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What I believe and why I got involved in open resources Differentiating instruction is essential to improving education. Textbooks are not a good tool for this. Technology coupled with high quality content is. Teachers and students need high quality resources that they can use legally to build upon. Teacher and student innovation is key. Sharing is good.
What are OER? OER = open educational resources Digital, free, and OPEN for anyone to use, adapt, and redistribute
How is OER relevant to education? Suitable for “remixing” for differentiation − Examples Increases equity FREE
Traditionalcopyright - Public domain - all rights unrestricted reserved use
Traditionalcopyright - Public domain - all rights unrestricted reserved use Copyright with open licenses - some rights reserved
Attribution (BY) ▪ Non-commercial (NC) ▪No derivatives (ND) ▪ Copyleft - Share-Alike (SA)Recommended for education:CC BY
Creative Commons: − CC BY – You can use however you want; just cite the source. − CC BY SA – You can use however you want, but you must cite the source AND license your work under a sharing license. − CC BY NC – You can use only if it is noncommercial (you can’t charge $); cite the source. − CC BY ND – You can use the work but you can’t change it or put it into a bigger work; also cite the source.
Others: GFDL – Share-alike license used by Wikipedia and others. Public domain – not copyrighted; you can use however you like. Custom licenses (e.g. morguefile and Teacher’s Domain)
Citing Sources ALWAYS cite sources Can be under the image or at the end in credits Screen names are ok (optional) Include source URL
More Formal Citation Formats MLA Author’s name, the name of the work, publication/site, the date of creation, and the medium of publication Bronayur. “Hershey, PA sign.” Wikipedia, Jan. 9, 2007. JPG file. APA Name of the organization, followed by the date. In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears. Finally, provide the project name and retrieval information. Hershey, PA sign. (Jan. 9, 2007). [Photo of Hershey, PA sign, JPG]. Wikipedia. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hershey_Pennsylvania_1.JPG
Content – Education (cont.)Online courses NROC and Hippocampus MERLOT MIT OpenCourseWareOther educational content PhET Kids Open Dictionary Ebooks OER Commons
Remixing and the Common Core We have a unique opportunity Common Core + digital + open + teacher and student innovation = a new era in curriculum .
How You Can Open License Your Own Work Just write “licensed under Creative Commons CC BY” on the work Use the Creative Commons “Choose a License” tool . − Will provide you with artwork − Optional code you can put on a web site to be accessed by open search engines
How You Can Contribute If you publish something you are willing to share, open license it. Post photos (to Flickr or elsewhere) with an open license. . Publish on an open platform like Wikispaces. Innovate and collaborate with others on social media and on P2PU. Tell three people you know about open content and Creative Commons
What is one resource or tool that you learned about today that you can take back to use to help differentiate your classroom? Your questions
Thank you.Karen Fasimpaurkaren@k12opened.comFirst screen image credits:Linux computer lab – Michael SurranLinux penguin - Larry Ewing <firstname.lastname@example.org> with the GIMPBooks - TizzieGlobe – NASACloud background - Anca Mosoiu