4. IMPORT AND EXPORT OF
UMAIR AZAM L4F12MCOM2019
5. MERY MUTABIK...
WHAT IS IMPORTS???
Goods or services that were produced abroad.
WHAT IS EXPORT???
Goods or services produced locally and sold
6. BOOKISH DEFINITION
Definition of IMPORT
A good or service brought into one country from another .
Along with EXPORT, IMPORTs form the backbone of
international trade.The higher the value of IMPORTs
entering a country, compared to the value of EXPORT, the
more negative that country's balance of trade becomes.
Definition of EXPORT
A function of international trade whereby goods produced in
one country are shipped to another country for future sale
or trade.The sale of such goods adds to the producing
nation's gross output. If used for trade, EXPORT are
exchanged for other products or services. EXPORT are one
of the oldest forms of economic transfer, and occur on a
large scale between nations that have fewer restrictions on
trade, such as tariffs or subsidies.
8. Major Export Of Pakistan
EXPORT in Pakistan increased to 191408 PKR Million in December of
2012 from 181961 PKR Million in November of 2012.
1957 Until 2012, Pakistan EXPORT averaged 30238.13 PKR Million
reaching an all time high of 210208 PKR Million.
March of 2011 and a record low of 51 PKR Million in April of 1958.
10. MAJOR EXPORT OF PAKISTAN
Pakistan EXPORT lots of different items to a dozen of
countries. Following is the list of EXPORT items.
mangoes and vegetables
Pakistan being an agro-based economy has natural abundance of all agricultural
products including food items. Rice is the third largest crop after wheat and cotton.
• Grown Over 10% OfTheTotal Cropped Area
•Valued Cash Crop & Major Export
• ACCOUNTS for 6.7% in value added in agriculture and 1.6% in GDP.
•GROWN IN PUNJAB, SINDH and KPK.
• Basmati accounts for 2% of EXPORT
• In 1987-88, the government allowed rice export also by the private sector.
•REAP members managed to export over 2,000,000 tons of rice from Pakistan.
Pakistan is the fourth largest producer of cotton in
Average production of 1,610TMT.
Pakistan is also the fourth largest consumer of
Average consumption of 1,573TMT.
On average Pakistan IMPORTs 92TMT and EXPORT
CULTIVATED IN PUNJAB, SINDH (Tharparkar,
Golarchi, Mityari,Tando AllahYar, Hyderabad,
Thatha, Badin, Sahiwal, Matli,Talhar,Tando
Muhammad Khan, Sanghar and Mirpur Khas).
13. Pakistan has earned $ 425 million from
export of cotton
2 million bales of cotton was destroyed during
the floods 2010.
Exported to India from Pakistan is 'short staple'
of cotton while the imported one is long and
“extra long staple".
14. Sports Goods
EXPORT of Sports Goods (Major Countries) Value in '000' dollars
Country 1995-96 1996-97 1997-98
USA 68,849 56,346 48,912
Germany 41,444 50,759 54,864
UK 23,016 27,132 29,106
France 18,584 19,887 28,939
Hong Kong 797 10,412 19,998
Italy 14,044 19,882 18,508
Spain 13,114 13,289 17,699
Netherlands 10,327 9,827 14,521
Dubai 3,867 6,962 12,614
Belgium 8,669 11,481 10,467
Chili 1,817 2,563 7,862
Canada 3,810 5,001 7,442
Denmark 5,078 6,255 5,770
Other countries 34,094 69,047 106,912
Total 247,510 308,843 383,614
17. Different industries of Pakistan Exported cook
wares products to other countries like ;
1 –Thai Style Asian cookware
2- Sonex international private limited
we are manufacturer of cookware , pressuer
cooker, fry pan , sauce pan , cooking pot ,
baking pots, steel and aluminium ware.
Pakistan is member of “Tradekey.com” since
19. PakistanTanners Association (PTA) is a prominent
2nd largest export earning sector representing highly
dynamic value Job Oriented Sector
CONTRIBUTES 5% of GDP and 5.4% to the overall
export earnings of the country and is considered to
be the most significant factor which plays viable role
in revamping economic
The main buyers of Pakistani Leather &
Leather Products are Hong Kong, Italy,
China Korea, Vietnam, Germany, Turkey,
India, South Africa, Spain, Japan, France
Pakistani Mango is one of the most delicious products in the
world, which is being exported in large quantities from
Pakistan to Europe, Middle East & America by air and to the
gulf by sea in reefers Containers.
