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how to describe the workplace diversity?

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Diversity in the workplace
Diversity in the workplace
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how to describe the workplace diversity?

  1. 1. Human Resource Management Human Management •Describe workplace diversity.How diversity affect human resource management.
  2. 2. Question  Describe workplace diversity.How diversity affect human resource management. FAISAL RANA
  3. 3. Workforce Diversity  Diversity simply refers to human characteristics that make people different.  The sources of individual variations are complex, but they can generally be grouped into two categories: those over which individuals have little or no control and those over which individuals have more control.
  4. 4. Workforce Diversity  The challenge is to make organizations more accommodating to diverse groups of people.
  5. 5. Workforce Diversity The Workforce Today  Minorities and women have become the fastest growing segments  The numbers of immigrant workers and older workers are increasing
  6. 6. Workforce Diversity  Today diversity refers to far more than skin color and gender. It is a broad term used to refer to all kinds of differences. These differences include women in business, dual- career families, workers of color, older workers persons with disabilities, immigrants, young persons with limited education or skills, educational level of employees.
  7. 7. Workforce Diversity Racial & Ethnical Groups Older Workers Gender Education Religions & Culture Persons with Disabilities Flexibility
  8. 8. Workforce Diversity Immigrants Young persons with limited education or skills Competitive advantage though work force diversity Marketing Creativity, innovation, and problem solving
  9. 9. Racial & Ethical Groups  Workers of color often experience stereotypes about their group (Hispanics, African Americans, Asians, etc.). At times, they encounter misunderstandings and expectations based on ethnic or cultural differences.
  10. 10. Older Workers As the world population is growing older, a trend that is expected to continue through the year 2000. In addition, the trend toward earlier retirement appears to be reversing itself.
  11. 11. Gender (Women in Business)  Women represent almost 11.9 percent of corporate officers at largest companies. However, the number of women in entry and midlevel managerial positions has risen from 34 percent in 1983 to 46 percent in 1998, meaning many more women are in the pipeline to executive posts. Today, there are more than 9 million women-owned businesses, up from 400,000 in 1972.
  12. 12. International Diversity  How women in other countries are progressing. 1.Philippines 50 2.Brazil 42 3.Thailand 39 4.Hong Kong 35 5.Russia 34 6.Malaysia 23 7.United States 23 8.France 21 9.Mexico 20 10.Canada 19 11.India 14 11.Global Average 22
  13. 13. Education  Another form of diversity that is now found in the workplace is that of the educational level of employees. The United States is becoming a bipolar country with regard to education, with a growing number of very educated people on one side and an alarming increase in the illiteracy rate on the other.
  14. 14. Religion and Culture Due to globalization religion and culture based diversity is also increasing in organizations.
  15. 15. Persons with disabilities  A disability, limits the amount or kind of work a person can do or makes achievement unusually difficult. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed in 1990, prohibits discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities.
  16. 16. Immigrants  Today the permitted level of legal immigration is increasing. Some are highly skilled and well educated, and others are only minimally qualified with little education. They have one thing in common—an excitement to work. They have brought with them attitudes, values, and mores particular to their home-country cultures.
  17. 17. Young persons with limited education or skills Each year thousands of young, unskilled workers are hired, especially during peak periods, such as holiday buying seasons. In general, they have limited education—high school or less. More jobs can be de-skilled, making it possible for lower-skilled workers to do them.
  18. 18. Competitive advantage  Diversity can be a powerful tool for building competitive advantage. Companies with a reputation for providing opportunities for diverse workforce will have a competitive advantage in a labor market and will be sought out by the most qualified employees, In addition when employee believe their differences are not merely tolerated but valued , they may become more loyal, productive and committed.
  19. 19. Marketing  A multicultural workforce can provide a company with greater knowledge of the preferences and consuming habits of the market place. This knowledge can assist companies in designing products and developing market campaigns to meet those consumer needs. A diverse workforce can also give company competitive edge in a global economy by facilitating understanding of other customers, cultures, and market place needs.
  20. 20. Creativity, innovation, and problem Solving  Work team diversity promotes creativity and innovation, because people from different backgrounds hold different perspective on issues. Diverse groups have a broader base of experience from which to approach problem; when effectively managed, they invent more options and create more solutions than homogeneous groups do. In addition, diverse workgroups are freer to deviate from traditional approaches and practices.
  21. 21. Flexibility  Diverse workforce can enhance organizational flexibility because successfully managing diversity requires a corporate culture that tolerates many different styles and approaches. Less restrictive polices and procedures and less standardized operating methods enable organization to become more flexible and thus better able to respond quickly to environmental changes.
  22. 22. Diversity Management & Affirmative Action Programs  We can define the workforce diversity management as set of activities involved in integrating diverse employees into the work force and using their diversity to the firm’s competitive advantage
  23. 23. Workforce Diversity How Diversity Affects HRM  Need to attract and maintain a diversified work force that is reflective of the diversity in the general population.  Need to promote increased sensitivity to group differences.  Must deal with the different  Values  Needs  Interests  Expectations of employees
  24. 24. Workforce Diversity What Is a Work/Life Balance?  A balance between personal life and work  Causes of the blur between work and life  The creation of global organizations means the world never sleeps.  Communication technologies allow employees to work at home.  Organizations are asking employees to put in longer hours.  Fewer families have a single breadwinner.
  25. 25. THANK YOU

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