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UW Lax Inclusive Communities

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In the ever-changing landscape of student demographics and diversity initiatives, teachers face the challenge of creating a classroom environment that goes beyond celebrations of heroes and holidays. Whether we are educators beginning the journey or far down the path into multiculturalism and inclusivity, there is always room to grow. What are some strategies and best practices to become the educator with whom all children thrive?

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UW Lax Inclusive Communities

  1. 1. UW Lacrosse Faculty/Staff Workshop Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Co-Creating Inclusive Communities: Teaching, Leading, Learning Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  2. 2. About Seattle Girls’ School Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  3. 3. Goals <ul><li>Gain a basic understanding of culture </li></ul><ul><li>Understand how various dimensions of identity feed into cultural competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Examine how cross cultural communication, power, and privilege affect success in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Identify positive steps toward inclusive communities - individually, interpersonally, and institutionally </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  4. 4. Agenda <ul><li>Cultural Competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Dimensions of Identity and Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Identity Development </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Environments and Identity </li></ul><ul><li>Cross Cultural Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Culture, Power, and Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Tools and Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  5. 5. Cultural Competencies <ul><li>Everybody has some competencies </li></ul><ul><li>No one has all competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Competency is unattainable, competencies are </li></ul><ul><li>Competencies are individual, fluid, situational, and contextual </li></ul><ul><li>THERE IS NO ONE ANSWER </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  6. 6. Dimensions of Identity and Culture This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman for NAIS Summer Diversity Institute, adapted from Loden and Rosener’s Workforce America! (1991) and from Diverse Teams at Work , Gardenswartz & Rowe (SHRM 2003). Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  7. 7. <ul><li>Identity Frames </li></ul><ul><li>Intractability </li></ul><ul><li>Co-Authorship of Identity </li></ul>Identity Development and Schools Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  8. 8. Orientations Toward Ethnic Identity Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  9. 9. Effect of Varying Identifications Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  10. 10. <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it Different from Intercultural Communication? </li></ul><ul><li>CCC Theories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-Negotiation Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conversational Constraints Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expectancy Violation Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anxiety/Uncertainty Management Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Accommodation Theory </li></ul></ul>Cross Cultural Communication Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  11. 11. <ul><li>Individual - Collectivistic </li></ul><ul><li>Low Context - High Context </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity - Femininity </li></ul><ul><li>High Uncertainty - Low Uncertainty Avoidance Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Vertical - Horizontal </li></ul>Dimensions of Variability Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  12. 12. Cultural Value Differences Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/) Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  13. 13. <ul><li>Personality Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Values </li></ul><ul><li>Self Construal </li></ul><ul><li> - Independent </li></ul><ul><li> - Interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Norms and Rules </li></ul>Factors that Influence Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  14. 14. Identifiers, Power, and Communication <ul><li>Internalized Oppression/Dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype Threat </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulated Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Code/Mode Switching </li></ul><ul><li>Fish Seeing the Water </li></ul><ul><li>“ Normal” versus “Good” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Intent” versus “Impact” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  15. 15. Reflection Discussion <ul><li>Given the nature of cultural competencies, the various dimensions of identity and culture, the importance of your role in identity development of youth, and the inherent dynamics of power and privilege, what tools would be most useful in your growth as an educator? </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  16. 16. Break Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  17. 17. Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) Schematic Continuum of Cross-Cultural Fluency and Competence Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  18. 18. <ul><li>Cultural Values </li></ul><ul><li>Non Verbal Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Norms and Customs </li></ul>Tool: Working With Diverse Communities Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  19. 