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Jazz History
Prof. David Larsen
Part 1
1
What is jazz?
America's first art Music. A
combination of marches, spirituals,
the blues, and folk music; jazz is an
amalg...
What is Jazz?
Jazz is an American Musical Art Form known for
high degrees of virtuosic instrumental performance,
improvisa...
What is Jazz?
Jazz is a diverse musical genre that contains many
sub-genres including bop, hard bop, trad. jazz, fusion,
l...
What is Jazz?
Jazz has also become part of the worlds lexicon of
music. It can be found in virtually every country on
the ...
What is Jazz?
Things that Jazz is not:
A music that belongs to a specific "Race"
Jazz music was developed by a "culture" o...
What is Jazz?
Remember: "Race" is a scientific term to
categorize a person by physical traits. "Culture" is
a term for the...
What does Jazz sound like?
8
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Timbre (Pronounced "Tamber") is quality of
sound. The way an instrument sounds, of...
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Texture: in contrast with timbre, texture is the
combination of many different sou...
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Ensemble: a group of instruments or voices
performing together.
Wind Instruments: ...
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Pitch: pitch is the actual sound you hear,
measured in Hertz. This is a scientific...
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Chord Changes: or simply "Changes", are the
underlying harmony to a piece of music...
What is Jazz?
Terms to know about Jazz:
Melody: the melody of a piece is the
recognizable tune. It is generally written by...
In Review
Terms to know:
Timbre: Quality of sound
Texture: Combination of sounds
Ensemble: Group of instruments or voices
...
In Review
Terms to know:
Pitch: Sound measured in Hertz
Note: Name given to a pitch
Chord: Two or more pitches at once
Cho...
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Jazz history 01

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Jazz history 01

  1. 1. Jazz History Prof. David Larsen Part 1 1
  2. 2. What is jazz? America's first art Music. A combination of marches, spirituals, the blues, and folk music; jazz is an amalgamation of American Culture. Created in the American South during the height of Jim Crow segregation laws, jazz became a world wide phenomenon that changed all Western Music. 2
  3. 3. What is Jazz? Jazz is an American Musical Art Form known for high degrees of virtuosic instrumental performance, improvisation, and personal expression. Jazz began as a pop culture idiom, but attained a high degree of musical sophistication and a place in the permeant core of western music. Much like classical music is studied at Universities. Jazz many has high level scholars, composers, and performers. 3
  4. 4. What is Jazz? Jazz is a diverse musical genre that contains many sub-genres including bop, hard bop, trad. jazz, fusion, latin, and many more. Jazz is an evolving art form that tends to consume and utilize elements of other art forms. Many artists today mix jazz with punk, rock, hip-hop, and ska. Inversely, Jazz changed the landscape of music in many other genres, prompting great composers like Claude Debussy and George Gershwin to write music in a Jazz Style. 4
  5. 5. What is Jazz? Jazz has also become part of the worlds lexicon of music. It can be found in virtually every country on the globe and is very popular in places like Japan, France, and Germany. After the advent of Jazz, virtually all musical art forms embraced its style and performance practices, which led to a world wide acceptance of improvisation and new instruments like saxophone, drum set, and electric guitar. 5
  6. 6. What is Jazz? Things that Jazz is not: A music that belongs to a specific "Race" Jazz music was developed by a "culture" of people in the American South. Probably in the predominately Black, Creole, and Colored neighborhoods of New Orleans, LA. These different groups of individuals, forced to live near each other by racist practices in the south, brought many musical experiences together to form a new form of musical expression. 6
  7. 7. What is Jazz? Remember: "Race" is a scientific term to categorize a person by physical traits. "Culture" is a term for the art, language, and morals that a group of people create. A "Culture" can be created by any number of races together or separately. 7
  8. 8. What does Jazz sound like? 8
  9. 9. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Timbre (Pronounced "Tamber") is quality of sound. The way an instrument sounds, often described with words like "dark", "light", "heavy", "soft". The reason why a trumpet sounds different than a saxophone. Timbre has no accepted scale, so the values are purely subjective. 9
  10. 10. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Texture: in contrast with timbre, texture is the combination of many different sounds to create a complete musical piece. Texture can refer to both musical instruments and specific musical techniques like "double time", "ballad", or "rock". 10
  11. 11. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Ensemble: a group of instruments or voices performing together. Wind Instruments: any instruments that require a person to blow air into them to play. The slang term is "horns". Rhythm Sections: piano, drum, bass, guitar or other instruments used to accompany music. 11
  12. 12. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Pitch: pitch is the actual sound you hear, measured in Hertz. This is a scientific unit and is measured precisely. It is used to tune and regulate instruments. Note: a note is the name given to a pitch by musicians. Note names use letters of the alphabet, A B C D E F G. Each time a musician plays this series of notes, the letter names repeat, but the pitch continues to change with each new note. 12
  13. 13. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Chord Changes: or simply "Changes", are the underlying harmony to a piece of music. This is not specific to jazz. Chord: is two or more pitches played simultaneously. In Western Music these chords are generally found stacked in "thirds", know as Tertian Harmony. 13
  14. 14. What is Jazz? Terms to know about Jazz: Melody: the melody of a piece is the recognizable tune. It is generally written by a composer and is fairly unchanged from performance to performance. Improvisation: is the act of creating or altering a melody during performance. With no specific rules, improvisation is a very broad term. 14
  15. 15. In Review Terms to know: Timbre: Quality of sound Texture: Combination of sounds Ensemble: Group of instruments or voices Wind Instruments: Instrument played with air Rhythm Section: Piano, bass, drums and or guitar 15
  16. 16. In Review Terms to know: Pitch: Sound measured in Hertz Note: Name given to a pitch Chord: Two or more pitches at once Chord Changes: The harmony of a piece Melody: The recognizable tune of a song Improvisation: The act of creating a melody on demand 16

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