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Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role

Please cite as follows:

Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014). Spheres of instruction: The changing faculty role. WCET Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon, USA.

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Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role

  1. 1. Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Role of Faculty Moderator: Michael Palmquist, Colorado State University Presenters: Lisa Cheney-Steen, StraighterLine Lisa Johnson, Ashford University Daryl Yarrow, Colorado Mountain College November 2014, Portland, Oregon
  2. 2. Session/Discussion Goals Technology has led to greater differentiation and specialization within the faculty role(s). In this discussion we will consider the variation of roles in instruction that exist along the continuum from MOOCs to small group seminars. Has the tutor model returned? What is the significance of peer-to-peer instruction? Where is expertise located in the widening sphere of practice? What is the value of unbundling the faculty role? We will discuss these questions and others that arise during the course of the session. Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  3. 3. How Has The Concept of Expertise Evolved? ● 1955 = Expert Knowledge Relatively Scarce ○ Television / Broadcast Media ● 1995 = Expert Knowledge Increasingly Available ○ Internet, Email, Desktop (one-click) Publishing ● 2005 = Expert Knowledge is Accessible ○ (Micro)Blogs, Wikis, Social Networking, Globalization ● 2015 = Expert Knowledge is Distributed and Created Widely ○ Mobile Computing, Satellite & Broadband Access Widely Dispersed Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  4. 4. 10 Factors Influencing the Faculty Role According to Turoff (2006), there are several factors influencing the faculty role, such as these that we think are still strong influences today: 1. Disappearance of geographic monopolies in educational services 2. Concepts of learners as clients, customers, and sometimes “students” 3. Increased tuition costs resulting in consumerist behaviors (degree shopping/financing) 4. Increased loan debt 5. Decreased funding for institutions 6. Increased competition among proprietary and public institutions 7. Increased use of part-time faculty and the rise of the professional adjunct faculty 8. Increase in adult learners / “non-traditional” learners as student populations beyond community colleges 9. Evolving regulatory procedures (e.g., accreditation) 10. Shifting modalities (i.e., online, blended/hybrid/enhanced, mobile, competency-based, etc) Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  5. 5. Specialization of the Faculty Role & Disaggregation of Service Role Images from Creative Commons/Flickr/MorgueFile Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  6. 6. Instructional Sphere Autodidact / Self-Instruction Peer-to-Peer Mobile Tutoring Seminar Free / Fee-Based MOOC Online Facilitated Classroom/ Courseroom Blended/Hybrid/Enhanced Instruction involves Planned Intention for Learning to Occur Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  7. 7. Faculty Sphere Advisor Coach Colleague Facilitator Instructor LIFELONG LEARNER Professor Administrator Designer Developer Evaluator/Assessor Researcher Collaborator Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L. , Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  8. 8. Faculty Roles Common Roles Uncommon Roles Shared Roles Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  9. 9. Evolving Roles and Managing Change ● How are you managing these changes at your institution? ● Where is your “comfort zone” in the changing role of faculty? ● What about when roles are different at different schools and adjuncts teach at both schools? Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  10. 10. Implications for Future of Higher Education ● Will we see more specialization in future? (e.g., course/program design) ● What are the components of training essential to facilitate the changes? ● How do these changes affect students? ● In what ways are students acting as catalysts for the changes? Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  11. 11. Synthesis What have you learned from this session? Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.
  12. 12. Application How will what you learned influence your practice?
  13. 13. Resources & Contact Most of this presentation’s content derives from the presenters’ personal and professional experiences. ● American Council on Education (ACE). (2013). Unbundling versus designing faculty roles. Retrieved from http://www.acenet.edu/news-room/Documents/Unbundling-Versus-Designing-Faculty-Roles.pdf ● Turoff, M. (2006). The changing role of faculty and online education. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 10(4) 129- 138. Retrieved from http://onlinelearningconsortium.org/jaln/v10n4/changing-role-faculty-and-online-education ● Weissmann, J. (2013, April 10). The ever shrinking role of tenured college professors. Retrieved from http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/04/the-ever-shrinking-role-of-tenured-college-professors-in-1- chart/274849/ Lisa Cheney-Steen Lisa Johnson Daryl Yarrow lcheney-steen@straighterline.com lisa.johnson@ashford.edu dyarrow@coloradomtn.edu Cheney-Steen, L., Johnson, L., & Yarrow, D. (2014, November). Spheres of Instruction: The Changing Faculty Role. Presented at the WCET 2014 Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon.

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