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Problem Based Learning

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a presentation on problem based learning strategies

Publié dans : Formation

Problem Based Learning

  1. 1. Problem Based Learning Strategies m nagaRAJU
  2. 2. Why Teach?  To impart knowledge & skills  To share ideas and concepts  To encourage, motivate and inspire  To promote critical & creative thinking  To create autonomous learners nagaRAJU TEACH TODAY to CHANGE TOMORROW
  3. 3. Different Pedagogies Traditional Methods nagaRAJU Teach Memorize Assess Modern Methods Student-Centered Learning Collaborative Learning Project-Based Learning Inquiry-Based Learning Anchored Instruction Self-Directed Learning Problem Based Learning
  4. 4. Icebreaker  Reflect What ails the police stations in the state today?  Pair  Share with each other (2+2 minutes)  Share with class nagaRAJU
  5. 5. What is a Problem? You have a fever. Is that a disease or symptom? Your office is messy. Is that the problem? nagaRAJU
  6. 6. Why and Who? Should we solve problems? Who should solve problems? Why should students solve them? Can problem solving be taught? nagaRAJU
  7. 7. Solving Problems nagaRAJU
  8. 8. What is PBL? A student-centred, inquiry-based learning method in which students are stimulated to learn to learn through reflection and reasoning, problem solving techniques, self-directed learning (SDL) strategies, team participation skills to solve real world, open-ended problems. nagaRAJU
  9. 9. Process of PBL nagaRAJU Solve the problem Report findings Develop an action plan (consider options, plan events) List possible solutions and choose the best option Determine & gather what is needed List what you know Brainstorm and analyze
  10. 10. Skills Developed in PBL  to think critically  to analyse and solve real-world problems  to find, evaluate, and use appropriate learning resources, knowledge and skills  to work cooperatively in teams  to learn effective communication skills  to become independent learners  to hold leadership roles nagaRAJU
  11. 11. Good PBL Problems  motivate to explore comprehension of concepts  incorporate the content objectives  connect to previous courses / knowledge  suit the level of complexity  lend to collaborative learning, reasoned discussion  open-ended and engaging  from a variety of sources: newspapers, magazines, journals, books, textbooks, and television / movies nagaRAJU
  12. 12. Characteristics of PBL • Authentic problems drive the curriculum • Problems do not test skills, but develop skills (communication, problem-solving, responsibility, shared learning) • Problems are fuzzy • No fixed formula - dynamic process, multiple possible solutions • Self directed students - teachers facilitate • Authentic, seamless, performance based assessment • Small groups, specific roles nagaRAJU
  13. 13. Advantages to Students Builds communication skills Reinforces interpersonal and leadership skills Augments empowered self-learning Improves problem solving, critical thinking skills Nurtures research skills nagaRAJU Motivation to solve problems becomes motivation to learn
  14. 14. Advantages for Teachers Teaching becomes exciting Enriches the teacher-student relationship Augments student-centred learning Connects disciplinary knowledge to real world Heightens in-depth comprehension nagaRAJU
  15. 15. Limitations of PBL Time-consuming Information overload Resource intensive (more staff, more space, more facilities) Inspirational role of instructor limited Needs attitudinal, structural changes Grading students is difficult nagaRAJU
  16. 16. Role of Instructor • Support, guide, and monitor the learning process (Refrain from spoon feeding. Become a “guide on the side,’ not a “source of solutions” or a “sage on the stage”) • Hold brainstorming sessions, allow alternative views • Anchor all learning to ill-structured, authentic problems • Promote peer feedback, assess authentically • Enable learner ownership for the overall problem • Redesign learning environment nagaRAJU
  17. 17. Discuss  Is it a problem/task?  Is it meaningful and interesting?  Is it related to real-life?  Does it involve collaboration and communication?  Is finding a solution a priority?  Does it allow multiple solutions? Can the outcome be assessed? nagaRAJU
  18. 18. Problem Solving Activities nagaRAJU  Have you had any professional problems?  Identify the most pressing one of them.  Discuss in groups, invite solutions, choose the best  Share your ideas. What is the best solution? Why?  Review language use (you could, you should, you may, you need to, why don’t you?, this worked for me, try this) I have a professional problem, what should I do?
  19. 19. Question s nagaRAJU
  20. 20. Thanks nagaRAJU this slideshow is available at www.authorstream.com/tag/lionnagaraju www.slideshare.net/lionnagaraju write to me at lionnagaraju@gmail.com

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