Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.
Prochain SlideShare
What to Upload to SlideShare
Suivant
Télécharger pour lire hors ligne et voir en mode plein écran

2

Partager

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

APA Publication Manual 6th Edition

Télécharger pour lire hors ligne

APA Publication Manual 6th Edition

Livres associés

Gratuit avec un essai de 30 jours de Scribd

Tout voir

APA Publication Manual 6th Edition

  1. 1. Kamran Ishfaq
  2. 2.  Started in 1928  Anthropological and Psychological journal editors met  Purpose: to standardize publication formats  First guidelines 7 pages long  Latest 6th edition printed 2009 summer
  3. 3.  APA – American Psychological Association  MLA – Modern Language Association  Chicago Style – Chicago Manual of Style  Turabian Style – based on Chicago Style  Harvard Referencing System  ASA – American Sociological Association  CBE - Council of Biology Editors Over 7 thousands Reference Citation Styles are available around the world.
  4. 4.  Standardize Publication Format for Social Sciences Around the World.  Most Adapted and Recommended Format for Social Sciences Research In Pakistani Universities.  To Standardize the Social Sciences Manuscript/ Thesis as it is recommended in BZU and other Public Pakistani Universities.
  5. 5. ? Where Can I Use in My Thesis
  6. 6. A citation is giving credit whenever you use someone’s ideas, figures, unique approach, or specific reasoning. This is done whether you paraphrase another’s ideas or use direct quotes. The purpose of using citations is twofold: To give credit for the person whose material you are using and 1.To offer a way for readers of your work to find out more information about that source.
  7. 7. Plagiarism: act of using someone else’s ideas, words, figures, unique approach, or specific reasoning without giving appropriate credit. It’s a bad thing!
  8. 8.  In-text citation also called Parenthetical citation Author-date reference  Reference list To be the best, cite the best (nature.com)
  9. 9. General Formatting Guidelines
  10. 10.  Margins: 1 inch around  Font: Times New Roman – 12 pt.  Line spacing: Double spaced throughout  Word spacing:  1 space after commas, colons, and semi-colons  1 space after period in name (A. B. Smith)  1 space after period separating parts of reference citation  1 or 2 spaces after periods in sentences in text
  11. 11.  Type or print on one side only of heavy, white, unruled paper  Paper size: 8½ X 11 inches  Left justify text only  Number pages consecutively in the top right corner, beginning with the title page  Just before the page number, use a shortened form of the title as a header  Title should be of 12 words in length  Indent paragraphs 5-7 spaces  No more than 27 lines of text per page
  12. 12. In text Citation & Left Justify the Text
  13. 13. Paragraph
  14. 14. Level of Headings
  15. 15. Seriation (Arrangement or Position in a Series)
  16. 16. References
  17. 17.  References are listed on separate page  Only citations that appear in the text should appear on the reference page  Everything cited in the text should appear on the reference page.  References are double-spaced, flush left with subsequent lines indented 5 spaces
  18. 18. 33  Uniform Resource Locator (URL) http://www.topicsinclinicalnutrition.com  Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482
  19. 19. 34
  20. 20. 35  Author or authoring body  Date of publication  Title of the work  Edition  Publisher  Place of publication  Title of the source  Location information within the source  URL or DOI  Nonroutine information
  21. 21. 36  Surname and initials Kernis, M. H.  Hyphenated first name Sun, C.-R.  Editor’s name Robinson, D. N. (Ed.)  No author Entry under title  Delete Prof., Dr., Maj., Retd., etc.
  22. 22. 37  Full name National Institute of Health  Subordinate body University of the Punjab, Institute of Business Administration  Government agencies Pakistan, Ministry of Finance
  23. 23. 38  Title of book  Title of book chapter  Title of journal article  Title of encyclopedia article  Subtitle with colon
  24. 24. 39  Edition you used  Edition in Arabic numeral 2nd ed. Rev. ed. 4th rev. ed.
