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HOW TO WRITE AND PUBLISH AN ARTICLE
Dr. Kamran Ishfaq, PhD Sociology
The Children’s Hospital & the Institute of Child
Heal...
Publishing your Work
• Why Should You Seek to Publish?
• A traditional warning in higher education
circles
• Academic reco...
Identify Your Potential Publishing Source
Research papers
1. Journal article Conference
paper (proceedings)
2. Working pap...
Research Report
Academic credibility - High
Economic benefit – None
Introduction in academic world
- Reasonable
Newspaper ...
Self-publishing
Academic credibility – very low
Economic benefits – very low
Introduction to academic world – very low
Int...
Important Tips
• • Remember the international dimensions of your readership.
• • Do not use terms that are not familiar in...
Journal’s Guidelines for Authors for Submission
of their papers... While submitting your paper,
you MUST make sure that......
How the Peer Review Works?
• Open Review
• • Identities of reviewers are known
• • Identity of author(s) is known
• • Revi...
Qualities of a Good Research Paper
• Highlights its aims and objectives at the
beginning
• Central theme and main argument...
Structuring your Research Paper for an Academic Journal
Size and Style of Paper (No. of words, citation & format)
Abstract...
Original Article
• Text for original articles shall not exceed 5000
words and manuscript should be prepared
under followin...
Structured Abstract
• Should not exceed 250 words and use
following subheadings: Objectives, Study
design, Place & duratio...
Introduction
• Should contain brief review of the topic with
strictly relevant references and historical
background and th...
Methodology:
• Should be started with study design as well as place
and duration of the study.
• It shall clearly state in...
Results
• Important findings must be narrated in the text
with tables and explained in logical sequence in
percentages as ...
• Discussion: The findings should be compared
with already existing national and international
literature supported with r...
• Conclusion/Recommendations:
• Should be specific towards the objectives of
study and in author’s own interpretation. It
...
• Acknowledgements:
• Persons who have contributed intellectually or
technically to the paper but whose
contributions do n...
• References: List must be numbered serially in
the order in which the references appear in the
text and typed double-spac...
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How to write and publish an articles in Scientific journals. dr. kamran ishfaq

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Dr. Kamran Ishfaq, PhD Sociology

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How to write and publish an articles in Scientific journals. dr. kamran ishfaq

