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Unit 3 study guide answers

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Unit 3 study guide answers

  1. 1. The Ottoman Empire was partitioned by the United Nations without considering religious and ethnic backgrounds. This caused conflict in the region for many years.
  2. 2. Jerusalem
  3. 3. 1. Holocaust – The murder of 6 million Jews during and after WWII.2. Anti-Semitism-hostility and hatred toward Jews.3. Zionism – the movement in the 19th centuryto create a homeland for the Jewish people in Palestine. 4. Religious Connection to the land
  4. 4. Their Holy City, Jerusalem, islocated there.
  5. 5. Their Holy City, Jerusalem, islocated there.
  6. 6. Anti- Semitism- Hostility towards Jews 1. Holocaust 2. Pogroms 3. Dreyfus Affair 4. Restrictions on Jewish Immigration
  7. 7. They strongly disagreed and thought it was unfair.
  8. 8. Five Arab armies invaded Israel. Israel won and doubled their land.
  9. 9. To take Palestine back from Israel.
  10. 10. They are fighting over landthat was once Palestine and belonged to Arab Muslims. The land was given to theJewish Israelis and renamed Israel.
  11. 11. Radical groups of Muslim terrorists
  12. 12. In search of Osama Bin Laden who masterminded the attacks on September 11, 2001.
  13. 13. The U.S. thought that SaddamHussein was producing WMD’s in defiance of the cease fire thatended the Persian Gulf War. The U.S. also feared a connectionbetween Hussein and Al-Qaeda.
  14. 14. Central government hold the mostpower (to make and enforce laws).
  15. 15. A voluntary association ofindependent states that delegates only a few powers to a weak central authority.
  16. 16. Power is SHARED between the central authority and several regional authorities.
  17. 17. Government in which ONE PERSON has unlimited control to make decisions. Little to no CITIZEN PARTICIATION!
  18. 18. Government in which a small groupcontrols for selfish reasons – only a few citizens participate.
  19. 19. Government in which the citizenshave the ability to participate fullyin the government through freely held elections.
  20. 20. A system of government in whichthe President (Executive Branch) is constitutionally independent ofthe legislature (Legislative Branch)
  21. 21. A system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members ofthe legislature who are individually and collectively responsible to the legislature. (May have a PrimeMinister selected by the legislature)
  22. 22. The central government has the power. I have the POWER
  23. 23. The regional authorities hold the most power
  24. 24. No Citizen Participation!Only one leader gets to make decisions.
  25. 25. Only a few citizens participate.Usually selfish and corrupt people who make the decisions.
  26. 26. Monarchy – Unitary - Autocratic
  27. 27. Parliamentary Democracy – Federal - Democratic
  28. 28. Prime Minister chose by the legislature.
  29. 29. Israel’s Parliament
  30. 30. They have little influence, the rulers make all the decisions.
  31. 31. Government based onreligions and led by religious leader
  32. 32. The royal family andadvisors choose him