19. <ul><li>Parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Regressive </li></ul><ul><li>Crossed </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive </li></ul><ul><li>Symbiotic </li></ul>R.T. Carter’s Model: Racial Identity and Social Interactions Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Identity Frames </li></ul><ul><li>Intent Versus Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Using Your Voice of Privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Norm - Normal - Good </li></ul><ul><li>Heightened Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusivity Without Superiority </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Driven Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine Relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Humility and Gratitude </li></ul><ul><li>Self Love </li></ul>Tool: Ally Skills Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Classroom Instructional Approaches </li></ul><ul><li> - Instructional Design </li></ul><ul><li> - Instructional Variables </li></ul><ul><li> - Student-Teacher Interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Contextual Features and Classroom Environment </li></ul><ul><li> - Teacher-Student Interactions </li></ul><ul><li> - Classroom Management </li></ul><ul><li> - Classroom Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Critical Self Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguishing Behaviors </li></ul>Tool: What Good Teachers Do Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  22. 22. So What? Now What? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  23. 23. <ul><li>“ To be culturally effective doesn’t mean you are an authority in the values and beliefs of every culture. What it means is that you hold a deep respect for cultural differences and are eager to learn, and willing to accept, that there are many ways of viewing the world” </li></ul><ul><li>Okokon O. Udo </li></ul>Cultural Effectiveness Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  24. 24. Final Questions or Comments? Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  25. 25. Presenter Information <ul><li>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee </li></ul><ul><li>6th Faculty and </li></ul><ul><li>Professional Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle Girls’ School </li></ul><ul><li>2706 S Jackson Street </li></ul><ul><li>Seattle WA 98144 </li></ul><ul><li>(206) 709-2228 x 219 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/ </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  26. 26. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Carlos H. Arce, “ A Reconsideration of Chicano Culture and Identity” </li></ul><ul><li>• Atkinson, Morten, & Sue, “ Racial/Cultural Identity Development Model (R/CID)” </li></ul><ul><li>• Mindy Bingham and Sandy Stryker, “Socioemotional Development for Girls” </li></ul><ul><li>• Vivienne Cass, “ Homosexual identity formation: Testing a theoretical model” </li></ul><ul><li>• William Cross, Shades of Black: Diversity in African American Identity” </li></ul><ul><li>• Anthony D’Augelli, “ Identity development and sexual orientation: Toward a model of lesbian, gay, and bisexual development” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  27. 27. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Erik Erikson, “Eight Stages of Man” </li></ul><ul><li>• J. E. Helms, Various Publications on Racial and Ethnic Identity Development </li></ul><ul><li>• Jean Kim, “Processes of Asian American Identity Development” </li></ul><ul><li>• James Maricia, “Four Ego and Identity Statuses” </li></ul><ul><li>• Suzanne Kobasa Ouellette, “The Three C’s of Hardiness” </li></ul><ul><li>• Jean S. Phinney, “Ethnic Identity in Adolescents and Adults: Review of the Research” </li></ul><ul><li>• Ponterotto & Pederso, Preventing Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>• Maria P. P. Root, Various Works on Multiracial Identity </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  28. 28. Identity Resources <ul><li>• Patricia Romney, Karlene Ferron, and Jennifer Hill, “Measuring the Success of Diversity Directors in Independent Schools” </li></ul><ul><li>• Pedro Ruiz, “Latino/a Identity Development Model” </li></ul><ul><li>• Chalmer E. Thompson and Robert T. Carter , Racial Identity Theory </li></ul><ul><li>• Alex Wilson, “How We Find Ourselves: Identity Development and Two Spirit People” </li></ul><ul><li>• Christine J. Yeh, “The Collectivistic Nature of Identity Development Among Asian-American College Students” </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  29. 29. Communication Resources <ul><li>• “ Stereotype Threat” by Joshua Aronson </li></ul><ul><li>• Brenda J. Allen, Difference Matters: Communicating Social Identity </li></ul><ul><li>• William Gudykunst, Cross-Cultural and Intercultural Comunication </li></ul><ul><li>• Milton Bennett, PhD, Intercultural Communication Institute www.intercultural.org </li></ul><ul><li>• “ Non-Verbal Communication Across Cultures” by Erica Hagen, Intercultural Communication Resources </li></ul><ul><li>• Thiagi.com </li></ul><ul><li>• Thrive! Team Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>• http://www.analytictech.com/mb021/action_science_ history.htm </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  30. 30. Miscellaneous Resources <ul><li>• Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>• Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock </li></ul><ul><li>• Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org </li></ul><ul><li>• Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference </li></ul><ul><li>• Johnnie McKinley, “ Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth. </li></ul>Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)
  31. 31. Feedback Conversation Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee (http://sites.google.com/site/sgsprofessionaloutreach/)