Ce diaporama a bien été signalé.
Nous utilisons votre profil LinkedIn et vos données d’activité pour vous proposer des publicités personnalisées et pertinentes. Vous pouvez changer vos préférences de publicités à tout moment.

Emerging Trends in LIS

The presentation made during the INDEST Workshop & SIS 2008 Conference held at IIM Indore during 4-6 Dec 08.

  • Identifiez-vous pour voir les commentaires

Emerging Trends in LIS

  1. 1. H. Anil Kumar Librarian, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad Emerging trends in Librarianship
  2. 2. Librarianship Users Collection Staff Resources Understand and service the needs of users – faculty, students and researchers Librarianship
  3. 3. Librarianship <ul><li>Users (Needs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying and seeking continuously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designing, delivering and managing services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matching or facilitating access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction </li></ul></ul>VALUE TO THE USER
  4. 4. Librarianship <ul><li>Collection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and Seek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture, Acquire and Access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieve and Communicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage and Monitor </li></ul></ul>VALUE TO THE USER
  5. 5. Librarianship <ul><li>Staff </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify and Seek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recruit and train </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitate, Manage and Understand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interact </li></ul></ul>VALUE TO THE USER
  6. 6. Technologies in Libraries <ul><li>Library automation packages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CDS/ ISIS, Libsys, Liberty, VTLS, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Source like KOHA, New Genlib,LearningAccess ILS, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PCs, Floppy disks, CDs / DVDs / etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pen drives, Portable HDs, Blu Ray Disk </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Technologies in Libraries <ul><li>Identification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barcode, Tattle-tape, RFID, Biometric, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Information capture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key board, Scanner, Digital Cameras, Mobiles, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Client-server, P2P, Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Databases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Books, articles, reports, aggregators, publishers, IRs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Technologies in Libraries <ul><li>Information retrieval </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple OPAC to Federated searches like a package tour – articles, books, videos, teachers lectures, diagrams, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seamless integration of various sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote login / VPN </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User need not worry where the information is located </li></ul><ul><li>Online Usage statistics </li></ul><ul><li>User customized displays </li></ul><ul><li>User Identification is simpler and secure </li></ul>
  9. 10. Technologies in Libraries <ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handling large volumes of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Technologies in Libraries <ul><li>Networking or connecting technologies is easier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open Standards - well defined interface </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Componentization developments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Service oriented convergence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of Capture – Store – Authenticate – Retrieve </li></ul><ul><li>Location and distances don’t matter for access </li></ul>
  11. 12. Emerging Trends - Technologies <ul><li>Technologies that will enable the development of Collaboration, Next Generation Architecture and Real World Web are highlighted as being particularly significant. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peer to Peer (P2P) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop Search </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Really Simple Syndication (RSS) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate Blogging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul></ul></ul>Gartner Highlights
  12. 13. Emerging Trends - Technologies <ul><li>Next Generation Architecture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Services-Enabled Business Models </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Process Platforms (BPP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Real World Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Location-aware applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radio Frequency Identification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mesh Networks — Sensor </li></ul></ul>Gartner Highlights
