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The silent years 1

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A study of the period of 400 years of silence between the Testaments.

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The silent years 1

  1. 1. ““The Silent Years”The Silent Years” The Intertestamental PeriodThe Intertestamental Period Lesson OneLesson One The Kingdom Years of IsraelThe Kingdom Years of Israel
  2. 2. The Kingdom Years of Israel The United Kingdom
  3. 3. Israel wants a King They want to be like all the other nations 1 Samuel 8:1-8 (ESV)
  4. 4. When Samuel became old, he made his sons judges over Israel. The name of his firstborn son was Joel, and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba. Yet his sons did not walk in his ways but turned aside after gain. They took bribes and perverted justice.
  5. 5. Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah and said to him, “Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations.” But the thing displeased Samuel when they said, “Give us a king to judge us.” And Samuel prayed to the LORD. And the LORD said to Samuel, “Obey the voice of the people in all that they say to you, for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them. According to all the deeds that they have done, from the day I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, forsaking me and serving other gods, so they are also doing to you. Now then, obey their voice; only you shall solemnly warn them and show them the ways of the king who shall reign over them.”
  6. 6. Saul is anointed 1st King over Israel by Samuel Saul reigns from 1050 – 1010 B.C. Saul displeased God None of his descendants were allowed to rule after him
  7. 7. David is anointed 2nd King over Israel by Samuel David reigns from 1010 – 970 B.C.
  8. 8. David was a man after God's own heart
  9. 9. 1 Samuel 13:14 But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought out a man after his own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be prince over his people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you. (ESV)
  10. 10. Acts 13:22 And when he had removed him, he raised up David to be their king, of whom he testified and said, ‘I have found in David the son of Jesse a man after my heart, who will do all my will. (ESV)
  11. 11. David Was a good military leader He subdued other nations He expanded the territory he ruled over God promised him that his kingdom would endure forever
  12. 12. 2 Samuel 7:11-16 from the time that I appointed judges over my people Israel. And I will give you rest from all your enemies. Moreover, the LORD declares to you that the LORD will make you a house. When your days are fulfilled and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring after you, who shall come from your body, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for my name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be to him a father, and he shall be to me a son. When he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men, with the stripes of the sons of men, but my steadfast love will not depart from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away from before you. And your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Your throne shall be established forever. (ESV)
  13. 13. David is succeeded by his son Solomon
  14. 14. Solomon Reigns over Israel from 970 – 930 B.C.
  15. 15. Solomon Brings the kingdom to the apex of its glory He builds the royal place, and the Temple in Jerusalem, the Temple his father David wasn't allowed to build.
  16. 16. The Divided Kingdom Israel The Northern Kingdom After Solomon's passing the Kingdom was divided Jeroboam was the first king of Israel , 930 -909 B.C. The Southern Kingdom, Judah consisting of the tribes of Benjamin and Judah was ruled by Rehoboam 930 – 910 B.C.
  17. 17. Israel The Northern Kingdom Had 20 kings in all, none were good kings Israel practiced idolatry from its beginning Jeroboam set up idols in Dan and Bethel to keep people from going to Jerusalem to worship God didn't give up on His people, He sent prophets to turn His people back to Him The prophets were Elijah, Elisha, Amos and Hosea
  18. 18. Israel The Northern Kingdom Amos (755 B.C.) condemned their social practices, empty worship and corruption Hosea's life mirrored God's love for His adulterous people Israel did not heed the prophet's warnings Israel fell to Assyria in 722 B.C. (2 Kings 17) Israel went into captivity, never to return
  19. 19. Judah The Southern Kingdom Judah had some good kings in contrast to Israel They put forth a lot of effort to worship God properly and do away with Idolatry Assyria attempted to take Judah as well, but King Hezekiah appealed to Isaiah the prophet who asked God to spare his people. Judah was spared when God slew 185,000 Assyrian's in one night (2 Kings 19:35-37)
  20. 20. Judah The Southern Kingdom God spared Judah for awhile because of the influence of such kings as Hezekiah and Josiah (641-609 B.C.). Judah became more corrupt thus bringing judgment on herself. Short lived attempts to turn the people back to God never lasted. The peoples repentance was superficial.
  21. 21. Judah The Southern Kingdom God sent His prophets toJudah Isaiah (740-690 B.C.) prophesied during the reigns of Uzziah (767-740 B.C.) Jotham (740-732B.C.) Ahaz (732-716 B.C.) and Hezekiah.
  22. 22. Judah The Southern Kingdom He spoke against the sins of Judah and warned of God’s coming wrath He told them of a bright future awaiting after their redemption
  23. 23. Judah The Southern Kingdom Micah, a contemporary of, Isaiah (735-700 B.C.), spoke against the social injustices, greed and oppression of the poor, while Judah was enjoying great prosperity
  24. 24. Judah The Southern Kingdom Zephaniah (630-625 B.C.) saw the Chaldeans, the Babylonians, as a growing threat to Judah.
  25. 25. Judah The Southern Kingdom Jeremiah (625-586 B.C.)He spent 40 years trying to avert the Babylonian captivity He warned them they would be taken captive by Babylon for 70 years (Jer. 25:11) His warnings went unheeded
  26. 26. Judah The Southern Kingdom Habakkuk (612-606 B.C.) cried to God because of the wickedness of Judah and the doom on the horizon in the form of the Babylonians He warned that God's judgment was coming on Judah to purge out the evil (Hab. 1:5-6).
  27. 27. Babylonian Captivity The Southern Kingdom of Judah fell to the Babylonians in 606 B.C. Jerusalem was taken by King Nebuchadnezzar (604- 562 B.C.) in 597 B.C. It, along with the temple, was destroyed in 586 B.C.
  28. 28. Babylonian Captivity Many people were taken captive and exiled to Babylon for 70 years Daniel (606-536 B.C.) and Ezekiel (593-573 B.C.) prophesied of God’s protection during the captivity and restoration of the people to their land.
  29. 29. Restoration of the remnant After 70 years in captivity, King Cyrus (559-530 B.C.), the Medo-Persian king that had conquered the Babylonians, let the Jews to return to their homeland.
  30. 30. Restoration of the remnant The first group returned to Jerusalem under Joshua and Zerubbabel (Ezra 1-4). They began to rebuild the temple. The altar was restored and the foundations laid but then the work was stopped. The people went about their own business of rebuilding their own houses, etc.
  31. 31. Restoration of the remnant About 16 years after the work had stopped, God sent two prophets, Haggai (520 B.C.) and Zechariah (520-518 B.C.), to get the people to resume work on the temple. They did and the temple was completed in 516 B.C., 70 years after the destruction of the previous temple (Ezra 5-6).
  32. 32. Restoration of the remnant The second group of captives, under the leadership of Ezra, returned to Jerusalem in 458 B.C. In 444 B.C., Nehemiah, a Jew who was cupbearer to King Artaxerxes (464-424 B.C.) of the Medo-Persian empire, came to Jerusalem and led the people to rebuild the walls of the city.
  33. 33. Restoration of the remnant A century after the return of the first exiles, the people became indifferent to the moral and ceremonial aspects of the law. Both worship and morality were in a state of decay. God sent His final prophet of that era, Malachi (432 B.C.), with what would be His final message for along time.
  34. 34. Restoration of the remnant Malachi cried out against the corruptions of the nation and announced the coming of Elijah the prophet who would precede the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord. He said that this prophet would turn the hearts of the people back to God. More than 400 years passed before God sent that prophet, John the Baptist (Matt. 11:13-14; 17:11-13; Luke 1:17).
  35. 35. Adapted from Between the Testaments by Gene Taylor