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Innovation in Education

This presentation discusses the state of art of Innovation in Education and goes beyond technical advances to include the changing students and educational paradigms. It encompasses a wide range of sources- please feel free to email me if you have any questions.

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Innovation in Education

  1. 1. “Survival!” United Kingdom Dept. Trade and Industry
  2. 2. Innovation: It is a multistage process that transforms ideas into products, services or processes new and / or improved, in order to advance, compete and differentiate themselves successfully in the market. • Invention • Improvement • Innovation
  3. 3. 1 - Identify problems or trends 2 – Propose solutions 3 – Prepare a pilot / experiment 4 – Communicating the value of the invention 5 - Tests to enhance the invention 6 – Identify the successes 7 – Process and/or product improvement 8 – Implementation and market adoption.
  4. 4. Types Product Process Marketing Organizational Forms Incremental Radical Disruptive
  5. 5. Innovation • Large technological advances • Non-competitive, obsolete Martin Cooper Inventor of the first commercial cell phone
  6. 6. Innovation
  7. 7. Innovation • Whitening toothpaste
  8. 8. “Learning and innovation go hand in hand. The arrogance of success is to think that what you did yesterday will be sufficient for tomorrow.” -William Pollard English clergyman 1828-1893
  9. 9. Preparing students to participate in their world Lots of Problems What shapes the future and the world Solves a problems
  10. 10. Tendencies and Problems • Rapidly evolving world - technology - students - unknown future • Globalization • Financial limitations • Bauman’s Disease • Teachers
  11. 11. Source: Kelly Hodgkins http://gizmodo.com/5813875/what-happens-in-60-seconds-on-the-internet
  12. 12. Cloud Computing
  13. 13. “We shape our tools then our tools shape us” Marshal McLuhan (1911-1980) Philosopher of communication theory Work is considered cornerstone of media theory Predicted the world wide web almost 30 years before it was invented
  14. 14. Students will spend: 68% 51% 34% 23% text Social network 3 hours a day online 2.5 hours a day listening to music Several times per day Heavy social media
  15. 15. 70 billion 80% Forbes, 2013
  16. 16. Digital Natives http://www.slashgear.com/babys-first-ipad-24121114/
  17. 17. 53% of mobile gamers are female
  18. 18. Future studies Key drivers of change • • • Technology Globalization Demographics Oslo Manual, 3rd Edition. (2005). Guidelines for collecting and interpreting innovation data, 169, p.49.
  19. 19. Constantly evolving… “…this small though statistically important gain was not sustained into the second year of implementation.” Balankskat, A. et al 2006, p27
  20. 20. TRENDS… • TV, Internet, Radio • More mobile • 29% Multi-tasking • Mash-ups - Mix of two or more
  21. 21. They are: - more self-directed - better at capturing information - more reliant on feedback from peers - more inclined to collaborate - inclined to be their own nodes of production
  22. 22. “In a hunting culture, kids play with bows and arrows. In an information society, they play with information.” Henry Jenkins Convergence Culture, pg. 134
  23. 23. “We’re moving out of an ‘Information Age’ and into a ‘Conceptual Age’… …a time where people who design, people who create, people who see the big picture and can synthesize vast amounts of input are who will lead us forward.” -Dan Pink American author about business, work and management
  24. 24. So who is leading the way?
  25. 25. “Globalization doesn't have to be a bad thing as long as the government provides us all with the tools to cope in a changing world.” John B. Larson U.S. Congressman
  26. 26. Global competition
  27. 27. “Brazil spends the equivalent of 105% of GDP per capita on each tertiary student; however, tertiary students represent only 4% of students enrolled in all levels of education combined”
  28. 28. With the increase in the economy, more money has been invested into education, however a lower percentage of the total public expenditures.
  29. 29. William J. Baumol American Economist Professor at Princeton and NYU One of the most influential economists in the world according to IDEAS/RePec
  30. 30. “ He who innovates will have for his enemies those who are well off under the existing order of things, and only lukewarm supporters in those who might be better off under the new” Niccolo Machiaveli, The prince
  31. 31. “Any teacher who can be replaced by a computer, should be.” B.F. Skinner
  32. 32. “Web2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflect and reimagine what they do as scholars.” -Greenhow, Robelia & Hughes, 2009
  33. 33. “The problem is never how to get new, innovative thoughts into your mind, but how to get old ones out.” - Dee Hock Founder of Visa International
  34. 34. “More change will happen in education in the next ten years than in the past one hundred.” Stephen Heppell (2011)
  35. 35. Educational Paradigms
  36. 36. “The aim of education should be to teach us rather how to think, than what to think -rather to improve our minds, so as to enable us to think for ourselves, than to load the memory with the thoughts of other men.” John Dewey (1859 –1952) American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer
  37. 37. New learners: -Constantly evolving Unknown future -Digital Literacy Filtering and Selecting Organizing – Reusing / Repurposing Collaboration - Social networking Creating content Self-presenting Managing identity/ e-safety -Mash-ups
  38. 38. Tools Web 2.0
  39. 39. Publications are connecting the use of these tools with these new paradigms… Wiki and blogs: Create Evaluate Analyze Apply Understand Remenber
  40. 40. Degree of information connectivity Intelligent Agents Knowledge Bases Personal Assistants Knowledge Management Taxonomy Group minds “The relationship Web” Semantic Web [3.0] Connects Knowledge 2010-2020 Metaweb [4.0] Connects intelligence 2020-2030 Ontologies Semantic Web Enterprise Portals Web[1.0] Connects information 1990-2000 Web sites File Servers Semantic weblogs Social Networks Groupware P2p Smart Marketplace Enterprise Minds Decentralized Communities Artificial Intelligence Databases Content Portals The global brain Knowledge Networks Search Engines E-mail RSS Wikis Social Software [2.0] Connects people 2000-2010 USENET Blogs Community Portals Degree of social connectivity Conferencing
  41. 41. “Getting information off the internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant.” Mitchell Kapor Founder of Lotus Development Corp and first chair of Mozilla
  42. 42. “60% of all Internet pages contain misleading information.” - Thomas Edison (1847-1931)
  43. 43. “People who think outside the box often talk to people who play in a different box to get new ideas” Clayton Christensen Innovator Guru – Professor at Harvard University – author of ‘The Innovator’s Dilemma’ – cofounder of Innosight, consulting firm for innovation
  44. 44. Como citar
  45. 45. Mash-ups “Every act of creation is first of all an act of destruction.” -Picasso
  46. 46. Design-thinking 58
  47. 47. 5.14 In a physical classroom 3.55 ALL classes online 18.65 some class online Rapidly evolving world
  48. 48. Disruptive Innovation “the innovations are not independent, but fit together into a new and disruptive form of education that transcends boundaries between formal and informal settings, institutional and selfdirected learning, and traditional education providers and commercial organizations” (Open University Innovating Pedagogy 2012:6)
  49. 49. Learning Management System (LMS) Personal Learning Environment (PLE)
  50. 50. Flipped Classroom home school
  51. 51. Formal Education Distance Learning Open University Inflation of credentials Traditional professions MOOCs Blended Learning flipped PLE LMS CSCL Informal Education MOOCs Bearpit Pedagogy Folksonomies Informatics
  52. 52. Thank you in Chinese

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This presentation discusses the state of art of Innovation in Education and goes beyond technical advances to include the changing students and educational paradigms. It encompasses a wide range of sources- please feel free to email me if you have any questions.


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