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SlideShare utilise les cookies pour améliorer les fonctionnalités et les performances, et également pour vous montrer des publicités pertinentes. Si vous continuez à naviguer sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies. Consultez notre Politique de confidentialité et nos Conditions d’utilisation pour en savoir plus.
A little bit of history
Germany invaded Poland in 1939
The fundamental goal of Germans
was to Germanize Poland and the
exploitation of material and labour
resources. So they started to
exterminate the Polish authorities
and eliminate institutions.
They imprisoned teachers, civil
servants, artists, priests, politicians,
representatives of the intellectual
elite and other ethnical minorities.
They needed an isolated and huge
place to keep all those prisoners. So
they built AUSCHWITZ
The first "main camp" was also known as "Auschwitz
Many prisoners worked to build the second camp or in
other type of hard labour in terrible conditions and
died from exhaustion and starvation:
“Extermination through work programme”
The second part was the Birkenau camp, also known
as "Auschwitz II" This was the largest part of the
Auschwitz complex. The Nazis confiscated the houses
of Polish people and demolished them. The greater
part of the apparatus of mass extermination was built
in Birkenau and the majority of the victims were
The main camp population was growing.
More and more Jewish people from all
over Europe were being sent to Auschwitz.
Himmler thought about the 'Final
Solution'. On September 3th, 1941, Soviet
prisoners at the Auschwitz main camp
were used in trials of the poison gas
The were gassed in underground cells in
Block 11 and then they built a small gas
chamber in the camp.
Railway to death for:
Jews, Gypsies from all over Europe, Soviet prisoners of war, political
prisoners from Poland , patients from mental hospitals, homosexuals,
other prisoners from other nationalities, included Spain
Process of the factory of death for Jews
Jews had to abandon their houses and were
grouped in ghettos.
Ghettos were surrounded by walls in the shape of
Jewish gravestones to humiliate them
Process of the factory of death
The prisoners, most of
them Jews, were carried
in crowded trains to an
They were told they
should carry ALL their
belongings with them,
since they were going to
start a “new life”
MEN AND WOMEN were separated
Children under 14 were carried with
Those who could
work were shaven
and taken off their
clothes and personal
They had to work
inside the camp,
thousands of bodies,
Why didn’t the prisoners rebel?
The first weeks they were taken to the
“reformation” pavilions: places where they
were treated in such a way they became
frightened, weak and unable to react or rebel
against the Nazis.
What happened when they were not
strong enough to work?
this pavilion with blinded
windows was used to “kill”
of starvation those women
who were useless to work.
Almost 200 women, were
abandoned here until they died.
What hapened to the prisoners’
The money and gold
were taken to the
“nazis “ authorities.
The rest was used to
be recycled , hair was
used to make
matresses and wigs
and other things.