  25. 25. 40  Publisher name for non periodicals  In a brief form  Omit superfluous terms, such as Publishers, Publications, Co., Inc. Sage Wiley McGraw-Hill Prentice Hall Ferozsons  Use only word “Author” when author and publisher is the same
  26. 26. 41  Name of city  If city is not well known then add state/province and/or country Jaipur, India Medford, NJ  US postal service abbreviations for states (2-digit codes) CA for California  If more cities are given, use the first or the publisher’s head office if clearly mentioned
  27. 27. 42  Journal volume and issue number in Arabic numerals 33(4)  Volume of a book Vols. 1-20 (Vol.26, pp. 501-508)  Start and end (inclusive) page numbers for journal article or book chapter 215-224 (pp. 215-224)  Discontinuous pages 5-7, 11-12
  28. 28. 43
  29. 29. 44 Schwepps (1998) states that the solution sat dormant for several months before any of the employees tested it (p. 743).
  30. 30. 45 When the solution had been sitting for a number of months, the employees tested for bacteria (Schwepps, 1998).
  31. 31. 46  When fewer than 40 words  Put prose quotation in running text  Put quote marks around quoted material  Author’s last name, publication year, and page number(s) of quote must appear in the text
  32. 32. 47 Caruth (1996) states that a traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (p. 11). A traumatic response frequently entails a “delayed, uncontrolled repetitive appearance of hallucinations and other intrusive phenomena” (Caruth, 1996, p. 11).
  33. 33. 48 Meile (1993) found the following: The “placebo effect,” which had been verified in previous studies, disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner. Furthermore, the behaviors were never exhibited again, even when real drugs were administered. Earlier studies were clearly premature in attributing the results to a placebo effect. (p. 276)
  34. 34. 49 In 1947 the World Health Organization proposed the following definition of health. “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity” (World Health Organization, as cited in Potter & Perry, 2001, p. 3).
  35. 35. 50  2 authors – cite both names separated by & Example: (Kosik & Martin, 1999, p. 127)  3-5 authors – cite all authors first time; after first time, use et al. Example: (Wilson et al., 2000)  6 or more authors – cite first author’s name and et al. Example: (Perez et al., 1992)
  36. 36. 51  Multiple sources from same author – chronological order, separated by comma (Burke, 1998, 1999, in press)  Within same year: (Burke, 1998a, 1998b, 1999, in press)  Multiple sources – separated by semicolon, alphabetical order (Burke, 1998; Perez, 1992; Wilhite, 2001)
  37. 37. 52 Recently, the history of warfare has been significantly revised by Higonnet et al (1987), Marcus (1989), and Raitt and Tate (1997) to include women’s personal and cultural responses to battle and its resultant traumatic effects. Feminist researchers now concur that “It is no longer true to claim that women's responses to the war have been ignored” (Raitt & Tate, p. 2). Though these studies focus solely on women's experiences, they err by collectively perpetuating the masculine-centered impressions originating in Fussell (1975) and Bergonzi (1996). However, Tylee (1990) further criticizes Fussell, arguing that his study “treated memory and culture as if they belonged to a sphere beyond the existence of individuals or the control of institutions” (p. 6).
  38. 38. 53
  39. 39. 54  Place the list of references cited at the end of the paper  Start references on a new page  Begin each entry flush with the left margin  Indent subsequent lines five to seven spaces (hanging indent)  Double space both within and between entries  Italicize the title of books, magazines, etc.
  40. 40. 55 Carter, R. (1998). Mapping the mind. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  41. 41. 56 Struck, W., & White, E. B. (1979). The elements of style (3rd ed.). New York: Macmillan.
  42. 42. 57 Wolchik, S. A., West, S. G., Sandler, I. N., Tein, J., Coatsworth, D., Lengua, L., et al. (2000). An experimental evaluation of…
  43. 43. 58 Merriam-Webster's collegiate dictionary (10th ed.). (1993). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
  44. 44. 59 Allison, M. T., & Schneider, I. E. (Eds.). (2000). Diversity and the recreation profession: Organizational perspectives. State College, PA: Venture.
