Assignment 9: U Turn

L
Assignment 9: Opening sequence
           analysis
         Name 1: Monae
          Name 2: Laura
         Name 3: Chelsea
Assignment 9: U Turn
U Turn
Film: U Turn
Genre: Crime Drama Thriller
Template notes
Purpose (opening sequence)
The purpose of this opening sequence is:

 1. To captivate the
        audiences attention.
        In ‘U Turn’ the             3. To pull the audience in
        audience is faced with      and introduce them to the
        many enigmas                character and settings in
        through the restricted      the film.
        narrative.

 2. To introduce this linear film
 as a medium pace and make
 the audience wonder what
 will be happening next.
Purpose
     Crime                Drama          Thriller
• Fast pace         •    Emotion    • Creates fear
• Keep audience     •   Thoughts    • Suspense
    in a suspense   •   In tense    • Enigmas
• Tension           •   Entertain   • Guessing game
• Draws interest    •                   of ‘who did it’
                                    • Cause
                                        interaction
                                        with others
                                    • Anticipation
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
Conventions
CAMERA SHOTS: Wide


                           These shots are also
                           considered as establishing
                           shots.

                PURPOSE?
                           The purpose of a wide
                           shot is to show a large
                           variety of information.
CAMERA SHOTS: Overhead



                           The purpose of an
                PURPOSE?   overhead shot is to
                           show beyond a
                           character or an object.
CAMERA SHOTS: Close up



                            The purpose of close ups
                            is to show a particular
                            part of an object. In this
                 PURPOSE?   case it will be the
                            numbers on the radio
                            station or the horse at
                            the front of the car.
CAMERA SHOTS: POV




           PURPOSE?




           The purpose of a point of view
           shot is to show the character’s
           perspective.
CAMERA ANGLES: Low


                            The purpose of these
                            angles are to make the
                 PURPOSE?   character seem more
                            bigger and dominant.
CAMERA SHOTS: High



                                The purpose of a high
                                angle is to make the
                     PURPOSE?   character/object seem
                                smaller and vulnerable.
Mise-en-scene
Mise-en-scene – Setting
         • Isolated desert
         • Exterior area
         • Dusty road


         • Harlins garage
         • Allot of broken cars
Mise-en-scene – lighting

        Screen grab


       • Natural lighting
          throughout
          the opening
          sequence
Editing:
•   Diegesis
•   Continuity Editing
•   Pace
•   Time
•   Cutting
•   Transitions
•   Special Effects
Diegesis


• Diegetic:
- Lorry drives past
- Vultures eating dead wolf
- Empty road ahead of him



    The world within
    the narrative of
    the film.
Diegesis
• Non-diegetic:
-     Text on screen
-     Film title



    These are not part of the
    diegetic world within the
    film.



                                The characters
                                cannot see or hear
                                these elements.
Continuity Editing: Match On
                   Action
                          Multiple shots
                          show one
                          continuous
                          action.




                                           This action is continued in
The character turns the                    the next shot.
dial on the radio.
Continuity Editing: Eye-line Match
                                    Shot A: Shows the
                                    character looking at
                                    something off-
                                    screen.




Following shot
that shows what
the character is
looking at.
                   Shot B: shows
                   the character
                   looking at the
                   road signs.
Continuity Editing: Insert shot

                       Close-up: the character
                       turns the dial on the radio.
                       (master shot)




                                                      Insert shot: the dial
                                                      changing.
A shot as part of a
scene, filmed from
a different angle or
focal point from
the master shot.
Continuity Error




There are two vultures
in this shot.                    In the next shot, there is
                                 only one vulture.
Pace
• Mid Paced                          However, the
                                     opening sequence
•   Average number of shots used     also uses fast
•   To make normal and comfortable   pace.            These shots all happen in a
•                                                       matter of seconds, one after
    To show realism
                                                        the other, creating a sense
                                                        of anxiety as to what will
                                                        happen.
Time
Story time: there isn't a set
time shown, but could be
                                               Time Allocation:
between minutes and                    •       The man in the opening
hours.
                                                  sequence (presumably the
Discourse time: 04:06
                                                  main character) has the most
                                                  screen time.
                                       •       Shows his importance in
                                                  the film.

                                           •    (He is the only human
                                                     character seen within
                                                     the opening
                                                     sequence.)
Transitions
• Straight cutting: shows realism




 This shot cuts to the
 next shot               Which straight
                         cuts to the next
Special Effects
• Colour
- Black and white
    (Often used to show a
    memory or time period)
Sound
Tyre bursts and engine
                                 Cat meows
exhaust fumes comes out
                                 -

                                                 Lorry passing by



                          Music from the radio
Narrative

• Structure
• Enigmas
• Type
Type
• Restricted:
- Doesn’t share lots of information with the
    audience
- Holds back information to create enigmas.
Enigmas
• Where is he?

• Who is he?

• Where is he going?

• How did he get his hand
    injury?

• Which road will he take?
Narrative theory: Todorov
Includes:
• Equilibrium
• Disequilibrium
• Recognition of disequilibrium
• Attempt to repair damage
• New equilibrium
Equilibrium
Disequilibrium
Attempt to repair damage
Cameron




 N/A
Narrative Theory: Barthes
Barthes theory of codes encourages the audience to
seek answers and clues to make them anticipate
outcomes.

