and 271. When finished reading, please complete the graphic organizer on------
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  3. http--www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com-Images-DBImages-2715-271506w.jpg