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A visit to Auchwitz and Krakow.

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  2. 2. A little bit of history  Germany invaded Poland in 1939  The fundamental goal of Germans was to Germanize Poland and the exploitation of material and labour resources. So they started to exterminate the Polish authorities and eliminate institutions.  They imprisoned teachers, civil servants, artists, priests, politicians, representatives of the intellectual elite and other ethnical minorities.  They needed an isolated and huge place to keep all those prisoners. So they built AUSCHWITZ
  3. 3. TWO CAMPS  The first "main camp" was also known as "Auschwitz I"  Many prisoners worked to build the second camp or in other type of hard labour in terrible conditions and died from exhaustion and starvation: “Extermination through work programme”  The second part was the Birkenau camp, also known as "Auschwitz II" This was the largest part of the Auschwitz complex. The Nazis confiscated the houses of Polish people and demolished them. The greater part of the apparatus of mass extermination was built in Birkenau and the majority of the victims were murdered here
  4. 4. Auschwitz I THE FIRST CAMP
  5. 5. Electrified fences
  6. 6. Punishments
  8. 8. EXTERMINATION  The main camp population was growing. More and more Jewish people from all over Europe were being sent to Auschwitz. Himmler thought about the 'Final Solution'. On September 3th, 1941, Soviet prisoners at the Auschwitz main camp were used in trials of the poison gas Zyklon-B.  The were gassed in underground cells in Block 11 and then they built a small gas chamber in the camp.
  9. 9. BIRKENAU : The railway to death
  10. 10. Railway to death for: Jews, Gypsies from all over Europe, Soviet prisoners of war, political prisoners from Poland , patients from mental hospitals, homosexuals, other prisoners from other nationalities, included Spain
  11. 11. Process of the factory of death for Jews Jews had to abandon their houses and were grouped in ghettos.
  12. 12. Ghettos were surrounded by walls in the shape of Jewish gravestones to humiliate them
  13. 13.  NOW
  14. 14. Ghettos were emptied and Jews were deported to concentration camps
  15. 15. Process of the factory of death The prisoners, most of them Jews, were carried in crowded trains to an unknown destination. They were told they should carry ALL their belongings with them, since they were going to start a “new life”
  16. 16. MEN AND WOMEN were separated Children under 14 were carried with the women
  17. 17. Selection of those fit enough to work
  18. 18. Those who could work were shaven and taken off their clothes and personal possessions. They had to work inside the camp, building roads, building pavilions, clearing gas chambers, burning thousands of bodies, or organising prisoners’ belongings.
  19. 19. Why didn’t the prisoners rebel?  The first weeks they were taken to the “reformation” pavilions: places where they were treated in such a way they became frightened, weak and unable to react or rebel against the Nazis.
  20. 20. What happened when they were not strong enough to work? this pavilion with blinded windows was used to “kill” of starvation those women who were useless to work. Almost 200 women, were abandoned here until they died.
  21. 21. The rest were sent to gas chambers
  22. 22. What hapened to the prisoners’ belongings?  The money and gold were taken to the “nazis “ authorities.   The rest was used to be recycled , hair was used to make matresses and wigs and other things. Nothing was discarded. GLASSES
  23. 23. SHOES
  24. 24. CLOTHES
  25. 25.  Before Auschwitz was liberated The Nazis made disappear the gas chambers in Birkenau. Nothing has been left from them.