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Citizen science in education

How is citizen science similar to what ants do?

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Citizen science in education

  1. 1. Citizen science in schools Kai Pata kpata@tlu.ee Big goal– involve citizens to making science– why and how?
  2. 2. What is common to citizen science and ants?
  3. 3. Swarming behaviors Following the signal tracts and taking action accordingly Simultaneous monitoring and awareness of the others and the signals accumulated into the environment and using those for action and planning own goals. Signals left to the environment accumulate and dissipate in time
  4. 4. Swarming behaviors Building the termite nest – how blind insects can collaborate by signals
  5. 5. Movement of the flock is awareness based, tracing nearby agents Flocks of birds and fish
  6. 6. Distributed cognition • The distributed cognitive system serves as a partially external and uncontrollable locus of control (Hollan, et al., 2000). • People form a tightly coupled system with their environments, and the latter serves as one’s partner or cognitive ally in the struggle to control the activity (Hollan, et al., 2000). • We actualize certain dimensions from the environment around us integrating it to the action-plans, and simultaneously the environment extends certain dimensions to us changing and shaping our intentions.
  7. 7. • There are two main ways in which, distributed cognition may be framed – epistemic distributed cognition (person level) and collective distributed cognition (culture level), which are mutually interrelated How learning environments become smart? How individuals make use of smart environment - responsive processes between agents’ and collective level
  8. 8. Embodied cognition • Discoveries in cognitive and neuroscience about the functioning of mirror-neuron systems (Gallese et al., 1996), claim, that cognition is embodied through grounding knowledge directly in sensory- motor experiences without the mediation of symbolic representations (Pecher & Zwaan, 2005). • W perceptually activate certain multi-modal action- potentialites of embodied symbols that directly mediate our purposeful and goal- directed actions (see Gallese & Lakoff, 2005). • the action-related cues are picked up and integrated into our action plans and through these actions modified and offloaded to the public
  9. 9. Sharing inquiry challenge Discovering a challenge – SIGNAL in a location Collecting data, participating with action Guided awareness to follow the challenge Continuing the activity in another location Discovering another challenge in same location/theme CHALLENGE BECOMES ATTRACTIVE TO MANY Following new challenge Scientists and citizen organizations can set up citizen science challenges HOW/WHERE TO LEAVE THE SIGNALS HOW TO NOTICE THE SIGNALS HOW TO SHOW CURRENTLY ACTIVE SIGNALS TO INVOLVE HOW TO PULL TO THE CHALLENGE – THE FLOW EXPERIENCE HOW TO INVOLVE TO OTHER CHALLENGES HOW TO USE COMMONLY COLLECTED DATA FOR GOOD PURPOSES COLLECTIVELY AND INDIVIDUALLY
  10. 10. Citizen science challenges Dhared responsibility and inclusion in problem solving Swarm based datacollection Citizens using data Citizens as sensors Creating challenges for inquiry http://www.labucketbrigade.org/content/bucket Citizens open up the problem and explain the results from their point of view http://www.teemeara.ee Prügikohtade kaardistamine
  11. 11. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1xow3Ii_EqO2yQu1nkwp7n8b8MYqAF2gqoerD01S7-yc/edit#
  12. 12. Circular economy – awareness and involvment mechanisms with digital technologies Plogging https://plasticwhale.com Fishing for bottles
  13. 13. Citizen science challenges Involvement to responsibility of solving problems Swarm based inquiry Citizens using data Citizens as sensors Citizens participating in opening up the problem and making sense of results Citizens creating inquiry challenges Amateurs contributing to research Researchers and society benefitting from data
  14. 14. Inquiry swarm studying light pollution How to create own challenges? Create MyMap and share collaboration Embed task and data to the map, or embed the survey items to the map.
  15. 15. Citizen science challenges Citizens co- responsibility in solving problems Inquiry swarm Citizens use the data Citizens serve as sensors Citizens participate in opening up the problem and making sense of results Citizens creating inquiry challenges https://www.zooniverse.org Digitalizing data Sorting data Man at the street found exoplanets
  16. 16. Citizen science challenges Inclusive co- resposnibility Swarm based inquiry Citizens use data Citizens as sensors Citizens create challenges How to use data for the sake of citizens and individuals? Citizens are involved in opening up of the problem and making sense of results
  17. 17. Novel ideas for digital textbooks Citizen science challenges Textbook figures are situated to own data Inquiry swarm School 1 School 3 It will be possible of exercising citizen science, having self- motivation in exploring own data, comparing it across places etc. School 2 Textbook has open slots for figures that appear after inquiry swarmimg activities
  18. 18. Some links of citizen science in education Projects that collect and share data • UNESCO Läänemere projekt: http://bsp.teec.ee • Globe projekt Eestis: https://globe.ee Amateur scientists’ and citizen science activities • Collect data from nature as an amateur- eElurikkus https://elurikkus.ut.ee/ • Help the archive - http://www.ra.ee/uurijale/uhisloome/ • Citizen science project portals: • http://Anecdata.org • https://www.zooniverse.org • http://citsci.org/cwis438/websites/citsci/home.php?WebSiteID=7 • http://socientize.eu • Create inquiry swarm activity, use sensors for collecting data : use google maps, google forms, SmartZoos https://rada.smartzoos.eu • Create a citizen science project yourself: http://Anecdata.org http://www.ra.ee/uurijale/uhisloome/