  13. 14. P2P <ul><li>A sharing and delivery of user specified files among groups of people who are logged on to a file sharing network. Napster was the first mainstream P2P software that enabled large scale file sharing. www.mp3-cdburner.com/MP3-glossary.shtml </li></ul><ul><li>Peer-to-peer networking (P2P) is an application that runs on a personal computer and shares files with other users across the Internet. P2P networks work by connecting individual computers together to share files instead of having to go through a central server. www.netalert.net.au/01990-Glossary.asp </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  14. 15. Desktop Search <ul><li>Desktop search is the name for the emerging field of search tools which search the contents of a user's own computer files, rather than searching the Internet. The emphasis is on data mining all the information that is available on the user's PC, including web browser histories, e-mail archives, word-processor documents, and so on. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Desktop_search </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  15. 16. Podcasting <ul><li>Podcasting, a portmanteau of Apple's &quot;iPod&quot; and &quot;broadcasting&quot;, is a method of publishing files to the Internet, allowing users to subscribe to a feed and receive new files automatically by subscription, usually at no cost. It first became popular in late 2004, used largely for audio files. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting entails audio content that is delivered via an RSS feed presenting a downloadable or streaming file (often mp3). </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  16. 17. Blogs <ul><li>A weblog (usually shortened to blog, but occasionally spelled web log) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally in reverse chronological order). </li></ul><ul><li>Although most early weblogs were manually updated, tools to automate the maintenance of such sites made them accessible to a much larger population, and the use of some sort of browser-based software is now a typical aspect of &quot;blogging&quot;. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blogs </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  17. 18. Wikis <ul><li>A wiki (pronounced , or ; see Pronunciation below) is a web application that allows users to add content, as on an Internet forum, but also allows anyone to edit the content. Wiki also refers to the collaborative software used to create such a website (see Wiki software). en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikis </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  18. 19. RSS <ul><li>RSS is a family of XML file formats for web syndication used by news websites and weblogs. They are used to provide items containing short descriptions of web content together with a link to the full version of the content. This information is delivered as an XML file called RSS feed, webfeed, RSS stream, or RSS channel. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RSS_(protocol ) </li></ul><ul><li>(Rich Site Summary or RDF [Resource Description Framework] Site Summary). An XML format for sharing content among different Web sites such as news items. How does it work? A Web site can allow other sites to publish some of its content by creating an RSS document and registers the document with an RSS publisher. A web publisher can post a link to the rss feed so users can read the distributed content on his/her site. ... mason.gmu.edu/~montecin/netterms.htm </li></ul>Emerging Trends - Technologies
  19. 20. Emerging Trends - User Environment <ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul><ul><li>SMS </li></ul><ul><li>MMS </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking sites </li></ul>a very different communication environment forcing librarians to rethink their communication strategies
  20. 21. Emerging trends - Internet <ul><li>Beyond connectivity and bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking – Orkut, facebook, myspace, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing of files and information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No physical carrying of files </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mail sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Box.net </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mediamax.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal information management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Del.icio.us – similicio.us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Google – desktop search, earth, scholar, video, organiser, biorythm, news, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simple / interesting tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Webnode / Google pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clusty.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep web – closerlook, northernlights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stumbleupon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>chrome </li></ul></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>“ Just as a great city must have a big public park, along with lots of small neighbourhood parks, so it must have one big public library and many neighbourhood libraries… but this is a distant dream in India where the state has failed to deliver even more basic services like schools and hospitals…When government schools fail, we start private schools in the slums; when public health centres fail, we open cheap health clinics.” </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, it is not the end to the technology, nor to the culture. A neighbourhood library has a social purpose. “Like a tea or a pan shop it brings people together. Despite TV and online reading, people will continue to read books for pleasure.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ What are you reading these days?”- Mr. Gurcharan Das in Times of India: Ahmedabad, 16th Nov, 2008. pp. 6 </li></ul></ul>Changing context