  45. 45. 60 Stern, J. A., & Dunham, D. N. (1990). The ocular system. In J. T. Cacioppo & L. G. Tassinary (Eds.), Principles of psychophysiology: Physical, social, and inferential elements (pp. 513-553). Berkeley,
  46. 46. 61 Koch, S. (Ed.). (1959-1963). Psychology: A study of science (Vols. 1-6). New York: McGraw-Hill.
  47. 47. 62 Sellard, S., & Mills, M. E. (1995). Administrative issues for use of nurse practitioners. Journal of Nursing Administration, 25(5), 64-70.
  48. 48. 63 Jones, R. (in press). The new healthcare lexicon. Journal of Health.
  49. 49. 64 Misumi, J., & Fumita, M. (1982). Effects of PM organizational development in supermarket organization. Japanese Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 21, 93-111. [Abstract] Psychological Abstracts, 1982, 68, Abstract No. 11474
  50. 50. 65 Posner, M. I. (1993, October 29). Seeing the mind. Science, 262, 673-674.
  51. 51. 66 Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4.
  52. 52. 67 Blaser, L. (1996). Relativity . In Gale encyclopedia of science (Vol. 15, pp. 82-86). New York, Gale Encyclopedia Co.
  53. 53. 68 Ho, M. (2000). Coping strategies of counseling professionals (Unpublished master’s thesis, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore).
  54. 54. 69 National Institute on Mental Health. (1980). Drug abuse [videotape]. Bethesda: Author.
  55. 55. 70 Velmans, M. (1999). When perception becomes conscious. British Journal of Psychology, 90, 543- 566. Retrieved from the Expanded Academic ASAP database.
  56. 56. 71 Green, C. (2000, April 16). History & philosophy of psychology web resources. Retrieved from http://www.yorku.ca/dept.htm
  57. 57. 72 Stultz, J. (2006). Integrating exposure therapy and analytic therapy in trauma treatment. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76(4), 482–488. doi:10.1037/0002-9432.76.4.482
  58. 58. 73 Heuristic. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.m- w.com/dictionary
  59. 59. 74 Columbia University, Teachers College, Institute for Learning Technologies. (2000). Smart cities: New York: Electronic education for the new millennium [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://www.ilt.columbia.edu/ publications/index.html
  60. 60. 75 American Psychological Association. (2006, April 30). Internet use involves both pros and cons for children and adolescents [Press release]. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/releases/ youthwww0406.html
  61. 61. 76 Smith, S. (2006, January 5). Re: Disputed estimates of IQ [Msg 670]. Message posted to ForensicNetwork electronic mailing list, archived at http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/Forensi cNetwork/message/670
  62. 62. 77 bfy. (2007, January 22). Re: The unfortunate prerequisites and consequences of partitioning your mind. Message posted to http://scienceblogs.com/pharyngula/
  63. 63. 78  References Calvillo, D. (1999). The theoretical development of aggression. Retrieved August 21, 2002 from: http://www.csubak.edu/~1vega/dustin2.html Flory, R. K., (1969a). Attack behavior as a function of minimum inter-food interval. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior. 12, 825-828. Flory, R. K., (1969b). Attack behavior in a multiple fixed-ratio schedule of reinforcement. Psychonomic Science, 16, 383-386. Flory, R. K., & Everist, H.D. (1977). The effect of a response requirement on schedule- induced aggression. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9, 383-386. Gentry, W. D. (1968). Fixed-ratio schedule-induced aggression. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior 11, 813-817.
  64. 64. 79 APA Manual Website: www.apastyle.org
  65. 65.  http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/basics/index.ht m for a tutorial about APA Style  http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/whatsnew/inde x.htm for a tutorial about the changes
  66. 66. ?????
  • ZahoorLehri1

    Apr. 27, 2020
  • marasool

    Apr. 24, 2020

APA Publication Manual 6th Edition

Vues

Nombre de vues

358

Sur Slideshare

0

À partir des intégrations

0

Nombre d'intégrations

9

Actions

Téléchargements

7

Partages

0

Commentaires

0

Mentions J'aime

2

×