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Justmeans power point

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Justmeans power point

  1. 1. A Behind the Scenes Look at Co-Teaching Negaunee High School Co-Teaching Staff October 13, 2006
  2. 2. Working Together <ul><li>“ The growth of any craft depends on shared practice and honest dialogue among the people who do it. We grow by private trial and error, to be sure -- but our willingness to try, and fail, as individuals is severely limited when we are not supported by a community that encourages such risks.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>-- The Courage to Teach ; Palmer, 1998, p. 144 </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is co-teaching anyway? <ul><li>Two or more adults </li></ul><ul><li>Simultaneously instructing a heterogeneous group of students </li></ul><ul><li>In a coordinated fashion </li></ul>
  4. 4. What are the benefits of co-teaching? <ul><li>Professional Growth </li></ul><ul><li>Student Engagement </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior Management </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse instruction to meet diverse needs </li></ul><ul><li>Meet the needs of ALL students </li></ul>
  5. 5. Selling it to your Administrators… <ul><li>NCLB </li></ul><ul><li>IEP </li></ul><ul><li>504 </li></ul><ul><li>At-Risk </li></ul><ul><li>Drop-out rates </li></ul><ul><li>MEAP/ACT </li></ul>
  6. 7. Effective Co-teaching Models “ Collaborative teaching is a service delivery structure in which teachers with different knowledge, skills and talents have joint responsibility for designing, delivering, monitoring and evaluating instruction for a diverse group of learners in general education classrooms.” DeBoer & Fister, 1995
  7. 8. Lead and Support Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Primary responsibility for planning unit of instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Shares in delivery, monitoring and evaluation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Timesaving; especially for specialist </li></ul><ul><li>If they are not involved in the planning they may miss important steps </li></ul>
  9. 10. Duet Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Both teachers plan and design instruction. Teachers take turns delivering various components of the lesson. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Pros and Cons <ul><li>This is the best model for kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Intense professional growth </li></ul><ul><li>No kids slip through the cracks </li></ul><ul><li>Enormously time and resource intensive </li></ul>
  11. 12. Speak and Add/Chart Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Primary responsibility for designing and delivering </li></ul><ul><li>Adds and expands with questions rephrasing, anecdotes; recording key information on charts, transparencies or board. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Very little planning time </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone can do this model </li></ul><ul><li>If this is the only model in place, you will be underutilizing SE teacher </li></ul><ul><li>Mistakes can be made </li></ul>
  13. 14. Skills Group Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Students are divided into 2-4 groups based on instructional need. Each teacher takes primary responsibility for half the group. Teachers may switch groups occasionally. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Provides instruction on the actual levels of students </li></ul><ul><li>Starts dangerous “tracking” </li></ul>
  15. 16. Adapting Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Primary responsibility for planning and delivering a unit of instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Determines and provides adaptations for students who are struggling. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Pros and Cons <ul><li>No planning time involved </li></ul><ul><li>If this is the only model; underutilizing professional </li></ul>
  17. 18. Station Teaching Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Responsible for overall instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Teaches a small group specific skills they have not mastered. </li></ul>
  18. 19. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Provides intense support for the most needy students </li></ul><ul><li>Isolates students </li></ul>
  19. 20. Learning Style Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Both teachers share in the design and delivery of instruction. One teacher is primarily responsible for auditory and visual instruction, the other for tactile and kinesthetic instruction. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Meets the diverse needs of students </li></ul><ul><li>Varies the delivery to meet the needs </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of planning time involved </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of learning styles needed </li></ul>
  21. 22. Parallel Teaching Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Both teachers plan and design. The class splits into two groups. Each teacher takes a group for the entire lesson. This reduces the teacher-student ratio. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Works well for activities </li></ul><ul><li>Both teachers have to have equal expertise </li></ul>
  23. 24. Complementary Instruction Model <ul><li>Teacher A </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher B </li></ul><ul><li>Primary responsibility for delivering core content. </li></ul><ul><li>Primary responsibility for delivering related instruction in the areas of study and survival skills. </li></ul>
  24. 25. Pros and Cons <ul><li>Good for related professionals, ie. Speech, OT, PT, Guidance etc. </li></ul><ul><li>If this is the only time in the room, it may feel choppy, disjointed; not enough time to build relationships </li></ul>
  25. 26. What does Co-teaching look like at NHS? Co-teaching is the collaboration between general and special education teachers for all of the teaching responsibilities of all students assigned to a classroom…In a co-taught classroom, teachers share the planning, presentation, evaluation, and classroom management in an effort to enhance the learning environment for all students.” Gately & Gately, 2001.