        Identified by these codes:
        • Enigma Code
        • Action Code
        • Semantic Code
        • Symbolic Code
        • Cultural Code
Barthes Codes.
Enigma Code:
-   The audience are not told anything about this character or where is
       is/where he came from.
-

Action Code:
- We would expect the character to begin to hallucinate or see things
unclearly after taking pills.
Barthes Codes – cont.
Semantic Code:
-   Shot of vultures eating at the carcass off a wild dog connotes death.
-   Isolated landscape connotes loneliness.




Symbolic Code:
- (opposition and antithesis) isolation vs civilisation
By: Monae
  Laura
 Chelsea
1 sur 44

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Assignment 9: U Turn

  • 1. Assignment 9: Opening sequence analysis Name 1: Monae Name 2: Laura Name 3: Chelsea
  • 4. Film: U Turn Genre: Crime Drama Thriller
  • 6. Purpose (opening sequence) The purpose of this opening sequence is: 1. To captivate the audiences attention. In ‘U Turn’ the 3. To pull the audience in audience is faced with and introduce them to the many enigmas character and settings in through the restricted the film. narrative. 2. To introduce this linear film as a medium pace and make the audience wonder what will be happening next.
  • 7. Purpose Crime Drama Thriller • Fast pace • Emotion • Creates fear • Keep audience • Thoughts • Suspense in a suspense • In tense • Enigmas • Tension • Entertain • Guessing game • Draws interest • of ‘who did it’ • Cause interaction with others • Anticipation
  • 12. CAMERA SHOTS: Wide These shots are also considered as establishing shots. PURPOSE? The purpose of a wide shot is to show a large variety of information.
  • 13. CAMERA SHOTS: Overhead The purpose of an PURPOSE? overhead shot is to show beyond a character or an object.
  • 14. CAMERA SHOTS: Close up The purpose of close ups is to show a particular part of an object. In this PURPOSE? case it will be the numbers on the radio station or the horse at the front of the car.
  • 15. CAMERA SHOTS: POV PURPOSE? The purpose of a point of view shot is to show the character’s perspective.
  • 16. CAMERA ANGLES: Low The purpose of these angles are to make the PURPOSE? character seem more bigger and dominant.
  • 17. CAMERA SHOTS: High The purpose of a high angle is to make the PURPOSE? character/object seem smaller and vulnerable.
  • 19. Mise-en-scene – Setting • Isolated desert • Exterior area • Dusty road • Harlins garage • Allot of broken cars
  • 20. Mise-en-scene – lighting Screen grab • Natural lighting throughout the opening sequence
  • 21. Editing: • Diegesis • Continuity Editing • Pace • Time • Cutting • Transitions • Special Effects
  • 22. Diegesis • Diegetic: - Lorry drives past - Vultures eating dead wolf - Empty road ahead of him The world within the narrative of the film.
  • 23. Diegesis • Non-diegetic: - Text on screen - Film title These are not part of the diegetic world within the film. The characters cannot see or hear these elements.
  • 24. Continuity Editing: Match On Action Multiple shots show one continuous action. This action is continued in The character turns the the next shot. dial on the radio.
  • 25. Continuity Editing: Eye-line Match Shot A: Shows the character looking at something off- screen. Following shot that shows what the character is looking at. Shot B: shows the character looking at the road signs.
  • 26. Continuity Editing: Insert shot Close-up: the character turns the dial on the radio. (master shot) Insert shot: the dial changing. A shot as part of a scene, filmed from a different angle or focal point from the master shot.
  • 27. Continuity Error There are two vultures in this shot. In the next shot, there is only one vulture.
  • 28. Pace • Mid Paced However, the opening sequence • Average number of shots used also uses fast • To make normal and comfortable pace. These shots all happen in a • matter of seconds, one after To show realism the other, creating a sense of anxiety as to what will happen.
  • 29. Time Story time: there isn't a set time shown, but could be Time Allocation: between minutes and • The man in the opening hours. sequence (presumably the Discourse time: 04:06 main character) has the most screen time. • Shows his importance in the film. • (He is the only human character seen within the opening sequence.)
  • 30. Transitions • Straight cutting: shows realism This shot cuts to the next shot Which straight cuts to the next
  • 31. Special Effects • Colour - Black and white (Often used to show a memory or time period)
  • 32. Sound Tyre bursts and engine Cat meows exhaust fumes comes out - Lorry passing by Music from the radio
  • 34. Type • Restricted: - Doesn’t share lots of information with the audience - Holds back information to create enigmas.
  • 35. Enigmas • Where is he? • Who is he? • Where is he going? • How did he get his hand injury? • Which road will he take?
  • 36. Narrative theory: Todorov Includes: • Equilibrium • Disequilibrium • Recognition of disequilibrium • Attempt to repair damage • New equilibrium
  • 41. Narrative Theory: Barthes Barthes theory of codes encourages the audience to seek answers and clues to make them anticipate outcomes. Identified by these codes: • Enigma Code • Action Code • Semantic Code • Symbolic Code • Cultural Code
  • 42. Barthes Codes. Enigma Code: - The audience are not told anything about this character or where is is/where he came from. - Action Code: - We would expect the character to begin to hallucinate or see things unclearly after taking pills.
  • 43. Barthes Codes – cont. Semantic Code: - Shot of vultures eating at the carcass off a wild dog connotes death. - Isolated landscape connotes loneliness. Symbolic Code: - (opposition and antithesis) isolation vs civilisation
  • 44. By: Monae Laura Chelsea