3. What Is
A combination obtained through bringing together
raw materials or simple notes. The harmony of such a
combination depends on the balance and olfactory
intensity of each note.
Composed of three moments in its life: top/head
notes, middle/heart notes, and bottom/base notes
that are created with knowledge of:
Evaporation process & Intended use of perfumery.
Create the first impression, give initial sparks and
make an impact. Top notes are made up of lighter
molecules that evaporate the fastest.
Typical Ingredients: citrus notes, aromatic/herbal notes,
green notes, spicy notes.
5. Middle Notes
Middle notes add character. They follow the top notes and serve as a transition to the base notes.
Typical Ingredients: floral notes, fruity notes, spicy notes, green notes, aromatic/herbal notes.
6. Base notes support Top & Middle notes. They
evaporate the slowest, and have the strongest
long-lasting power, thus, determining much of the
character of a fragrance.
Ingredients: amber notes, woody notes, sweet
notes, musk notes, leather notes.
7. Raw Materials
Perfumery uses a very large range of raw materials (about 1500 different ones at
least), They can be divided by their origin:
castoreum, civet, etc
petals, flowers, rhizomes,
roots, wood, bark, grass,
leaves, fruits, seeds, pods,
beans, gums, resins, algae, etc
petroleum (mineral origin),
turpentine or basic raw
materials of chemical industry:
coumarin, aldehyde, hedione,
8. Raw Materials
Carrot Seed Oil
Great perfumers are good at thinking outside the box,
focusing on scent and utilizing seemingly odd ingredients
to make amazing fragrances.
Olfactory families allow individual perfumes to be
classified according to their key olfactory
They are created either by grouping together raw
materials (like flowers, woods, aromatics or citric
fruits) or by taking inspiration from traditional
accords (oriental or chypre, for example).
10. Olfactory Families - Traditional
the scent from
A mixture of
Hot, dry and
feminine, sharp &
strong, spicy and
11. Olfactory Families – Modern
floral & floral
A lighter and more
modern kind of smell
than chypre family,
freshness is its
Bright, fresh and
sweet notes, very
Scents with “edible”
or “dessert” like
12. Natural perfume is a fragrance derived
completely from minimally processed natural
materials, containing only pure essential oil. It
doesn’t last for a very long time, but it’s 100%
Synthetic perfumes are artificial
compounds / materials that contain
Synthetic + Natural scent ingredients +
Alcohol + Water. It lasts a lot longer than
natural perfumes, but it uses non-
renewable energy sources, so it’s more
aggressive to the environment.
15. A bit of perfume math: 4 tons of
roses = 1.600.000 rose blossoms =
1 kg of rose oil.
Many synthetic ingredients are created as alternatives to
natural ingredients due to high costs (ie. iris),
overharvesting (ie. sandalwood), or regulation.
Ingredients are restricted or banned if they are in the
allergens list (ie. oakmoss), or because obtaining them
causes harm to natural species (ie. musk).
Synthetic materials allow perfumers to expand their
palettes, reinventing naturally occurring smells, and
creating entirely new smells.
19. Essential Oil
We produce a mixture of essential oils
based on our own developed formulas
expressed as a quantity percentage.
Eg: Formula 325
Ingredient A= 20% Ingredient C=
Ingredient B= 15% Ingredient D=
We pack the resulting oil blends back in drums
or other Chemarome packaging options. Now, it
is ready to be shipped to our client.
22. Quality Control
We set up Quality Procedures based on ISO 9001
that ensure that our products and services comply
with a defined set of quality criteria and meet the
23. Fragrance Storage
Fragrance compounds in perfumes will degrade or break down if
improperly stored in the presence of:
1) Heat 3) Oxygen
2) Light 4) Extraneous Organic Materials
The shelf life of a fragrance in an un-opened drum is about 2 years.
Adapting formulas to different applications
is something very common in the perfumery
To ensure an optimum result, we must adapt
the formula structure (top, body and base)
to the final application.
A Fragrance for Dishwashing Liquid
Does not need to be long lasting
because customers do not want to
have their lunch on scented dishes.
That is the reason why the top note is
the main one, followed by the body
note and with a nearly inexistent base.
A Fragrance for Fabric Softener
Consumers these days want their laundry
to smell fresh and clean not only when they
are first taken from the wash, but for weeks
afterwards. That is the reason why base
notes are dosed significantly in fragrances
for Fabric softener.