Pakistan produces 5.86 percent world’s mangoes being the third
23. MAJOR IMPORT OF PAKISTAN
IMPORTs in Pakistan increased to 356899
PKR Million in December of 2012 from
346229 PKR Million in November of 2012.
imports in Pakistan is reported by the
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Historically,
from 1957 until 2012, Pakistan imports
averaged 49871.94 PKR Million reaching an
all time high of 380672.13 PKR Million in
December of 2011 and a record low of 96 PKR
Million in April of 1959.
24. Main IMPORT partners are:
United Arab Emirates (19 percent),
China (15 percent), Saudi Arabia (10 percent)
Kuwait (8 percent).
25. Pakistan’s IMPORTs are also highly concentrated
in few items namely, machinery, petroleum and
petroleum products, chemicals, transport
equipment, edible oil, iron and steel, fertilizer
and tea.These IMPORTs accounted for 73% of
total IMPORTs during 2011-12.
Among these categories machinery,
petroleum/petroleum products and chemicals
accounted for 53.4% of total IMPORTs.
26. MAJOR IMPORTS OF PAKISTAN.
Vehicles and spare parts
Iron And Steel
Pakistan imported machinery and equipment worth $212 million IMPORT of
machinery and equipment during 2012.
Country’s overall IMPORT of raw material used for making wide range of
machinery items, also recorded highest increase to around Rs 1.70 billion in the
Imported from third country through Dubai, Saudi Arabia and Qatar and has
risen by over 35 percent during Jan- May 2012.
The country`s overall petroleum IMPORTs for July-August,2012 mainly for power
generation, stood at $2.583 billion.
Refined petroleum products IMPORT, including fuel and furnace oil surged by a massive
91.5 percent during the two-month period to $1.717 billion against $897.138 million in the
corresponding period 2011.
Pakistani utilities are unable to meet the demand requirements, despite having sufficient
rainfall during the monsoon season to generate hydropower and Importing high volumes of
fuel oil to maximize the oil-fired thermal plants.
On the other hand, the petroleum rudimentary IMPORTs during the period under review
declined by 8.8 percent due to under-performance of the local refineries.
29. Cars and spare parts
MH Cars Ltd also IMPORTCars to
Pakistan from Japan.
Pakistani people usually prefer cheap
Japanese vehicles.Though MH Cars Ltd
cannot neglect UK Car Importing but
majority of people in Pakistan prefer
cheapest Japanese cars so MH Cars Ltd
cannot neglect their liking.That is why
we have also furnish our service to
IMPORTCars to Pakistan from Japan.
The giant JapaneseAutomobile brands
e.g.Toyota, Daihatsu, Suzuki, Mazda,
Nissan, Honda etc have always
manufactured best car products which
are not only demanded at maximum in
Pakistan but also at global level.
Pakistan has Imported 8.052 million kilos of
tea worth $20.891 million in August 2012.
Tea imports decline to 89,819 tons ($186
million) in July-June 2008-09 as compared to
101,000 tons ($188 million) in the
corresponding period of the last fiscal year as
high prices and import duty forced packers
and Importers to select for slow buying.
The Pakistan Tea Association is an
independent non-profit making body
dedicated to promoting tea and its unique
31. Iron And Steel
The locally produced hot roll material is
available at Rs 38,000 per ton where as the
same Imported from Ukraine is sold at Rs
39,000 per ton in the local market.
The total IMPORT of iron and steel stood at
$570.52 million (in July-December)2012 to
$685.52 million previous year.
The quantity-wise IMPORT of the iron and
steel products also saw a major decline of 36
percent during the period 2010.
The steel consumption averages between
four to five million tons annually. For
instance, in the last year, steel consumption
stood at about 4.2 million tons, in which
Pakistan Steel Mills contributed about 25
percent by production.
Textile and Garment are two of Pakistan's
principal industries contributing more than 67%
to total export earnings, accounting for around
46% of total manufacturing and employing over
38% of the manufacturing labour force.
4 billion of garment machinery has been
Imported in Pakistan in the last few years that
has significantly improved the quality and
productivity of Pakistan textile products in the
last few years
The Government of Pakistan is targeting over
10 billion of EXPORT of textiles and garments
made-ups in the successive years. IMPORT of
textile machinery has registered an impressive
growth of 66.29% in the current fiscal year.