  1. 1. HOW TO WRITE AND PUBLISH AN ARTICLE Dr. Kamran Ishfaq, PhD Sociology The Children’s Hospital & the Institute of Child Health Multan, Pakistan Email address: kamranishfaqchc@gmail.com
  2. 2. Publishing your Work • Why Should You Seek to Publish? • A traditional warning in higher education circles • Academic recognition • Contribution to existing body of knowledge • Fame and fortune • Self satisfaction • Career progression
  3. 3. Identify Your Potential Publishing Source Research papers 1. Journal article Conference paper (proceedings) 2. Working paper series Chapter in an edited book Books Single & multiple author books Edited books (collection of papers) Text books Specialised books specialised book series General books General book series
  4. 4. Research Report Academic credibility - High Economic benefit – None Introduction in academic world - Reasonable Newspaper and magazine articles Academic credibility - None Economic benefit - None Introduction in general public - high Book Academic credibility – High Economic benefit – little Introduction in academic world – reasonable/high Research paper (National and International Journals) Academic credibility – Very high Economic benefits - None Introduction in academic world - very high
  5. 5. Self-publishing Academic credibility – very low Economic benefits – very low Introduction to academic world – very low Introduction to general public – very low Something is better than nothing Easy and quick to publish You need to know how to sell your book
  6. 6. Important Tips • • Remember the international dimensions of your readership. • • Do not use terms that are not familiar in other cultures/countries. • Use of Numbers and Words • • Numbers less than 10 should be written in words (except decimal units). • • Numbers greater than 10 should be written in numerals. • • Never start your sentence with numerals. • Use of Sentences • • Try to use an active voice (e.g., ‘This research has demonstrated…’). • • Try to avoid the passive voice (e.g. ‘It has been demonstrated by this research…’).
  7. 7. Journal’s Guidelines for Authors for Submission of their papers... While submitting your paper, you MUST make sure that... • Your paper meets with all the parameters, their prescribed style and framework given in the latest copy in the journal • You have used the journal’s latest citation style • You have followed required submission procedures (e.g., correct number of copies, cover sheet, keywords, abstract, etc.) • Electronic submission procedure / requirements...
  8. 8. How the Peer Review Works? • Open Review • • Identities of reviewers are known • • Identity of author(s) is known • • Reviewers are acknowledged in the published paper • • Number of Reviewers = Usually a panel of reviewers [Single] Blind (Anonymous) Review • • Identity of the author(s) is known • • Identity of the reviewers is unknown • • Number of Reviewers = Usually two (or more) Double-blind Review • • Identity of the reviewers is unknown • • Identity of the author(s) is unknown • • Number of Reviewers = Usually two (or more)
  9. 9. Qualities of a Good Research Paper • Highlights its aims and objectives at the beginning • Central theme and main argument(s) are made clear in the earlier part of the paper • Provides up-to-date analytical information • Analyses current key debates in the subject area • Provokes thought and encourages reader(s) to think further in the subject area • Enjoyable to read
  10. 10. Structuring your Research Paper for an Academic Journal Size and Style of Paper (No. of words, citation & format) Abstract  Objectives  Study Design  Place and duration of the study  Methodology  Results  Conclusion  Key words Main Body Introduction Methodology Data Analysis Discussion Conclusion References
  11. 11. Original Article • Text for original articles shall not exceed 5000 words and manuscript should be prepared under following headings starting from separate page i.e. Title page, Structured abstract, Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement and References.
  12. 12. Structured Abstract • Should not exceed 250 words and use following subheadings: Objectives, Study design, Place & duration, Methodology, Results, Conclusion and Key words (3 to 7).
  13. 13. Introduction • Should contain brief review of the topic with strictly relevant references and historical background and the rationale and the objectives of the study shall be mentioned at the end.
  14. 14. Methodology: • Should be started with study design as well as place and duration of the study. • It shall clearly state inclusion and exclusion criteria of the subjects. • Well-established methods shall be cited with references. • Statistical tools used for analysis of results shall also be mentioned with enough detail to enable the readers or researchers to verify the reported findings.
  15. 15. Results • Important findings must be narrated in the text with tables and explained in logical sequence in percentages as well as numeric’s [e.g. 23.37 % (n=32) or 23.37%, n=32]. • Only important observations should be emphasized in precise manner and repetitions shall be avoided. • Table number should be mentioned in text while describing its findings. Tables, Bar graphs or Pie diagrams should not be more than five and lengthy tables containing irrelevant information’s should be avoided.
  16. 16. • Discussion: The findings should be compared with already existing national and international literature supported with references. • It shall emphasize the new and important aspects, implications and any limitations of the study. • The discussion should be crisp, to the point keeping in view the aims and objective of the study. •
  17. 17. • Conclusion/Recommendations: • Should be specific towards the objectives of study and in author’s own interpretation. It should not be linked to other studies. •
  18. 18. • Acknowledgements: • Persons who have contributed intellectually or technically to the paper but whose contributions do not justify authorship may be named and their function or contribution shall be clearly described. For example “scientific advisor”, “Critical review of study proposal”, “data collection” or “participation in the clinical trial”. Such persons must have permitted to be named.
  19. 19. • References: List must be numbered serially in the order in which the references appear in the text and typed double-spaced on separate sheets. • References shall be latest (preferably last 10 year) national and international, up to 20-25, cited in Vancouver’s style in conformation the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (http://www.icmje.org).
  • AditiChatterjee11

    Nov. 7, 2020
  • PRIYASELVARAJKALAM

    Sep. 12, 2017

Dr. Kamran Ishfaq, PhD Sociology

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