  22. 23. <ul><li>Libraries are getting strategically repositioned that puts them at the centre of national plans for learning, knowledge societies, culture and community life. </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries are “Living Rooms” of cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prof Dr. Claudia Lux, the president of International Federation of Library Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Libraries are cornerstones of a knowledge society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Knowledge Commission of India (NKC), India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We need reading space </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students of the Ahmedabad city on reduction of opening hours of MJ library </li></ul></ul>Changing context
  23. 24. Is this the library of the future? By Megan Lane BBC News Online <ul><li>The word library is set to fade from our vocabulary - but not because we've fallen out of love with books. Today's libraries are being made over as &quot;idea stores&quot;, complete with cafés, crèches and multi-media offerings. </li></ul>http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/2859845.stm Space – digital and physical Changing Context
  24. 25. Lib 2.0 <ul><li>Any service, physical or virtual that successfully reaches users, is evaluated frequently and makes use of customer input is a Library 2.0 service. </li></ul><ul><li>Library 2.0 will be a meeting place, online or in the physical world, where [library users’] needs will be fulfilled through entertainment, information and the ability to create (their) own stuff to contribute to the ocean of content out there. </li></ul>Library 2.0 by Michael E. Casey and L.C. Savastinuk – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6365200.html Emerging trends - management
  25. 26. Chris Anderson’s Long Tail Emerging trends - management
  26. 27. Long Tail <ul><li>80 – 20 principle (Pareto) </li></ul><ul><li>Chris Anderson “The Long Tail” in Wired magazine (10/05) </li></ul><ul><li>Selling fewer of a larger variety of objects to more people than a brick-and-mortar store </li></ul><ul><li>Amazon will have more than just best sellers (20%) </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries follow this for time immemorial as they would not have survived otherwise </li></ul>Serving the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html Emerging trends - management
  27. 28. Long Tail <ul><li>Best sellers drive the demand for towards special interests like ‘read-alike lists’ ‘books bought by buyer who bought this book’ </li></ul><ul><li>Net facilitates this for libraries like ‘whatdoireadnext.com’ </li></ul><ul><li>Filters technology or slick technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People or software that help you find what you want in the long tail, driving demand from hits to niches </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amazon makes more money in niche items rather than best sellers </li></ul>Serving the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html Emerging trends - management
  28. 29. Long Tail: Eight lessons <ul><li>Be responsive to your customers </li></ul><ul><li>Locate, define and reach underserved </li></ul><ul><li>Find ways to solve all problems related to access </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians are not information brokers but information filters </li></ul><ul><li>You can compete with free </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace the paradox that internet (google, wiki) is our competitor and also not our competitor </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalize on all types of service points, ‘real’ and ‘virtual’ to the patrons greatest end </li></ul><ul><li>Using Google for research is like “working for less than minimum wages” </li></ul>Serving the Niche: Katherine Mossman – www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6349032.html Emerging trends - management
  29. 30. Challenges & Opportunities <ul><li>Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Issues (DMCA,..) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Repositories/ Archiving Institutional Knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>SUSHI - standardised usage statistics harvesting initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Outsourcing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading Space </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Reading habits NOP Index </li></ul>
  30. 31. http://www.nopworld.com/news.asp?go=news_item&key=179 (accessed in July 2008) 10.3 Egypt 6.8 Hungary 11.3 Australia 17.9 Japan 10.5 Brazil 6.9 France 11.5 Germany 18.0 U.K. 10.6 Turkey 6.9 Sweden 12.1 Hungary 18.4 Brazil 10.6 Poland 7.1 Russia 12.5 Poland 18.9 Taiwan 10.7 Hong Kong 7.4 Czech Republic 13.3 Turkey 19.0 USA 10.8 China 7.5 Egypt 13.3 Thailand 19.7 Indonesia 10.9 Hungary 7.6 Philippines 13.5 Czech Republic 20.2 Turkey 11.5 Spain 8.0 China 15.0 South Africa 20.9 Egypt 11.7 Thailand 9.4 Thailand 17.2 Brazil 21.0 Philippines 12.6 Taiwan 10.7 India 20.8 Argentina 22.4 Thailand Mean Hours Mean Hours Mean Hours Mean Hours 7.9 8.9 (Av.) 6.5 (Av.) 4.1 8.0 (Av.) 13.3 16.6 (Av.) Computer/Internet (Not for Work)*** Reading Listening to Radio Watching TV
  31. 32. <ul><li>Resources’ Usage and Usage Evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Library Users – virtual users –interact with the profiles </li></ul><ul><li>Seamless integration </li></ul><ul><li>Information Literacy and Personal Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Management </li></ul>Challenges & Opportunities
  32. 40. <ul><li>Useful Resources for librarians … </li></ul>
  33. 50. LibWorm is intended to be a search engine, a professional development tool, and a current awareness tool for people who work in libraries or care about libraries. LibWorm collects updates from about 1400 RSS feeds (and growing). The contents of these feeds are then available for searching, and search results can themselves be output as an RSS feed that the user can subscribe to either in his/her favourite aggregator or in LibWorm's built-in aggregator.
  34. 79. T H A N K Y O U ! [email_address]