  26. 27. Mixture of ALL types… Speak & Add Duet Skills Group Station Teaching Learning Style Parallel Teaching Complementary Instruction Adapting Model Lead & Support
  27. 28. Freshman Program <ul><li>The object of teaching a child is to enable him to get along without his teacher.  </li></ul><ul><li>~Elbert Hubbard </li></ul><ul><li>Co-Teach all core curriculum areas </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-Algebra, Health, Applied Biology, Communications 1-2 </li></ul><ul><li>Directed Studies support </li></ul>
  28. 29. Directed Studies <ul><li>Credit earning course </li></ul><ul><li>Support for core curriculum areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied Biology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-Algebra </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Special Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work towards goals and objectives </li></ul></ul>
  29. 30. Getting Started <ul><li>Identify an area of need </li></ul><ul><li>Target population </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative support </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers with open minds </li></ul><ul><li>Take time to plan </li></ul><ul><li>Involved in planning of master schedule </li></ul>The way a team decides to decide is one of the most important decisions it makes. Robbins & Finley, 1995
  30. 31. Building Relationships <ul><li>Identify teaching styles </li></ul><ul><li>3 Stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning Stage: Guarded, careful communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compromising Stage: Give and Take; sense of having to give up to get </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborating Stage : Open communication and interaction; mutual admiration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entry level may be different for each situation--depending </li></ul><ul><li>on the prior work relationship </li></ul>
  31. 32. Who Should Co-Teach? <ul><li>Opposites are not contradictory but complementary. </li></ul><ul><li>--Niels Bohr </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary Teaching Styles </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance levels </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational skills </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Trustworthy </li></ul>
  32. 33. Applied Biology Thoughts on Co-teaching <ul><li>Awaken people's curiosity. It is enough to open minds, do not overload them. </li></ul><ul><li>Put there just a spark. --Anatole France </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall Feelings </li></ul>
  33. 34. Applied Biology Role of SE Teacher <ul><li>Support instruction in class and in D.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Modify curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students with high need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning/pace </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes, PPT, Use of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accommodations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean copy, tests read, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behavior Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seating charts, proximity </li></ul></ul>
  34. 35. Communication Skills Thoughts on Co-teaching <ul><li>Effect on…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall Feelings </li></ul><ul><li>The secret of teaching is to appear to have known all your life what you just learned this morning.  ~Author Unknown </li></ul>
  35. 36. Communication Skills Role of SE Teacher <ul><li>Support instruction in D.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Pull out small groups for individual instruction for some material </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of word processors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading devices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design/Plan activities </li></ul>
  36. 37. Health Thoughts on Co-teaching <ul><li>Effect on… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Overall Feelings </li></ul><ul><li>One out of 4 people in this country is mentally imbalanced. Think of your 3 closest friends--if they seem okay, then you’re the one.--Ann Landers </li></ul>
  37. 38. Health Role of SE Teacher <ul><li>Support Instruction in D.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Modify curriculum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning/pace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Styles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adaptations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notes, PPT, use of technology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accommodations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean copy, tests read, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extended time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CR/NC </li></ul></ul>
  38. 39. Pre-Algebra Thoughts on Co-teaching <ul><li>Effect on… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching Style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for Special Needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teaching is the only major occupation of man for which we have not yet developed tools that make an average person capable of competence and performance. In teaching we rely on the “naturals,” the ones who somehow know how to teach.--Peter Drucker </li></ul>
  39. 40. Pre-Algebra Role of SE Teacher <ul><li>Support instruction in D.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accommodations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of calculator, tests read, extended time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You don't understand anything until you learn it more than one way.  ~Marvin Minsky </li></ul>
  40. 41. Planning Time: How? Where? When? Obstacles are those frightful things you see when you take your eyes off your goal.  ~Henry Ford
  41. 42. Making Time <ul><li>Prep time is difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Hallways, before/after school, lunch, before/after class or down time during class </li></ul><ul><li>Important to have good communication </li></ul>
  42. 43. Finding Time <ul><li>Roam Sub Strategy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of 1 substitute per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pick the same day every month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ie. 2nd Tuesday </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign-up Sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover for Teacher A opposite Teacher B’s prep and vice versa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sub Planning Period </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Email staff when sub is in building to use during planning period of absent teacher </li></ul></ul>
  43. 44. Special Educators-- Finding time to Co-teach AND Manage caseload <ul><li>Balancing your schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Education Paperwork </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing, meetings, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Own class load </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Math </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Directed Studies </li></ul></ul></ul>
  44. 45. Tips & Tricks: Activities for all Classrooms A positive attitude may not solve all your problems, but it will annoy enough people to make it worth the effort.--Herm Albright, quoted in Reader’s Digest , June 1995
  45. 46. Activities <ul><li>Vocabulary Cards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Velcro </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elements </li></ul><ul><li>Fortune Teller </li></ul><ul><li>Jeopardy PPT </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive CD-Rom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rainforest Researcher </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Online activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.mypyramid.gov </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Webquests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Outsiders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Odyssey </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Board Relays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Races to complete work at the board </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jigsaw activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning strategy in which each student learns a component and teachers others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.unitedstreaming.com </li></ul></ul>
  46. 47. Thank you! <ul><li>The dream begins with a teacher who believes in you, who tugs and pushes and leads you to the next plateau, sometimes poking you with a sharp stick called “truth.” --Dan Rather </li></ul>
  47. 48. Questions? Contact us @ NHS 475-7861 or www.negaunee.k12.mi.us/ <ul><li>Sara Van Abel, Resource Room </li></ul>