Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle

J
Bank Reconciliation
Statements
Cambridge IGCSE Accounting (10th Grade)
Chapter 14, pages 207 - 221
Objectives
 Understand the purpose of bank reconciliation
 Understand why the bank account may not agree with the bank statement
 Understand the stages of bank reconciliation
 Upate the cash book
 Prepare a bank reconciliation statement
 Understand the advantages of bank reconciliation
Bank Statement
 Is a document prepared and sent by the bank at regular intervals to its customers
 It shows in detail all the transactions that have taken place during the period
covered by the statement
 Is a copy of the customer´s account in the books of the bank
 When money is paid into the bank the customer´s account will be credited as this is
the amount owed by the bank to the customer
 When money is taken out of the bank, the customer´s account will be debited as
this reduces the amount owed by the bank to the customer
 A positive bank balance will appear as a credit balance and an overdrawn balance
as a debit balance
Reconciliation
 It is the comparison of the bank statement and the bank account in the cash book
 If the two balances disagree, it is necessary to reconcile them to explain why the
differences have arisen
Reasons why the bank account and the
bank statement may differ
 The different times at which the same ítems are recorded
 The business not recording certain ítems in the cash book
Timing Differences
 Cheques not yet presented
These are cheques that have been paid by the business and
entered on the credit of the cash book, but which do not appear
on the bank statement.
 Amounts not yet credited
These are cash and cheques that have been paid into the bank
and entered on the debit side of the cash book, buth which do not
appear on the bank statement. It usually takes a few days before
the money paid into the bank is recorded in the customer´s account
Items not recorded in the cash book
It often happens that the business does not record certain ítems until the bank
Statement is received. These include:
 Bank charges and bank interests
 Dishonoured cheques
 Amounts paid directly into the bank (credit transfers, standing orders and direct
debits)
 Amounts paid directly by the bank to others (credit transfers, standing orders and
direct debits)
Other differences
 Errors made by the business
 Errors made by the bank
Differences between the bank account in the
cash book and the bank statement are
summarised as follows:
Items in Cash Book
not in Bank Statement
Items in Bank Statement
but not in Cash Book
Cheques not yet presented Bank charges and bank interests
Amounts not yet credited Dishonoured cheques
Errors in cash book Standing orders
Credit transfers
Direct Debits
Errors on bank statement
Stages in Bank Reconciliation
 1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement
 2. Update the cash book
 3. Correct any errors in the cash book
 4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances
 5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Stages in Bank Reconciliation
 1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement
 2. Update the cash book
 3. Correct any errors in the cash book
 4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances
 5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Stages in Bank Reconciliation
 1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement
 2. Update the cash book
 3. Correct any errors in the cash book
 4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances
 5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
Stages in Bank Reconciliation
 1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement
 2. Update the cash book
 3. Correct any errors in the cash book
 4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances
 5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
This amount was CREDITED in the BANK STATEMENT
but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
This amount was CREDITED in the BANK STATEMENT
but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
This amount was CREDITED in the CASH BOOK as $234
but it was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT as $243 ($9 difference)
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
This amount was CREDITED in the CASH BOOK as $234
but it was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT as $243 ($9 difference)
This amount was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT
but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
This amount was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT
but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
BALANCE THE CASH BOOK WITH A BALANCE C/D
AND BRING DOWN WITH A BALANCE B/D
BALANCE THE CASH BOOK WITH A BALANCE C/D
AND BRING DOWN WITH A BALANCE B/D
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
PRACTICE EXERCISE
SOLVE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1, PAGE 217
DATE DETAILS F DISCOUNT
ALLOWED
CASH BANK DATE DETAILS F DISCOUNT
RECEIVED
CASH BANK
CASH BOOK
Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle
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Bank reconciliation statements chap 14 10th for moodle

  • 1. Bank Reconciliation Statements Cambridge IGCSE Accounting (10th Grade) Chapter 14, pages 207 - 221
  • 2. Objectives  Understand the purpose of bank reconciliation  Understand why the bank account may not agree with the bank statement  Understand the stages of bank reconciliation  Upate the cash book  Prepare a bank reconciliation statement  Understand the advantages of bank reconciliation
  • 3. Bank Statement  Is a document prepared and sent by the bank at regular intervals to its customers  It shows in detail all the transactions that have taken place during the period covered by the statement  Is a copy of the customer´s account in the books of the bank  When money is paid into the bank the customer´s account will be credited as this is the amount owed by the bank to the customer  When money is taken out of the bank, the customer´s account will be debited as this reduces the amount owed by the bank to the customer  A positive bank balance will appear as a credit balance and an overdrawn balance as a debit balance
  • 4. Reconciliation  It is the comparison of the bank statement and the bank account in the cash book  If the two balances disagree, it is necessary to reconcile them to explain why the differences have arisen
  • 5. Reasons why the bank account and the bank statement may differ  The different times at which the same ítems are recorded  The business not recording certain ítems in the cash book
  • 6. Timing Differences  Cheques not yet presented These are cheques that have been paid by the business and entered on the credit of the cash book, but which do not appear on the bank statement.  Amounts not yet credited These are cash and cheques that have been paid into the bank and entered on the debit side of the cash book, buth which do not appear on the bank statement. It usually takes a few days before the money paid into the bank is recorded in the customer´s account
  • 7. Items not recorded in the cash book It often happens that the business does not record certain ítems until the bank Statement is received. These include:  Bank charges and bank interests  Dishonoured cheques  Amounts paid directly into the bank (credit transfers, standing orders and direct debits)  Amounts paid directly by the bank to others (credit transfers, standing orders and direct debits)
  • 8. Other differences  Errors made by the business  Errors made by the bank
  • 9. Differences between the bank account in the cash book and the bank statement are summarised as follows: Items in Cash Book not in Bank Statement Items in Bank Statement but not in Cash Book Cheques not yet presented Bank charges and bank interests Amounts not yet credited Dishonoured cheques Errors in cash book Standing orders Credit transfers Direct Debits Errors on bank statement
  • 10. Stages in Bank Reconciliation  1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement  2. Update the cash book  3. Correct any errors in the cash book  4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances  5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
  • 13. Stages in Bank Reconciliation  1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement  2. Update the cash book  3. Correct any errors in the cash book  4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances  5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
  • 15. Stages in Bank Reconciliation  1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement  2. Update the cash book  3. Correct any errors in the cash book  4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances  5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
  • 16. Stages in Bank Reconciliation  1. Compare the bank account in the cash book with the bank statement  2. Update the cash book  3. Correct any errors in the cash book  4. Balance the cash book and carry down the balances  5. Prepare a bank reconciliation statement.
  • 19. This amount was CREDITED in the BANK STATEMENT but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
  • 21. This amount was CREDITED in the BANK STATEMENT but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
  • 22. This amount was CREDITED in the CASH BOOK as $234 but it was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT as $243 ($9 difference)
  • 24. This amount was CREDITED in the CASH BOOK as $234 but it was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT as $243 ($9 difference)
  • 25. This amount was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
  • 27. This amount was DEBITED in the BANK STATEMENT but it was not recorded in the CASH BOOK
  • 28. BALANCE THE CASH BOOK WITH A BALANCE C/D AND BRING DOWN WITH A BALANCE B/D
  • 29. BALANCE THE CASH BOOK WITH A BALANCE C/D AND BRING DOWN WITH A BALANCE B/D
  • 50. PRACTICE EXERCISE SOLVE REVIEW QUESTIONS 1, PAGE 217
  • 51. DATE DETAILS F DISCOUNT ALLOWED CASH BANK DATE DETAILS F DISCOUNT RECEIVED CASH BANK CASH BOOK